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health, to consist of not less than three or more than ten persons; in case no board of health shall be appointed, the members composing said corporations, respectively, shall be a board of health.
SEC. 29. Every board of health may appoint a physician to be the health officer thereof, who shall hold his office during their pleasure.
SEC. 30. The board of health shall establish the salary or other compensation of such physician, and shall regulate all fees and charges of every person employed by them in the execution of the health laws and of their own regulations.
SEC. 31. The board of health shall have power to make regulations, in their discretion, respecting intercourse with infected places or persons; the apprehension, removal, separation, and treatment of persons sick of any infectious or contagious disease; the examination and purification of vessels and boats in harbors; the suppression and removal of nuisances, sources of filth, and causes of sickness; the interment of the dead; and such other regulations as they shall think necessary and proper for the preservation of the public health.
SEC. 32. The board of health shall publish, from time to time, all such regulations as may have been adopted by them, in such a manner as to give early and full publicity thereto. If any person shall violate any regulation so made and published by the board of health, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding thirty dollars.
SEC. 33. The board of health shall examine into all nuisances, sources of filth, and causes of sickness, that may, in their opinion, be injurious to the public health; and the same shall destroy, remove, or prevent, as the case may require.
SEC. 34. Whenever any such nuisance, source of filth, or cause of sickness, shall be found on private property, the board of health, or health officer, shall order the owner or occupant thereof, at his own expense, to remove the same within twenty-four hours; and if the owner or occupant shall neglect so to do, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding thirty dollars.
SEC. 35. If the owner or occupant shall not comply with such order of the board of health, or health officer, the board may cause the said nuisance, source of filth, or cause of sickness to be removed; and all expenses incurred thereby shall be paid by the said owner or occupant.
SEC. 36. The board of health shall have authority to enter, in the day time, into all buildings, lots, or vessels, for the purpose of examining into, and destroying, removing, or preventing any nuisance, source of filth, or cause of sickness.
SEC. 37. The board of health shall have authority to issue warrants to any constable to apprehend such persons as cannot otherwise be subjected to the regulations by them adopted; and whenever it shall be necessary to do so, to issue their warrant to the marshal, commanding him to bring to their aid the power of the county; all which warrants shall be forthwith executed by the officers to whom they shall be directed.
SEC. 38. When any person shall be convicted on an indictment for a common nuisance, that may be injurious to the public health, the court may, in its discretion, order it to be removed or destroyed at the expense of the defendant, under the direction of the board of health of the city where the nuisance is found; and the form of the warrant to the marshal shall be varied accordingly.
SEC. 39. The board of health may, from time to time, establish a quarantine ground, and make such quarantine regulations, not contrary to law, as they shall judge necessary for the preservation of the public health and safety.
SEC. 40. The boards of health of Washington and Georgetown may establish a quarantine ground for their common use.
SEC. 41. The quarantine regulations adopted and published by the board of health may extend to all persons, goods, and effects in vessels arriving within the harbor or vicinity of Washington City or Georgetown, and to all persons who may go on board of the same. If any person shall violate such regulations, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars.
SEC. 42. The health officer of the board of health may cause any such vessel, if the vessel or its cargo be in his opinion so foul or infected as to endanger the public health, to be removed to the quarantine ground, or other proper place, to be purified; and cause all persons arriving in, or going on board such vessel, or handling such cargo, to be removed to a hospital.
SEC. 43. If any master, seamen, or passenger, belonging to a vessel supposed to have any infection on board, or from a port where any dangerous infectious disease prevails, shall refuse to answer on oath such inquiries as may be made by any health officer, or other author
ized person, relating to such infection or disease, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars.
SEC. 44. The master of a vessel ordered to perform quarantine, shall deliver to the officer appointed to see it performed, his bills of health and manifests, and his log-book and journal. If he fail to do so, or to repair in proper time, after notice, to the quarantine ground, or shall depart thence without authority to do so, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars.
SEC. 45. If any person ordered to perform quarantine shall escape, a justice of the peace, on complaint thereof under oath, may issue his warrant to the marshal, or any constable, commanding him to arrest such fugitive and deliver him to the custody of the officers of quarantine. Any such person attempting to escape may be forcibly detained. at the place of quarantine by such officers.
SEC. 46. The expenses incurred by the boards of health of Washington City and Georgetown shall be a charge upon those places respectively. All expenses, however, incurred on account of any person, vessel, or goods, under quarantine regulations, shall be paid or reimbursed by such person, vessel, or goods, respectively; and the vessel or goods may be detained until such expenses are paid.
SEC. 47. All fines under the sections of this chapter relating to health regulations shall enure to the use of the city where the offence shall have been committed, and may be recovered in the name of such city.
SEC. 48. The corporations of Washington City and Georgetown, respectively, shall have power to provide for the inspection of tobacco, flour, corn meal, bread, salt, fish, pork, beef, tar, pitch, turpentine, lumber, lime, hemp, hay, leather, butter, lard, and pot and pearl ashes, and for the gauging of casks and liquors; and may enforce such regulations as may be made by them, respectively, in pursuance of this section, by appropriate fines and penalties.
4. Shall take an oath.
CHAPTER 12. Of ballast-masters and port-wardens; of burying the dead from vessels; and of landing therefrom sick seamen and passengers without maintenance. CHAPTER 13. Of seamen who desert their vessel.
OF BALLAST-MASTERS AND PORT-WARDENS; OF BURYING THE DEAD FROM VESSELS; AND OF LANDING THEREFROM SICK SEAMEN AND PASSENGERS WITHOUT MAINTENANCE.
5. Penalty for failure or neglect of duty.
6. Duties of ballast-master.
Ballast-masters; how appointed, and
When and how commander of vessel to
8. give notice of ballast to be unladen, &c.
9. Master to produce certificate of ballast
10. Port-wardens; by whom appointed.
SECTION 1. The corporations of Washington City and Georgetown, respectively, shall annually appoint one or more ballast-masters to superintend the delivery and unlading of ballast.
SEC. 2. The jurisdiction of the ballast-master for Georgetown shall extend to so much of the river Potomac within this District as is above a line drawn across said river due west from the south end of the east side of Twenty-second street west in Washington City. The jurisdiction of the ballast-master for Washington City shall extend to so much of the river Potomac and the Eastern Branch within this District as lies below said line.
SEC. 3. Any such ballast-master may continue to act until his successor is appointed and qualified. If a vacancy occur, the corporation making the original appointments shall fill such vacancy.
SEC. 4. Each ballast-master, before entering upon the discharge of the duties of his office, shall take an oath, before any judge or justice of the peace, that he will faithfully perform the duties of his office.
SEC. 5. If any ballast-master shall fail or neglect to discharge the duties of his office, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars.
SEC. 6. Every ballast-master, on receiving information that ballast is to be discharged from any vessel in his district, shall go on board such vessel and attend until the whole is unladed. He shall see that it is brought on shore and laid at some convenient place where it will not obstruct navigation, nor be washed or roll into the channel. And thereupon he shall give to the commander of such vessel a certificate that his ballast has been duly unladen from on board his vessel, on being paid by such commander two dollars for each day's attendance.
SEC. 7. Every commander of a ship or vessel having ballast to unlade, shall give notice in writing to the ballast-master of the district of the time when he intends to unlade the same. If any such commander shall land or cast overboard any ballast without having given such notice, or otherwise than according to the directions of the proper ballast-master, he shall forfeit one hundred and fifty dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding six months, in the discretion of the court.
SEC. 8. If any commander of a vessel shall intend to discharge his ballast in a district where no ballast-master has been appointed, he may give notice in writing to any justice of the peace. Upon such justice being sworn to discharge the duties of a ballast-master faithfully, he shall act as such, and receive the same compensation, and his certificate as ballast-master shall have the same effect as if it had been given by one regularly appointed as such.
SEC. 9. If a commander of any vessel from which ballast has been unladed shall, when required by any ballast-master, justice of the peace, marshal, or constable, fail to produce the certificate of the ballast-master, or other person who superintended the unlading thereof, he shall forfeit thirty dollars.
SEC. 10. The corporations of Washington City and Georgetown, respectively, shall have power to appoint port-wardens for their respective ports, to prescribe their duties, to fix their fees, and to make regulations in respect to them not inconsistent with law.
SEC. 11. When any person shall die on board any vessel in this District, the master thereof shall cause the body to be buried above