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he shall, if the same be a felony, be punished by confinement in the county jail not over two years and fine not exceeding five hundred dollars; and if such offence be other than a felony, by confinement as aforesaid not over six months and fined not exceeding one hundred dollars.

SEC. 29. If any marshal, constable, or other officer authorized to serve legal process, shall receive from a defendant, or other person, any money or other valuable thing, as a reward or inducement for omitting or delaying to arrest any defendant, or to carry him before any officer, or for delaying to take any defendant to prison, or for postponing the sale of any property under an execution, or for omitting or delaying to perform any duty pertaining to his office in a civil proceeding, he shall be punished by confinement in the county jail nor more than two years and fine not exceeding five hundred dollars.

FALSELY ASSUMING TO BE A JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, ETC.-EXTORTION.

SEC. 30. If any person shall falsely assume or pretend to be a justice of the peace, marshal, deputy marshal, coroner, or constable, and shall take upon himself to act as such, or to require any person to aid or assist him in any matter pertaining to the duty of a justice of the peace, marshal, deputy marshal, coroner, or constable, he shall be punished by confinement in jail not more than one year and by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars.

SEC. 31. If any officer, for performing an official duty for which a fee or compensation is allowed or provided by law, knowingly demand or receive a greater fee or compensation than is so allowed or provided, he shall be deemed guilty of extortion, and be imprisoned in jail not over one year and fined not exceeding one hundred dollars.

SEC. 32. If any person authorized by law to charge fees for services performed by him, and issue bills therefor, fraudulently issue a fee bill for a service not performed by him, or for a service that he is not entitled to charge for, he shall be imprisoned in jail not over one year and fined not exceeding one hundred dollars.

FALSE ENTRIES IN RECORDS.-EMBEZZLING OR DESTROYING RECORDS.

SEC. 33. If a clerk or register of any court, or other public officer, fraudulently make a false entry, or erase, alter, secrete, or destroy any record in his possession and belonging to his office, he shall be

confined in jail not more than two years and fined not exceeding one thousand dollars, and be forever incapable of holding any office of trust existing under the laws of this District.

SEC. 34. If any person, other than such public officer, steal, or fraudulently secrete or destroy, a public record, or part thereof, or fraudulently make a false entry therein, or fraudulently alter or erase the same, he shall be confined in jail not more than two years and fined not exceeding one thousand dollars.

MALICIOUS PROSECUTION AND BARRATRY.

SEC. 35. If any person shall maliciously, without probable cause, cause, or attempt to cause, any indictment to be found, or other prosecution, for any felony or misdemeanor, to be commenced against another; or if two or more shall conspire together for any such purpose, the person so sought to be indicted or otherwise prosecuted being innocent, such person so offending shall be punished by imprisonment in jail not over one year, or fine not exceeding five hundred dollars.

SEC. 36. Every person who shall frequently excite quarrels or law suits among the citizens of this District, shall be deemed a common barrator, and, upon conviction, be punished by confinement in jail not more than six months, or fine not exceeding two hundred dollars.

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SECTION 1. If three or more persons shall, upon a common cause, do an unlawful act with force and violence, they shall be deemed guilty of a riot, and shall be punished by confinement in the county jail not more than two years, or fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or, in the discretion of the court, by both fine and imprisonment as aforesaid.

SEC. 2. If three or more persons shall meet together to do an unlawful act upon a common cause, and shall make advances towards the commission thereof, they shall be deemed guilty of a rout, and shall be punished by confinement in the county jail not more than six months, or fine not exceeding three hundred dollars, or, in the discretion of the court, by both fine and imprisonment as aforesaid.

SEC. 3. If two or more persons fight, by agreement, in any public place, they shall be deemed guilty of an affray, and be punished by confinement in the county jail not more than three months, or fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, or, in the discretion of the court, by both fine and imprisonment as aforesaid.

SEC. 4. If any rioter, or person unlawfully assembled, shall pull down, in whole or in part, any dwelling house, or assist therein, he shall be punished by imprisonment in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than five years, or by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars and confinement in the county jail not more than two years; and such offender shall also be answerable to any person injured, to the full amount of the damage, in a civil action.

SEC. 5. In case of any unlawful assembly or riot, in either the city of Washington or Georgetown, or the county of Washington, the mayor of either of such corporations, when such assembly shall take place within the limits of his respective corporation, or the marshal of the District, and every justice of the peace, wheresoever such assembly may take place within this District, may demand the full assistance of the police and constabulary force of the District, and may summon any and every citizen, and require them to aid in suppressing the same.

SEC. 6. If any person present, being commanded by any officer mentioned in the preceding section to aid in securing such rioters or persons unlawfully assembled, or in otherwise suppressing such riotous or unlawful assembly, shall refuse or neglect to obey such command, or when required by any such officer to depart from the

place of such riotous or unlawful assembly, shall refuse or neglect so to do, he shall be punished by imprisonment in jail not more than six months, or fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or, in the discretion of the court, by both fine and imprisonment as aforesaid.

SEC. 7. If any mayor, marshal, or other officer, having notice of such riotous, or unlawful assembly within the limit of his authority, shall fail to exercise the powers with which he is invested by this chapter, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars.

SEC. 8. If the police and constabulary force, with the aid of the citizens who shall obey such summons as aforesaid, shall be insufficient to suppress the said riotous or unlawful assembly, the said mayors, respectively, and the said marshal, and the said justices of the peace, upon due proof thereof, may require the aid of the volunteer force and militia of this District to suppress the same; provided that I if the said riotous or unlawful assembly be so great, or the danger

therefrom be so imminent, that it would be unsafe to attempt its suppression by the civil powers, the said officers, respectively, may at once, on satisfactory proof thereof, call for military aid.

SEC. 9. The application for the military aid, as provided in the preceding section, may be made to the President of the United States, or to the major general, or other officer commanding the militia of this District; and if the President shall see fit, on due proof of the insufficiency or the inefficiency of the civil power, and the volunteer or militia forces of said District, to suppress such assembly, he may order so much and such parts of the regular forces of the United States to aid therein as he may deem expedient.

SEC. 10. Whenever the military force is so ordered out in aid of the civil authority, the officer in command shall be directed to report himself to, and act under the direction of, the civil officer having the chief authority at the place of assembly.

SEC. 11. No assembly of the people shall be fired upon, or attacked with deadly weapons, by any military force under the authority of such civil officer, until notice shall have been given to them to disperse, and that unless they do so, they will be attacked by the military; and time shall have been given for them to disperse.

SEC. 12. If by any means taken under authority of this act to suppress any such assembly, or arrest and secure those engaged in it,

any person present, as spectator or otherwise, be killed or wounded, any mayor or other officer herein before mentioned, and every one acting under his orders, shall be held guiltless and fully justified in law, civilly and criminally; but if either of said officers, or any person acting under his orders or direction, shall be killed or wounded, all persons so unlawfully, or riotously, assembled, shall be held answerable therefor.

SEC. 13. If any person habitually carry about his person, concealed from common observation, any pistol, dirk, bowie knife, or other weapon of like kind, he shall be fined not exceeding fifty dollars for the first offence, and for any after like offence, imprisonment in jail not over six months may be imposed in addition to said fine.

SEC. 14. Every person who shall violently take or keep possession of lands, with menaces, force and arms, and without authority of law, shall be deemed guilty of forcible entry or forcible detainer, as the case may be, and be punished by confinement in jail not more. than one year, or fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or, in the discretion of the court, by both fine and imprisonment, as aforesaid.

SEC. 15. If any person shall write, print, or publish any malicious libel of or concerning another, or shall cause or procure any such libel to be written, printed, or published, he shall, upon conviction thereof, be confined in jail not more than one year, or fined not exceeding one thousand dollars.

CHAPTER 135.

OF OFFENCES AGAINST CHASTITY, MORALITY, AND DECENCY.

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