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THE

NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

JANUARY 1, 1830.

HISTORICAL REGISTER.

POLITICAL EVENTS. PARLIAMENT has been farther pro- editor and proprietors have been deserved. rogued to the 4th of February, when it ly found guilty of a private libel on the will meet for the dispatch of business. Lord Chancellor, of a most atrocious na

It has been confidently stated that Go. ture, charging him covertly with taking a rernment have the intention of paying bribe for a place in his gift. They were off the Four per Cents. a measure which tried on a second charge for a libel on his will reduce the public burdens about a Majesty's Government, (we presume his million and a half per annum. The Four Majesty's Ministers were intended,) and per Cents. are said to amount nearly to for designing thereby to bring that and 146 millions. The incomes of the holders his Majesty into contempt. This exof this Stock will be diminished in propor- officio reminded us of the worst times of ton. Some have animadverted upon this Sir Vicary Gibbs and John Scott, and reembryo plan, because the reduction is not fects very little credit upon the AttorneyExtended generally to all fundholders - General's judgment or feeling for public therefore it is partial, and cannot be just. liberty. The attack on the Sovereign was Consider, say some, the situation of a man too ridiculous in itself for a grave charge, having a wife and family living upon the and had better been left to the oblivion interest of 50001. in the Four per Cents. which would have soon overtaken the rashich, of course, yields him 2001. a-year ; bid outpourings of the libellist. The coTill it not be monstrous to reduce the in- vert end of the Attorney-General was terest of that man to 1751. or perhaps to mainly defeated in this trial. The jury 15)1. a-year, and at the same time com- would only find the defendant guilty of a væl him to pay taxes to the same amount libel on his Majesty, not on his Ministers ; as before? But, on the other hand, it is feeling, no doubt, the utter nonsense of entended that the primary object of this punishing a man for a writing having "a reduction of the rate of interest upon tendency" to bring a certain body of refunded property is to enable the Minister sponsible men “ into contempt,” accordto relieve the country at large from the ing to legal jargon and legal sophistry, Sarthen of some of those taxes which now equally against reason and common sense. press roost heavily upon it ; consequently, The third libel too was for the celebrated the fundholder, with reduced means, will tendency “ to bring into contempt” the not be called upon to contribute as largely lawyers; and a miserable medley of falseas before ; and, if he be displeased, he hood and bitterness it was, but still unmust find some other mode in which he deserving the notice into which it has can make a higher interest of his capital. been brought by these trials. All but the The measure will be one of general good, Ultras had forgotten it and the stupid maand individual inconveniences must be lignity of its writer, even if any but outLorne for that end.

and-out partizans had ever perused it. It Meetings have been held in different parts is for the sake of the liberty of the press of the country to petition for the reduction we give this opinion, both on the score of of the malt and beer duty. In the interim, utility and freedom. We hope not to many landholders have found themselves see the times of Gibbs revive again unobliged to reduce their rents to prevent der the present Mr. Anything Attorneytheir farms being thrown on their hands; General. That these two last ex-officios and they must reduce them still more, un- originated with the lawyers is evident. I they come down to old prices, with the The Duke of Wellington could well afengle difference in their favour of the ford to bear libels ten times more serious, increase of taxation since the last general and scorn them, as he has done before. peace.

The press can never injure a public serThe “Morning Journal ” newspaper vant in his public character, if what it Jan.-VOL. XXX. NO. CIX.

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says is not consonant with truth and rea- deep and unprecedented distress which, son, and is such arrant bombast and frothy from our personal and local knowledge we declamation as the trash in these two li.. are enabled to state, prevails among all bels ; and therefore they had better have classes throughout this county, to a degree been left to rot, than dragged again to day that must not only be ruinous to the inby ill-judged ex-officio informations. We terests of individuals, but must also, at no had hoped to see no more trials for ten- distant period, be attended with serious dencies “ to bring into contempt” bodies consequences to the national prosperity. of men. It is tiine such nonsense were In making this communication to your discarded from the heads of our lawyers, Grace, it is our only object to call the atwhere unfortunately it is wont to rule su- tention of his Majesty's Ministers to the premest and latest.

real state of the country, in the hope that A mernorandum from the Horse Guards speedy and effectual measures may be taconveys his Majesty's pleasure, that those ken io alleviate those distresses which officers who, on retiring from the service, press so severely on the several classes of have been permitted to hold local rank on society." the Continent, may be considered as en- A Commission is shortly to be appointed joying that rank in any country abroad by the Crown to inquire into the course not subject to his Majesty's dominions. of proceeding in suits carried on in the

An order bas been issued from the Cus. Ecclesiastical Courts : one of the main tom-house of Dublin, apprising the mer- reasons for the appointment of which chants and traders, that the functions of Commission may be found in the legal the Dublin Board are to cease, and that proceedings which have been instituted at all applications relating to the revenue of so great an expense and with so unproCustoms are to be addressed to the Gene- titable a result, in the case of Dr. Free, ral Board of Customs in London. The Rector of Sutton, Beds, who was charged Irish Excise Board will be no longer in with gross indecency of conduct and geneexistence after the 5th inst.

ral unfitness for the discharge of his The following letter to the Duke of sacred functions. The duty of conductWellington has been agreed to and signed ing these inquiries, it is expected, will be by the Grand Jury of Kent :-“We the committed to the Bishops of London and Grand Jury of the county of Kent, assem- Lincoln, the Chief Justices of the King's 25 bled in discharge of our public duties, feel Bench and Common Pleas, the Chief that, in justice to our respective neigh- Baron, Sir John Nichol, Sir C. Robinson, bours, we ought not to separate without and three or four other persons of equal communicating to your Grace, for the in- rank in Church and State. formation of his Majesty's Ministers, the

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FOREIGN STATES. The state of the French Ministry re- Finance, has appeared, on a proposition mains much the same as for some weeks for negotiating a new loan, by funding a to past ; in fact, there scarcely seems to be part of the Government floating debt, any Ministry at all. The atteinpt of and borrowing on the vote of credit passed Charles to restore Ultraism will not suc- in the last session of the Chambers. This ceed; the sense of the people is for a con- report is followed by a Royal ordinante v stitutional government, and they will be for carrying into execution the recom- } heard. In the mean time, the journals, mendation of the Minister, and an an-ny on both sides the question, have gone into nouncement of the Ministerial arrangebitter extremes. Yet it will in time be ments regulating the biddings for the conseen, we think, that the stand made by tract. The extraordinary expenses incurthe press in France has prevented the red in the department of Foreign Affairs, concoction of measures designed to restore of War, and Marine, during the years the Bourbon, if possible, to plenitude of 1827, 1828, 1829, have rendered this ancient power. Associations have sprung measure necessary. These expenses, beup to resist illegal taxation. The Police, fore the commencement of last session, a in the mean time, is resuming its ancient had amounted to 54,345,800 fr. or nearly i complexion, and individuals have been 2,200,000!. charged with selling the portraits of Jolin In an account of the sitting of the Hampden and young Napoleon, as if guil. Second Chamber of the States-General of ty of heinous offences. It is time that Holland on the 19th inst. it appears, the Charles XII. should learn that the tricks Ministers sustained a defeat on the proof his ancestors against liberty cannot be posed decennial budget, and carried the renewed, in these days, with impunity. annual budget by a majority of only one A report to the King, by the Minister of This budget, in consequence of the

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smallness of the majority and its connec- comprehension, and keep open a wide door tion with the decennial budget, was sub- for arbitrary exceptions. The first, in. sequently withdrawn by the Finance Mi- cluding the chiefs of the insurrection at nister; and as the discussion on the Cadiz, comprises just as many persons as question was looked to as a general trial the Ministry choose, of those who supof strength between the Government and ported the cause of the Constitution be. its opponents, it is by no means improba- fore it was adopted by his Majesty ; the ble, that after this defeat, the proposed second comprehends, or may comprehend, law for restricting the public press will every individual who may have advised also be abandoned. This law was sub. Ferdinand for his own safety, or for the mitted on the Ilth inst. by a message peace of his kingdom, to comply with the from the King, to the consideration of the voice of his people in restoring their Conassembly. It is known that for some stitutional rights ; and the last may be time past there has been much bickering made to embrace the whole, or nearly the between the press of that country and the whole of that honest and intrepid band of Ministry, and that a strong disposition patriots, who exposed their lives in resistwas felt by the latter to impose restric- ing to the last the modifications in their tions upon it which are not warranted by Constitution proposed at the point of fo. the existing law ; it was not believed, reign bayonets. however, that any attempt would be made Peace is completely restored in the East, during the present year to introduce a and the Russian troops are evacuating the new law on the subject, and the proceed. Turkish territories, as stipulated by the ings seem to have excited great dissatis- treaty. The peace in Asia was preceded faction. The provisions of the project by a battle, in which the Turks were deare so rigorous as apparently to be incon- feated with great slaughter, to which an sistent with constitutional government. end was put only by the arrival of the It will be impossible, if it should pass courier with the treaty from Adrianople. into a law, for any public writer to offer The boasted expedition of the Spaniards an opinion upon the acts of the authori- against Mexico has ended in the disgrace. Lies; for, although in the first article ful capitulation of the invading forces.-there is a seeming protection for honest The envoy from Mexico to this country, criticism, it is effectually guarded against Senor Gorosteza, is the celebrated draby the remainder.

matic writer of that name, so well known The “Star” newspaper, which shows a in Old Spain, and is descended from one of more intimate acquaintance with the af- the most illustrious families of Biscay. He fairs of Portugal than many of its contem- was born in Vera Cruz while his father porries, states that the tricks of Don was Governor there. Having joined the Miguel and the intrigues of his mother are Constitutional party in Spain, he emi. of the same complexion as ever. At Ma- grated in 1823, and on arriving in Engdeira, it is said, a method of getting rid of land, he offered his services to the country an apprehended matinous corps of the mi- of his birth. The Mexican Government litary was resorted to, worthy the bright, accepted then immediately, and named est hours of the Roman Nero,--namely, him their Consul-general in Ilolland, giv. by poisoning their food. No less than ing him afterwards the rank of Chargé sixty men of the 13th regiment were taken d'itfaires ; and in consideration of the ill at once. The maker of the bread, a services which he had rendered, the skill creature of the Governor's, was sent on with which he had conducted the negoboard a vessel in the harbour, to ensure tiations of the Republic, and the high rehis personal security.

putation which he hai acquired at the Ferdinand of Spain has at last decided different German Courts to which he was the great question of an amnesty to his ageredited, they appointed him Minister exiled subjects, and that only three classes Plenipotentiary to the Court of London. of persons are to be excluded from a parti- The triumph of Santa Anna over the cipation in its benefits. These three classes Spaniards will, it is hoped, tend to unite all are-1st, the chiefs of the insurrection of parties in Mexico, and consolidate the Gothe Isle of Leon, in January 1420 ; 2d, vernment, so as to enable it before long to the persons who, on the 7th of March of fulfil its relations with other states, and the same year, forced the King to swear assume a powerful attitude among nations. the Constitution ; 3d, the persons who, at A decree of the President of Mexico has Seville, proposed, and supported in the been issued, abolishing slavery throughout Cortes, the Act for suspending the Royal the Republic. The object of the present functions. These three categories, even decree is to enforce the full execution of supposing them to be interpreted with the law. The following are the articles : tolerable strictness, are very vague in their “1. Slavery is for ever abolished in the

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Republic. 2. Consequently all those indi- these letters are entitled to any great creviduals who, until this day, looked upon dit, and a variety of rumours and statethemselves as slaves, are free. 3. When the ments, during the present disturbed state financial situation of the Republic shall ad- of Colombia, will obtain.

No farther parmit, the proprietors of slaves shall be in- ticulars are known respecting Cordova ; demnified, and the indemnification regu- but the suppression of the insurrection was lated by a law."

looked forward to with the utmost conti. A Mexican mail has been received, dence. A party of troops, amounting to bringing advices from Mexico to the 30th about 700, which came from Bogota, under of October, and from Vera Cruz to the 3rd the command of General O'Leary, bad of December. The Republic had, from all surprised the advanced posts of Cordova, accounts, returned to a state of general without allowing the men to communicate tranquillity. Not a word is said in the with him or give the alarm, while Montilletters of a Spanish expedition which it la's force was rapidly advancing on him, was reported had landed on the shores and the Governor of Antioquia was makof the Pacific ; nor is there any thing ing preparations to intercept Cordova, respecting it among the files of Mexi- should he attempt to retreat by way of can papers received last month. San. Cacuta. ta Anna was at Vera Cruz, every day re- The latest accounts from New Orleans ceiving letters of congratulation, and ex. (of Ist of Nov.) intimate that the health pressive of national gratitude, for the late of the place had considerably improved, signal services he has rendered the Re- and that its port was assuming an appearpublic. In the capital it was generally ance of activity, from the arrival of a believed that the Ministers were anxious number of vessels, as well from England in de tas to retire from office, and had determined as from the ports on the Atlantic side of my heart, men to give in their resignations so the United States. as order was restored in the various Letters from Rio de Janeiro of the date departments of the State mostly af. of 30th Sept. say, the National Assembly fected by the general convulsion which closed on the 3rd, with a speech from the the country has recently experienced. Emperor remarkable for its brevity.

His Guerrero himself would, it was supposed, Majesty merely said, “ August and worthy be among the seceding Members of the Representatives of the Brazilian Nation, Government, and his office was likely to the session is closed.” be filled by Santa Anna.

speeches in most countries communicate A new Treaty of Commerce has been very little information, and in this respect agreed upon between France and the Re- Don l'edro does not differ from other sovepublic of Hayti. The terms are not yet reigns ; but he has at least the merit of publicly known ; it is said, however, that unequalled brevity. Great preparations they will be favourable to the creditors of were making at Rio for the reception of that Republic, and such as will eventually the new Empress. secure the payment of what is due to them. It is stated, in letters from Colombia, ber 18, it appears that the Nile had risen Wagna pinay the

By letters from Alexandria, dated Octodated the 22d of October, that the friends to such an unusual height, that the da- tee , theme of Bolivar propose to obtain an act of Con. mage sustained amounted, according to gress, vesting the Presidency in Bolivar some, to fifteen millions of francs, and to for life. At the date of the last accounts, others to fifty millions. Whole villages he was

a considerable distance in had been destroyed, and the loss of human Peru. It, however, does not seem that life is estimated at 30,000.

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By a Lady: the

CRITICAL NOTICES. Memoirs of Louis XVIII. These are among the most amusiny of the scores loops Thongh withholding her name, she de. A BEWof memoirs which bave appeared within the last

scribes her family as connected with the Court of my ad fifteen years, and concern, almost exclusively, a

Louis XVI. and herself as the confidential friend period among the most interesting of the Revolu. of Louis XVIII. If the writer is not wholly mys. tion, the first and second restoration of the Bour. tifying, she tells too much not to be readily rebons--the most interesting, we repeat, from the cognised by mary of the persons of wbom she embarrassments into which it threw numbers, speaks; and, indeed, apparently takes pains, by. conflicting with themselves, and balancing be- implications, to identify berself with the Conntes tween interest and liouour, some falling on their -, who bad at least the reputation of unboundlegs by accident, and others irrecoverably lost hy ed influence over the old hing, who, in addition calculation. Anthentic, or not authentic, the to his fondness for good cheer, loved to pratile writer is familiar with the story of the times, with with tbe ladies, and tell untellable tales. To take

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