Elements of Geometry and Trigonometry: With Applications in Mensuration

A.S. Barnes & Company, 1870 - 319 σελίδες

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Σελίδα 48 - After remarking that the mathematician positively knows that the sum of the three angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles...
Σελίδα 12 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; and each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds ; and these into thirds, etc.
Σελίδα 29 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.
Σελίδα 85 - If two triangles have two sides and the included angle of the one, equal to two sides and the included angle of the other, each to each, the two triangles will be equal in all their parts." Axiom 1. "Things which are equal to the same thing, are equal to each other.
Σελίδα 198 - To find the area of a trapezoid. RULE. Multiply the sum of the parallel sides by the perpendicular distance between them, and then divide the product by two : the quotient will be the area (Bk.
Σελίδα 20 - In the lower numbers the maps avoid unnecessary detail, while respectively progressive, and affording the pupil new matter for acquisition each time he approaches in the constantly enlarging circle the point of coincidence with previous lessons in the more elementary books.
Σελίδα 159 - In every plane triangle there are six parts : three sides and three angles. These parts are so related to each other, that when one side and any two other parts are given, the remaining ones can be obtained, either by geometrical construction or by trigonometrical computation.
Σελίδα 187 - Being on a horizontal plane, and wanting to ascertain the height of a tower, standing on the top of an inaccessible hill, there were measured, the angle of elevation of the top of the hill 40°, and of the top of the tower 51° ; then measuring in a direct line 180 feet farther from the hill, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower Cway 33° 45' ; required the height of the tower.
Σελίδα 79 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the square of the whole line is equal to the squares of the two parts, together with twice the rectangle contained by the parts.
Σελίδα 119 - If a cone be cut by a plane parallel to the base, the section will be a circle.

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