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if it can be done without danger, to the place where he was last legally settled, unless he shall enter into bond in a sum not exceeding four hundred dollars, payable to such city, with security to be approved by such justice, that he will not become chargeable for his support to such city.
Sec. 4. If any person shall bring into and leave in this District any pauper who has not a legal settlement therein, knowing him to be a pauper, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars for any such offence.
Sec. 5. The word “county” in this chapter shall be construed to mean that part of Washington county which lies outside the corporate limits of Washington City and Georgetown.
OF THE “GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE,” AND THE CARE OF
person did not become insane within
this District. 14. Proceedings where a party charged or
convicted of crime is found to be in
1. Objects of the government hospital. 2.
Board of visitors ; how many, by
whom appointed, and when their 3.
term expires. 4. | Visitors to serve six years, and may 5. Í be reappointed. 6. Board to elect a president. 7.
}of the superintendent. 8. 9. Powers and duties of superintendent. 10. Secretaries of War and Navy may di
rect certain persons to be received, &c. 11. How indigent insane in this District
may be admitted. 12. Marshal and constables to assist in ex
ecuting order, when necessary.
15. Person become insane after conviction
may be admitted in certain cases. 16. Proceedings in case of restoration to
sanity. 17. How and on what terms patients not
indigent may be admitted. 18. When insane person may be delivered
over to a friend. 19. What may be done in case of an escape. 20. How appropriations shall be drawn and
Section 1. There shall be an institution in this District, to be called the “Government Hospital for the Insane,” the object of which shall be the most humane care and enlightened curative treatment of the insane of the army and navy of the United States and of this District.
Sec. 2. The board of visitors of said hospital shall consist of nine citizens of this District, appointed by the President of the United States. The visitors in office when this chapter takes effect as a law shall continue to exercise their powers, according to the tenor of their commissions, until others are appointed.
Sec. 3. The term of office of three of said visitors shall expire on the thirtieth day of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-nine, and biennially thereafter on the same day of the year, in the order which has already been determined.
Sec. 4. The visitors whose term of office expires may be reappointed, or other citizens may be appointed in their stead. If a vacancy occurs from any cause other than the expiration of the term, it
may be filled by appointment as aforesaid for the unexpired term.
Sec. 5. The term of office of every visitor hereafter to be appointed shall be six years, except in the case of the vacancy provided for by the preceding section. The office of visitor shall be honorary, and without compensation.
Sec. 6. The board of visitors shall elect one of their number to be president, who shall preside at their meetings for one year, or until a successor is elected.
Sec. 7. The chief executive officer of said institution shall be a superintendent, to be appointed by the Secretary of the Interior, The superintendent shall be a well educated physician, possessing competent experience in the care and treatment of the insane; he shall reside on the premises, and devote his whole time to the welfare of said institution. He shall, subject to the approval of the visitors, engage and discharge all needful and usual employees in the care of the insane, and all laborers on the farm, and determine their wages and duties. He shall be the responsible disbursing agent of said institution, and shall be secretary of the board of visitors. He shall receive a salary of two thousand five hundred dollars per annum.
Sec. 8. The said superintendent shall give bond for the faithful performance of the duties of his office, in such sum and with such securities as may be required by the Secretary of the Interior. Said bond shall be filed in the office of said Secretary.
Sec. 9. The board of visitors, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, may make any needful by-laws for the government of themselves, and of the superintendent and his employees, and of the patients, not inconsistent with law. They shall visit said hospital at stated periods, and exercise the most careful supervision
over its expenditures and general operations. They shall make annually, to the Secretary of the Interior, a report for the preceding year, ending June thirtieth, setting forth the condition and wants of said institution.
SEC. 10. The order of the Secretary of War and that of the Secretary of the Navy shall authorize the superintendent to receive insane persons belonging to the army and navy of the United States, respectively, and keep them in custody till they are cured or removed by the same authority which ordered their reception.
Sec. 11. The Secretary of the Interior shall have power to grant his order for the admission into the said government hospital of any insane person unable to support himself, or himself and family if he have one, who resided in this District at the time he became insane, and who is not charged with or convicted of any crime, upon the certificate of any judge of the circuit, criminal, or orphans' court, or any justice of the peace of this District, stating that two respectable physicians appeared before such judge or justice, and certified under oath and under their hands that they knew the party alleged to be insane, and that they believed him to be a fit and proper subject for treatment in said hospital, and also stating that two respectable persons, residents of this District, appeared before him and certified under oath and under their hands that such party alleged to be insane was a resident of this District at the time he became insane, and that he was unable to pay his board and other expenses in said hospital. The certificates of the physicians and residents aforesaid shall accompany the certificate of the said judge or justice. The application to the Secretary of the Interior for his said order for the admission of such indigent insane person into said hospital shall be made within five days after the granting of the aforesaid certificate by such judge or justice.
Sec. 12. The order of the Secretary of the Interior, granted in pursuance of the provisions of the preceding section, shall authorize the marshal or any constable to assist in carrying such indigent insane person to the said hospital, whenever such assistance is necessary, provided that the expense of any proceedings before the judge or justice, as aforesaid, or of carrying such patient to the hospital, shall not be chargeable to the United States.
Sec. 13. Any indigent insane person within this District, who did not reside in this District at the time he became insane, may be admitted into the said hospital upon the application of the corporate authorities of Washington City or Georgetown, or of the levy court of the county of Washington, and at the expense of either of said corporations, or levy court, during the continuance of such insane person in said hospital, provided such application be accompanied by the certificate of two respectable physicians, taken in the manner and to the effect mentioned in section eleven of this chapter. The superintendent shall take charge of such insane person until the said corporations or levy court, as the case may be, shall cause him to be returned to his friends or to the authorities of the place from which he came.
Sec. 14. If any person charged with or convicted of crime be found, in the court before which he is so charged or convicted, to be an insane person, such court shall certify the same to the Secretary of the Interior, wlio may order such person to be confined in said hospital. If he be not indigent, he and his estate shall be charged with the expense of his support in said hospital.
Sec. 15. The Secretary of the Interior may order any person to be admitted into the said hospital, who, in the opinion of the appropriate physician, becomes insane during the continuance of his confinement in the jail or penitentiary of this District. If in the opinion of the superintendent of the hospital, however, such insane person is so depraved or furious as to render his custody in said hospital insecure or his example pernicious, such order shall not be given, or, if given, may be countermanded. Before any such order is given, the superintendent shall have due notice.
Sec. 16. When any person confined in said hospital charged with a crime and subject to be tried therefor, or convicted of a crime, and subject to be punished therefor, shall be restored to sanity, the superintendent of said hospital shall give notice thereof to the judge of the criminal court, and deliver him in obedience to the proper precept; and when any other person confined in said hospital as an insane person shall be restored to sanity, the said superintendent shall discharge him, and give him a certificate of such discharge.
Sec. 17. Independent or pay patients may be received into said hospital on the certificate of two respectable physicians of this District, stating they have properly examined the patient and beleve
him to be insane at the time of giving said certificate, and a fit subject for treatment in said hospital, accompanied by a written request for the admission from one or more of the nearest relatives of such patient or his legal guardian or friend. Any application for such admission must be made within five days from the date of such certificate. Such patient may remain in said hospital until restored to sanity, provided his friends comply with the regulations of said hospital in relation to the payment of board and all other respects.
Sec. 27. If any person will give bond, with sufficient security to be approved by the circuit and criminal court, or by.any judge thereof in vacation, payable to the United States, with condition to restrain and take care of any insane person not charged with or convicted of crime, whether in the said hospital or not, until such insane person is restored to sanity or delivered over to the superintendent of said hospital, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, such court or judge may, in its discretion, deliver such insane person to the party giving such bond. If such insane person be an inmate of the hospital, the superintendent shall be notified before any bond be taken.
Sec. 19. If any insane person confined in said hospital shall escape, the superintendent or any justice of the peace may issue his warrant to the marshal or other officer to arrest and carry him back to said hospital.
Sec. 20. All appropriations of money by Congress for the support of said hospital shall be drawn from the United States treasury upon the requisition of the Secretary of the Interior, and shall be disbursed and accounted for in all respects according to the laws regulating ordinary disbursements of public money. All moneys received by the superintendent for the board of pay patients, or from the sale of the surplus products of the farm, shall be accounted for in like
OF THE MAINTENANCE OF BASTARD CHILDREN.
as being the father of a bastard child. 2. What proceedings may be had on the
3. Party allowed to appeal.
in this chapter.