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visions of this section he shall be deemed guilty of a misdeanor, and fined a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars.
Sec. 13. The circnit court shall, at least once in every year, examine the clerk's office, and enter on record the manner in which the books and papers thereof are kept.
Sec. 14. Such clerk, on the expiration of his term of office, shall deliver to his successor all the records, books, and papers belonging to his office.
OF THE ORPHANS' COURT.
record, and have a seal. 5.
Jurisdiction and powers of the orphans' 6.
court. 7. 8. | How, in cases of interest, they may be 9. I transferred to the circuit court. 10. Power of issuing and enforcing pro11. 3 12. Service of summons. 13. Publication; when allowed. 14. Return of service.
16. Rules of proceeding and practice in force
in orphans' court. 17. The judge to be a conservator of the
peace, and to administer oaths. 18. The orphans'court may correct clerical
errors, &c. 19. When and where orphans' court may be
held. 20. Register may adjourn court in absence
Section 1. The orphans' court of this District, consisting of one judge, is hereby continued, with the powers and jurisdiction conferred by this Code upon the same. The said judge shall hold his office during good behavior.
Sec. 2. The present judge of the orphans' court shall continue to hold his office according to the tenor of his commission; and as a vacancy occurs it shall be filed in the manner prescribed by law.
Sec. 3. Every person who shall be appointed a judge of the orphans' court shall, before he begins to exercise the duties of his office, take an oath to support the constitution of the United States, and faithfully and impartially to perform the duties of his office to the best of his
skill and judgment.
SEC. 4. The orphans' court shall be a court of record, and shall have an appropriate seal, devised by the judge thereof, a description of which shall be filed with the register of said court and recorded.
Sec. 5. The orphans' court shall have cognizance of all matters relating to the probate of wills; the granting and revoking of letters testamentary; of administration and collection; the conduct and accounts of guardians, executors, administrators, and collectors of the effects of deceased persons; the securing the rights of orphans and legatees; the distribution of the personal estates of intestates, and to the administration of justice in the affairs and estates of deceased persons, according to law.
Sec. 6. Such court may appoint guardians to minors, and revoke such appointments, in cases provided by law.
Sec. 7. Such court shall have power and authority, in cases provided for by law, to examine and decide upon all accounts, claims, and demands existing between wards and their guardians, and between legatees, or persons entitled to any distributable part of an intestate's estate, and executors or administrators.
Sec. 8. If, in any case cognizable in the orphans' court, the judge thereof may be, or shall have been, interested, either as counsel, legatee, or otherwise, such case, and all matters relating thereto, shall be instituted and transacted, prosecuted and determined, in the circuit court; and the circuit court shall have full and complete jurisdiction thereof, and shall be governed in all matters touching the same by the provisions of law which govern the orphans' court in similar cases.
Sec. 9. If, during the pendency of any matter in the orphans' court, the judge thereof shall become disqualified to hear and determine the same for any of the causes specified in the last preceding section, such matter shall be transferred to the circuit court, with like effect as if the same had been instituted in the circuit court, according to the provisions of the last preceding section.
Sec. 10. The orphans' court shall have full power to grant and issue all process necessary or proper to carry into effect the powers of said court.
Sec. 11. The orphans' court, in the exercise of its powers and jurisdiction, may enforce obedience to, and execution of, its orders, decrees, or other process, by attachment of contempt or by sequestration.
Sec. 12. Whenever personal notice is required to be given to any party to a proceeding in the orphans' court, and no other mode of notice is prescribed, it shall be given by summons, issued from the court, and under the seal of the court, directed to the marshal, and requiring him to summon such person to appear before the court or judge, at a time and place to be named in the summons. In the body of the summons shall be briefly stated the nature or character of the proceeding
Sec. 13. Where the appearance of a party required to be notified is necessary to the determination of any matter pending in the orphans' court, and it appears, by the return of an officer, that such person cannot be found, or by affidavit that such person is a non-resident of this District, or that his residence is unknown, notice may be given him of the pendency of the proceedings by publication, in such manner as the court may direct; and the court may proceed upon such notice as if the summons had been personally served.
Sec. 14. Summonses, unless otherwise required by law, shall be returned at such time as the orphans' court shall direct.
SEC. 15. The jurisdiction of the orphans' court shall extend over the estates of all persons deceased who, at the the time of their decease, were inhabitants of or residents in this District ; and of all persons who shall die without this District, leaving personal estate within this District, or whose personal estate may afterwards be found therein.
Sec. 16. The rules of proceeding and practice in the circuit court, so far as the same may be applicable, shall be the rule of the orphans' court, except in such matters as are otherwise provided for by law. The orphans' court shall have power to make rules for regulating the practice and conducting the business of said court, in all cases not provided for by law, where the rules of proceeding and practice in the circuit court are not applicable.
Sec. 17. The judge of the orphans' court shall be a conservator of the peace, and shall have full authority to administer all necessary oaths.
Sec. 18. The orphans' court shall have power to hear and determine upon all errors and matters of fact that may happen in the proceedings depending in said court, and to cause to be corrected any clerical error that may happen in making up the records of said court.
Sec. 19. The orphans' court shall be held in the city of Washington on the first Monday of each month in every year, and at such other times, for the transaction of business, as the judge thereof may appoint.
Sec. 20. When the judge of the orphans' court is not present at the time and place appointed for holding said court, whether at the beginning of a term or at any adjournment, the register of wills shall adjourn it until the next regular day for holding the same.
SEC. 21. All process issuing from the orphans' court shall be tested in the name of the judge of said court.
Sec. 22. The orphans' court shall have authority to punish by fine and imprisonment, or either, all contempts of its authority and process.
Sec. 23. The judge of the orphans' court shall receive an annual salary of two thousand five hundred dollars, and shall be paid in quarterly payments out of the treasury of the United States, and in the same proportion for any part of a quarter.
OF THE REGISTER OF WILLS.
1. The present register to continue in office. 2. The register to give bond and take an
oath. 3. | Register may appoint deputies, and 4. S take from them bond. 5. Process to be issued in name of register. 6. 7. The duties and powers of register. 8.
amine records in register's office.
each record book.
SECTION 1. The present register of wills shall continue to hold his office, according to the tenor of his commission; and as a vacancy occurs, the orphans' court shall appoint a proper person to be register of wills, to serve as such during the pleasure of said court.
Sec. 2. Every person who shall be appointed register of wills, shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, give bond to the United States, to be approved by the judge of the orphans' court, in a sum not less than eight thousand dollars, with two sufficient sureties, with condition for the faithful discharge of the duties of his office. He shall also be sworn to the faithful discharge of the duties of his office, which oath shall be administered by the judge of the orphans' court.
Sec. 3. The register of wills may appoint one or more deputies, who, except where otherwise provided, shall have the same power as their principal. The appointment shall be in writing, and signer by such register, and filed in the office of the recorder; he may revoke the appointment of any deputy, at will, by writing filed in the same office. Each deputy, before entering upon his duties, shall take an oath of office, which shall be endorsed on his appointment.
Sec. 4. Such register may take from each of his deputies a bond, with sureties, for the faithful performance of his duties; but the register and his sureties on his official bond shall be liable for all the official acts of each deputy.
Sec. 5. All process issued by any deputy register shall be issued in the name of the principal.
Sec. 6. Such register shall attend every sitting of the orphans' court. He shall keep his office in the building provided for that purpose, where he shall attend daily, and shall take charge of and safely keep, or dispose of according to law, all books, papers, and records, which may be filed or deposited in his office.
Sec. 7. The register shall record the proceedings of the orphans' court; shall endorse under his hand on all writings required to be filed in his office, the time of filing thereof; shall issue all process required to be issued from the orphans' court; shall keep such dockets and other books of record as may be required by law, or by the rules of the court; and shall record in books to be kept for that purpose, under the direction of the court, all orders, judgments, and decrees of said court, and also all wills proved in said court, with the probate thereof, all letters testamentary and of administration, returns, reports, accounts, and all bonds, and such other acts and proceedings as he shall, by the rules of said court, or by any special order of the judge thereof, be required to record.
Sec. 8. The provisions of sections ten, eleven, twelve, and fourteen, of chapter seventy-six, shall apply to the register of wills, as well as the clerk of the circuit court.