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one of the parallels to the other is bisected at the point. (I. 1-29.)

47. Show how to draw a straight line through a point within an angle from one side of the angle to tbe other, so as to be bisected at the point. (I. 1–29.)

48. The lines which join the points of bisection of the three sides of a 4 divide it into four As equal to each other in all respects. (I. 1-39.)

49. If straight lines be drawn through the angles of a quadrilateral figure parallel to its diagonals, they form a parallelogram of which the area is double that of the original figure. (I. 1-41.)

50. If straight lines be drawn through the points of bisection of each pair of conterminous sides of the four sides of any quadrilateral figure, they form a parallelogram, the area of which is half that of the original figure. (I. 1-40.)

51. Construct a A, having given the base, the sum of the other two sides, and a line to which the line bisecting the vertical angle of the Ais parallel. (I. 1-31.)

52. Two mirrors are at right angles to each other. If a ray of light fall on one of them, be reflected to the other, and then reflected from that, the direction of the last part of the ray is parallel to that of the first. (I. 1-28.)

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PARDON & SUN, PRINTERS, PATERNOSTER ROW, LONDON.

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In the Regulations for the Local Examinations, issued by the University of Cambridge, this work has been recommended to candidates. (See Regulations for 1863 and 1864.) It is also extensively used in Schools and Colleges from which candidates are sent to the Oxford Local Examinations, as well as in some of the most important public schools in the kingdom, such as the High School of Edinburgh, Dulwich College, &c.

OXFORD

LOCAL

EXAMINATIONS,

Second Edition. Price 2s., cloth.

THE SECOND BOOK OF MILTON'S

"PARADISE LOST."

WITH NOTES ON THE

GRAMMATICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SENTENCES,

AND ON THE

Scriptural and Classical Allusions,

A GLOSSARY OF DIFFICULT WORDS,

ANDA

LIFE OF MILTON.

Price 2s. 6d., cloth.

THE ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES

APPLIED TO LATIN.

Price 3s. 6d., cloth.

ANALYTICAL LATIN EXERCISES.

Twelfth Thousand. Price 9d., cloth.

FIRST STEPS IN LATIN GRAMMAR.

LONDON: BELL & DALDY, YORK ST., COVENT GARDEN.

THE ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES

APPLIED TO LATIN.

By C. P. MASON, B.A.,
FELLOW OF UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, LONDON.

66

Extracts from Preface. This is, so far as I know, the first systematic attempt that has been made to apply to the Latin language those principles of grammatical analysis which Becker developed for the German language, and which have been already widely adopted in the teaching of English. The fact that this

Analysis of Sentences” is required by the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge in their “ Local Examinations," renders it superfluous to attempt to show here how many and great are the advantages of the system. It is unequalled in its capabilities for giving clear and vigorous ideas of the mutual relation of the various parts of a sentence. If such results are attained in the study of English, it may readily be presumed that the application of the method to the far more complicated structure of Latin must not only assist most powerfully in clearing away the difficulties and perplexities which learners are sure to find in the effort to grasp the import of a long and involved sentence, but form a mental discipline of the very highest order.

The present work is not designed to supersede either grammar or exercise book. It is intended as an auxiliary to each. It will, of course, be an assistance to a learner to have mastered the general principles of analysis in connection with English. If he has not had the opportunity of doing so, he will be enabled by the study of this book to analyse an English sentence just as well as a Latin one.

I venture to hope that this little work may effect something towards extrud. ing from our school-teaching that cramped, unintelligent, and pedantic method which has done so much to discredit a study which, I trust, will ever continue to be regarded as one of the most important elements in a truly liberal education.

Denmark Hill, Jan. 1, 1869.

C. P. Mason.

Opinions of the Press.

“[The author] has furnished an able exposition of the principles of analysis, with plenty of appropriate examples and exercises for practice. Those who desire a separate work on this branch of the subject will here find their wants well supplied.”--Athenæum, Feb. 27, 1869.

“ The very useful contributions already made by Mr. Mason to our educational literature will lead our readers to anticipate us, when we say that this volume presents us with a happy combination of mature practical experience and sound theory; that it is excellently conceived and carefully executed.

The application of the method (of analysis] to the Latin language appears to us a very happy idea ; the learner will be provided with an excellent auxiliary to the study of the grammar; the transference of the analysis to the study of English will be easy, and he will then have brought before him more clearly than under any preceding system the essential differences of the two idioms." Educational Times, March 1, 1869.

“ There cannot be two opinions with regard to the value of grammatical analysis as a mental discipline, and as furnishing a crucial test of the complete mastery of a language. There can also be no reasonable doubt as to the importance of its application to the Latin language, especially since in the English schools and Universities the students have to learn to understand and write their own tongue chiefly through the study of Latin. Any one who has mastered the present work will be able to analyse an English sentence just as well as the Latin.

We most heartily commend [this little work] to all who are in need of an able and practical exposition of the principles of gram, matical analysis applied to the Latin tongue.”-British Quarterly Review.

“Mr. Mason has found a first place among the advocates of Becker's system of grammatical analysis. His 'English Grammar' contains one of the best explanations of that system as applied to our English tongue; and now he applies it to Latin with results that cannot fail to be advantageous."--The Freeman.

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