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property shall become the property of the owners of the land upon which such estray shall have been taken up, or of the person taking up such boat or vessel found adrift.
SEC. 5. If the valuation of such property shall exceed five dollars, and the owner thereof shall not, within one year after such publication, appear and claim the same, and pay the expenses incurred, such property shall become the property of the owner of the land upon which such estray shall have been taken up, or of the person taking up such boat or vessel found adrift.
Sec. 6. The former owner, however, may at any time within five years after such publication, upon proving his property, demand and recover the valuation money, deducting therefrom all proper charges and expenses.
Sec. 7. If such estray die, or any such property be lost to said owner of the land, or person taking it up, without his fault, he shall not be liable for the same, or its valuation.
Sec. 8. The taker up of any such property shall not acquire any right thereto, and shall not receive any damages or charges for keeping the same, unless publication be made as is required by the third section of this chapter.
Slaves and negroes.
CHAPTER 42. Of the importation of slaves.
SECTION 1. If any slave shall be brought into this District by its owner, or by the authority or consent of its owner, contrary to the provisions of this chapter, such slave shall thereupon become liberated and free.
Sec. 2. It shall not be lawful to bring into this District any slave whatever for the purpose of being sold, or for the purpose of being placed in depot, to be subsequently transferred to any State or place to be sold as merchandise.
Sec. 3. It shall and may be lawful for each of the corporations of Washington City and Georgetown, from time to time, and as often as may be necessary, to abate, break up, and abolish any depot or place of confinement of slaves brought into this District as merchandise contrary to the provisions of the preceding section, by such appropriate means as may appear to either of the said corporations expedient and proper. The same power is vested in the levy court of Washington county, if any attempt shall be made within its jurisdictional limits to establish a depot or place of confinement for slaves brought into this District as merchandise for sale contrary to the provisions of the preceding section.
Sec. 4. It shall not be lawful to bring into this District any slave whatever to reside therein, except so far as may be allowed by this chapter.
Sec. 5. Any citizen of the United States, who shall come into this District with a bona fide intention of settling, may import or bring into this District, at the same time of his removal into the same, or within one year thereafter, any slave, the property of such citizen at the time of his removal, and the same to retain as a slave; provided such slave, or the mother of such slave, shall have been resident of the United States, or some one of them, three whole years next preceding such removal. If such citizen removing into this District with the bona fide intention of settling therein shall die within one year after such removal, his executor or administrator may import or bring into this District any such slave as aforesaid, the property of such citizen at the time of his death, and the issue of such slave born aster such removal, at any time within one year after his death as aforesaid. Also the guardian of any infant entitled to any such slave as aforesaid, by virtue of any bequest by, or in course of distribution of the estate of, any such citizen who shall have removed and died as aforesaid, may import and bring into this District, at any time within one year from the commencement of his guardianship, any such slave as aforesaid, the property of such citizen at the time of his death, and the issue of such slave born after the removal of such citizen as aforesaid; and such infant, at any time within one year after arriving at age, may do the same.
Sec. 6. No person removing to this District, with the bona fide intention of settling therein, shall sell or dispose of any slave brought into this District by virtue of any of the provisions of this chapter, or the increase of such slave, unless such person has resided within this District three whole years next preceding such sale. Nothing in this section shall be construed to effect the disposition of such slave, or the increase of such slave, by last will and testament, and dispositions by law for bona fide debts, or consequent upon intestacy.
Sec. 7. Nothing in this chapter contained shall be construed or taken to effect the right of any person travelling or sojourning with any slave within this District, such slave not being sold or otherwise disposed of in this District, but carried by the owner out of this District, or attempted to be carried.
Sec. 8. No person brought into this District, bound to service for a term of years only under the laws of the State or country from which such person is brought, or in which he was so bound, shall be considered as a slave for life in this District; such person shall serve for the time which the laws of such State or country oblige him to serve, and no longer.
Sec. 9. If any slave be carried out of this District during the infancy, or without the consent or authority, of the real owner of such slave, such owner may, at any time, bring such slave into this District and hold him as his property.
Sec. 10. Any citizen and resident of this District, or of either of the States of Maryland or Virginia, seized and possessed of an estate of inheritance in his own right, or in right of his wife, in land lying in this District, or in Maryland, or in Virginia, and being the owner of any slave employed or worked on said land, may bring such slave within this District, on the land of such owner, for the use and benefit of such owner and his legal representatives, and not for sale; provided, that a list of such slaves, containing their names, sexes, and ages, signed by the owner or his agent, be delivered to the recorder within three months after such slave or slaves shall have been brought into this District; which said list, if title to such slave or slaves be acquired by will, shall contain the testator's name, the date of the will, and the place where such will is recorded; and if title to such slave or slaves be derived from marriage, the name of the married person from whom the title is derived, shall also be inserted in said list, and the whole shall be entered on record at the expense
of the owner of such slave or slaves. This section shall only apply to such slaves as shall have been residents of this District, or of Maryland, or of Virginia, before the twenty-first day of April, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, and to such slaves as are descendants of any slave being resident as aforesaid,
Sec. 11. If the record required in the preceding section be made within the time and in the manner therein stated, the owner of any slave brought into this District under the provisions of the said sec
tion, shall be allowed to remove such slave, or the issue of such slave, into and out of this District, as often as his interest may require, without being obliged to record such slave each time he may be brought into this District.
Sec. 12. Any citizen of this District acquiring property in any slave, being a resident in any one of the United States before the twenty-first day of April, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three, or in any decendant of such slave, being a resident as aforesaid, by marriage, bequest, in course of distribution, or as guardian, may remove and bring such slave into this District, for the purpose only of employing or working such slave within this District, as herein beforementioned, and not for sale; provided, that a list of such slave or slaves be rendered in the manner required by the tenth section of this chapter. The owners of slaves brought into this District under the provisions of this section, may sell them after such slaves have been residents for three years within this District.
Sec. 13. Nothing in this chapter contained shall be construed so as to prohibit such owners of slaves as reside in Maryland or this District from hiring them within or removing them to this District, in the same way as was practised prior to the twenty-seventh day of February, one thousand eight hundred and one. This section, however, shall not authorize any slave to be brought into this District contrary to the provisions of the second section of this chapter.
OF THE MANUMISSION OF SLAVES.
not be effectual.
female slave manumitted, to take
SECTION 1. Any person capable in law of making a valid will and testament may grant freedom to, and effect the manumission of, any slave belonging to such person, by his last will and testament; and such manumission may be made to take effect at the death of the testator, or at such other period as may be limited in such last will and testament.