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VICTORIA, by the grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Queen, Defender of the Faith, To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting

WHEREAS our Royal predecessor King William the Fourth did by his Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the said United Kingdom, bearing date at Westminster the Twenty-eighth day of November in the seventh year of his reign, will, grant, declare, and constitute His Right Trusty and Right Wellbeloved Cousin Wil.

liam Cavendish Earl of Burlington; The Right Reverend Father in God Edward Lord

Bishop of Durham ; The Right Reverend Father in God William Lord

Bishop of Chichester; His Right Trusty and Wellbeloved Councillor Henry

Baron Brougham and Vaux; And His Trusty and Wellbeloved George Biddell Airy,

Esquire, his Astronomer Royal, and Fellow of the

Royal Society; Andrew Amos, Esquire, Barrister at Law; Thomas Arnold, Doctor in Divinity; John Austin, Esquire, Barrister at Law; Neil Arnott, Esquire, Doctor in Medicine, and Fellow

of the Royal Society; John Bacot, Esquire, Member of the Royal College of

Surgeons;

Francis Beaufort, Esquire, Captain in our Royal Navy,

Hydrographer of the Admiralty, and Fellow of the

Royal Society; Archibald Billing, Esquire, Doctor in Medicine, and

Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians ; William Thonias Brande, Esquire, Vice-President of the

Royal Society; James Clark, Esquire, now Sir James Clark, Baronet,

Doctor in Medicine, Fellow of the Royal Society; Philip Cecil Crampton, Esquire, Doctor of Civil Law,

Fellow of the Royal Society, and his Surgeon-General

in Ireland; John Dalton, Esquire, Doctor of Civil Law, and Fellow

of the Royal Society; William Empson, Esquire, Barrister at Law, Professor

of General Polity and the Laws of England at the

East India College; Michael Faraday, Esquire, Doctor of Civil Law, Fellow

of the Royal Society; Sir Stephen Love Hammick, Baronet, Member of the

Royal College of Surgeons; John Stevens Henslow, Clerk, Master of Arts, Professor

of Botany in the University of Cambridge; Cornwallis Hewett, Esquire, Doctor in Medicine, and

Downing Professor of Medicine in the University of

Cambridge; Thomas Hodgkin, Esquire, Doctor in Medicine; Francis Kiernan, Esquire, Member of the Royal College

of Surgeons; John George Shaw Lefevre, Esquire, Fellow of the Royal

Society; Charles Locock, Esquire, Doctor in Medicine, one of

the Physicians Extraordinary to Her Majesty Queen

Adelaide; John William Lubbock, Esquire, Vice-President and

Treasurer of the Royal Society; Sir James MacGrigor, Baronet, Doctor in Medicine,

Doctor of Civil Law, Fellow of the Royal Society, Fellow of the College of Physicians, one of his Phy

sicians Extraordinary, and Director General of the

Army Medical Board ; Richard Rainy Pennington, Esquire, Member of the

Royal College of Surgeons ; Jones Quain, Esquire, Doctor in Medicine; John Ridout, Esquire, Member of the Royal College of

Surgeons; Peter Mark Roget, Esquire, Doctor in Medicine, Secre

tary of the Royal Society; Nassau William Senior, Esquire, one of the Masters of

our High Court of Chancery, and Fellow of the Royal

Society; Joseph Henry Jerrard, Doctor of Laws, Principal of the

Bristol College; Richard Sheepshanks, Clerk, Fellow of the Royal Society; John Sims, Esquire, Doctor in Medicine ; Connop Thirlwall, Clerk, Fellow of Trinity College,

Cambridge; James Walker, Esquire, Fellow of the Royal Society; and Henry Warburton, Esquire, Member of the Commons'

House of Parliament, and Fellow of the Royal Society; during his Royal Will and Pleasure, and all the persons whom He might thereafter appoint, to be Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor, or Fellows, as thereinafter mentioned, one Body Politic and Corporate, by the Name of The UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.

Now.KNOW YE, That We have revoked and determined, and do by these presents revoke and determine, the said Letters Patent, and every clause, article, and thing therein contained; and deeming it to be the duty of our royal office, for the advancement of religion and morality, and the promotion of useful knowledge, to hold forth to all classes and denominations of our faithful subjects, without any distinction whatsoever, an encouragement for pursuing a regular and liberal course of Education; and considerating that many persons do prosecute or complete their studies both in the Metropolis and in other parts of our United Kingdom, to

A*

1852.

whom it is expedient that there should be offered such facilities, and on whom it is just that there should be conferred such distinctions and rewards as may incline them to persevere in these their laudable pursuits : FURTHER KNOW YE, That for the purpose of ascertaining, by means of examination, the persons who have acquired proficiency in Literature, Science, and Art, by the pursuit of such course of education, and of rewarding them by Academical Degrees, as evidence of their respective attainments, and marks of honour proportioned thereunto, We do, by virtue of our prerogative royal, and of our especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, will, grant, declare, and constitute the said William Cavendish Earl of Burlington, Edward Lord Bishop of Durham, and William Lord Bishop of Chichester, The Right Reverend Father in God Edward Lord Bishop of Norwich, and the said George Biddell Airy, Andrew Amos, Thomas Arnold, John Austin, Neil Arnott, John Bacot, Francis Beaufort, Archibald Billing, William Thomas Brande, Sir James Clark, Our Physician in Ordinary, and Our trusty and wellbeloved Philip Crampton, Doctor of Civil Law, Fellow of the Royal Society, and Our Surgeon-General in Ireland, John Dalton, William Empson, Michael Faraday, Sir Stephen Love Hammick, John Stevens Henslow, Cornwallis Hewett, Thomas Hodgkin, Francis Kiernan, John George Shaw Lefevre, Charles Locock, John William Lubbock, Sir James MacGrigor, Richard Rainy Pennington, Jones Quain, John Ridout, Peter Mark Roget, Nassau William Senior, and Joseph Henry Jerrard, Our trusty and wellbeloved James Craig Somerville, Doctor in Medicine, Inspector of Anatomy, and the said John Sims, Connop Thirlwall, James Walker, and Henry Warburton, and all the persons who may hereafter be appointed to be Chancellor or Fellows, as hereinafter mentioned, one Body Politic and Corporate, by the Name of The UNIVERSITY OF LONDON; by which Name such Body Politic shall have perpetual succession, and shall have a

ROYAL CHARTERS.

23

Common Seal, and shall by the same Name sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded, and answer and be answered unto, in every Court of Us, our Heirs, and Successors. AND WE do hereby will and ordain, that by the same Name they and their Successors shall be able and capable in Law to take, purchase, and hold, to them and their Successors, any goods, chattels, or personal property whatsoever, and shall also be able and capable in Law, notwithstanding the Statutes of Mortmain, to take, purchase, and hold, to them and their Successors, not only all such lands, buildings, hereditaments, and possessions as may be from time to time exclusively used and occupied for the immediate purposes of the said University, but also any other lands, buildings, hereditaments, and possessions whatsoever, situate within our United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, not exceeding the annual value of Ten Thousand Pounds; such annual value to be calculated and ascertained at the period of taking, purchasing, or acquiring the same; and that they and their Successors shall be able and capable in Law to grant, demise, alien, or otherwise dispose of all or any of the property, real or personal, belonging to the said University, and also to do all other matters incidental or appertaining to a Body Corporate. AND WE do hereby further will and ordain, That the said Body Politic and Corporate shall consist of one Chancellor, one Vice-Chancellor, and such number of Fellows as We, our Heirs, and Successors, shall from time to time appoint under our or their Sign Manual, and as shall be appointed by the Members of the Senate under the power hereinafter contained ; and that our right trusty and right wellbeloved Cousin the aforesaid William Cavendish Earl of Burlington be the first Chancellor ; the said John William Lubbock, the first Vice-Chancellor; and the aforesaid Edward Lord Bishop of Durham, William Lord Bishop of Chichester, Edward Lord Bishop of Norwich, George Biddell Airy, Andrew Amos, Thomas Arnold, John Austin, Neil Arnott, John Bacot, Francis Beaufort, Archibald Billing,

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