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SECTION 1. The jail in Washington county, District of Columbia, shall be used as a prison for the following purposes:
1. For the detention of persons charged with offences, and duly committed for trial.
2. For the detention of persons who may be duly committed to secure their attendance as witnesses on the trial of any criminal
3. For the confinement of persons committed pursuant to a sentence upon conviction of an offence.
4. For the confinement of all other persons duly committed for any cause authorized by law.
SEC. 2. The judge of the criminal court shall, from time to time, as he may deem necessary, prescribe, in writing, rules for the regulation and government of the jail for this District upon the following subjects:
1. The cleanliness of the prison.
2. The classification of prisoners, in regard to sex, age, crime, and insanity.
3. Beds and clothing.
4. Warming, lighting, and ventilating the prison.
5. The intercourse between prisoners and their counsel, and other persons.
6. The punishment of prisoners for violating the rules of the prison.
7. On such other subjects as the judge may deem necessary to promote the welfare of the prisoners, or the efficiency of the prison
as a place of confinement. Provided, that none of said rules be contrary to law.
SEC. 3. Said judge shall, as soon as may be, cause a copy of such rules to be delivered to the marshal, who shall cause the same to be printed, and a copy thereof to be posted up in some conspicuous place, in every compartment of the jail.
SEC. 4. Said judge may, from time to time, revise, alter, and amend such rules; and such revised, altered, or amended rules, shall be printed and disposed of in like manner, as prescribed in the preceding section.
SEC. 5. The marshal shall have charge of the jail, and of all persons by law confined therein, and he shall conform in all respects to the rules prescribed as aforesaid by the judge of the criminal court.
SEC. 6. The marshal shall keep a proper book, to be called the jail register, in which, by himself or deputy, he shall make such entries as required by section twenty-five, Part I of the Code.
SEC. 7. The marshal shall keep a report book, open at all times to the judge of the criminal court and members of the grand jury, in which shall be entered
1. What sickness, if any, has prevailed in the jail during the year, and, if known, what were the causes of such disease.
2. The practice observed during the year of whitewashing and cleansing the cells, and the time and season of so doing.
3. The character of prisoners' diet.
4. The operation of the rules prescribed by the judge.
5. All other entries required by the rules, or, in the opinion of the marshal, deemed proper.
SEC. 8. Said jail register and report book shall be kept and preserved in the office of the jailer, and on the expiration of the marshal's term of office, shall be delivered to his successor.
SEC. 9. The grand jury shall, at the commencement of every term, visit the jail, examine its state, inquire into the discipline and treatment of prisoners, their habits, diet, and accommodations, and report thereon, in writing, to the judge of the criminal court. They shall also report whether the jail is a safe and proper place of confinement, and if not, why; whether the rules have been observed, pointing out in particular any violations thereof, and such other matters as may come under their notice.
SEC. 10. It shall be the duty of the judge of the criminal court to charge the grand jury as to their duties with regard to the jail at every term of the court, and lay before them any rules established by him, and such other matters relating to discipline of the prison as he may see fit.
SEC. 11. It shall be the duty of the marshal to provide fuel, bed clothing, and board generally for the prisoners; and he shall be allowed therefor at the rate of thirty-five cents per day for each prisoner.
SEC. 12. The marshal shall visit the jail in person, and examine into the condition of the prisoners, once every month; and it shall be his duty to cause all the cells and rooms used for the confinement of prisoners to be thoroughly whitewashed at least twice a year.
SEC. 13. The jailer, and other keepers of the prison, shall be appointed by the marshal.
SEC. 14. If the marshal, or any jailer having charge of the jail, shall refuse or neglect to conform to all the rules established by the judge of the criminal court, or to discharge any other duties required by this chapter, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and be punished accordingly.
OF THE REPEAL OF STATUTES AND ACTS HERETOFORE PASSED.
1. British statutes repealed.
2. What Maryland statutes are repealed.
3. Acts of Congress repealed.
4. Saving of rights under former laws.
5. Penal and criminal liabilities remain
unaffected, except, &c.
6. Repeal not to affect prosecutions or actions pending, &c.
7. Tenure of offices, preserved, except, &c. 6. No repealed law to be revived by this repeal.
SECTION 1. The statutes of England, or of Great Britain, as such, shall not have any force or validity in this District; but the same, so far as they were in force therein, are hereby repealed.
SEC. 2. The statutes of the State of Maryland, as such, except those which relate expressly to this District, or some part thereof, and were enacted prior to the twenty-seventh day of February,
eighteen hundred and one, shall not have any force or validity within this District; but the same, so far as they were of any force therein, are hereby repealed. Any provision in any statute exempted from repeal by the foregoing clause of this section, which is repugnant to this Code, or the subject of which is revised therein, is hereby repealed.
SEC. 3. The following acts, and parts of acts, of the Congress of the United States, are hereby repealed:
1. An act concerning the District of Columbia, approved February 27, 1801, excepting the sixteenth section thereof.
2. An act supplementary to the act entitled "An act concerning the District of Columbia," approved March 3, 1801.
3. The twenty-fourth section of an act to amend the judicial system of the United States, approved April 29, 1802.
4. An act additional to, and amendatory of, an act entitled "An act concerning the District of Columbia," approved May 3, 1802, excepting the eleventh and twelfth sections thereof.
5. An act more effectually to provide for the organization of the militia of the District of Columbia, approved March 3, 1803.
6. An act for the relief of insolvent debtors within the District of Columbia, approved March, 3, 1803.
7. An act for the regulation of the time of holding the courts of the District of Columbia, and for other purposes, approved April 21, 1806.
8. An act further supplementary to the act entitled "An act concerning the District of Columbia," approved February 24, 1807.
9. An act to reduce the expenses attending the administration of justice in the District of Columbia, approved March 3, 1807.
10. An act to revive and continue certain causes and proceedings in the district court of the District of Columbia, approved February 10, 1808.
11. An act authorizing the proprietors of squares and lots in the city of Washington to have the same subdivided and admitted to record, approved January 12, 1809.
12. An act to increase the salaries of the judges of the circuit court for the District of Columbia, approved March 3, 1811.
13. An act to carry into effect an act of the legislature of the State of Maryland, approved May 6, 1812.
14. An act authorizing the remission of forfeited recognizances within the District of Columbia, approved June 17, 1812.
15. An act to amend the laws within the District of Columbia, approved June 24, 1812.
16. An act supplementary to an act entitled "An act more effectually to provide for the organization of the militia of the District of Columbia," approved July 1, 1812.
17. An act conferring certain powers on the levy court for the county of Washington, in the District of Columbia, approved July 1, 1812.
18. An act to limit the right of appeal from the circuit court of the United States for the District of Columbia, approved April 2,
19. An act to regulate the fees of public notaries in the county of Washington, in the District of Columbia, approved April 4, 1818. 20. An act to increase the salaries of the judges of the circuit court for the District of Columbia, approved April 20, 1818.
21. An act to increase the allowance of the judges of the orphans' court, in the counties of Washington and Alexandria, approved May 1, 1820.
22. An act to alter the times of the session of the circuit and district courts in the District of Columbia, approved May 11, 1820.
23. An act to amend the act entitled "An act to alter the times of the session of the circuit and district courts in the District of Columbia," approved December 29, 1820.
24. An act for the relief of certain insolvent debtors, approved May 6, 1822.
25. An act to extend the jurisdiction of justices of the peace in the recovery of debts in the District of Columbia, approved March 1, 1823.
26. An act altering the times of holding the courts in the District of Columbia, approved May 13, 1824.
27. An act to regulate the fees of the register of wills in the several counties within the District of Columbia, approved May 26, 1824.
28. An act altering the times of holding the courts in the District of Columbia, approved May 20, 1826.
29. An act to authorize the corporation of the city of Washington to introduce into the lotteries they are authorized to establish, certain land prizes herein mentioned, approved February 22, 1827.