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moment been published, was originally intended for the Agricultural Society, of Kane Co. The farm of Mr. West containing 240 acres, this account deserves particular notice, because of its comprising all the branches of rural economy. The account is herewith subjoined:

1852.

23 ACRES,

DR.

.........

66

June.—To breaking 23 acres, 3 inches deep, at $1 50 per acre
Aug.–To 8 days cross ploughing, 4 inches deep, at $2..
Sept. 1st.—To 46 bu. Soule's seed wheat, at 75c. per bu.........

“ 2 days' work sowing the same, at $1........
" 6 days' work harrowing, at $2 per day...

cost harvesting 23 acres, at $1 50 per acre......

threshing 690 bu. at 8c. per bu........
“ hauling the same to market, at 2c.............

$34 50 16 00 34 50

2 00 12 00 34 50 55 20 13 80

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$202 50

1853. By 30 bu. per acre, 690 bu., at 95C.......... Cost.

CR. $655 50 202 50

.........

..............................

.............................................

.............................

Net profit.....

$453 00 Cost per acre.

$8 80
Net profit per acre................

19 70
1852.
171 ACRES WHEAT ON CORN GROUND.

DR.
Aug. 20.--To sowing 14 days, at $1 per day....

$1 50 56 35 bu. Soule's seed wheat, at 75C..........

26 25 Aug. 20.-To 4 days' work, man, horse and shovel plough, at $1 50 per day..

6 00 2 days' work, man, horse, and small harrow, at $1 50 per day..

3 00 66 6 days' work, hoeing in wheat around hills........ 6 00 - cost harvesting 173 acres, at $1 50 per acre..... 26 25 threshing 394 bu., at 8c. per bu........

31 52 “ carting 214 bu. to market, at 2c. per bush..... 4 28

.........

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Total cost..

$104 80

CR.

1852.
By 22} bu. per acre, 394 bushels.

214 bu. sold at 95c. per bu
180 bu. sold at farm, at $1 per bush. ............................

...............................

$203 30 180 00

Cost........

$383 30 104 80

Net profit, 171 acres...................................

Cost per acre.................................... .......... .........
Net profit per acre..................

$278 50
$5 93
15 91

1853.

12 ACRES OF OATS. April 15.-To 5 days' ploughing, at $2...

“ 4 days' harrowing, at $2.
" 36 bu. oats for seed, and 1 day's work at $1......
“ threshing, $42—harvesting, $18....

DR. $10 00

8 00 10 00 60 00

.............

.........

Total.......... 1853. By 871 bu. per acre, making 1050 bu., at 250........................

Cost......

$88 00

CR. $262 50

88 00

........................................

........................................

..................

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..............

Net profit..........

$174 50 Cost per acre............................................... .........

$7 33
Net profit per
acre..

14 54
1852.
91 ACRES SPRING WHEAT.

DR. Sept.-To 5 days' ploughing, 8 inches deep, at $2.

$10 00 • 19 bu. Rio seed wheat, at 750............

14 25 1853. March 25.—1 day sowing the same .......

1 00 3. days' work harrowing, at $2.........

6 00 Cost harvesting 94 acres, at $1 50 per acre.......... 14 25 Cost threshing 228 bu. 8c......

18 24 To carting the same to market at 2c.......

4 56

.............................

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1852. By 24 acres, 22 bu. and 7 qts. per acre, 50 bu. at 50 C........ Cost.....

CR.

$25 00 14 75

10 25

Net profit..

Cost per acre... ........................................
Net profit per acre................................................

$6 50
4 55

DR.

1853.

5.1 ACRES BARLEY. April.—To 27 days' ploughing, at $2.......

To 12 bu. seed at 40c........
To 1 day's work sowing same.....
To 11 day's work harrowing, at 2$..
To harvesting 5.1 acres, at $1 50....
To carting 182 bu. to market, 2c....
Threshing the same, 8c.........

$5 00 4 80 1 00 3 00 8 25 3 64 25 69

......................

.........

Total cost

1853. By 54 acres, 33 bu. 3 qts. per acre, 180 bu., 40c................... Cost......

$40 25

CR. $72 90 40 25

............

32 55

Net profit......

Cost per acre
Net profit per acre.... ..........................

........................

$7 32
5 92

287 ACRES CORN GROUND.

One half of this was fall ploughed, the balance timothy sod, broke May 1st, 1852, 7 inches deep. Cost of tending about the same as fall ploughing. To 281 acres ploughing, at $1 per acre.....

$28 50 To 5 days' harrowing, at $2...

10 00 To 4 bu. seed corn, 750....

3 00 To 97 days' planting, 7s..........

8 31 To 26 days' cultivating corn, $1 25.....

30 50 To 12 days' hoeing, 880..

10 56 To 57 days' husking, $1.....

57 00 Shelling and marketing 1710 bu. at 4C................................

68 40

...................................

...........................................

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To cutting and stacking 25 tons hay, at $1........
To feeding 30 bu. corn, 50c.........
To feeding and salt
To washing and shearing sheep, and marketing wool.........

$25 00 15 00 10 00 10 00

Total cost............

..........................

$60 00

CR. By 103 fleeces, average 3 lbs. 10 oz. 373 lbs., at 46c............... $171 58 By 53 lambs at $1 25...

66 25

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Net profit.........
Dr. To fatti one sow and four pigs, 80 bu. corn at 50c .........
Cr. By 1500 lbs. pork, at 5c. per lb.......

$103 00

40 00 75 00

............................................

............................................................

Net profit........
25 bu. apples, $1.
8 bu. peaches, $1.
5 swarms bees, $5....
50 lbs. honey, 12c.
24 turkeys, 50c.......
60 chickens, 121 C............................................................

$35 00 25 00

8 00 25 00

6 25 12 00 7 50

.......................................................

.........................................................

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RECAPITULATION.

..................

..........................................

Cost of growing. Net profits. 23 acres of wheat.

$202 50 $453 00 174 acres wheat.....

104 90 278 50 91 acres spring wheat.

68 30

159 70 24 acres rye

14 75

10 25 51 acres barley.

40 25

32 55 12 acres oats

88 00

174 50 281 acres corn............................................

216 27

638 73 1 acre potatoes.

10 00

27 50 103 sheep

60 00 177 83 Cattle and colt.

47 00

103 00 Pork.....

40 00

35 00 Apples, peaches, bees, turkeys, &c.......

10 00

73 75 21 acres timothy seed.......

45 00

123 00

.......................................

......................................

......................................

Total.......

$946 87

$2287 31

...........................................

The preceding twelve accounts kept of farms in the most widely separated parts of the State, will be sufficient to give the reader an idea of the comparative profitableness of husbandry in Illinois. To these accounts we now add several other communications, which, though not calculations themselves, serve nevertheless very well to show that the Illinoisian farmer has all reason to be satisfied with his lot.

John Williams, Esq., of New Albany, Coles Co., says, in a letter dated Dec. 23, 1855 :

"I can raise on my farm, and have done it, 60 to 100 bushels of corn to the acre; 30 to 40 bushels of wheat per acre, and every kind of vegetables in the greatest abundance. I harvested off my farm this season 15,000 bushels of corn; two men raised for me with but little more than their own labor, about 7,000 bushels of corn and oats; this corn is now worth in the crib over 25 cents per bushel. My neighbors raised from 25 to 38 bushels of wheat per acre, and sold it on the spot at from $1 25 to $1 30 per bushel. Early in the season, Mr. Cuthbertson, a neighbor of mine, sold the crop of wheat off of 50 acres of land, as it stood, for $1500, cash.”

“The “Chicago Democratic Press," dated Dec. 23, 1855, states that, in that year, Mr. Lewis Prettyman derived from his farm of 80 acres, the sum of $3965, receiving, among others, $230 for cider, $460 for apples, $10 for pears, $20 for asparagus, and other potherbs, $375 for wheat, $168 for oats, $1320 for Indian corn, $20 for potatoes, $200 for hay, $400 for horned cattle, $450 for horses, &c., &c

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