« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
nd July, President and Mrs. Harding ere entertained by farmers, Mormon ders, cowboys, pioneers, Indians-as ar as Alaska. There Mr. Harding beame ill-the first untoward event of he trip. Then homeward they came; a lorious stop at Vancouver; a collision t night with a destroyer in the mists of Puget Sound; a review of the fleet; = terribly strenuous day in Seattle; inligestion; bronchial pneumonia; abrupt termination of the trip at San Francisco; a stroke of apoplexy-death. TIME, Aug. 13).
Thus, with tragic swiftness, came the ending of the first chapter of the tale.
Under the New President. Abruptly, the scene shifts from the Golden Gate to the hills of Vermont. Reporters in automobiles rushing over country roads; a knock at the door of a white farmhouse in the little hamlet of Plymouth; oil lamps lit, dispelling the darkness; telegrams read by their glow; a brief statement of mourning; an oath of office taken at dawn and the next chapter is inaugurated.
The silent Vice President travels as he has never traveled before. Accompanied by his wife and by Frank W. Stearns, the Boston business man, he travels by special train to the Capital.
Every presidential aspirant began to count his fingers and then his toes. "The race of 1924 is open to all," said he, "Gird on my sandals."
President Coolidge went quietly to his old Vice Presidential home at the New Willard. He saw numbers of notables and said little. The members of the Cabinet sent their resignationsSecretaries Hughes, Mellon, Weeks, Daugherty, New, Denby, Work, Wallace, Hoover, Davis. All were refused. The Cabinet would stay on. The old régime would continue.
Gradually the country quicted. There were to be no disturbances. Mr. Stearns, the veteran business man, was joined at the President's side by Mr. Slemp, the veteran politician. Other acquisitions came an Airedale, a fox terrier, a collie and finally William M. Butler, the Campaign Manager.
There was a diversion caused by a threatened anthracite strike. The President turned to Governor Gifford Pinchot of Pennsylvania for a solution of the problem. Mr. Pinchot worked out a solution and reveled somewhat in the temporary fame it brought him, barking at the Administration about the coal situation, about prohibition enforcement. But his voice brought him comparatively little attention.
Within four weeks, the new President seemed the most favored contender for the Republican nomination-that is, if he would display some individual Initiative, something that would make him a figure in his own right, not a mere shade
of Mr. Harding. Other candidates likewise were getting their plans under way. Senator Underwood was at work; Senator Hiram Johnson and Mr. McAdoo were preparing their plans. Finally, on the same day, the latter two announced their candidacies. Both announced themselves as Progressivescontrasts to Mr. Coolidge. Mr. McAdoo was for remaking the railways; Senator Johnson was for remaking foreign policy on strictly isolationist lines. Mr. McAdoo's effort grew, although politicians shook their heads and muttered: "He will never be able to win the necessary two-thirds of a Democratic convention." Senator Johnson's candidacy was on the wane from the first; since he belonged to the same Party as Mr. Coolidge, the President's accretion was his diminution. And the President's following increased.
Then suddenly, in early November, less than a month before the assembling of Congress-the Congress which was to be the test of the new President-Secretary of the Treasury Andrew W. Mellon, injected a new issue into the contest. He published a plan for tax reduction—not simply an idea, but a plan worked out in all its details (TIME, Nov. 19 et seq.). Tax reduction was the one suit which politicians had not expected to play. They were as startled as auction bridge players hearing a bid of nullo. What surprised them at first was the avidity with which the public took to the notion of tax reduction. The Congressmen, who were at first noncommittally opposed, soon turned lukewarm, later hot.
This was the situation when the 68th Congress assembled for its first session. The country waited to see what the new President had to offer in his premier his first message to Congress.
Under the New Congress. New faces came to Washington: the broad beaming face of Magnus Johnson ;the sharper face of his fellow FarmerLaborite, Shipstead; the keen, shrewd face of Wheeler and the rounder face of Dill, two "progressive" Democrats from the Northwest. Robert M. LaFollette had greatly strengthened his insurgent contingent. At once, there was a deadlock over the election of officers; and the awaited Presidential message was delayed until there could be compromises.
The message came. (TIME, Dec. 17). It was characterized as "unequivocal" by most of the press. The Opposition called it reactionary. But, in the main, its reception was favorable. It came forward strongly for tax reduction, for economy; it advocated restricted immigra on and, in one brief sentence, tersely gave the President's adverse opinion of a soldier bonus. It put Mr. Coolidge
into a new stage of his career. At first, he was considered "safe" because he was as Mr. Harding. With this message he won confidence by his individual attitude.
But troublous times were ahead. For the time, tax reduction was the sole major issue; and Congress quarreled over Democratic versus Republican details of the measure. The bonus followed more quietly in tax reduction's wake. And, in the the midst of all, burst Teapot Dome. Albert B. Fall, Secretary of the Interior in Mr. Harding's Cabinet, was cast in the shadow, if not of crime, at least of grave impropriety in dispensing leases of the Naval Oil Reserves. The Senate went into "hysteria"; the scandal drove two members, Denby and Daugherty, from President Coolidge's Cabinet (TIME, Mar. 17, April 7). But Mr. Coolidge, either indecisive or unwilling to be hurried, was slow in bringing about changes.
All winter and all spring the Opposition and the Administration struggled over three chief issues: the bonus, which was passed, vetoed and passed over the veto; the Mellon tax plan, which with considerable Democratic alterations was passed and signed; and the question of corruption which, like a volcanic disturbance, rumbled and shook and erupted time after time, burst out again and again in fiery rhetoric and finally settled in the scoria of public distaste and weariness.
During the contest, William G. McAdoo and Hiram W. Johnson acclaimed themselves and the bonus; and the latter, struggling till his voice gave out, lost every primary fight, save in South Dakota; Henry Ford surrendered unconditionally in support of President Coolidge, who left his campaigning to his managers and turned himself to the struggle with Congress and the season's entertaining. Mr. Coolidge's nomination was assured two months before the Republican National Convention. A month before the Convention, Senator Johnson withdrew; Mr. McAdoo took most of the South away from Senator Underwood, who had denounced the Ku Klux Klan. But other Democratic aspirants appeared: Governor Alfred E. Smith of New York, Senator Ralston of Indiana, ex-Governor Cox of Ohio, Senator Robinson of Arkansas.
Meanwhile, the great prop of the Democratic party, Woodrow Wilson, died (TIME, Feb. 11). The world fliers had hopped off across the Pacific (TIME, Mar. 24). President Coolidge had suffered on the Pacific Coast by opposing the Japanese exclusion section of the Immigration Bill. The final passage of the bill, however, relieved
the tension-so far as Mr. Coolidge's internal politics were concerned.
June came again. A disgruntled Congress, nursing a feeling that it was disliked by the public and that it was imposed upon by an inferior type of man at the White House, stalked off to its conventions. But, ere it went, most of the issues that it had fought for were dead or dying. Tax reduction and the bonus had been largely "killed" as campaign issues by their enactment. The corruption issue had been impaired in its virility by the Senate, which had pursued it to the verge of sadism, to the point of public exhaustion. The guerdon of the struggle remained the same; but, by the beginning of the last scene, most of its contenders and nearly all of their weapons had been altered.
Under Party Banners. In June and July, there were three conventions. First, the Republican which met at Cleveland (TIME, June 23), with only one thing to decide-whom it should nominate for Vice President. The Coolidge organization, which handed the Convention a ready-made candidate and a predigested platform, was dubious about its choice for Vice President. Mr. Butler thought that a western Progressive-not insurgent-should be chosen. He considered Judge Kenyon and picked Senator Borah. Mr. Borah, inconsiderately, on the morning of the day on which he was to be nominated, refused. Taking advantage of the unexpected, the Old Guard named Frank O. Lowden, onetime Governor of Illinois. Mr. Lowden refused. The Old Guard again overruled Mr. Butler and named Charles G. Dawes. Thus was it done in spite and chiefly without premeditation.
The Democratic Convention opened second-in Manhattan-but closed last (TIME, July 7 et seq.). Here nothing was predigested or ready made. Nearly all the candidates-almost a score including favorite sons-were on hand to cook the broth. Mr. McAdoo came with almost half the strength of the Convention; but against him were arrayed a group of anti-Klansmen and more-or-less Wets, united on one thing: that they could not have loved their several candidates so much save that they hated Mr. McAdoo more. For four days the groups fought bitterly over the platform. For two and a half days they made fiery nomination speeches. For nine days they balloted before being able to nominate their ticket leader. For 98 ballots, Mr. McAdoo clung desperately to his delegates, scoring from 400 to 530 (his high mark), making the pace all the way. Then, physically exhausted, he gave up and pattered off the stage. Samuel M. Ralston, the good-natured, the kindly, the inoffensive old Senator from In
diana, might have had the nomination then, but just previously he had insisted on withdrawing. The contest was then between John W. Davis, Senator Underwood and Edwin T. Meredith, onetime Secretary of Agriculture. Mr. Davis led and, in the last spurt to end the terrible ordeal, he was nominated.
It was a surprise-in the phrase of the day-that a man "so much a statesman and so little a politician" should have been chosen. It was almost unprecedented. Mr. Davis, at hand in Manhattan, looked over the. Vice Presidential timber and nodded to Charles W. Bryan, Governor of Nebraska. It was a stroke aimed to tie up the West with his cause and to pacify the Bryan element in the Party. As matters developed, it also helped to alienate part of the East.
The third convention, or rather conference, met at Cleveland-the Conference for Progressive Political Action (TIME, July 14). Senator LaFollette was the apple of its eye. But it did
name Senator LaFollette. He handed it a platform. Having surveyed the Republican Convention and most of the Democratic and deeming the time favorable, he nodded to the Conference, saying: "You may endorse my independent candidacy." So 'twas done.
The Socialists, too, endorsed him; and, taking his own time, he picked, a few days later, his running mate, Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana, a nominal Democrat, as he himself was a nominal Republican. Together they set forth under the title of the "Progressive ticket."
It was only after all this had happened that the issues of the campaign began to develop. The physical arrangements were simple. President Coolidge sat at his desk, silent, while Mr. Dawes stumped about mainly between the Mississippi and the Rockies. Mr. Davis made two trips, one as far West as Denver, one as far as St. Louis, but spent most of his time in the East. Mr. Bryan did almost as little as President Coolidge. Senator LaFollette, late in the campaign, started on a trip from the East to the Northwest and then back. Mr. Wheeler, beginning in New England, stumped all the way across the country to the opposite coast and back again.
gather all conservative support and the support of those who feared the possi bility of the election being thrown int Congress, of a deadlock in the House. of the radical member of the Democratic ticket, Mr. Bryan, being elected President by the Senate.
Mr. Davis hammered on the corrup tion issue, calling for a change of administration, denouncing the "robber" tariff of the Republicans. In regard to Senator La Follette, he took the tack opposite to the Coolidge group, and belittled the third ticket. He aimed at President Coolidge; and President Coolidge sat as immobile as a sphinx, repeating with the persistency of Poe's raven: "Economy and more economy."
Senator LaFollette attacked the "special privilege" which "honeycombed" the old Parties. Mr. Wheeler stung the personal records of Coolidge and Dawes. But in part, at least, LaFollette and Wheeler were kept on the defensive about their Supreme Court proposal, about Government ownership of the railways. Yet they made a brilliant campaign.
In the strategy of the struggle, the Republicans had all the best of it; more able management than had Mr. Davis, much more money than any of their opponents. They kept the "lead" in the public mind. They kept all eyes focussed upon themselves. They talked about themselves as economists and preservers of the Constitution. Others talked about them as crooks and the puppets of Wall Street. But everyone talked about them. It was good strategy, whether or not all of it was intentional.
The last stroke of the campaign was struck by the Republicans. Secretary of the Treasury Mellon ordered that the gross amounts of tax returns by individuals and corporations should be made public. The law which made this possible was passed over the Administration's protest by Democrats and insurgents. A howl of rage went up from business men everywhere. Perhaps Secretary Mellon meant to suggest by his gesture: "You may expect more of this if you support our opponents."
Then came Hallowe'en with pumpkins and practical jokes; and after Hallowe'en, election day. Warren G. Harding and Hiram W. Johnson, William G. McAdoo, Oscar Underwood, Henry Ford, who began the contest, had departed the field. The ship subsidy, the World Court, the bonus, tax reduction-great issues earlier in the fight-were lost or had dwindled into insignificance for the most part.
There was a trace of the truly scientific mind in that scamp of a poet when he asked: "Where are the snows of yesteryear?"
A furor in the business world over the publication of the amounts of income tax payments made by individuals and corporations came to a head, and the doctor was sent for with his lancet.
Attorney General Stone hastened to Washington, was confronted with the two apparently conflicting passages in the law:
Section 257 (b) directs that Collectors of Internal Revenue "shall cause to be prepared and made available to public inspection" names and addresses of all tax payers with the tax paid by each person.
Section 1018 (reënacting a section of the previous law) forbade any person to print or publish in any manner not provided by law any part of an income tax return: Penalty, $1,000 fine and one year in prison-or less.
Mr. Stone was perplexed and formally remarked: "Just what purpose Congress had in mind in reenacting this provision after it had made it the duty of Commissioners to make available for public inspection the amount of income tax paid by each tax payer can only be surmised. The provision, however, is expressly made a part of the present Tax Law, and it appears clearly to be the duty of the Department of Justice to have an appropriate case presented in the courts so that the full force and effect of this provision may be judicially determined. This will be done, at an early, convenient date."
The truth of the matter probably is that Congress had nothing in mind: it apparently intended to open to publication the amounts of individual taxes, but forgot, on the journey from Section 257 to Section 1018, that the latter might conflict with their intentions in part.
Mr. Stone, therefore, holding that the tax information in question is legally open to public inspection, but may not be otherwise published, prepared a suitable suit against a suitable newspaper. The press as a whole was not frightened by the prospect and continued to publish the information discovered at the tax offices.
Meanwhile, in Cleveland, a different point of law had been brought up. A lawyer asked an injunction to prevent the Collector of Internal Revenue from publishing his tax return on the grounds that it was his pri
vate property. A federal judge ruled that his tax return belonged not to him but to the Government and denied the petition.
In Maryland, a tax collector gave the desired information to inquirers, but began a practice of making public the names of the information seekers.
ARMY & NAVY Soldier on Eagle
On June 26, 1917, the first U. S. troops sailed into St. Nazaire Bay,
A veteran General registered the
France, with a view to fighting Germans. On June 26, 1926, a statue will be unveiled on a jutting rock in St. Nazaire Bay to commemorate the event.
The statue, by Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney, represents a soldier, standing on an eagle, holding a crusader's sword in his right hand. The soldier will be 15 ft. high, the eagle's wingspread 35 ft.
A veteran General registers the only protest. Since seeing a photograph of the model, he has been unable to sleep nights. Although a U. S. soldier might fly on an eagle, says he, he would never carry a sword instead of a gun.
At Churchill Downs
"And while the bands were playing Dixie, a sudden hush came over the throng. The Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic and the Commander-in-Chief of the United Confederate Veterans were standing
with hands clasped before the flag of our country."
So wrote the National Vice Commander of the American Legion to Mrs. William Birch Haldeman, in condolence with her on the death of her husband. He went on: "The Nation has lost a patriot and the world has lost a man."
When the war broke out-the Civil War-Walter Newman Haldeman was publishing the Louisville Journal and had a son, William Birch, but 14 years of age. The Journal was suppressed because of its Southern sympathies and some two years later the son ran away from Forest's Academy to enlist in the 9th Kentucky Infantry, the famous Orphan Brigade (Confederate). He fought at Chickamauga and was wounded. Then he shipped as a midshipman in the Confederate Navy. But gunboat service not exciting enough for him. He went back to his old company and finished the war with
After the war, the elder Haldeman with Henry Watterson founded the Courier-Journal. The son served under them for a time. Then he went to the Kentucky Military Institute to take first his B.A., in 1869, then his M.A., in 1871. In 1884, the elder Haldeman established the Times, an evening paper coördinate with the Courier-Journal, and in 1902 William Birch became its editor. He held that post until 1918 when he sold his interest in the two papers.
His prime interests were always politics, horse-racing and the Confederacy. For each of them he undertook service. In 1896, he was a Democratic National Committeeman from Kentucky belonging to the "Gold (Anti-Bryan) Democrats." He supported Woodrow Wilson strongly, and took the post of National Committeeman again during Wilson's second administration. In connection with horse-racing, he was a member of the Kentucky Racing Commission from 1914 to 1919. In connection with the Confederacy, it was largely through his efforts that a great shaft was erected at Fairview, Kentucky, in memory of Jefferson Davis, whose birthplace it was. In 1923, he was elected Commander-in-Chief of the United Confederate Veterans. Last spring he was reëlected. In his official capacity, he presided last June at the dedication of the shaft at Fairview. It was said that he never missed a reunion.
Last week, he attended the races at Churchill Downs. At about the time of the fourth race, he complained of feeling ill and started to leave. Before he could go far, the illness overcame him. He was taken to the emergency hospital. There, suddenly, peacefully, he died before members of his family could reach him, stricken while he was still actively enjoying the life he loved.
The Council of the League of Nations, sitting at Brussels, Belgian capital, had a busy and significant week.
Before it, appeared Fethi Bey, Turkish representative, and Lord Parmoor, Lord President of the Council, British representative, pledged to accept the decision of the Council on Turko-British dispute over the Irak-Turkish boundary (TIME, Oct. 27).
The crux of the trouble between Britain and Turkey has been that each has a different idea as to where the boundary line should be situate. This led to no mere equivocation. Angry words and angry deeds resulted; land was occupied by both sides, not without bloodshed. War was in the air; but, fortunately, sane counsel prevailed; and the two Nations placed their problem unreservedly before the League for its solution.
Hjalmar Branting, once more Premier of Sweden (TIME, Oct. 27), was the "big man" at Brussels last week, Mainly through his work, a compromise solution was quickly arrived at; and away into space scurried all the dark war clouds.
The decision of the Council was that the line described in the Lausanne Treaty should be recognized by both parties. Exceptions were made: three times the line dipped south in favor of Turkey; three times it bulged north in favor of Irak, whose mandatory guardian is Britain. The British received most territory; and the concessions granted to Turkey were regarded as useless. Turkey, however, won a big point; for she established her right over a tract of land that Britain had emphatically labeled "No Man's Land."
Many U. S. journals ignorantly write about Britain's oil interests in Mosul and lead their readers to suppose that the recent controversy was in reality over oil. This is a misconception. The settlement reached had to do only with the frontier. The question of whether the Mosul and its rich oil district is, or is not, to revert to Turkish sovereignty has yet to be decided by the League.
The Council also settled amicably the dispute between Turkey and Greece over the exchange of population (TIME, Sept. 22). The Mixed Commission, which controls the exchange of popu lation between the two Nations, was asked to meet; and both Powers agreed to recognize and submit to its authority to deal with the question. The Permanent Court of International Justice at The Hague is to settle any future disagreements.
The Council then adjourned, con
scious that it had added two leaves of laurel to its ever-sprouting crown. The next meeting will take place at Rome on Dec. 8.
Before leaving Paris for Berlin, S. Parker Gilbert Jr., Agent General of
S. P. GILBERT JR.
"This is no movie show!"
Reparations, had a terse word to say to photographers who had conceived it to be their duty to dog his footsteps. As Mr. Gilbert is possessed with powers that might turn an absolute despot green with envy, Paris photographers decided to treat him as royalty and "snap" him with that regularity that attends their attitude toward visiting monarchs.
But American Mr. Gilbert is made of sterner stuff. Said he to the cameramen: "This is no movie show; there are not going to be any photographs of this job."
Some of the more daring asked if it were true that he had come to Europe without knowing the amount of his salary. Replied he: "That is a mere detail."
(British Commonwealth of Nations) Election Results
The results of the British general election (TIME, Oct. 13, et seq.) may fairly be said to have been a great surprise to all parties concerned and to the world at large. A Conservative victory had early appeared cer
Analysis. Conservatives gained 154 seats; Labor, Liberals, Independents. lost respectively 41 seats, 118 seats, 1 seat; Constitutionalists are a new party. Conservative majority: 223.
Strongholds. The Conservatives took by storm the Lancashire and Glasgow divisions, for decades the strongholds of Liberalism and extreme Socialism. The London constituencies, which have often sponsored Liberalism, returned only three Liberal candidates. At Birmingham, however, which for years has been a shelter to Conservatism, the Conservatives narrowly missed a defeat. Women: Last Parliament there were eight lady members:
Duchess of Atholl..... Conservative Mrs. Hilton Philipson.. Conservative
Miss Margaret Bondfield.
Miss Dorothy Jewson.
Miss Arabella Susan Lawrence. Labor All the above with the exception of the three Conservative members were defeated. Miss E. Wilkinson was elected as a new Labor member. Out of 41 candidates, therefore, only 4 were elected, despite the fact that about half the electorate is composed of women.
Men. The most prominent defeats: ex-Premier H. H. Asquith (Liberal), Dr. MacNamara (Liberal), J. A. Pringle (Liberal), J. M. Hogge (Liberal). None of the chief Laborites was defeated. Mr. Asquith said, on hearing the result of the ballot in his constituency: "I am done." He said he would run again.
Sons. A feature of the results was that not one son of prominent members was returned. The defeated:
Malcolm MacDonald (Labor), son of Premier MacDonald.
Oliver Baldwin (Labor), son of ex-Premier Stanley Baldwin. Gwelym Lloyd George (Liberal),
of ex-Premier David Lloyd
Arthur Henderson Jr., and W. Henderson (Labor), sons of Arthur Henderson, Secretary of State for Home Affairs.
Young (initials unknown) Mond (Liberal), son of Sir Alfred Mond.
With very few exceptions, Conservatives not only won a large number of seats but succeeded in greatly increasing their previous majorities. Even Premier MacDonald was returned to Parliament with a duced majority. Among those few of the Liberals and Laborites who succeeded in increasing their majorities: Ex-Premier Lloyd George and Sir Alfred Mond. The most notable Conservative loss was sustained by Neville Chamberlain, brother of Austen Chamberlain, who had his majority cut from 1,554 to 77. Foreign Comment:
The New York Times: "If Baldwin does not throw his majority out of the window again, the Conservatives are in office for many years."
The New York World: "Mr. MacDonald has burned down the Progressive house to roast the Liberal pig. For the doubtful benefit of eliminating the Liberals, he has enormously strengthened the Conservatives and given them a long, clear lease of power."
The New York Herald-Tribune: "In Europe, as well as in America, the people are sick of destructive radicalism and of the selfish fomentation of economic and political discontent. They want to get back to work. . . The British election is only one manifestation of a present worldwide mood."
The New York Evening Post: "Great Britain will experience all the difference between a weak and a strong Government. Politics, for the next few years, will no longer hang upon the ragged edge of uncertainty and doubt. In foreign affairs, the rest of the world will at least know just where Great Britain stands, whether for good or ill."
Le Temps: "He [Premier MacDonald] based his hopes on the successes of a foreign policy which he claimed had been his. The Labor leader thought he had settled in ten months those grave problems which the Conservatives and Liberals before him had been unable to adjust. The British vote shows he was mistaken."
L'Intransigeant: "All Europe remains poisoned with the germ of war. . A frank and disinterested European to believe that Labor has gained
accord alone could save us all. But no one dares to admit it."
I'Information: "Too many general and local circumstances change each election. However, one is tempted
He is done.
(See opposite page)
ground, and that England, in spite of the Conservative victory at the expense of the Liberal party, will experience social anxieties similar to those of Germany before 1914." GERMANY:
Boerse Courrier, rebuking the German Monarchists: "A Tory democracy will be very careful not to drive more voters into the Socialist camp by making laws which are annoying to the mass of the people." ITALY:
L'Epoca: "The advent of Baldwin doubtless will have profound reactions throughout Europe, especially in Germany, where elections are imminent, and in France, where Premier Herriot appears to be fulfilling his promises to extend French influence by international agreement." RUSSIA:
Izvestia: "It is now evident that in England, as in all other countries, the Labor Party can capture power only by a definite and open class struggle."
Conservative Cabinet. The Cabinet of Mr. Baldwin was stituted as follows:
Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury, *Rt. Hon. Stanley Baldwin
*The prefix Right Honorable indicates All that the member is a Privy Councillor. members of the Cabinet have to be Privy Councillors.
Lord Privy Seal,
Rt. Hon. Lord Robert Cecil Lord President of the Council and Deputy Leader of the House of Lords... Rt. Hon. Marquess of Salisbury Lord High Chancellor,
Rt. Hon. Viscount Cave Chancellor of the Exchequer,
Rt. Hon. Neville Chamberlain
Secretaries of State:
Rt. Hon. William Clive Bridgeman Foreign Affairs and Leader of House of Lords,
Rt. Hon. Marquess Curzon of Kedleston Colonies..... Rt. Hon. Duke of Devonshire
Rt. Hon. Earl of Derby Rt. Hon. Viscount Peel .Rt. Hon. Viscount Novar Rt. Hon. Sir Samuel Hoare
First Lord of the Admiralty,
Rt. Hon. L. C. M. S. Amery President. Board of Trade,
Rt. Hon. Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame Minister of Health,
Rt. Hon. Sir William Joynson-Hicks President of Board of Education,
Rt. Hon. E. F. L. Wood
Rt. Hon. Sir Robert A. Sanders
Rt. Hon. Sir Montague Barlow Postmaster-General,
Rt. Hon. Sir Laming Worthington-Evans It was supposed in London that Mr. Baldwin would form his Cabinet (which has been sitting since its resignation in January of this year as a "Shadow Cabinet") much as above, with the exception that a place will be found for Mr. Austen Chamberlain, Sir Robert Horne, Mr. Winston Churchill and Lord Birkenhead. Many and fervent were the hopes that Lord Curzon would decline, if offered, the office of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
At this time, there came a book from the publishers* which is, in the jargon of journalism, "of great news value." The book is written in a style that is distinctive of the "Gentlemen with a Duster." It champions Conservatism against both Liberalism and Socialism, and in so doing the language is direct, conclusive, partisan, brilliant. It is, or seems to be, a thousand pities that the author failed to include such Conservative personalities as Lord Curzon and the Duke of Devonshire. The dusting of these gentlemen might have disturbed the atmosphere at Westminster, convulsed the author with literary sneezes and choked the readers with amusement not unmixed with that grain of truth that invariably deserts the object and sticks to the duster.
Thanks. After the victory had become established, ex-Premier Baldwin thanked the electorate thus:
"On the eve of the election, I appealed to my fellow-countrymen and women to give the Conservative and Unionist Party a secure majority. I thank them warmly for the way in which they have responded to that appeal. To all who have contributed
*The Window of Westminster-A Gentleman with a Duster-Putnam ($2.50).