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irregularities of crystals, measuring angles of crystals, massive ininerals, columnar structure, lamellar and granular stractare, pseudomorphus crystals.

(c) Physical properties of minerals : lustre, colour, diaphaneity, refrac. tion and polarization, phosphorescence, electricity and magnetism, specific gravity, hardness, state of aggregation, fracture, taste, odour.

(d) Chemical properties of minerals ; action of acids, &c., on minerals ; blow-pipe re-actions of minerals.

(e) Classifiontion of minerals.

(f) Description and recognition of the more important minerals and rocks or mineral aggregates.

(g) Chemical composition and formulæ of minerals.

Practical Examination.-Candidates will be expected to identify specimens of well-known minerals and describe their properties.

The Honour Course shall include the same subjects as the Pass Course, treated more fully, and the practical examinatiou will be more thorough.

9. A candidate who desires to be examined for Honours in any branch must take up, instead of the Pass subject, the corresponding Honour subject. A candidate who obtains Honours in any branch will be considered to have also passed in that branch. Should a candidate not have deserved Honours in any branch, the Examiners shall be authorised to declare that he has passed in that branch, if they consider that his attainments come up to the Pass Standard.

10. As soon as possible after the examination, the Syndicate shall publish a list of the candidates who have passed, arranged in alphabetical order together with a list of those who have obtained Honours in each branch, arranged in two divisions, both in order of merit. Each successful candidate shall receive with his degree of B.Sc. a certificate in the form entered in Appendix A.

MASTER OF ARTS, 1. An examination for the degree of Master of Arts shall be held annually in Calcutta, commencing at such time as the Syndicate shall determine, the date to be approximately notified in the Calendar for the year.

Avy candidate who bas passed in the B.Sc. Examination may be examined for the degree of M.A. in one or more of the following branches :

(1) Mathematics.

(2) Natural and Physical Science. 2. Any candidate who has passed the B.A. Examination may be examined for the degree of M.A. in one or more of the following branches :

(1) Languages.
(2) History.
(3) Mental and Moral Philosophy.
(4) Mathematics.
(5) Natural and Physical Science.

3. A fee of fifty rupees shall be payable by each candidate. No candidate shall be admitted to the examination unless he shall have paid this fee to the Registrar. A candidate who fails to pass or to present himself for examination shall not be entitled to claim a refund of the fee. A candidate who fails to pass may be admitted to any one or more subsequent M.A. examinations on payment of a like fee of fifty rupees on each occasion. A candidate who fails to present himself may be admitted to any one subsequent M.A. Examination on payment of half the fee.

4. Every candidate shall send his application, with a certificate in the form entered in Appendix A, to the Registrar before such time as the Syndicate shall determine, the date to be notified in the Calendar for the year.

5. The Examination in languages shall be in English for candi. dates whose vernacular is not English, or in any one of the following classical languages, viz. : Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, Hebrew, and Pali.

The subjects in languages shall be selected by the Syndicate two years before the examination.

The examination shall include written answers in English to questions relating to the books selected for the examination.

It shall also include questions on Comparative Grammar, with special reference to the language professed by the candidate.

Every candidate shall be required to write an essay in English on a subject connected with the History or Literature of the language professed by him.

The examination in English shall include the elements of Anglo-Saxon grammar, and one paper in English literatnre generally.

The examination in the classical langnage shall include translation into English from the language professed by the candidate, and into that language from English. A candidate for the degree of M.A. in Sanskrit shall be allowed to take up Indian palæography and epigraghy instead of any group which he may select of the text-books in philosophy fixed by the Syndicate. The Syndicate to determine what constitutes a group for the purpose of this regalation.

6. The examination in History* shall be in the following subjects :(a) The History of England (including Scotland, Ireland, and the British

Colonies and dependencies) to the accession of Queen Victoria. (6) The Constitational History of England. (c) A selected period of History—Indian or European, Ancient, Mediæval,

or Modern-to be studied with reference to original sources. (d) Political Philosophy, General Jurisprudence, and International Law.

e) Political Economy and Economic History. Candidates shall also be required to write an Essay in English on some subject included in the foregoing course.

7. The examination in Mental and Moral Philosophy shall include Psychology, Logic, Ethics, and Natural Theology as in the B.A. Honour Examination, but more fully developed, together

* For text-books, see Section VIII.

with Political Philosophy and the History of Indian and European Philosophy (both General and Special), the subjects in Political Philosophy and History of Philosophy (Special) to be selected from year to year.

8. Candidates in Mathematics shall be allowed to select alterna. tively one of the following groups of subjects :

(A) Pare Mathematics as principal subject with Mixed Mathematics as subsidiary subject.

(B) Mixed Mathematics as principal subject with Pure Mathematics as subsidiary subject.

Candidates who select group (A) shall be examined in the following subjects :

1. Algebra. 2 Trigonometry, Plane and Spherical. 3. Theory of Equations. 4. Analytical Plane Geometry. 5. Analytical Solid Geometry 6. Differential Calculus. 7. Integral Calculus, including the elements of the Calculus of Variations. 8. Differential Equations. 9. Analytical Statics. 10. Dynamics of a Particle. 11. Hydrostatics and Elementary Hydrokinetics. 12. Newton's Principia, Sections I, II, III. 13. Astronomy. Candidates who select group (B) shall be examined in the following sabjects :

1. Analytical Plane Geometry. 2. Analytical Solid Geometry. 3. Differential Calculus. 4. Integral Calonlus, including the elements of the Calcolas of Variations. 5. Analytical Statics. 6. Dynamics of a Particle. 7. Rigid Dynamics. 8. Hydro-inecahpics, including the elements of the Theory of Sound. 9. Astronomy: 10. Newton's Principia, Sections I, II, III, IX, XI. Candidates shall be required to possess a knowledge of so much of the Theory of Equations, Differential Equations, Spherical Trigonometry and Geometrical Optics as is necessary to understand the subjects in group (B).

9. Candidates in Natural and Physical Science shall be allowed to select alternatively one out of the following subjects :

(A) Chemistry

(B) Heat, Electricity, and Magnetism as principal subjects, with Light and Sound as subsidiary subjects

(C) Light and Sound as principal subjects, with Heat, Electricity, and Magnetism as subsidiary subjects.

(D) Botany.
(E) Physiology and Zoology.
(F) Geology and Mineralogy.

(A) The course in Chemistry shall be both theoretical and practical. In the practical examination candidates onght to show a good knowledge of chemical manipulation, and ought to be able to qualitatively analyse complex

inorganic substances. They should also be acquainted with the Principles of qnantitative analysis.

(B) and (C) Candidates will have to show a thorongh knowledge of the principal sobjects and a general acquaintance with the subsidiary subjects, treating the subjects mathematically and experimentally. (D) Botany* shall include the following :

(a) General and Special Morphology and Physiology.
(6) Systematic Botany.
(c) Palæobotany.

(d) Practical knowledge of indigenous Indian plants and identifiction of specimens of them by Roxburgh's Flora Inilica (Clarke's edition).

(E) Zoology* shall include the subjects (a) Comparative Anatomy and Physiology, (b) Distribution, and (c) Evolution.

(F) Geology and Mineralogy* shall include the subjects of (a) Stratigraphical Geology, (b) Palæontology, (c) Mineralogy, (d) Crystallography, and (e) Elementary Inorganic Chemistry.

10. As soon as possible after each examination for the degree of M.A., the Syndicate shall publish a list of candidates who have passed arranged in three classes, each in order of merit. Candidates shall be bracketed together, unless the Examiners are of opinion that there is clearly a difference in their merits. Each successfulcandidate shall receive with his degree of M.A. a certificate setting forth the subject in which he was examined, and the class in which he was placed. The names of those successful candidates who have not prosecuted a regular course of study in an affiliated Institution shall be submitted to the Senate every year before the Convocation, with a view to their being admitted to the degree of M.A.

11. The candidate who shall be placed first in the first class in each branch shall receive a Gold Medal and a prize of books to the value of one hundred rupees, and the second student of the first class in each branch shall receive a Silver Medal and a prize of books to the value of one hundred rupees.

12. Any Master of Arts may,on payment of a fee of fifty rupees, be admitted to the M.A. Examination in any branch other than that in which he was previously examined, and may, if his attainments come up to the standard prescribed for the degree of M.A., be granted a certificate to that effect, stating the class in which he has passed. A candidate who fails to pass, or to present himself for examination, shall not be entitled to claim a refund of the fee. A candidate who fails to pass may be admitted to any one or more subsequent M.A, examinationson paymentofa like fee of fifty rupees on each occasion. A candidate who fails to present himself may be admitted to any one subsequent M.A. Examination on payment of half the fee.

DOCTOR IN SCIENCE. 1. An examination for the Degree of Doctor in Science sball be held annually in Calcutta, commencingat such time as the Syndicate

• For Text-books, see Section VIIT.

shall determine, the date to be approximately notified in the Calendar for the year.

2. Every candidate for the Degree of Doctor in Science must produce certificates to the following effect:

(a) Of having passed the B.Sc. Examination.

(6) Of having passed the M.A. Examination in Mathematics or Natural and Physical Science, under paragraph 2 of the M.A. Regulations, at least two years previous to the date on wbich the D.Sc. Examination is to be held.

(c) Of having passed an Examination in one of the groups of subsidiary sabjects defined below.

3. The subsidiary subjects referred to in paragraph 2 shall be as follows:

(a) A short course in Mathematics. (6) A course of Applied Matbematics in Heat, Electricity, and Magnetism. (c) A course of Applied Mathematics in Light and Sound. (d) A short general course in Chemistry. (e) A course of Experimental Physics in Heat, Electricity, and Magnetism. (f) A course of Experimental Physics in Light and Sound. (g) A short general course in Zoology. (h) A short general course in Botany.

(i) A short general course in Physiology. 4. A candidate who has passed the M.A. Examination in Natural and Physical Science, as defined in paragraph 9 of the M.A. Regulations, will be allowed to take up the subsidiary subjects in the following combinations :

(a) (Chemistry) with either (e) or (f).
(b) & (c) [Physical Science] with either (a) or (a).
(d) [Botany) with (9).
(e) [Physiology and Zoology) with (h) or (i).

(f) (Geology and Mineralogy) with either (d), (9), or (h). A candidate who has passed the M.A. Examination in Mathematics will be allowed to take up either (8) or (c).

5. The limits of the subjects referred to in paragraph 3 shall b' as follows:

(a) Candidates who take up this subject will be exa ned in the (i Elements of the Differential and Integral Calonlus, including the easier pai of differential equations, (ii) Principles of Vector Analysis, and (iii) Principle of Dynamics. The examination will be limited to such parts of these subject as are useful in the study of Mathematical Physics.

(6) & (c) In these subjects, candidates will not be expected to possess higher knowledge of Mathematics than what is required of candidates in t] corresponding subjects for the M.A. Examination.

(d) In addition to a foller knowledge of the subjects included under t] head “Bachelor of Science,” “Honours in Chemistry,” the following subjec will have to be specially studied :

A.-Chemical Statics. (i) Properties of matter in its three states of aggregation, their stu from a chemical standpoint, including a knowledge of the Critical constan

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