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cuinstances with the state of his own mind. To and decency, at all times and in all circle is far beyond his power; but it is what God can being nothing but a more cons uninte hade From the imperfection of our knowledge to as- the use of Gospel means.-2. Voral por may certain what is good for us, and from the defect has for its end peace and satisfaction of maande in testify that the way of man is not in himself; ought to be done in order to secure the outstand arise all those disappointments which continually -3. Ciril prudence is the knowledge of this though he may devise, it is God who directs ; &c.-4. Monastic, relating to an circunstaka that he is not the master of his own lot; that, happiness of life, consisting in prosperits, llera, effectual instrument of his providence for over- others.-5. Economical prulence repans the

conduct of a family.-6. Politicat rekurs to the words without meaning; or, as far as they have such things as demand consultation in a rigts any signification, they are no other than names manner, and for a competent time that the reso for the unknown operations of Providence; for it (lution taken up may be neither too precipudaa PROVIDENCE

PRUDENCE his wise anú righteous government. We cannot, is certain that in God's universe nothing cream indeed, conceive God acting as the govemor of to pass causelessly, or in vain. Every events the world at all, unless his government were to its own determined direction. That erze u extend to all the events that happen. It is upon human affairs and intrigues where we can ses the supposition of a particular providence that our light, that mass of disoriler and confu-on **** worship and prayers to him are founded. All they often present to our view, is a cleanza his perfections would be utterly insignificant to and order in the sight of Him who is crver us, if they were not exercised, on every occasion, and directing all, and bringing forward eur according as the circumstances of his creatures event in its due time and place. The lord es required. The Almighty would then be no more teth on the flood. The Lord makelkite than an unconcerned spectator of the behaviour of man to praise him, as be maketh the han sido of his subjects, regarding the obedient and the the rain obey his word. He hath prepared as rebellious with an equal eye.

throne in the hearens; and his linigonna “The experience of every one also, must, more orer all. A man's heart deriseth his 103, be or less, bear testimony to it. We need not for the Lord directcth his steps." this purpose have recourse to those sudden and

"To follow the leading of Providence

, true unexpected vicissitudes which have sometimes no other than to act agreeably to the law of 1:35 astonished whole nations, and drawn their atten- prudence, and safety, or any particular direto tion to the conspicuous hand of heaven. We stance, according to the direction or over 13 need not appeal to the history of the statesman tion of the word or law of God. He is die and the warrior; of the ambitious and the enter- dictates of Providence, who takes a dea sunet prising. We confine our observation to those of the situation he is placed in, conpais # wak whose lives have been most plain and simple, and the rules of the word which reaches his cast, and who had no desire to depart from the ordinary acts accordingly. To know the will clois train of conduet. In how many instances have respects Providence, there must te, 1. Ruden we found, that we are held in suljection to a tion.—2. Consultation.—3. Supplicats. The higher Power, on whom depends the accomplish. tokens of the divine will and pleasure is ant ment of our wishes and designs! Fondly we had ticular case are not to be gathered from * DCRprojected some favourite plan: we thought that nations, particular frames, the form of Ser; fure we had forecast and provided for all that might phrases, impulses, nor even the event

, as llat happen; we had taken our measures with such cannot always be a rule of judgment; but westvigilant prudence, that on every side we seemed ever appears to be proper duiv, tree prudentes to ourselves perfectly guarded and secure; but, or real necessity, that we should estrere to be his lo! some little event hath come about, unforeseen will." See Charnock, Fiacci, Hekre!, Hora by us, and in its consequences at the first seem- kins, Sherlock, Collings, and Farcet on Prezi ingly inconsiderable, which yet hath turned the dence; Gill's Body of Divinity; Ridgama Bay whole course of things into a new direction, and of Dirinity, qu. 18; Blair's šer. ser. In Film blasted all our hopes. At other times our coun- Forsyth's "Piece on Proridence, Enc. Bride sels and plans have been permitted to succeed: Wollaston's Religion of Nature delimiesied

, *** we then applauded our own wisdom, and sat down 5; Thomson's Seasons, Winter

, concluf. to feast on the happiness we had attained. To PRUDENCE is the act of suiling winds and our surprise we found that happiness was not actions according to the circunstances of the there, and that God's decree had appointed it to or rules of right reason. Cicero thue des be only vanity. We labour for prosperity

, and it : "Est rerum expetendarum et fugi rudeniny obtain it not. Unexpected, it is sometimes made scientia :"_" The knowledge of what is to me to drop upon us as of its own accord. The bap- desired or avoided."* Grove thus : " Pres: Tees piness of man depends on secret springs too nice an ability of judging what is best in the companies quires a favourable combination of external cir- dence is a conformity to the rules of nezve

, vrata causes are arranged according to his pleasure

, and habit of wisdom. cudit is divide-el inte le content them wheresocoer he will, as rivers of water. that pressedness which the Gospel dimontering of our power to bring about that good when known, this world, and the greatest happ God, who can make the smallest incident an in which a man is not charged turning the most laboured plans of men.

" Accident, and chance, and fortune, are words good government of a state. which we often hear mentioned, and much is as The idea of prudence, cribed to them in the life of man. they or due consultation

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PURGATORY

PURITANS nor too slow; and ovneris, or å faculty of discern. ness of God can admit nothing into heaven which ing proper means when they occur. To the per- is not clean and pure from all sin, both great and fection of prudence these three things are fur. small, and his infinite justice can permit none to ther required, viz. Sosvorns, or a natural sagacity; receive the reward of bliss who as yet are not out wynivoix, presence of mind, or a ready turn of of debt, but have something in justice to suffer, thought; and prope, or experience.

there must, of necessity, be some place or state, Plato styles prudence the leading virtue: and where souls departing this life, pardoned as to Cicero observes, " that not one of the virtues can the external guilt or pain, yet obnoxious to some want prudence;" which is certainly most truc, temporal penalty, or with the guilt of some venia! since without prudence to guide them, piety faults, are purged and purified before their admitwould degenerate into superstition, zeal' into tance into heaven. And this is what he is taught ligotry, temperance into austerity, courage into concerning purgatory, which, though he know rashness, and justice itself into folly. See Watts's not where it is, of what nature the pains are, or Ser, ser. 28; Grove's Moral Phil. vol. ii. ch. 2; | how long each' soul is detained there, yet he beMason's Christian Mor. vol. i. ser. 4; Evans's lieves that those who are in this place are relieved Christ. Temper, ser. 38.

by the prayers of their fellow members here on PSALMODÝ, the art or act of singing psalms. earth, as also by alms and masses oflered up to Psalmody was always esteemed a considerable God for their souls. And as for such as have no part of devotion, and usually performed in the relations or friends to pray for them, or give alms standing posture; and as to the manner of pro- to procure masses for their relief, they are not nunciation, the plain song was sometimes used, neglected by the church, which makes a general being a gentle inflrction of the voice, not much commemoration of all the faithful departed in different from reading, like the chant in cathe- every mass, and in every one of the canonical drals; at other times more artificial compositions hours of the divine office. Besides the above were used, like our anthems.

arguments, the following passages are alleged as As to the persons concerned in singing, some proofs: 2 Maccabees xii. 43, 44, 45; Matt. xii. imes a single person sung alone; sometimes the 31, 32; 1 Cor. iii. 15; 1 Pet. iii. 19. But it may whole assembly joined together, which was the be observed,-1. That the books of Maccabees most ancient and general practice. At other have no evidence of inspiration, therefore quotatimes, the psalms were sung alternately, the con- tions from them are not to be regardeil.-2. If they gregation dividing themselves into two parts, and were, the texts referred to would rather prove singing verse about, in their turns. There was that there is no such place as purgatory, since also a fourth way of singing, pretty common in Judas did not expect the souls departed to reap the fourth century, which was, when a single any benefit from his sin-offering till the resurrecperson began the verse, and the people joined tion. The texts quoted from the Scriptures have with him in the close; this was often used for no reference to this doctrine, as may be seen by variety in the same service with alternate psal. consulting the context, and any just commenta. mody. See SINGING.

tor thereon.-3. Scripture, in general, speaks of PSATYRIANS, a sect of Arians, who, in departed souls going immediately at death to a the council of Antioch, held in the year 360, fixed state of happiness or misery, and gives us maintained that the Son was not like the Father no idea of purgatory, Isa. Ivii

. 2; Rev. xiv. 13 ; as to will; that he was taken from nothing, or Luke xvi. 22; 2 Cor. v. 8.-4. It is derogatory made of nothing; and that in God generation from the doctrine of Christ's satisfaction. If was not to be distinguished from creation. Christ died for us, and redeemed us from sin and

PURGATORY is a place in which the just hell, as the Scripture speaks, then the idea of who depart out of this life are supposed to expi- further meritorious sufferings detracts from the ate certain offences which do not merit eternal perfection of Christ's work, and places merit still damnation. Broughton has endeavoured to prove in the creature; a doctrine exactly opposite to that this notion has been held by Pagans, Jews, Scripture. See Doddridge's Lec. lec. 270; Lim. and Mahometans, as well as by Christians; and borch's Theol. 1. 6, ch. 10. $ 10. 22; Earl's Ser. that, in the days of the Maccabees, the Jews be-mon, in the Sermons against Popery, vol. ii. lieved that sin inight be expiated by sacrifice after No. 1; Burnett on the Art. 22; Fleury's Catethe death of the sioner. The arguments ad. chism, vol. ii. p. 250. vanced by the Papists for purgatory are these : PURIFICATION, a ceremony which con1. Every sin, how slight soever, though no more sists in cleansing any thing from pollution or than an idle word, as it is an offence to God, de-deflement. Puritications are common to Jews, serves punishment from him, and will be punish- Pagans, and Mahometans. See IMPURITY. al by him he reafter, if not cancelled by repent PURITANS, a name given in the primitive ance here.-2. Such small sins do not deserve church to the Novatians, because they would eternal punishment.--3. Few depart this lise so never admit to communion any one who, from pure as to be totally exempt from spots of this dread of death, had apostatised from the faith; nature, and from every kind of debt due to God's but the word has been chiefly applied to those Gustice.-4. Therefore few will escape without who were professed favourers of a further degree suilering something from his justice for such of reformation and purity in the church before Hebts as they have carried with them out of this the Act of Uniformity, in 1662. After this period, world, according to that rule of divine justice by the term Nonconformists became common, to Evhich he treats every soul hereafter according to which succeeds the appeilation Dissenter. ts works, and according to the state in which he “During the reign of queen Elizabeth, in Einds it in death. From these propositions, which which the royal prerogative was carried to its che Papist considers us so many self-evident utmost limits, there were found many daring ruths, he infers that there must be some thiru spirits who questioned the right of the sovereign »lace of punishment; for since the infinite good-1 to prescribe and dictate to her subjects what

PRIMACY

PRIOR Jand, in maintaining that the Lord's Supper is a | by him, or was by the rest attributed to bim rite of no other moral import than the mere com- 4. There was no office above that of an apotke, memoration of the death of Christ. These can- known to the apostles or primitive church, Epi not consider themselves as priests in the rigid iv. 11; 1 Cor. xii

. 28.–5. Our Lord himself de sense of the word, but only as presbyters, of clared against this kind of primacy, probil ring which the word priest is a contraction, of the his apostles to affect, to seek, to assume, or sena same import with elder. See Lord's ScPPER. a superiority of power, one above another, Lake

PRIMACY, the highest post in the church. xxii. 14, 21; Mark ix. 35.-6. We do not tud The Romanists contend that St. Peter, by our any peculiar administration commited to de Lord's appointment, had a primacy or sovereign Peter, nor any privilege conferred on hun whe authority and jurisdiction over the apostles.- was not also granted to the other agente desde This, however, is denied by the Protestants, and xx. 23; Mark xvi. 15.-7. In neither of Peri that upon just grounds. Dr. Barrow observes two catholic epistles, does there appar ur et (Works, vol. i. p. 557,) that there are several mation or any pretence to this arch-end sorts of primacy which may belong to a person power.—3. In all relations which occur in in respect of others. 1. A primacy of worth or ture about controversies of doctrine ar pane, personal excellence.-2. A primacy of reputa- f there is no appeal made to St. Peter's justo v tion and esteem.-3. A primacy of ovler or bare or allegation of it as decisive, and no arrib dignity and precedence.-4. A primacy of power built on his authority.–9. St. Peter nobre and juris diction. As for the first of these, a pri- appears intermeddling as a judge or strax macy of worth, we may well grant it to Peter, paramount in such cases; vet where he dies admitting that probably he did exceed the rest himself deal with heretics and disorderir presca of his brethren in personal endowments and he proceeds not as a pope decrering: 143 capacities ; particularly in quickness of appre- apostle, warning, arguing, and persuadines hension, boldness of spirit, readiness of speech, them.--10. The consideration of the 3, **** charity to our Lord, and zeal for his service. proceeding in the conversion of prope, in the 2. As to a primacy of repute, which St. Paul foundation of churches, and in adrcicistratika of means when he speaks of those who had a spe- their spiritual affairs, will exclude aasta cial reputation, of those who seemed to be pil- bility of St. Peter's jurisdiction over then

. Tix

? lars, of the super-eminent apostles

, Gal. ii. 6, 9; went about their business, not by order or lwys 2 Cor. xi. 5; xii. 11, this advantage cannot be from St. Peter

, but, according to sporaz

. dia tion refused him, being a necessary consequence of of God's spirit.-il. The nature of the greater those eminent qualities resplendent in him, and tolical ministry, the apostles net being Esed in of the illustrious performances achieved by him one place of residence, but ertinualmoring beyond the rest. This may be inferred from that about the world; the state of things at that time, renown which he hath had from the beginning; and the manner of St. Peter's life, reuder it up and likewise from his being so constantly ranked likely that he had such a juractwa over the in the first place before the rest of his brethren.3. As to a primacy of order or bare dignity, im- most requisite that every apretle steak best

apostles as some assign him.–12. It was in het porting that commonly

, in all mcetings and pro- a complete, absolute; independent authorities ceedings, the other apostles did yield him the managing the duties and concerns of the cities precedence, there may be some question ; for this that he might not any wise be obstructed in to does not seem suitable to the gravity of such per- discharge of them, not cloared wib o berce sons, or their condition and circumstances, to consulto others, not hampered with orde os itens stand upon ceremonies of respect; for our Lord's those who were at a distance.-13. The same rules seem to exclude all semblance of ambition, course and behaviour of St. Paul towará * all kind of inequality and distance between his Peter, doth evidence that he did lot orbis apostles

. But yet this primaey may be granted ledge'any dependence on him, or any others as probable upon divers accounts of use and con- to him, Gal. ii. 11-14. I St. Peter bred mene venience; it might be useful to preserve order, appointed sovereign of the church, it seems and to promote expedition, or to prevent con- it should have been requisite that be shown fusion, distraction, and dilatory obstruction in outlived all the apostles; for otherwise

, tot ce the management of things.—4. As to a primacy would have wanted a bead, or there care importing a superiority in command, power, been an inextricable controversy w bo ewil or jurisdiction, this wo have great reason to was. But St. Peter died long before St. Jo deny upon the following considerations. 1. For all agree, and perhaps before divers olla. ut La such a power it was needful that a coromission apostles. from God, its founder, should be granted in abso From these arguments we must enact ** lute and perspicuous terms; but no such com- what little ground the church of Rome! mission is extant in Scripture.-2. If so illustri- derive the supremacy of the pope from the ous an office was instituted by our Saviour, it is posed primacy of St. Peter. strange, that no where in the evangelical or apos PRIMATF, an archbishop who is in tolical history there should be any express men withi a jurisdiction over other bishops. Sve dos tion of that institution.--3, If St. Peter had been BISHOP. instituted sovereign of the apostolical senate, bis

PRIMITIVE CHRISTIANS, the e office and state had been in nature and kind very lived in the first ages of Christianity, polis distinct from the common office of the other the apostles and immediate followers at ous apostles, as the office of a king from the office of PRINCIPLE, an essential truth frized any subject ; and probably would have been sig- others are derived; the ground or terme d's nified by some distinct name, as that of arch- tion. See Disposition and DATRINE. apstle, arch-pastor, the vicar of Christ, or the PRIOR, the head of a convent; nen i * Bike; but no such 'name or title was assumed | nity to an abbot,

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PROCESSION

PROFESSOR PRISCILLIANISTS, the followers of Pris- the Father, even the Spirit of Truth which procillian, in the fourth century. It appears from ceedeth from the Father, He shall testify of me.” authentic records, that the difference between The procession of the Holy Ghost, it is said, is their doctrine and that of the Manicheans was not expressly taught by Christ, in very strong terms, very considerable; for they denied the reality of in this text. This procession, it is alleged, is here Christ's birth and incarnation ; maintained that evidently distinguished from his mission; for it is the visible universe was not the production of said, "Whom I will send to you from the Father, the Supreme Deity, but of some dæmon or ma even the Spirit of Truth, which proceeds from lignant principle; adopted the doctrine of æons, the Father. If his mission and proceeding were or emanations from the divine nature ; consider the same thing, there would be a tautology in the ed human bodies as prisons formed by the author words, his mission, according to that interpretaof evil tó enslave celestial minds ; condemned tion, being mentioned twice in the same verse. marriage, and disbelieved the resurrection of the Dr. Watts, however, observes, that the proces. body. Their rule of life and manners was rigid sion of the Holy Ghost from the Father, respects and severe ; the accounts, therefore, which many not his nature or substance, but his mission only; have given of their lasciviousness and intemper- and that no distinct and clear ideas can be formed ance deserve not the least credit, as they are totally of this procession; consequently it must be given destitute of evidence and authority. That the up as popish, scholastic, inconceivable, and indePriscillianists were guilty of dissimulation upon fensible. But, it is answered, what clear idea can some occasions, and deceived their adversaries by be given us of the originate, self-existent, eternal cunning stratagems, is true ; but that they held being of the Father? Shall we, therefore, deny, it as a maxim, that lying and perjury were law- him to be without beginning or end, and to be ful, is a most notorious falsehood, without even, self-existent, because we know not how he is so? the least shadow of probability.

If not, why must we give up the procession of PROBITY, honesty, sincerity, or veracity.- the Spirit, because we know not the mode of it? " It consists in the ha bit of actions useful to so- We can no more explain the manner -how the ciety, and in the constant observance Ci the laws Spirit proceeds from the Father, than we can which justice and co-nscience impose upon us. explain the eternal generation and hypostatical The man who obeys all the laws of society with an union of the two natures of the Son. We may say exact punctuality is not, therefore, a man of pro- to the objector, as Gregory Nazianzen formerly bity; laws can only respect the external and defi- did to his adversary, “Do you tell me how the nite parts of human conduct : but probity re- Father is unbegotten, and I will attempt to tell you spects our more private actions, and such as it is how the Son is begotten, and the Spirit proceeds." impossible in all cases to defino; and it appears The clearest and fullest account of this proto be in morals what charity is in religion. Pro- cession, next to that in the above-mentioned text, bity teaches us to perform in society those actions is that in 1 Cor. ii. 12. “The Spirit which is of which no external power can oblige us to per- God;" that is (say the advocates for this doctrine,) form, and is that quality in the human mind the Spirit which is the same in nature and esfrom which we daim the performance of the sence with the Father, and so is said to be of him, rights commonly called imperfect."

or out of him, not as to local separation, but with PROCESSION, a ceremony in the Romish respect to identity of nature. church, consisting of a formal march of the clergy About the eighth and ninth centuries there and people, putting up prayers, &c., and in this was a very warm dispute between the Greek and manner visiting some church, &c. They have Latin churches, whether the Spirit proceeded processions of the host or sacrament ; of our Sa- from the Father only; or from the Father and the tipur to mount Calvary; of the Rosary, &c. Son; and the controversy arose to such a height,

Processions are said to be of pagan original. that they charged one another with heresy and The Romans, when the empire was distressed, schism, when neither side well understood what or after some victory, used constantly to order they contended for. The Latin church, however, processions, for several days together, to be made has not scrupled to say that the Spirit proceeds to the temples, to beg the assistance of the gods, from the Father and the Son; but the Greek or to return them thanks.

church chooses to express it thus: the Spirit The first processions mentioned in ecclesiastical proceeds from the Father by or through the Son, history are those set on foot at Constantinople, by or he receives of the Son, Gal. iv. 6. See HOLY St. Chrysostom. The Arians of that city, being Ghost; Bishop Pearson on the Creed, p. 324; forced to hold their meetings without the town, Watts's Works, 8vo. ed. vol. v. p. 199; Hurrion went thither night and morning, singing anthems. on the Holy Spirit

, p. 204; Ridgley's Dio. qu. Chrysostom, to prevent their perverting the Ca- 11; Dr. Lightfoot's Works, vol. 1. p. 482. tholics

, set up counter-processions, in which the PROFANĖ, a term used in opposition to holy; clergy and people marched by night, singing and in general is applied to all persons who have prayers and hymns, and carrying crosses and not the sacred character, and to things which do flambeaux. From this period the custom of pro- not belong to the service of religion. cessions was introduced among the Greeks, and PROFESSION, among the Romanists, deafterwards among the Latins; but they have sub- notes the entering into a religious order, whereby sisted longer, and been more frequently used in a person offers himself to God by a vow of inviothe Western than in the Eastern church, lably observing obedience, chastity, and poverty.

PROCESSION OF THE HOLY GHOST Christians are required to make a profession a terra made use of in reference to the Holy of their faith, 1. Boldly, Rom. i. 16.-2. Expli. Ghost

, as proceeding from the Father, or from the citly, Matt. v. 16.–3. Constantly, Heb. x. 23. Father and the Son. It seems to be founded on 4. Yet not ostentatiously, but with humility and that passage in John xv. 26: "When the Com- meekness, furter is come, whom I will send unto you from PROFESSOR, a term commonly used in tha

Grove's Mor. Phil, vol. i. p. 2, c. 12; Watts's characterized as strong, animated, and impressive. sideration of them should, 1. Prove an antidote which the prophets wrote; and which eral for prayer.-4. A spur to perseverance. Seenius, to surpass, in every variety of compen PROPHECY

PROPHECY religious world, to denote any person who makes / " A knowledge and manifestation of secret thing an open acknowledgment of the religion of Christ, which a man knows not from his own sagati

, or who outwardly manifests his attachment ió nor from the relation of others, but by an este Christianity. Ali real Christians are professors, ordinary revelation of God from heaven." lote out all professors are not real Christians. In this, Old and New Testaments the word is not alw79 as in all other things of worth and importance, confined to the foretelling of future events. la we find counterfeits. There are many who be several instances it is of the same import web come professors, not from principle, from investi- preaching, and denotes the faculty of illeshin, gation, from love to the truth; but from interested and applying to present practical portones motives, prejudice of education, custom, influence doctrines of prior revelation. Thus, in Vetema of connexions, novelty, &c. as Saul, Jehu, Judas, it is said, "Thou hast appointed prophets de Demas, the foolish virgins, &c. See article preach," ch. vi. ver. 7; and whoever speaker CHRISTIAN. Jay's Sermons, ser. 9; Mead's unto men to edification, and exportation and Almost Christian ; Bellamy's True Religion comfort, is by St. Paul called a prophet

, I C delineated; Shepherd's Sincere Condert, and xiv. 3. Hence it was that there were schowka do on the Parable of the Ten Virgins ; Secker's prophets in Israel, where young men seni Nonsuch Professor.

structed in the truths of religion, and fitted De PROMISE is a solemn asseveration, by which hort and comfort the people. It is prophares one pledges his veracity that he shall perform, or however, according to the first definition gren cause to be performed, the thing which he men- above, we shall here consider. tions.

Prophecy (with the power of working sira The obligation of promises arises from the ne- cles) may be considered as the highest evidence cessity of the well-being and existence of society. that can be given of a supernatural crazuma “Virtue requires," as Dr. Doddridge observes, with the Deity. Hence, among the protested " that promises be fulfilled. The promisee, i. e. almost every religious system, there bare beca the person to whom the promise is made, ac- numberless pretenders to the gift of propheta quires a property in virtue of the promise. The Pagans had their oracles, augurs, and shapes uncertainty of property would evidently be at- modern idolaters their necroinancers and division tended with great inconvenience. By failing to and the Jews, Christians, and Mahometans that fulfil my promise, I either show that I was not prophets. The pretensions of Pagans and importe sincere in making it, or that I have little con- tors, have, however, been justly exposed; while stancy or resolution, and either way injure my the Jewish and Christian prophecies carry with character, and consequently my usefulness in them evident marks of their validier. Hence St. life. Promises, however, are not binding, 1. If Peter observes, “We have a moure

' sure wortel they were made by us before we came to such prophecy, whereunto we de well w take bere au exercise of reason as to be fit to transact affairs unto a light that shineth in a dark place ; for the of moment; or if, by any distemper or sudden prophecy came not in old time by the will of man surprise, we are deprived of the exercise of our but holy men of God spake as they were vores reason at the time when the promise is made.- by the Holy Ghost," 2 Pet. ir 19,21

. Seni stupe 2. If the promise was made on a false presump- prophecy, therefore, hath God for its originals tion, in which the promiser, after the most dili- did not "arise from the genius of the cute gent inquiry, was imposed upon, especially if temperament of the body, the influence online he were deceived by the fraud of the promisee

stars, &c. but from the sovereign wil of God 3. If the thing itself be vicious ; for virtue can- The ways by which the Deity nude ku want these not require that vice should be committed.-4. Jf mind were various ; such a by dreama veya the accomplishment of the promise be so hard and angels, symbolic representations, impulsas co the intolerable, that there is reason to believe that, mind, Numb. xi. 6; Jer. In 26; Date Pub had it been foreseen, it would have been an ex- 16, 17. cepted case.-5. If the promise be not accepted, or if it depend on conditions not performed." Mr. Gray, “ remarkable for its magniora.

As to the language of prophecy ; "&"** See Doddridge's Lect. lec. 69; Grot. de Jure, Each

prophetic writer is distinguished for lib. i. cap. 11; Paley's Mor. Phil. ch. 5, vol. i.; liar beauties; but their style Serm. ser. 20. PROMISES OF GOD are the kind decla- of epithet, or laboured harmony; but from being

Its ornaments are derived not from accumulatie rations of his word, in which he hath assured us real grandeur of its images, and the majestic hering he will bestow blessings upon his people. The of its expressions. It is varied with sinking parts promises contained in the sacred Scriptures may priety, and

enlivened with quick but easy 2. Suitable as to their nature.—3. Abundant as to warmth, its affecting exhortations and are not 5. Certain as to their accomplishment. The

con- pression, and of that inspired conviction, unde saysay he could dare put into the hands of every If the imagery employed by the sacred ang Christian, among all their divided sects and pars appear sometimes to partake of a course and rele

PROPHECY, A Word derived from one forma, manners and languages required the moet korting and in its original import signifies the prediction representations ; "and that the masculine andere

general can be

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