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RELFE BROTHERS' EUCLID SHEETS— Props. 1-26, Book I, are now published in a similar form to this.

PROPOSITION XXVI.

164

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If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and one side equal to one side, viz., either the sides adjacent to the equal angles in each, or the sides opposite to them; then shall the other sides be equal, each to each, and also the third angle of the one equal to the third angle of the other. Let be two triangles which have the angles

equal to the angles
each to each, namely,

to
and

to

; also one side equal to one side. First, let those sides be equal which are adjacent to the angles that are equal in the two triangles, namely, to Then the other sides shall be equal, each to each, namely, to

and to

and the third angle

to the third angle

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be greater

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For, if

be not equal to one of them must be greater than the other. If possible, let than make equal to , and join Then in the two triangles

, because is equal to and to

the two sides,
are equal to the two

each to each; and the angle

is equal to the angle ; therefore the base is equal to the base and the triangle to the triangle and the other angles to the other angles, each to each, to which the equal sides are opposite; therefore the angle is equal to the angle ; but the angle is, by the hypothesis, equal to the angle

;

wherefore also the angle is equal to the angle ; the less angle equal to the greater, which is impossible; therefore is not unequal to

is equal to Hence, in the triangles

; because
is equal to , and

to and the angle is equal to the angle ; therefore the base

is equal to the base
and the third angle

to the

that is,

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third angle

Secondly, let the sides which are opposite to one of the equal angles in each triangle be equal to one another, namely, equal to Then in this case likewise the other sides shall be equal,

and to and also the third angle to the third angle

to

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be greater

; make

to

For if be not equal to one of them must be greater than the other. If possible, let than

equal to
and join
Then in the two triangles

, because is equal to and

and the angle
to the angle ; therefore the base

is equal to the base and the triangle to the triangle and the other angles to the other angles, each to each, to which the equal sides are opposite; therefore the angle is equal to the angle ; but the angle

is equal to the angle ; therefore the angle is equal to the angle , that is, the exterior angle of the triangle is equal to its interior and opposite angle

; which is impossible ; wherefore is not unequal to

that is, is equal to Hence, in the triangles

; because
is equal to and

and the included angle is equal to the included angle ; therefore the base is equal to the base and the third angle to the third angle

Wherefore, if two triangles, &c.

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to

RELFE BROTHERS, 6, CHARTERHOUSE BUILDINGS, LONDON, E.C.

7827 d.7

RELFE BROTHERS' EUCLID SHEETS.

PROPOSITIONS 1–26, BOOK I, ARE NOW PUBLISHED IN A SIMILAR FORM TO THIS.

PROPOSITION XXV.

If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each, but the base of one greater than the base of the other ; the angle contained by the sides of the one which has the greater base, shall be greater than the angle contained by the sides, equal to them, of the other.

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For if the angle be not greater than the angle it must either be equal to it, or less than it. If the angle were equal to the angle

then the base would be equal to the base ; but it is not equal, therefore the angle

is not equal to the angle

Again, if the angle were less than the angle then the base would be less than the base ; but it is not less, therefore the angle

is not less than the angle ; and it has been shewn, that the angle is not equal to the angle

; therefore the angle is greater than the angle Wherefore, if two triangles, &c.

RELFE BROTHERS' EUCLID SHEETS.

PROPOSITIONS 1--26, BOOK I, ARE NOW PUBLISHED IN A SIMILAR FORM TO THIS.

PROPOSITION XXIV.

If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each, but the angle contained by the two sides of one of them greater than the angle contained by the two sides equal to them, of the other; the base of that which has the greater angle, shall be greater than the base of the other. Let be two triangles, which have the two sides

equal to the two each to each, namely,

equal to and to ; but the angle greater than the angle

Then the base shall be greater than the base

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; make

or

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Of the two sides

let be not greater than ; at the point in the line and on the same side of it as make the angle equal to the angle equal to and join

Then, because is equal to and to

the two sides

are equal to the two each to each, and the angle is equal to the angle ; therefore the base is equal to the base

And because is equal to in the triangle therefore the angle s equal to the angle ; but the angle is greater than the angle herefore the angle is also greater than the angle ; much more therefore is ne angle greater than the angle

And because in the triangle the angle is greater than the angle nd that the greater angle is subtended by the greater side; therefore the side is reater than the side ; but was proved equal to ; therefore ian

Wherefore, if two triangles, &c.

;

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is greater

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