The Elements of Euclid with Many Additional Propositions and Explanatory Notes


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Δημοφιλή αποσπάσματα

Σελίδα 109 - A cone is a solid figure described by the revolution of a right-angled triangle about one of the sides containing the right angle, which side remains fixed.
Σελίδα 87 - ... have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other, and the sides about those angles reciprocally proportional, are equal to une another.
Σελίδα 20 - Magnitudes are said to be in the same ratio, the first to the second and the third to the fourth, when, if any equimultiples whatever be taken of the first and third, and any equimultiples whatever of the second and fourth, the former equimultiples alike exceed, are alike equal to, or alike fall short of, the latter equimultiples respectively taken in corresponding...
Σελίδα 84 - From the point A draw a straight line AC, making any angle with AB ; and in AC take any point D, and take AC the same multiple of AD, that AB is of the part which is to be cut off from it : join BC, and draw DE parallel to it : then AE is the part required to be cut off. Because ED is parallel to one of the sides of the triangle ABC, viz. to BC ; as CD is to DA, so is (2.
Σελίδα 113 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and also one side of the one equal to the corresponding side of the other, the triangles are congruent.
Σελίδα 118 - ... plane, from a given point above it. Let A be the given point above the plane BH; it is required to draw from the point A a straight line perpendicular to the plane BH.
Σελίδα 117 - For the same reason, CD is likewise at right angles to the plane HGK. Therefore AB, CD are each of them at right angles to the plane HGK.
Σελίδα 51 - IF magnitudes, taken jointly, be proportionals, they shall also be proportionals when taken separately ; that is, if two magnitudes together have to one of them the same ratio which two others have to one of these, the remaining one of the first two shall have to the other the same ratio which the remaining one of the last two has to the other of these. Let AB, BE, CD...
Σελίδα 32 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.
Σελίδα 36 - Take of B and D any equimultiples whatever E and F; and of A and C any equimultiples whatever G and H. First, let E be greater than G, then G is less than E: and because A is to B, as C is to D, (hyp.) and of A and C...

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