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Pennsylvania, in 1820

1830
1840
1850

.1,049,458 inhabitants.
.1,348,233
..1,724,033
.2,311,786

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.....................

............ 8,250

66

..............................................

...................

66

Thus the increase of the population of the before-mentioned states, in which census returns were made since 1810, for the forty years, from 1810 to 1850, must be calculated as follows :Indiana......

3,931 per cent. Maine

155
Massachusetts

110
Michigan
New Jersey

99
New York

316 Ohio ..........

758 Pennsylvania

185 Illinois.......

6,832 Although from the above it would appear, that Michigan surpasses the state of Illinois in the rapid increase of its population, on considering that in the year 1850 Michigan possessed a much smaller population than Illinois, having but 397,654 inhabitants to set off against the 851,470 of the latter; that the immigration to Michigan, during the years 1850 - 1855, was considerably less than that to Illinois; further, that the population of Illinois, during the five years, 1850—1855, has increased by about 52 per cent., or more than onehalf; and during the forty-five years, 1810-1855, by about 10,486 per cent. ; we can only regret that we are not in possession of the returns of the census of Michigan for 1855; by placing the statement given by these with regard to the increase of the population of Michigan up to that year before the reader, we would be enabled to prove, that the state of Illinois, far from being inferior in rapidity of the growth of its population, for the last forty years, to the other states, 'is in reality superior not only to them, but also to Michigan.

Iowa and Wisconsin, which states have also prodigiously advanced, could not be well compared with the above states, for the last forty years, they being of too recent date.

Illinois consists of one hundred counties, the population of which, for the years 1840, 1850, and 1855, was, respectively, the following:

COUNTIES.

1855.

......................

..........

........

.........

............

............

Cook ..........

1840.

1850. Adams

14,476

26,598 Alexander.

3,313

2,484 Bond

5,060

6,144 Boone

1,705

7,624 Brown...

4,183

7,198 Bureau..

3,067

8,841 Calhoun

1,741

3,231 Carroll

1,023

4,586 Cass

2,981

7,253 Champaign.

1,475

2,649 Christian ...................

1,878

3,203 Clark

7,453

9,532 Clay

3,228

4,289 Clinton .....................

3,718

5,139 *Coles

9,616

9,335 10,201

43,385 Crawford ......

4,422

7,135 Cumberland

3,718 De Kalb.......

1,697

7,540 De Witt

3,247

5,002 Du Page......

3,535

9,290 Edgar

8,225

10,692 Edwards ..

3,070

3,524 Effingham.....

1,675

3,799 Fayette

6,328

8,075 Franklin

3,682

5,081 Fulton

13,142

22,508 *Gallatin

10,760

5,448 Greene.......

11,951

12,429 *Grundy

3,023 Hamilton.

3,945 ............

6,362 Hancock.

9,946

14,652 Hardin

1,378

2,887 Henderson.............

4,612 Henry

1,260

3,807 fIroquois....... 1,695

4,149 Jackson

3,566

5,862 Jasper

1,472

3,220

34,311
2,927
7,511
10,994

7,940

19,518 ..... 3,768

7,610 8,946 6,565 7,041 13,863 7,076 6,823 14,937 103,960 10,152

6,099 13,636

8,508 12,307 13,920 4,598 6,226 9,592 7,182 27,968

6,723 13,092 7,021 7,212 22,158 3,920 7,128 9,218 6,788 7,834 6,842

* The couuties marked * were, during the years 1840–1850, subdivided into new counties.

† From the counties Will and Iroquois, denoted by t, sections were taken since 1850, and made to constitute Kankakee county.

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5,762 4,535 6,180 3,626 6,501

............

Jefferson Jersey .... Jo Daviess........... *Johnson............. Kane ........ Kankakee........... Kendall ...... Knox...... Lake *La Salle ......... ....... *Lawrence Lee ......................... Livingston Logan......... McDonough.. McHenry

McLean.............
*Macon......

Macoupin
Madison
Marion ............
Marshall....
Mason ....
Massac
Menard....
Mercer.
Monroe ..........
Montgomery
Morgan .....
Moultrie.
Ogle
Peoria .......
Perry
Platt....
Pike.........
*Pope.........
Pulaski..........
Putnam.....
Randolph
Richland
Rock Island
St. Clair ...........

7,060 2,634 9,348 7,092 2,035

759 2,333 5,308 2,578 6,565 3,039 7,826 14,488 4,742 1,849

............

1850.

1855. 8,109

10,258 7,354

8,771 18,604 .......... 24,104 4,114

4,966 16,703

26,665

10,110 7,730

10,145 13,279

22,847 14,226

17,630 17,815

35,563 6,121

8,160 5,292

11,618 1,552

4,606 5,128 ..

8,324 7,610

12,886 14,978

19,285 10,163

19,578 3,998

8,365 12,355

17,408 20,441 ............ 31,556 6,720

10,139 5,180

9,900 5,921

7,775 4,092

5,692 6,349

8,029 5,246

9,660 7,629

10,285 6,277

9,041 16,064

17,735 3,234

4,435 10,120

16,456 17,547

30,134 5,278

6,858 1,605

3,052 18,819

23,351 3,975

6,835 2,265

2,462 3,024

5,100 11,879

12,601 4,012

7,049 6,937

16,217 20,180

28,554

..........

4,431 2,352 4,481 4,490 19,549

............

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..........

...........

Saline.......
*Sangamon.
Schuyler.
Scott..
*Shelby
Stark.

Stephenson..
*Tazewell........
Union
Vermilion
Wabash
*Warren
Washington..........
Wayne
White
Whiteside
+ Will..........
*Williamson...
Winnebago... ........
Woodford ....

14,716 6,972 6,215 6,659 1,573 2,800 7,222 5,524 9,303 4,240 6,739 4,810 5,133 7,119 2,514 10,167 4,457 4,609

1850.

1855. 5,588

6,776 19,224 ............ 25,604 10,573

12,296 7,914

7,937 7,807

11,270 3,710

6,293 11,666

13,316 12,052

17,371 7,615

10,106 11,492

15,893 4,692

6,233 8,176

12,209 6,953

10,059 6,825 .......... 9,902 8,925

10,387 5,361

13,416 16,703

24,468 7,216

9,430 11,775

20,826 4,415

8,400

...

....

..............

Illinois has, besides, a county called Cook county, which numbers more than 100,000 inhabitants, and in which Chicago, that city of unparalleled growth, is situated; another county (La Salle), with more than 35,000; three (Adams, Madison, and Peoria), with from 30,000 to 35,000; four (Fulton, Kane, St. Clair, Sangamon), with from 25,000 to 30,000; six (Hancock, Jo Daviess, Knox, Pike, Will, Winnebago), with from 20,000 to 25,000; ten (Bureau, Lake, McHenry, McLean, Macoupin, Morgan, Ogle, Rock Island, Tazewell, and Vermilion), with from 15,000 to 20,000; twenty-four with from 10,000 to 15,000; forty-two with from 5000 to 10,000: and nine with less than 5000 inhabitants. The counties having the fewest inhabitants are Pulaski and Alexander, the former with 2462, the latter with 2927 inhabitants, contiguous to each other, and being situated in the most southern section of the State.

In order to enable the reader with one glance to survey the conparatively smaller or greater density of the population of the various parts and counties of the State, we here subjoin a population-map of it, wherein the counties are marked and designated, the following columns corresponding to which contain a statement of the number of inbabitants residing on a geographical square mile in every single county, according to the census of the State returned in 1855 :

..2396 ......1049

918

9. Knox .......

... ......... 822

1. Cook
2. Kane.
3. Peoria.....

.1031 4. Adams...................

937 5. Madison ................ 6. St. Clair................ 916 7. McHenry..

878 8. Rock Island

862

843 10. Winnebago... ..... 880 11. Jo Daviess. 12. Morgan

820 13. Lake......................

816 14. Boone

805 15. Clark

782 16. Scott.

782 17. La Salle

714 18. Fulton

684 19. Wabash

682 20. Kendall

666 21. Pike.

643 22. Schuyler

639 23. Will...

639 24. Du Page

680 25. Monroe

628 26. Hancock............... 624 27. Edgar

588 28. Sangamon.

588 29. Tazewell....

586 30. Brown.......

554 31. Union

553 32. Jersey...

537 33. Greene..

528 34. Marshall.....

526 35. Randolph.

511 36. Cass.

511 37. Massac.

505 38. Stephenson .. 503 39. Crawford ...

490 40. Warren ................

482

.......... 475

....................

............... 449

d...........

41. McDonough... 42. Edwards.

............... 466 43. Williamson ............ 464 44. Johnson

456 45. White

456 46. Ogle..

452 47. De Kalb 48. Hardin

447 49. Bureau

432 50. De Witt

432 61. Macoupin.

430 52. Coles ..... ......... 426 63. Menard

413 64. Henderson

409 55. Bond .....................

404 56. Whiteside .............

404 57. McLean

394 58. Kankakee

386 59. Cumberland ...........

385 60. Pope.......... 384 61. Richland ..............

383 62. Saline

383 63. Stark

383 64. Jefferson

379 65. Putnam

377 66. Washington.. 377 67. Lawrence.

377 68. Marion

375 69. Mercer.......

366 Carroll.

362 71. Franklin ............. 353 72. Hamilton

353 73. Lee

349 74. Grundy....

345 75. Woodford..

341 76. Perry.

337 77. Shelby

336 78. Gallatin

330 79, Pulaski................

327 80. Macon................... 319

70.

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