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and under such conditions, as shall be named by the circuit court; and the expense of maintaining such ferry, beyond the amount received for ferriage, shall be paid by such corporation or the levy court, as the case may be.
Sec. 10. If any ferry shall be discontinued or disused, and generally unfrequented, for the space of one year, it shall be no longer deemed a public ferry.
Of religion, church property, and benevolent associations.
CHAPTER 19. Of religious freedom.
OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.
SECTION 1. No person in this District shall be compelled to frequent, nor, unless in consequence of his voluntary contract, to support any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoever; nor shall he be enforced, restrained, molested, or burdened in his body or estate, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief; but all persons shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion; and the same shall in nowise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities.
OF CHURCH PROPERTY AND BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATIONS.
tion may be held by trustees.
tees. 9. Conveyances to benevolent, literary, and
scientific associations, subject to cer
tain sections. 10. Books and furniture to be held by trus
tees. 11. Trustees may sell, &c., in certain cases. 12. Trustees to hold only a limited quantity
SECTION 1. Any lot, or part of a lot, tract, or parcel of land, heretofore or hereafter conveyed or devised to one or more trustees, for the use and benefit of any religious congregation as a place of public worship, or as a burial place, or as a residence for a minister, shall, together with the buildings and improvements thereon, be held by such trustee or trustees, or their successors, for the purposes of such trust, and not otherwise.
Sec. 2. Any conveyance or devise heretofore or hereafter made of such property, for the use and benefit and purposes mentioned in the preceding section, shall not be void by reason of the want of trustees to take and hold the same; but trustees may be appointed in the manner directed by the succeeding section.
SEC. 3. In the case of any conveyance or devise for the use, benefit, and purposes mentioned in the first section of this chapter, the circuit court shall, on the application of the district attorney, on behalf of the authorized authorities of any religious congregation, have full power and authority, from time to time, to appoint trustees, either where there were or are none, or in place of former trustees, and to change those so appointed whenever it may seem to said court proper to effect or promote the purpose of such conveyance or devise ; and the legal title shall for that purpose be vested in the said trustees for the time being, and their successors.
Sec. 4. When books or furniture shall be given or acquired for the benefit of a religious congregation, to be used in the ceremonies of public worship, or at the residence of their minister, the same shall stand vested in the trustees having the legal right to the land conveyed or devised for the use and benefit of such religious congregation, to be held by them, as said land is held, for the benefit of such religious congregation.
Sec. 5. The said trustees may, in their own names, sue for and recover such land or property, and be sued in relation thereto; and such action, notwithstanding the death of any of the said trustees or the appointment of others, shall proceed in the names by or against whom it was instituted.
Sec. 6. Trustees, for the use of any religious congregation, shall not take or hold, at any one time, more than three acres of land in an incorporated town or city, nor more than fifty acres out of such town or city. Any conveyance, devise, or dedication of any greater quantity of land than as aforesaid, for the use of any religious congregation, shall be void.
Sec. 7. Nothing in this chapter contained shall be construed to forbid such trustees from selling or disposing of the property held by them for the use and benefit of a religious congregation, whenever they may be required so to do by the religious congregation of which they are the trustees; provided, that the proceeds of any such disposition shall be applied to the use and benefit of such religious congregation, and for the purposes mentioned in the first section of this chapter; and provided further, that no gift, donation, devise, or bequest, for the use of a religious congregation, shall be applied to purposes different from those declared of and concerning the same by the grantor, donor, or testator.
Sec. 8. Any one or more of the members of any religious congregation may, in his or their name, on behalf of such congregation, commence and prosecute a suit against any trustee, to compel him to apply the property vested in him, or fund in his possession, for the use of such religious congregation, as his duty shall require.
Sec. 9. When any conveyance or devise of land has been or shall be made to trustees for the use and benefit of any benevolent, or literary, or scientific association, or if, without the intervention of trustees, any such conveyance or devise has been or shall be hereafter made for such use or benefit, the second, third, fifth, and eighth sections of this chapter shall be construed as if they were expressly made applicable to such benevolent, or literary, or scientific association.
Sec. 10. When books, furniture, or apparatus shall be given or acquired for the benefit of any benevolent, literary, or scientific association, to be used by such association, the same shall stand vested in the trustees having the legal title to the land held by them for the benefit of such association.
Sec. 11. The trustees of any benevolent, literary, or scientific association may sell or otherwise dispose of the property held by them for the use and benefit of such association, whenever they may be required so to do by the association of which they are the trustees; provided, that the proceeds of any such disposition shall be applied to the use and benefit of such association; and provided further, that no property held by them for the use and benefit of such association shall be disposed of contrary to any trusts that may be declared of and concerning the same by the grantor, donor, or testator.
Sec. 12. The trustees of any benevolent, literary, or scientific association shall not hereafter, unless otherwise ordered or permitted by law, take or hold, at one time, any land exceeding three acres, por for any other use than as a place of meeting for such association, and for the education and maintenance of children charitably provided for by them.
BOUNDARIES OF LANDS, AND VACANT LANDS.
tor wishes to ascertain, establish, or 4.
perpetuate corners or lines. 5.
SECTION 1. When any person, being the owner or proprietor of any land in this District, wishes to ascertain, establish, or relocate, or perpetuate a corner or corners thereof, or any line or lines thereof, such owner or proprietor may require the proper surveyor to run such lines, or do such other things as may be necessary for the purposes aforesaid.
Sec. 2. Such owner or proprietor shall give ten days' previous notice of such survey to the owners of lands, or proprietors adjoining, to be affected by such survey, provided such owners or proprietors are residents of this District; and if not, such notice shall be given at
least once a week for two months in some newspaper published in Washington City.
Sec. 3. Such surveyor, on being satisfied that notice has been given as required in the preceding section, shall proceed to make the necessary survey of lines and location or relocation of corners, as the case may require.
Sec. 4. If a corner is to be ascertained, established, or relocated, and the owners or proprietors, or any of them, wish the same perpetuated, such surveyor shall deposit in the proper place a stone, or other durable material, with the letters and figures answering to such corner, thereon; and shall also enter into his field-notes one or more bearing trees, if there be such, or any other durable thing, the species and size, course and distance thereof; all of which proceedings shall be entered in a book to be kept for that purpose.
Sec. 5. Whenever all the owners or proprietors of lands adjoining any corner, which such surveyor may be required to establish or perpetuate, or any line which he may be required to view and establish, are present and consenting, or in writing shall so consent, the notice required by the second section of this chapter shall not be necessary.
Sec. 6. An appeal may be taken from any such survey to the circuit court at any time within three years, and such court may reverse such survey; and upon such appeal being prayed for by any person interested, such surveyor shall forthwith transmit the papers in his hands touching the same, and copies of the field-notes in the case complained of, and such court, in the trial of such appeal, may receive evidence of other surveys of the same premises; and if said court shall decide against such surveyor, it shall enter an order for a resurvey, and such new survey may be made by any surveyor whom the said court may designate, from whose decision an appeal may be in like manner had.
Sec. 7. If any vacant lands be found within this District, lying outside the limits of Washington City and Georgetown, application may be made to the General Land Office for warrants, which shall be directed to the surveyor for the county of Washington. The said surveyor shall make return to the Commissioner of the General Land Ofice. Upon presentation to the Commissioner of the General Land Office of the certificate of the Treasurer of the United States that payment for such vacant land has been made according to the laws