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and keep for the use and at the charge of said corporations, respectively, or county, a complete set of weights and measures, conformable to said standards,
sealed by the clerk of said circuit court. Sec. 3. The corporations of Washington City and Georgetown, respectively, shall have power to make provisions for the regulation of all weights and measures used in said cities, and to enforce such provisions by appropriate fines and penalties, to be recovered in the name, and applied for the use, of said corporations respectively.
Sec. 4. The said levy court shall have power to appoint a sealer of weights and measures for that part of Washington county which lies outside the corporate limits of Washington City and Georgetown, to prescribe his duties, and fix the compensation to be received by him for his services. Upon the appointment of any such sealer of weights and measures, if any person within the aforesaid part of Washington county shall sell, or offer to sell, any commodity, by weights or measures not sealed by such sealer, or shall keep for buying and selling any weights or measures not sealed by such sealer, he shall forfeit, for each offence, the sum of ten dollars, to be recovered in the name and for the use of said levy court.
OF BILLS OF EXCHANGE, PROMISSORY NOTES, AND CERTAIN ASSIGNMENTS.
bills of exchange.
effect. 3. What is meant by “person
" in preceding sections. 4. Who may maintain an action. 5. What notes to have the same effect as if
payable to bearer. 6. 7. 8.
Of acceptances. 9. 10. 11. ) 12. Grace to be allowed in certain cases. 13. When grace is not allowed.
19. Certain instruments of writing made as
What defences makers may set up. 22. 23. Of whom assignee may recover,
SECTION 1. All notes in writing inade and signed by any person, whereby he shall promise to pay to any other person or his order, or to the order of any other person, or unto the bearer, any sum of money therein mentioned, shall be due and payable as therein expressed, and shall have the same effect, and be negotiable in like manner, as inland bills of exchange, according to the custom of merchants.
Sec. 2. Every such note, signed by the agent of any person, under a general or special authority, shall bind such person, and shall have the same effect, and be negotiable as above provided.
Sec. 3. The word “person,” in the two last preceding sections, shall be construed to extend to every corporation capable by law of making contracts.
Sec. 4. The payees and endorsees of every such note payable to them or their order, and the holders of every such note, payable to bearer, may maintain actions for the sums of money therein mentioned, against the makers and endorsers of the same, respectively, in like manner as in cases of inland bills of exchange, and not otherwise.
Sec. 5. Such notes made payable to the order of the maker thereof, or to the order of a fictitious person, shall, if negotiated by the maker, have the same effect, and be of the same validity as against the maker, and all persons having knowledge of the facts, as if payable to bearer.
Sec. 6. No person within this District shall be charged as an acceptor on a bill of exchange, unless his acceptance shall be in writing, signed by himself or his lawful agent.
Sec. 7. If such acceptance be written on a paper other than the bill, it shall not bind the acceptor, except in favor of a person to whom such acceptance shall be shown, and who, on the faith thereof, shall have received the bill for a valuable consideration.
Sec. 8. An unconditional promise, in writing, to accept a bill before it is drawn, shall be deemed an actual acceptance in favor of every person who, upon the faith thereof, shall have received the bill for a valuable consideration.
Sec. 9. Every holder of a bill presenting the same for acceptance, may require that the acceptance be written on the bill; a refusal to comply with such request shall be deemed a refusal to accept, and the bill may be protested for non-acceptance.
Sec. 10. The last preceding four sections shall not be construed to impair the right of any person to whom the promise to accept a bill may have been made, and who, on the faith of such prow118e, shall have drawn or negotiated the bill, to recover damages of the party making such promise on his refusal to accept such bill.
Sec. 11. Every person upon whom a bill of exchange is drawn, and to whom the same is delivered for acceptance, who shall destroy such bill, or refuse, within twenty-four hours after such delivery, to return the bill, accepted or non-accepted, to the holder, shall be deemed to have accepted the same.
Sec. 12. On all bills of exchange payable at sight, or at a future day certain, within this District, and on all negotiable promissory notes, orders, and drafts, payable at a future day, within this District, in which there is not an express stipulation to the contrary, grace shall be allowed, except as is provided in the following section, in like manner as it is allowed by the custom of merchants in foreign bills of exchange payable at the expiration of a certain period after date, or at sight.
Sec. 13. The provisions of the last preceding section shall not extend to any bill of exchange, draft, or note payable on demand.
Sec. 14. The following days, namely, the first of January, the fourth day of July, the twenty-fifth day of December, sball, for all purposes whatsoever, as regards the presenting for payment or acceptance, and of the protesting and giving notice of the dishonor of bills of exchange, drafts, and negotiable notes, be treated and considered as is the first day of the week, usually called Sunday.
Sec. 15. Whenever any bill of exchange drawn or endorsed within this District, and payable without the limits of the United States, shall be duly protested for non-acceptance or non-payment, the party liable for the contents of such bill shall, on due notice and demand thereof, pay the same at the current rate of exchange at the time of the demand, and damages at the rate of fifteen per cent, upon the contents thereof, together with interest on the said contents, to be computed from the date of the protest; and said amount of contents, damages, and interest, shall be in full of all damages, charges, and expenses.
Sec. 16. If any bill of exchange, drawn or endorsed within this District, and payable at any place without this District, but within the United States, shall be duly protested for non-acceptance or nonpayment, the drawer or endorser thereof, due notice being given of such non-acceptance or non-payment, shall pay said bill with legal interest, or according to its tenor and five per cent. damages, together with the costs and charges of protest.
Sec. 17. In all cases where a notice of non-acceptance of a bill of exchange, or non-payment of a bill of exchange, promissory note, or other negotiable instrument, may be given by sending the same by mail, it shall be sufficient if such notice be directed to the city, town, or place where the party sought to be charged resided at the time of drawing, making, or endorsing such bill of exchange, promissory note, or other negotiable instrument, unless such person, at the time of affixing his signature to such bill, note, or negotiable instrument, shall, in addition thereto, specify thereon the post office to which he may require the notice to be addressed.
Sec. 18. The foregoing provisions of this chapter, so far as the same are in conflict with the law as it existed before the passage of this act, shall apply only to such bills of exchange, promissory notes, and other negotiable instruments, as are made or drawn after this act takes effect.
Sec. 19. All bonds, due-bills, and other instruments of writing, not negotiable, hereafter made and signed by any person or corporation, whereby such person or corporation promises or agrees to pay any sum of money, or articles of personal property, or any sum of money in personal property, or acknowledges any sum of money, or articles in personal property, to be due to any other person, shall be, and the same are hereby made, assignable by endorsement thereon, so as absolutely to transfer and vest the property thereof in each and every endorsee successively.
Sec. 20. Any assignee to whom such bond, due-bill, or other instrument of writing, is made payable by any such endorsement or assignment, may, in his own name, institute and maintain an action, and recover thereon, against the person or corporation who shall have made or signed the same.
Sec. 21. The maker or obligor of any such bond, due-bill, or other instrument of writing, may set up and show any defence to such action which he had thereto, as against the payee or obligee, before
notice of the assignment thereof by such payee or obligee, and which he might have set up and shown, had an action been brought on such bond, due-bill, or other instrument of writing, in the name and for the use of the original payee or obligee.
Sec. 22. Such maker or obligor may set up and show any just matter of payment, set-off, or other defence in his favor, as against the plaintiff in such action; and also all just matters of payment, set-off, or other defence, which he had as against any assignor, before notice of the assignment thereof by such assignor, and which he might have set up and shown, had an action been brought against him by such assignor.
Sec. 23. If any assignee of any such bond, due-bill, or other instrument, having used due diligence, shall fail to recover from the maker or obligor thereof, the money or personal property named therein, he may recover from any previous assignor thereof the full value which he shall have paid for the assignment, with interest from the time of such payment; but shall allow to the defendant, if he be a remote assignor, any just defence which such defendant may have as against the plaintiff, or may have had as against any other intermediate assignor, before notice of assignment.
SECTION 1. The money of account of this District shall be the dollar, cent, and mill; and all accounts of officers shall be so kept.
Sec. 2. No writing shall be invalid, nor the force of an account or entry be impaired, because a sum of money is expressed therein otherwise than in the said money of account.
Sec. 3. In any action for a sum of money expressed in any foreign currency, or otherwise than in the money of account of this District,