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1. Two and three, less one, are how many 2. Five and four, less three, are how many 3. Ten and two and one, less five, are how many? 4. Six and ten and two, less eight, are how many? 5. Three times six, less four, are how many? 6. Four times five, less nine, are how many? ? 7. Eight times two, less ten, are how many 8. Three and six, less four, are how many 9. Five times five, less five, are how many? 10. Six times six, less six, are how many? 11. Six times six, and six, are how many 12. Ten times two, less six, are how many? 13. Five times six, and seven, are how many? many ? 14. Eight and six and two, less ten, are how 15. Ten and six and five, less nine, are how many 16. Ten times two, less eight, are how many? 17. Ten and five, less nine, are how many? 18. Ten and eight, less six, are how many? 19. Ten and ten, less five, are how many? 20. Sold a sheep for six dollars and a shote for ten dollars, and afterward paid three dollars for a pig; how dollars had I then? many
21. Nellie found six peaches on one tree and eight on another, but she has eaten two and given three to Jane; how many has she remaining?
22. A boy walked from home twelve miles on one day, and ten miles on the next day, but on the third day he returned seven miles; how far from home was he then ?
23. Samuel had forty cents, but he has given five of them for a ball, and three for an orange; how many cents has he now?
24. Daniel sold six doves at twelve cents apiece, and bought five chickens at ten cents apiece; how much money had he left?
25. Thomas sold five melons, at ten cents each, and paid twenty-five cents for a book, and ten cents for a slate; how many cents had he remaining?
26. A man having fifty dollars, paid twenty dollars for a coat, six dollars for a pair of pantaloons, and four dollars for a vest; how many dollars had he left?
27. A boy found fourteen eggs in one nest, and eight less in another; how many eggs did he find in the second nest? How many in both nests?
1. IF two lambs cost six dollars, what will one lamb cost?
2. How many peaches, at two cents apiece, can you buy for six cents?
3. If I walk four miles per hour, in how many hours shall I walk eight miles?
4. If I walk eight miles in two hours, how many miles do I walk in one hour? How many miles in three hours?
5. At three dollars a yard, how many yards of cloth can I buy for nine dollars? For twelve dollars?
6. If you pay twelve dollars for four yards of cloth, what is the price of one yard?
7. Twelve apples were divided equally between three boys; how many apples did each boy receive? 8. In a certain orchard there are fifteen trees standing in rows, and there are five trees in each row; how many rows are there?
9. I have twenty trees, standing in four equal rows; many trees are there in each row?
10. How many barrels of apples, at three dollars a barrel, can I buy for fifteen dollars?
11. How many pears, at two cents apiece, can you buy for eighteen cents? For twenty cents?
12. How many oranges, at four cents apiece, can you buy for twenty cents? For twenty-four cents? 13. Bought four barrels of flour for twenty-eight dollars; what was the price of one barrel?
14. Paid twenty-five cents for five oranges; how many cents did I pay for one orange? For two? 15. How many spools of thread, at eight cents a spool, can be bought for thirty-two cents? For forty cents ?
16. Paid thirty-six cents for six spools of thread; how many cents did I pay for one spool? For four?
17. A farmer sowed twenty-eight .bushels of oats on seven acres of land; how many bushels did he sow on one acre? On five acres?
18. If I pay thirty-five dollars for five cords of wood, what is the price of one cord?
19. If coal is worth six dollars a ton, how many tons can I buy for forty-two dollars? For twenty
20. If a bird can fly twelve miles in one hour, in what time can it fly twenty-four miles? Thirty-six miles?
21. If wood is worth six dollars a cord, and coal is worth eight dollars a ton, how many cords of wood will pay for three tons of coal?
1. FOUR are how many times two?
10. Fifteen are how many times five? Three? 11. Sixteen are how many times four? Two ? 12. Eighteen are how many times two? Six? 13. Eighteen are how many times three? Nine? 14. Twenty are how many times five? Two? 15 Twenty-one are how many times seven? 16. Twenty-four are how many times six? Two: 17. Twenty-four are how many times four? Eight! 18. Twenty-four are how many times three? 19. Three times four are how many times three? 20. Five times eight are how many times four? 21. Six times five are how many times ten? 22. Four times nine are how many times six? 23. Four times six are how many times eight? 24. Ten times four are how many times eight? 25. Eight times six are how many times twelve? 26. Six in twelve, how many times? 27. Three in twenty-one, how many times? 28. Five in thirty-five, how many times? 29. Eight in thirty-two, how many times? 30. In forty-two, how many times six? 31. In forty-eight, how many times eight? 32. In thirty-five, how many times seven? 33. In forty-nine, how many times seven? 34. In fifty, how many times ten? Five? 35. Eleven in fifty five, how many times? 36. Eight in fifty six, how many times? 37. Twelve in sixty, how many times? 38. Eight in seventy-two, how many times? 39. Nine in sixty-three, how many times? 40. Five in fifty-five, how many times?
41. Eight times nine are how many times twelve? 42. Five times twelve are how many times six? 43. Three times fourteen are how many times six? 44. Three times fifteen are how many times nine? 45. Three times twenty are how many times twelve? 46. Eight times nine are how many times six?
REMARKS. 1. Instead of writing the names of numbers, it is customary to express them by certain marks, or characters, called figures.
2. These figures are ten in number, and are called Arabic figures.
3. Taken separately, each figure means the same as the word placed under it in the following lines; thus,
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.
Naught, One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine. 4. To express numbers greater than nine, these figures are repeated and combined in various ways; thus,
twelve. thirteen. fourteen.
forty. forty-one. ninety. ninety-nine. one hundred.
NOTE. It is presumed that the pupil is familiar with all the figures, and the manner of combining them so as to express small numbers, like those in the above Table, previous to studying this book. If, however, this is found to be untrue in any case, such pupil should be exercised by the teacher, upon the blackboard or elsewhere, until he can readily write in figures any number less than 1000.