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of the offender at the time of the trespass may be taken and sold. If any such trespass shall be committed on Sunday, or in disguise, or secretly in the night time, the fine shall not be less than ten dollars. Confinement in jail for the space of sixty days shall be considered a satisfaction of any fine imposed under this section so as to entitle the party to be released.

SEC. 46. Every person who, from a public road, shall shoot fire-arms or throw stones upon or over the land of another to the injury of the trees or other property thereon, shall be deemed a trespasser, and be punished as provided in the preceding section.

CARRYING AWAY SLAVES, ADVISING OR AIDING THEM TO ABSCOND.

SEC. 47. Any person who shall carry, or cause to be carried, out of this District, any slave, without the consent of his owner, or of the guardian or committee of the owner, with intent to defraud or deprive the owner of such slave, shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years, and shall, moreover, in lieu of damages, be liable to the owner for double the value of the slave, and for all reasonable expense incurred in regaining or attempting to regain such slave.

SEC. 48. Any master of a vessel having a slave on board, and going with him beyond the limits of this District, without the consent aforesaid, and any person travelling by land, who shall aid any slave to escape out of this District, shall be considered as carrying off such slave within the meaning of the preceding section.

SEC. 49. If the master or skipper of any vessel knowingly receive on board any runaway slave, and permit him to remain on board without proper effort to apprehend him, he shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than five years; and if such slave be on board the vessel after leaving port, the master or skipper shall be presumed to have knowingly received him.

SEC. 50. If a free person advise any slave to abscond from his master, or aid such slave to abscond by procuring for or delivering to him a pass, register, or other writing, or furnishing him money, clothes, provisions, or other facility, he shall be confined in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than five years.

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SECTION 1. If any person forge a public record, or a certificate, return, or attestation of a clerk of a court, notary public, judge, justice of the peace, or any public officer, in relation to any matter wherein such certificate, return, or attestation may be received as legal proof; or utter or attempt to employ as true such forged record, certificate, return, or attestation, knowing the same to be forged, he shall be punished by imprisonment in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

SEC. 2. If any person forge, or keep or conceal any instrument for the purpose of forging, the seal of a court, or of any public officer, or body politic or corporate, in this District, he shall be punished by imprisonment in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

SEC. 3. If any person forge any coin, current by law or usage in this District, or any note or bill of a banking company, or fraudulently make any base coin, or a note or bill purporting to be the note or bill of a banking company, when such company does not exist, or utter or attempt to employ, as true, such false, forged, or base coin, note, or bill, knowing it to be so, he shall be punished by imprisonment in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

SEC. 4. If any person have in his possession forged bank notes, or pieces of forged or base coin, such as are mentioned in the preceding

section, knowing the same to be forged or base, with intent to utter or employ the same as true, he shall be punished by imprisonment in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than five years.

SEC. 5. If any person forge any writing, other than such as is mentioned in the preceding sections of this chapter, to the prejudice of another's rights, or utter or attempt to employ as true such forged writing, knowing it to be forged, he shall be punished by confinement in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

SEC. 6. If any person knowingly engrave, stamp, or cast, or otherwise make or mend any plate, block, or press, or other thing designed for the forging or false-making any writing or other thing, the forging or false-making whereof is punishable by the provisions of this chapter; or if any person have in his possession any such plate, block, press, or other thing, with intent to use it, or cause or permit it to be used in forging or false-making any such writing or other thing, he shall be punished by confinement in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

SEC. 7. If any justice of the peace or other proper officer shall affix his name to any blank form of affidavit, or certificate of acknowledgment of any instrument proper to be acknowledged, and deliver the same so signed to any other person, with intent that such blank form shall afterwards be filled up and used as an affidavit or acknowledgment, such justice of the peace or other officer, and also the person so filling up such affidavit or acknowledgment, shall be deemed guilty of forgery, and shall be punished by imprisonment in the penitentiary not less than two nor more than ten years.

SEC. 8. Any justice of the peace or other officer authorized to take an affidavit, or to take the acknowledgment of any conveyance of real or personal property, or any other instrument which by law may be recorded, who shall wilfully and falsely certify that such affidavit, conveyance, or other instrument, was made or acknowledged before him by any named party thereto, when, in truth, no such affidavit or acknowledgment was made, shall be deemed guilty of forgery, and be punished by imprisonment in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than ten years.

SEC. 9. The total erasure, obliteration, or destruction, with intent to defraud, of an instrument by which any pecuniary obligation or any right, interest, or claim to property shall be or shall be intended

to be created, increased, diminished, destroyed, or in any manner affected, shall be deemed forgery, and be punished in the same manner as the false alteration of any such instrument or writing.

SEC. 10. When different parts of several genuine instruments shall be so placed or connected together as to produce one or more instruments, with intent to defraud, the same shall be deemed forgery, and be punished in like manner as if the parts so put together were falsely made or forged.

SEC. 11. Every instrument partly printed and partly written, or wholly printed, with a written signature thereto, and every signature of an individual, firm, or corporate body, or of any officer of such body, shall be deemed a writing and written instrument within the meaning of the provisions of this chapter.

SEC. 12. If any person shall make, or utter, or put in circulation, any note or bill purporting to be the note or bill of a bank, company, or association, which never did in fact exist, such person knowing at the time of uttering or putting in circulation any such note or bill. that the bank, company, or association purporting to have issued the same never did exist, he shall be deemed guilty of forgery, and be punished as herein before provided in section three of this chapter.

SEC. 13. If any fictitious or pretended signature, purporting to be the signature of an agent or officer of any corporation, shall be fraudulently affixed to any instrument of writing purporting to be a note, draft, or other evidence of debt issued by such corporation, with intent to pass the same as true, it shall be deemed a forgery though no such person may ever have been an officer or agent of such corporation, nor ever have existed.

SEC. 14. In all prosecutions for forging or counterfeiting any notes or bills of banks, or for uttering or tendering in payment as true any forged or counterfeit bank notes or bills, or for being possessed thereof with intent to utter and pass the same as true, the testimony of the president and cashier of such banks may be dispensed with if their place of residence shall be more than one hundred miles from this District; and the testimony of any person acquainted with the signature of the president or cashier of such bank, or who has knowledge of the difference in appearance of the true and counterfeit bills or notes thereof, may be admitted as evidence, for the purpose of proving the same to be forged or counterfeit.

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PERJURY AND SUBORNATION OF PERJURY.

SECTION 1. Every person who, being lawfully required to depose the truth in any proceedings in a court of justice, shall commit perjury, shall be punished, if such perjury was committed on the trial of an indictment for a capital crime, by imprisonment in the penitentiary for life, or for any term of years not less than five, in the discre

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