Εικόνες σελίδας
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση



The World Turned Upside Down for Your Entertainment

The Story. A mighty man, this Richard Hogarth, farmer, with brown skin, round brow, moles on his cheek, lips "negroid in their thick pout," eyes brown, blood-shot, "imperially large."

The Jews, driven from Europe, had taken England for their own. Baruch Frankl, "Jew of Jews," ordered his tenants to wear a fez with a tassel as Livery of the Manor. But Hogarth refused, and Hogarth's sister rejected Frankl's amorous advances. Things took place-Hogarth flogged Frankl; Hogarth was convicted, falsely, of murder; Hogarth was sent to Colmoor prison. Rebekah Frankl, beautiful, barbaric, with earrings as big as hoops, flung a red flower with a black heart of passion to Hogarth on his conviction.

Hogarth, having solved the problem of the world's misery, decided that he was justified in leaving prison to set things right. Blasting the great bell of Colmoor with lightning from heaven, he escaped astride of its clapper when it was sent for repairs. The ship bearing the bell and Hogarth was wrecked, and he was cast up on the Cornish coast.

Inconspicuously disguised in robes of a Bedouin, he dug out of a meteorite enough diamonds to buy the earth, got in touch with Rebekah, circumvented temporarily his enemies, indicted a note to the great powers taking possession of the oceans of the world.

Having spent three years juggling with the world's finances, training armies, building colossal floating fortresses of impregnable steel, Hogarth blew up a few liners, destroyed the British fleet, established a toll (sea rent) on all passing vessels, finally took over England in the capacity of regent, in order to put into operation his panacea for the ills of the worlda system of land tenure by the nation, not by the individual. The Jews he commanded to return to Palestine.

Unfortunately, Hogarth still had his enemies. Two in particular-an ex-priest and a cockney murdererhad peculiar talents for turning up at the wrong time in the wrong places. At the height of his triumph, the murderer stabbed him and the

*THE LORD OF THE SEA-M. P. ShielKnopf ($2.50).

ex-priest contrived to sink most of his floating forts. Hogarth fled for his life, his power tumbling in ruins about his head.

Happily, he was a resourceful superman. Having failed as Lord of the Sea, he went to the Holy Land just in time to be acclaimed as the Mes


Lacking a word, he coins one

siah of the Second Coming. He married Rebekah and for 60 years ruled over Israel, documents found in a hair trunk having proved him to be a Jew. Under his rule, Israel became the centre and heart of the world.

The Significance. Shiel is a mad, dazzling fellow, "wildly well writing and riding this English language." He is more romantic than Romance, juggling nations, kings, comets, peasants in soaring obedience to unreined fancy. His characters talk as no man talked, act as no man acted, exist in a blazing phantasmal world where almost anything is almost sure to happen. Lacking a word, he coins one; where History or Science runs counter to his conception, he remakes History and Science. He is sheer imaginative flame run wild like a cosmic prairie fire. You can laugh at him-you cannot deny his vitality.

The Author. Matthew Phipps Shiel was born of Irish parents in the West Indies in 1865. He studied medicine and mathematics; chemical experiments and mathematics are still his chief amusements. He appears to know a little about almost everything. His first venture as an author was the publication of a paper, written out by hand, at the age of 13. His particular

pride is his body. He boasts that he, "over 40 years old, can run nine miles with sprightliness." He sees a fundamental identity between genius and physical health. Among his novelssome 20 in number-are Prince Zaleski, Shapes in the Fire, The Purple Cloud, The Pale Ape, Children of the Wind. The Lord of the Sea was first published in 1901.

New Books

The following estimates of books much in the public eye were made after careful consideration of the trend of critical opinion:

Heavy Huxley

YOUNG ARCHIMEDES-Aldous Huxley -Doran ($2.00). The skilled dispenser of cleevrness to the sophisticates becomes excessively painstaking and elaborately voluble in a set of six not particularly short short stories. They are exhaustive studies in human nature. Uncle Spencer enlarges upon the love of an elderly Englishman for a cockney male impersonator in a German internment prison. Little Mexican tells about a romantic Italian Count and the thwarted life of his son. Hubert and Minnie relates the abortive misconduct of an unwilling young man and a willing young woman. Fard, short and not without poignancy, is no more than a snapshot of an overworked chambermaid and her temperamental mistress. The Portrait describes the selling of a fake Old Master. Young Archimedes discovers an infant mathematical prodigy, recounts his frustration and early suicide. All the stories are careful, ambitious work. All are dull.

Huck Finn Redivivus

GOIN' ON FOURTEEN-Irvin S. CobbDoran ($2.50). John C. Calhoun Custer had his 13th birthday the day before the first page of this book. He is spiritual brother to "Penrod," to "Huck Finn," to "Tom Bailey," to all the other naughty urchins whose pranks bring reminiscent lumps to shriveled throats. The story or series of stories-is true to form. There are adventures with dogs and cats, a treasure-hunting expedition, the inevitable circus, a running away from home. There is tragedy when the village bad boy dies to rescue a contemporary from drowning. The book is like a score of others, but Mr. Cobb's insight into the pre-adolescent intelligence or his recollection of the days immediately before the first hair curved proudly on the youthful chest is shrewder than most.




New Plays

That Awful Mrs. Eaton. There lived a lady once, in Washington, of whom many suspected that she was not really a lady at all. The fact that she had been a tavern keeper's daughter had something to do with it. She was married to John Henry Eaton, Secretary of War under Andrew Jackson. Andrew Jackson took it upon himself to establish her social position. With her engaging Irish wit as his chief aide de camp, he succeeded.


The unfolding of this more or less historical tale requires six scenes. Of these, three could be deleted; and the play would remain a significant commentary on the masks and manners of an earlier generation. the scene in which Andrew Jackson has himself shaved while granting an audience to the British Ambassador, of his following fulminations against the flimsy turrets of society and of the episode of the White House Ball much good must be remarked.

One cannot see the history one studied in childhood magnificently recreated in the stately personages of Calhoun, Clay, Webster, John Quincy Adams and Dolly Madison without delight. So dextrous was the play in setting, character and costume that it stirred unmistakable delight throughout the audience. If the play's incident was mild, its brilliant qualities of pageantry more than erased the differ


John Farrar and Stephen Vincent Benét are the authors. Possibly they imputed to Peggy Eaton a nimbler wit than they devised for her. As played by Katherine Alexander, the character caught the crackle of conviction.

The Far Cry. Those who are industriously interested in the stage have long known the facile genius of Robert Milton. He has been termed the most talented director of our theatre. This season he incorporated himself and plunged into independent production. with The Far Cry. The splash attracted notables, professional and social, to the opening performance. They retired at eleven o'clock with their hopes vaguely dampened.

A very expensive cast gave a patchwork performance in a somewhat unpalatable play. The single redeeming feature was the bitter brilliance of Margalo Gillmore.

Miss Gillmore translated into beauty and cynicism the playwright's conception of an American girl who has lived too long abroad. Deserting the lax and luxurious friends of her not too immaculate mother, she turns up in Florence with an American artist who

is not her husband. Her long-suffering father and the mother of her artist arrive to create a difficult scene from which she flees with an Italian count for no very good reason. Back in Paris,


"A magnificent performance"

she repents on her father's shoulder and departs for America ostensibly to reforge her rusty morals against her marriage with the artist.


Heywood Broun - "A performance [Miss Gillmore's], a good deal of interest and entertainment, and a cracked window on life."

Gilbert W. Gabriel-"If it does not seriously threaten the traffic in travelers' checks, (it) puts an aureate lily in either hand of the Statue of Liberty."

The Busybody. A turbulent tale of chorus girls and stolen jewelry arrived under this trade-mark and achieved the distinction of being one of the loudest, if not one of the funniest, farces currently in operation. Ada Lewis, whose hoarse and drastic buffoonery have promoted the pulse of many a musical comedy, took the lead. She took in addition nearly all the critical cordiality that the production was awarded.

Made for Each Other. A stranger wandered into a small uptown theatre and was riddled with critical bullets. Everything about him was awry. The story he had to tell was jejune and his mode of narration was stumbling and shabby. He discussed in three switchback scenes just why the hero of his story was one hour late for his wedding.

Alan Dale-"Somebody remarked that Life the play needed life.

was possibly too drastic, but 20 years -at least 20 years."

Bewitched. A brilliantly colored and ambitious dream has added its spell to the diversions of the season. Fantasy is one of the most dangerous elements of the Theatre. The heavy hand, particularly the heavy stage hand, crushes its magic. The magic of Bewitched, occasionally disturbed by clanking scenery, contrives nevertheless to contribute a high quantity of beauty.

It tells the tale of a Boston aviator, crashed in a magic forest of France and in love with the daughter of the castle. As he falls asleep that night, he dreams that the Marquis of the castle is a sorcerer. In answer to his demand for the daughter's hand in marriage, the sorcerer presents him with temptations. The echoes of old love return in tempting series to drown the latest melody. Through a horrible night of memories he survives successfully to plead his case with the lovely lady in the morning.

Florence Eldrige is called upon for the complex portrayal of the granddaughter, the wizard's ward, herself "a sorceress in a small way," and the old loves. Seldom are such intensive and complicated demands made upon an actress in a single evening. Miss Eldridge was game, but hardly great.


Judy Drops In. A harmless little comedy that is probably not long for this world was among the late arrivals of the week. It is one of those clean, wholesome entertainments to which you can take your greataunt. Almost anyone else would be bored to death.

Greenwich Village, and a bachelor ménage is suddenly surprised by a little lady who has been disowned by her horrid old mother just because she stayed out too late at a party. In the end she marries one of the bachelors. Greenwich Village turns out to be a tidy settlement after all, given to mild jokes and exceedingly correct parties.

Great Music. The old story of the man who came back is herein told. Only this man didn't. The demeanor of the telling is dangerously explosive, and dangerously obvious. It flies its danger flags so flagrantly that most of the witnesses can retreat, mentally, to safety before the crash occurs.

Throughout the play, an enlarged and presumably expensive orchestra thun'ders away at Erik Fane's great music. The action aims to tell the story of his life, on which he based his symphony. First he flees Rome with a mistress because his father demands his return to Wall Stret. Failing to write his music in Paris, he slides down the scale and is next discovered in a Port Said brothel. Ably assisted by quantities of dope, he murders a cockney sailor man. His last lap is in the Marquesas where he comes down with leprosy. In the brief remaining years

of sanitay he is supposed to have contrived the symphony.

The play shouts at the top of its voice for lovers of morbid melodrama. As a serious discussion of character disintegration, it is preposterous. The Best Plays

These are the plays which, in the light of metropolitan criticism, seem most important:


WHAT PRICE GLORY-Mayor Hylan and the U. S. Army entered a public conspiracy to throttle the best play of the fall. Hylan snorts at the swear words; the Army dislikes the frankly severe portrait of Marines at home in the trenches.

COBRA-Melodramatic, possibly slightly old-fashioned; but distinctly of the type that was once known as "gripping."

THE MIRACLE-Almost at the end of its metropolitan career. Religion in hugely proportioned pantomime.

RAIN-Jeanne Eagels in her incisive argument that wickedness is sometimes next to godliness and even a little ahead of it.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

THE SHOW-OFF-Diverting dissection of all-American bluster as it affects the lower middle class.

THE WEREWOLF-Largely concerned with a topic usually taboo in polite conversation. Admissible for its sage and finished playing.

EXPRESSING WILLIE-Swiftly satirical and quite up-to-date study of artistic temperament in the younger generation.

FATA MORGANA-Emily Stevens as the city orchid who frolicked for an evening with the rustic rambler.

GROUNDS FOR DIVORCE - Somewhat sparse brambles of marital infelicity thickly populated with the brilliance of Ina Claire.

MINICK-Proving that an old man blends better with old men than with lower-middle-class rigidity of his son's "in laws."


The following metropolitan musical shows can be listened to, looked and laughed at most agreeably: Ritz Revue, Kid Boots, Rose-Marie, The Dream Girl, I'll Say She Is, The Grand Street Follies, George White's Scandals, Ziegfeld Follies.

Will Sell


David Belasco, wizard of the realistic stage, is about to sell his collectionsartistic and otherwise. There is a work table of rosewood, gift to his mother from Edwin Booth; there is a cloak

Paul Thompson

DAVID BELASCO "There is a work table of rosewood"

worn by Booth as Don Cesar de Bazan; a French harp once belonging to the Empress Eugénie; Staffordshire ware, vessels, plates, figurines; European and Chinese porcelains; Chinese porcelain birds; Capo di Monte figurines; English, U. S., Bohemian glass; wood carvings; furniture from France, England, Italy; early textiles, brocades, needlework panels, cushions, banners; Chinese, Persian, Caucasian, Turkish rugs; arms and armor of all periods and climes; paintings and panels by Jan van Beers, contemporary Dutchman; silver and pewter; miniatures in enamel and ivory; silhouettes and medallions; cameos, intaglios, jewelry, ornaments; U. S. and British drums from the Revolution; a British silk battle flag; early U. S. prints; three bronze treasure caskets, elaborately fashioned, carefully following Gothic models of famed Venetian chests, which had been constructed in Paris expressly for Mr. Belasco's production of the Merchant of Venice.

Ugly Negroes

Herbert Ward was a wanderer in the heart of the Congo jungles. As he went, he collected things-anything that reflected the life and thought of primitive races. There were queer bar

baric ornaments; shining, murderous weapons; primitive carvings. Also, he saw strange sights, saw battle and death, saw human beings stripped to aboriginal essentials of life and passion. For his own amusement, he liked to take a stub of pencil and stray sheet of paper and sketch roughly the things that interested him.

He came, finally, to London, loaded with souvenirs and memories of his travels. One day, he started to model the head of a Negro such as those he had known in darkest Africa. In 1901, it was shown in the Paris Salon. It is now in the Luxembourg Museum.

Ward's inruption into the world of sculpture was spectacular. Its result is a series of bronzes-fierce, elemental figures, full of the mystery and terror and power of the jungle. A warrior, armed and tense, snarling; a chieftain, peering at one from under lowering brow; a nude woman and two children fleeing some grim jungle peril; a sorcerer dancing a mad dance.

All are executed with a sure, skilful hand, with an ever-fresh touch, unhampered by schooling. Said Herbert Ward: "But even if a man does ugly Negroes and knows what he is doing and manages to get his soul into it, there will some day come along the men who understand."

Ward's whole collection, bronzes included, has come into the possession of the Smithsonian Institution and may be seen at the National Museum, Washington. If one cannot visit them there, an interesting appreciation of his work by W. H. Holmes, illustrated by photographs, appeared in the September issue of Art and Archaeology.



Sculptors have never been perfectly content with any medium, possibly because their range of choice is so wide. Marble, wood, bronze, porcelain, lead, tin, clay, glass, butter, all have, at one time or another, been modeled or cast in the shape of the beauty in the artist's mind.

The enterprising firm of Procter & Gamble, soap men, have suddenly resolved to test the esthetic possibilities of their product. They offer three prizes of $250, $150, $100 for sculpture in white soap-no brand of white soap specified. Awards will be made by a jury-judgment to be for beauty, technique, artistic excellence, no subject being fixed.

SCIENCE forward in uncovering the city of

The Diggers

Some of the major finds of diggers, cheologists and paleontologists, retently made or described, include:

In Pisidian Antioch,* an expedition financed by the University of Michigan and including Dr. David M. Robinson of Johns Hopkins University, unearthed two paved squares, one dedicated to Tiberius, the other to Augustus, a flight of marble steps and a propylea connecting the two squares. The major find was the ruins of a great temple built in the first century by Augustus with a frieze of bulls' heads connected by garlands of leaves and fruit.

In New Mexico, the students of Phillips Andover Academy completed their fifth season of excavation at Pecos Pueblo, south of Santa Fe. Pecos is one of the ancient Pueblos, and the discoveries are contributing to the reconstruction of pre-European Indian society.

In Yucatan, work has been given up until after the rainy season in uncovering the great Mayan City of Chichenitza. A great mosaic floor, several reservoirs lined with stone, and the "court of the thousand col-. umns" were partly cleared, but work is to be continued for perhaps ten years more.

In Nebraska, the State Historical Society, making excavations along the banks of the Platte and Loup Rivers, layed bare the foundations of a great Indian settlement, believed to have been founded as early as 1341 and tentatively identified as the city of Quivira. Floors of large houses, pottery, and pieces of Spanish armor believed to have been taken from a massacred Spanish expedition in 1720 were discovered. The floors were circular in shape, and some as large as 60 ft. in diameter.

In Ober,St. Veit, a suburb of Vienna, on an oolitic cliff, a terraced settlement of an early Indo-Germanic tribe, dated at perhaps 2500 B. C., was discovered by an expedition directed by Professor Joseph Bayer. Bones of stags, roes, horses, pigs, sheep, goats, dogs and fish were discovered, but no human skeletons.

At Sakkara, Egypt, two stone chapels of the Third Dynasty were discovered. They were said to be "the earliest stone buildings ever discovered."

In Tripoli, work has been going

*Not to be confused with the modern Antioch, capital of Syria. The Antioch alone referred to is on the border of Pisidia and Phrygia and is the city mentioned by Paul, Acts xiii.

Leptis Magna, birthplace of the Emperor Septimius Severus. The city, 100 miles east of Tripoli, and about five miles from the sea at the present time, was formerly a seaport as the discovery of elaborate wharves proves. It was almost two miles square and the ruins are now buried in from 10 to 50 ft. of sand. A great palace, several statues and baths have been uncovered, and a series of columns nine metres high.

In Berlin, Dr. Kurt Sachs of the Prussian State Museum, announced that he had discovered the meaning of two previously unintelligible Assyrian inscriptions dating from the seventh century B. C. He believes that they were musical notations and on the basis of this interpretation has reconstructed a musical system for use with a 22-stringed harp.

¶ In Utah, Director William Peterson, of the Utah Agricultural College, examining concretions of the roofs of coal mines, discovered them to be footprints of extinct animals. He believes that they were formed when the animals walked across peat bogs which had been covered with about a foot of silt. The heavy beasts sank through into the peat; and the mud, filling up their tracks, was petrified when the peat was converted to coal. The tracks are very large, 16 to 32 in. in maximum length, and are all three-toed. No traces of forefeet or tails were discovered. The tracks follow definite paths 20 to 30 ft. in width.

¶ In Nevada, on the floor of the State Penitentiary at Carson, were discovered footprints of the Mylodon harlani, an ancient elephant. They were identified by John C. Merriam of the Carnegie Institute.

Near Urga, Mongolia, Prof. Peter Kozloff unearthed a great cache of animal skeletons, including 25 quadrupeds, 150 birds, 100 reptiles, and 1,000 giant insects.

reading. Yet the soldier's definition of his act was not inaccurate. A to And, And to Aus and their fellows contain virtually every fact and theory that the average college course would conceivably offer. And of late the faculty of this portable university opened an extension school. It published:

THESE EVENTFUL YEARS-The Encyclopedia Britannica (2 vols.)—$11.50. Two ponderous volumes, containing 1,351 pages of reading matter, attempt to relate the story of the present Century. From the four legendary corners of the earth-from the U. S. to Australia, from Russia to South Americathe Encyclopedia Britannica has gathered the experts of the world and has persuaded them to write contemporary history.

History is, properly speaking, a chronicle of the deeds of men. The 84 chapters of the books read with the perfect rhythm of a connected story; yet all of them have a different tale to tell. J. L. Garvin, Britain's great Liberal journalist, contributes four chapters on world history since 1890, with emphasis on the 20th Century. Major General Sir Frederick Maurice polishes off the War, tells how it was "fought and won." General Ludendorff informs the reader that Germany never was defeated; which contention, even if it be preposterous, at least gives a point of view that is widely held in Germany. Profs. Carlton J. H. Hayes of Columbia and Charles Seymour of Yale give their academic sidelights on Armageddon; and the War subject is rounded off by naval expositions from Admirals von Tirpitz, von Scheer, Jellicoe and Sims -two German, one British and one American.

The League of Nations finds its exponent in M. Léon Bourgeois, a venerable French statesman. Bernard M. Baruch adds a clear chapter on interallied debts; and many another financial or economic question is discussed by many another expert.

The social history of every important country is summarized by competent authorities. To mention a few: Prof. John H. Latané of Johns Hopkins on the U. S.; Rt. Hon Sir H. C. Plunkett on Ireland; Brand Whitlock on Bel

EDUCATION gium; ex-Premier Francesco Nitti on


A soldier, wounded in the War, was asked how he passed his three months of convalescence. Said he: "I took a complete university course."

"So?" said his questioner. "And how did you manage that?"

"Read the Encyclopedia Britannica from cover to cover," said the soldier.

Few non-college persons have such an opportunity. Few would think of undertaking such a voluminous body of

Italy; ex-Ambassador Hanihara on Japan; etc., etc., etc.

But History goes deeper. Read what Dr. Henry S. Canby, Editor of the Saturday Review of Literature, has to say about contemporary literature. About radium, consult Mme. Curie's chapter. On the past, viewed in the light of recent discoveries, Prof. James H. Breasted of the University of Chicago provides a masterly essay. Even the future is summed up by that well-known prophet, H. G. Wells. Whether it be Science, Religion, Law, Sport, Commerce, Industry, Poetry, Drama, Music or Art that is the subject of interest, to each is

devoted a separate chapter. President Angell of Yale discourses on democracy in education; Sigmund Freud descends into the Stygian night of psycho-analysis and is followed closely by Sir Oliver J. Lodge, whose chapter concerns "psychical research and the invisible world."

Such is the broad outline of the scope of these books. Within them lies the story of this hectic quarter-Century, whose history has already been as active and spectacular as that of any other period in the written annals of man.


Six young men took turns speaking from the rostrum of Manhattan's Town Hall. They spoke earnestly, carefully, striving to sustain the academic detachment that well befits international debaters. Their subject was: "Resolved, that this House is opposed to the principle of Prohibition." When they had done, no board of judges handed down a decision; but a vote was taken among the audience. It was found that the three young men who had upheld the principle of Prohibition had the agreement of a majority of those voting.

These persuasive three were Columbia University students-A. D. Will, Edward Goodelman, H. F. Williamson. Their adversaries were two Englishmen from Oxford-J. D. Woodruff of New College, M. C. Hollis of Balliol College and a Scotchman, Malcolm MacDonald of Queen's College. Malcolm and his fellow Oxonians had come to the U. S. A. to take issue with the debaters of 17 colleges, of which Columbia was the first.

White of tooth, firm of jaw, high of forehead, Malcolm much resembles his famed father, Ramsay. During his Manhattan sojourn, he stayed with Norman Thomas, Socialist nominee for Governor of New York, and was there surrounded by many a liberal thinker. This, and his open endorsement of Senator La Follette's presidential candidacy, were proof that he is no traitor to the politics of his house.

During the debate, however, he was at pains to dissociate his own expressions from any views the English Labor Party may hold on Prohibition. Said he: "I hope I will not be taken for what I am not."

At Troy

Night boats up the Hudson, express trains from Buffalo and Boston steamed into Troy, N. Y. Of the passengers, many were hurrying to the 100th birthday party of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute"the only institution devoted to theo

retical and practical science to exist continuously in an English-speaking country since 1824."

Some of the hurrying passengers: Herbert Hoover, U. S. Secretary of Commerce; Sir Charles L. Morgan,


MALCOLM MACDONALD "I hope I will not be taken for what I am not"

President of the Institution of Civil Engineers of Great Britain; Arthur Surveyer, president of the Engineering Institute of Canada; Henri Abraham, onetime president of the Society of Electrical Engineers of France; Luigi Luiggi, President of the Society of Civil Engineers of Italy.

These men saw tablets unveiled, listened to speeches, spoke themselves. Senor Luiggi invested Palmer Chamberlain Ricketts, President and Director of Rensselaer Institute since 1901, with a splendid decoration from King Vittorio Emanuele of Italy. At a dinner, Herbert Hoover discharged his duty as spokesman for "the leading citizen of our country," thanking Rensselaer for all it had "given to our people."

Amos Eaton and Stephen Van Rensselaer are two outstanding names in the history of the Institute. The latter was Patroon of Rensselaerwick and a member of Congress. A generous and loyal patron of progress, he laid the cornerstone for civil engineering in the U. S. by founding what was nominally a school for "the sons and daughters* of farmers and mechanics."

[blocks in formation]

Amos Eaton introduced to the school Van Rensselaer had founded new methods of study and new purposes. It was he who in 1835 grasped the importance of the indus trial revolution the U. S. was then undergoing, took upon himself the title of Professor of Civil Engineering and presented four young ment for the C. E. degree.

Another notable figure in Rensselaer Institute's history was Benjamin Franklin Greene, who became director in 1847 and reorganized the Institute into a general polytechnic As such, it thereafter became a pattern for U. S. technical schools.

As early as Professor Eaton's day, Rensselaer graduates went pioneering in the field of scientific agriculture. California and Wisconsin were the first two states benefited. Later, Rensselaer men started the departments of Botany, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Mineralogy and Astronomy at such universities as Iowa, Michigan, Harvard, Cornell, Johns Hopkins. Their greatest names, however, are in engineering annals. Rensselaer-trained were:

Edwin Thacher, '63, slide rule inventor, designer of the five-span Kansas River Bridge at Topeka.

William, '39, and Lewis E. Gurley, '45, famed manufacturers of engineering instruments.

A. J. Cassatt, '59, onetime President of the Pennsylvania R. R.

W. A., '57, and C. G. Roebling, '71. W. A. was chief engineer for the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge. Their firm supplied the cables for the Williamsburg Bridge, "longest suspension structure ever erected."

Theodore Cooper, '58, consulting engineer for the Quebec Bridge and for the Washington Bridge (over the Harlem River, Manhattan).


Dollars and Brains

The direct ratio between brains and dollars is more or less established for the individual. The ratio between a father's dollars and his offspring's brains is another question. Last week, the Federal Bureau of Education announced that, according to the researches of one Andrew H. MacPhail and the late Professor Stephen S. Colvin of Brown University, this latter ratio is also direct.

MacPhail and Colvin, by means of psychological and other tests, surveyed the mentality of 3,333 boys and girls in senior classes of Massachusetts high schools. They found that a curve representing their subjects' intelligence followed closely the downward trend of another curve representing the incomes of their

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »