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hundreds of trees have been sold and planted in Iowa and Nebraska. Horseradish and asparagus still remain in the old garden, from which our citizens have supplied themselves for the past twenty-five years. Several varieties of plums are also supposed to have been brought here and planted at the same time.

In addition to which, Mr. Gideon, now of Iowa, states that in 1865 he first ploughed up the sod, and in so doing he came across a number of fragments of grave stones in two places at some distance apart. The one was of a white color, and the other much darker in color, and also differed very much in thickness, the white being the thicker; and that the stones lay in a line from N. E. to S. W., which would also agree with the shadow of the sunlight coming from the east and shining squarely upon both parties to this sad affair. We know that two kinds of tombstones were used by the solders, as we have the two kinds referred to here, but not both from the same place.

We have reason now to suppose that the plank used were barge plank, brought up from below with them, probably a portion of the boats used in coming.

Should you chance to pass here on S. C., St. P. & P. R. R., by a little study of this rough diagram you can have some idea of the points of interest. The plan is drawn for two city blocks for each section as numbered, streets included. The cemetery is upon the high point of bluffs north of the grove, five blocks west and four north of depot, and is at present marked by a large pile of manure hauled upon it. (*) is very near where Legerd states that an Indian chief was buried with his pony and trappings, and for several years his friends came to hold lamentations over his grave.


From Washington county papers I present the following data relating to death of old settlers in that county: HUMPHRIES-On Saturday, March 16th, on a U. P. train, in Western Nebraska, Mr. Edwin Humphries, of this place, aged 64 years.

Ed. Humphries was well and favorably known to almost everybody hereabouts. He was one among the first settlers in this county, locating at De Soto in May, 1855, where he continued to reside until last fall, when he moved to Blair on account of failing health. He has been troubled with a dropsical affection, and has been steadily


declining for several months. On Friday last he started on a trip to Colorado, seeking relief in a change of climate, and this effort proved fatal, for on Saturday evening a telegram announced his death on the cars at a point near Julesburg. The remains were returned by express, arriving here on Monday, and the funeral was held on Tuesday from Germania Hall, services being conducted by Rev. Doherty, of Omaha, according to the faith of the Episcopal church. Ed. was a warm hearted, genial man, and a citizen of sterling integrity, who had friends and no enemies. He leaves a wife and one son— Wm. Humphries, of this place—to mourn his loss. He served with credit during war times in the Second Nebraska Calvary, and has always been recognized as a progressive member of the body politic. His death is the falling of another landmark in the early history of this county.

WARRICK-At his home in Cuming City precinct, this county, April 25, 1883, Amasa Warrick, aged 58 years. Funeral at the Baptist church at 11 o'clock to-morrow.

The subject of the above notice was born in Clearfield county, Penn., Aug. 10th, 1825. Coming to Nebraska in 1856, he located where Watson Tyson now lives. The next year he moved to the spot where he died, and has lived there with his family ever since, respected by all who knew him. Only a few months since Mrs. Warrick died from an attack of small-pox, and now her husband has gone to meet her in that happier and better land. By honesty and frugality Mr. Warrick accumulated a competency, supplying each of his children with a home for himself or herself as they reached their majority. He leaves eight children, respected, highly esteemed young men and women, to mourn his death. No man who ever lived in Washington county was more thought of or more highly respected by his neighbors and acquaintances than "Uncle" Amasa Warrick, and certainly none were ever more entitled to it. He lived as he died, an honest, conscientious, Christian man, respected by the rich and beloved by the poor, whose friend he always was.

FRANKLIN-At the residence of her son, W. B. Franklin, in Fort Calhoun precinct, on Saturday, July 14, 1883, at seven o'clock A.M., Huldah Franklin, wife of Daniel Franklin, in the seventy-fifth year of her age.

Mrs. Huldah Franklin, who died at her son's home near the village of Fort Calhoun last Saturday, was one of the oldest settlers of

Washington county. She came to Nebraska with her husband twentyseven years ago the 23d day of the present month, and located near Fort Calhoun, where she has ever since resided. She was approaching her seventy-fifth birthday, and had been married about fifty-three years. Her husband, Daniel Franklin, and four children, Warren B., Monroe, D. L., and Mrs. Dean Slader, who are left to mourn her death-all reside in Calhoun precinct. Pioneers of the county who knew her as a kind and obliging neighbor years ago will join her friends and relatives in mourning her death.


The Society is in possession of the following valuable relics:


A commission as chief of the "Ma-ha" Indians to "Wa-ging-asaby." El Baron de Carondalet, Caballero de la Religion de San Juan, Mar de Campodelo Reals Exercistas Gobernador General, Vice Patrono de las Provincial la Louisiana, of Florida Occidental, Subinspector General de las Tropas of Milcias de las Mis Mas de," dated New Orleans, May, 1796.

A commission to "The-ro-chy" (two sides of a cow), "Chief Soldier of the Ma-ha Nation," dated July 27th, 1815. Given by "William Clark, Governor of the Territory of Missouri, Commander-inChief of the Military thereof, and Superintendent of Indian affairs."

Also two other Indian commissions given by same authority. One to "Wa-ho-ra-be," "Soldier of the Ma-ha Nation," of date August 4th, 1815. One to "Wash-ca-ma-nee" (The Hard Walker), as "Second Chief of the Ma-ha Nation," of date July 27th, 1815.

A commission to "Wash-com-ma-nii," a "Chief of the Ma-has," given by "James Wilkinson, Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the United States, Governor of the Territory of Louisiana, and Superintendent of Indian Affairs," dated July 27th, 1806. This com

mission clothes the chief with a "medal" as a badge of special authority.

While the names 66 Wash-ca-ma-nee" and "Wash-com-ma-nii" are spelled somewhat differently, the two commissions, without doubt, refer to one and the same person.

Another commission, of same date as last named, and issued by same authority to "Wa-shing-ga-sa-be," "Chief of the Ma-has," and on him was "bestowed the great medal.”

There is no doubt, too, but that "Wa-ging-a-sa-by," named in the first commission referred to, and this last named "Wa-shing-ga-sa-be," while spelled somewhat differently, refer to the same person. The name in our language is "Little Black Bear."

These documents were presented by Robt. W. Furnas.

An old Spanish coin of the value of six and one-fourth cents, "Hispan et ind. R. M. F. M. Carolus IIII, Dei Gratia 1798." This coin was picked up at old Fort Calhoun, Nebraska, and presented by W. H. Woods, of that place.

The gavel used by Gen. Bowen, President of that portion of the old Territorial Council at Florence, after the legislature split at Omaha. It is made of hickory wood, handle and body of gavel, both with bark or.

Autograph letters from Henry Clay, Horace Greeley, Horatio Seymour, Wm. Cullen Bryant, and P. T. Barnum.

The original and first telegraphic message received on Nebraska soil.

Douglas town shares, of date 1856.

Brownville hotel scrip, of date 1857.

Copy "Newport Mercury," a newspaper published "Newport, Tuesday, December 19th, 1758."

The Omaha Indian dialect, in manuscript, as prepared by Henry Fontanelle.

A small volume each of the Sioux and Creek Indian dialect, in print.

All items named after the Spanish coin donated by Mr. Woods, were presented by Robt. W. Furnas.

An Indian scalping knife, presented by F. J. Hendershot, Esq., of Hebron, was taken in a fight between Indians and whites in Thayer county at an early day.



Mrs. Amelia Bloomer, Council Bluffs, Iowa, under date of Dec. 26th, 1878, furnishes the following, relating to the first female suffragist movement in Nebraska. She prefaces with this historic note:

My first visit to Omaha was July 4th, 1855. The day was being celebrated. Omaha was then a small place. The Douglas House was the only hotel. The speaker's stand was erected in front of it, across the road. The dinner table was out doors, on the east side of the street. Acting Governor Thomas Cuming was the orator. Omaha was then but eight months old.

On the 29th Dec., 1855, I received an invitation, of which the following is a copy:

OMAHA, N. T., Dec. 28, 1855.

Mrs. Amelia Bloomer:

The undersigned would respectfully invite you to deliver an address on Woman's Rights, or any other subject you may select, in the Hall of the House of Representatives, on any evening that suits your convenience, during the sitting of the legislature.

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