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principal, or partner, by a sign, in letters easy to be read, placed conspicuously at the house wherein such business is conducted, or if any person transact such business in his own name, without any such addition, or if any person transact such business without the use of any name, all the property, stock, and choses in action acquired or used in such business, shall, as to the creditors of any such person, be liable for his debts. This section shall not apply to a person transacting such business as an auctioneer or commission merchant.

CHAPTER 30.

OF HOTEL AND TAVERN KEEPERS.

SECTION

1. Duty to provide a safe.

2. When applied to, shall keep money, plate, &c.

SECTION

3. When liable for loss.

4. Written or printed notices to be posted 5. When keeper not liable.

SECTION 1. It shall be the duty of every hotel or tavern keeper in Washington City and Georgetown to provide an iron safe or other secure depository for the safe keeping of any money, plate, or jewelry, belonging to their guests.

SEC. 2. Upon being applied to for that purpose by any guest, it shall be the duty of such hotel or tavern keeper to take charge of any such money, plate, or jewelry, and safely keep the same until called for by the proper party.

SEC. 3. If any such money, plate, or jewelry, or any part thereof, be lost or stolen while thus in the charge of such hotel or tavern keeper, he shall be liable for the full value of the same: provided, however, if such loss occurred through fire, proved to have happened without any negligence upon the part of himself or agents, he shall not be so liable.

SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of such hotel or tavern keeper to cause written or printed notices to be posted within the chambers or other conspicuous places about such hotel or tavern, notifying persons of the purport of this chapter, and requesting guests to deposit their money, plate, or jewelry, with the proper person for safe keeping.

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SEC. 5. If any guest of any such hotel or tavern shall loose any money, plate, or jewelry, not deposited for safe keeping according to

the provisions of this chapter, such hotel or tavern keeper shall not be liable therefor if he has complied with the provisions of this chapter, unless such loss occurred through the actual negligence or fraud of such hotel or tavern keeper or his agents.

TITLE XIV.

Of incorporated companies.

CHAPTER 31. Of agencies of foreign insurance companies.
CHAPTER 32. Of turnpike, railroad, and canal corporations.
CHAPTER 33. General provisions respecting incorporated companies.

CHAPTER 31.

AGENCIES OF FOREIGN INSURANCE COMPANIES.

SECTION

3. Penalty for failure or neglect.

SECTION 1.

Duties of agents of foreign insurance 2. companies.

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SECTION 1. Every person who shall undertake to make insurance in this District, as the agent for, or in behalf of, any corporation established in any State or foreign country, shall deposit with the recorder of Washington county, a copy of the charter of such foreign corporation, and a copy of the authority given to him by said corporation.

SEC. 2. Every such agent shall also, before making any contract of insurance as aforesaid, deposit with the said recorder, a statement signed and sworn to by a majority of the directors of the corporation for which he acts, specifying the amount of its capital, and the manner of its investment. Such agent shall also, on or before the first of March in every year, during the continuance of his agency, deposit a similar statement of the capital of the corporation, and the investment thereof, to be annually made out, signed, and sworn to, as before directed.

SEC. 3. If any person shall undertake, as agent for any such foreign corporation, to make or renew, directly or indirectly, any contract of insurance within this District, and with any person resident therein, without having complied with the requisitions of the two preceding sections, or in any way contrary to the true intent and meaning thereof, he shall forfeit for every such offence the sum of two hundred dollars.

CHAPTER 32.

OF TURNPIKE, RAILROAD, AND CANAL CORPORATIONS.

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SECTION 1. Where any turnpike road, hereafter established, shall intersect any then existing public highway, the proprietors of such road shall so construct the same that it shall be convenient for travellers to pass from such highway to said turnpike road.

SEC. 2. When any turnpike road shall be discontinued, in whole or in part, the land over which the part so discontinued was laid shall revest in the persons, their heirs and assigns, who were owners thereof at the time such land was taken or purchased for the purpose of making said turnpike road, any conveyance of said land by deed to the turnpike corporation notwithstanding.

SEC. 3. All turnpike corporations shall erect, and keep exposed to view, in some conspicuous place at every gate where the toll is collected, a sign-board, with all the rates of toll fairly and legibly

written or printed, in letters of a large size; and unless such corporation shall so erect and keep such sign-board, they shall not be entitled to demand any toll at the said gate.

SEC. 4. If any turnpike corporation, or their toll-gatherer, or any other person in their employment, shall demand or receive of any person passing on their road, more toll than is by law established, such corporation shall, for every such offence, forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, to be recovered by the party of whom such toll was demanded, to his own use, by an action.

SEC. 5. Whenever any turnpike road shall be suffered to be out of repair, the circuit court may order the gates thereof to be set open, first giving notice, at least fourteen days previously to making such order, to the president or treasurer of such corporation that complaint is made of their road; and immediately upon making such order, and leaving an attested copy thereof with the said president or treasurer, the gates shall be set open, and no toll be demanded thereat until the said court shall otherwise order.

SEC. 6. Whenever any person shall sustain any injury by reason of any turnpike road being insufficient or out of repair, the corporation owning said road shall be answerable for such injury, and also liable to indictment for such insufficiency and want of repair of their road.

SEC. 7. The foregoing sections of this chapter shall apply to plan roads owned by any incorporated company.

RAILROADS.

SEC. 8. If any railroad shall be so laid out as to cross any turnpike or other way, it shall be so made as not to obstruct such turnpike road

or way.

SEC. 9. If, after the laying out and making of any railroad, any turnpike road or other way shall be so laid out as to cross said railroad, the said turnpike road or other way may be so made as to pass under or over said railroad; and said turnpike or way shall in all cases be so made as not to obstruct or injure such railroad.

SEC. 10. Every railroad corporation shall maintain, and keep in repair, all bridges, with their abutments, which such corporation shall construct over or under any turnpike road, canal, highway, or other way.

SEC. 11. If any person shall wilfully and maliciously obstruct the

passing of any carriage on any railroad, or in any way injure such road, or anything appertaining thereto, or any materials or implements in the construction or use thereof, such person, and all who shall be aiding and abetting in such trespass, shall forfeit to the use of the corporation, for every such offence, treble the amount of damages which shall appear on the trial to have been sustained thereby, and may be further punished as is provided in Part IV.

SEC. 12. Every railroad corporation shall cause a bell, of at least thirty-five pounds in weight, to be placed on each locomotive engine passing upon its road; and the said bell shall be rung at the distance of at least eighty rods from the place where said railroad crosses any turnpike or highway upon the same level with the railroad, and shall be kept ringing until the engine has crossed such turnpike or highway.

SEC. 13. Every railroad corporation shall cause boards to be placed, well supported by posts or otherwise, and constantly maintained, across each turnpike or highway where it is crossed by the railroad upon the same level therewith; the said posts and boards to be of such height as shall be easily seen by travellers, without obstructing the travel; and on each side of said boards the following inscription shall be printed, in capital letters of at least the size of nine inches each RAILROAD CROSSING-LOOK OUT FOR THE ENGINE.

SEC. 14. If any railroad corporation shall unreasonably neglect or refuse to comply with the regulations contained in the two preceding sections, it shall forfeit, for every such neglect or refusal, a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars; and if any agent of any such company shall neglect or refuse to comply with the regulations aforesaid, he shall, for every such refusal or neglect, forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred and fifty dollars; and the railroad company shall also be liable for all damages sustained by any person by reason of such neglect of any of their agents.

SEC. 15. If any passenger shall refuse to pay his fare, it shall be lawful for the conductor of the train, and the employees of the railroad corporation, to put him out of the cars at any stopping place the conductor shall select.

SEC. 16. If any person shall, while in charge of a locomotive engine running upon any railroad, or while acting as a conductor of a car or train of cars on any railroad, be intoxicated, he shall be deemed

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