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lay, citizens tomorrow."
7) God and Country Day-"Reigion, Morality and Education are Necessary for Good Government." Point for sermons: "Education in the home, school, church." Slogan: "A godly nation cannot fail."
The President issued two proclamations one anticipative, one celebrative. Said the second: "An educated fool is a sorry spectacle, but he is not nearly so dangerous to society as a rich fool. We want neither in this country. We want the educated to know how to work and the rich to know how to think."
Not all U. S. citizens observed Education Week. The National League of Women Voters, for example, nounced that it would refrain from participation in Days 1 and 2 on account of the campaigns against Communism and Radicalism called for by the program; also, on account of a feeling the League entertained against the idea of the American Legion participating in the program and being referred to as the proper supply body for Education Week speakers. Declaring that the program savored too much of militarism, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom like, wise abstained-from the entire week's activities. Likewise, the American Civil Liberties Union. Likewise, the Young Women's Christian Association.
Parental eyebrows went up, concern was felt, when a committee, composed of faculty and undergraduate members of six universities and colleges in greater Boston, published a report on living conditions in the students' area of Back Bay. Said the investigators:
"It is a well-known fact . . . that the living conditions are far from what the faculties of the schools and parents of the students would have them if they were aware. . . .
"Young men and young women are, through force of circumstances, living with less protection from moral temptation than is desirable. It is known that, in some places where men and women students live in the same house, there is very lax supervision and that the frequenting of one another's rooms, both during day and night, is not at all unheard of."
Charges of mixed apartment parties, with gambling and drinking, were made. Charges of club dances, with "very considerable" amounts of drinking. Charges of robing and disrobing before unshaded windows.
"It is maintained by some girl students that they cannot pass through certain of our streets without being accosted by men."
The investigators, who represented Harvard, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston University, Northeastern University, Tufts College and Emerson College of Oratory, recom
mended greater restraint and vigilance by the college authorities, stricter rules, appointment of "personal directors," a ban on liquors at "social affairs" and "suitable sex lectures."
Said critics: "In a metropolitan student community, some such phenomena seem virtually inevitable even at this stage in the advancement of the race. One wonders, however, why bad taste must be given publicity beyond the sphere of its occurrence."
In tasseled cap and flowing gown, Amherst inducted her 9th President, Dr. George Daniel Olds. Not until the June Commencement will such a great day come again to town. Calvin Coolidge, '95, onetime pupil of President Olds, was among the eminent absent; but the eminent present were many. In the procession, on the platform: President Lowell of Harvard; President Garfield of Williams (Amherst's "mother" college); Presidents Neilson of Smith, Woolley of Mount Holyoke, Lewis of Massachusetts Agricultural College (all neighbors of Amherst); Dean Bouton of the College of Arts and Pure Science, New York University; U. S. Attorney General Stone; U. S. Senator-elect Gillett of Massachusetts; Governor Cox of Massachusetts; Chief Justice Rugg of the State Supreme Court.
Came also the Amherst trustees, headed by George A. Plimpton of Manhattan; came recipients of honorary degrees; came scores and scores of alumni. Came also spectators to see the Amherst-Williams football game. So many were they all that Pratt Gymnasium became, perforce, a cafeteria; the locker room, a kitchen; the squash courts, a dormitory.
Dr. Olds spoke on "The Making of a College," referring to ideal college trustees as "a spur rather than a curb."
The Corporation of Yale University received and accepted the resignation of Dr. Hiram Bingham, Governor-elect of Connecticut, a member of Yale's History faculty. "The increasing burden of public duties," explained Dr. Bingham, thus referring, as Woodrow Wilson had once to refer at Princeton, to his election by the people of his state to the chair of Governor.
At Baton Rouge, La., Louisiana State University upper classmen seized freshmen, sheared their locks from their polls. Infuriated, the freshmen raided Baton Rouge High School, seized students, seized lady teachers, dragged them forth to the school yard, sheared some of their locks from some of their polls. "to get even,”
Advance notice was given to the public of a total eclipse of the sun impending on the 24th of January next. Prof. Ernest W. Brown of Yale University, a gentleman who has spent many years of his life making exceedingly accurate tables of the moon's behavior so that phases of the moon can be predicted accurately years in advance, has been appointed by the American Astronomical Society as Chairman of a Committee to inform the public concerning the eclipse -a very necessary function because of the proclivity of the press to garble accounts of things scientific.
The unusual feature of the eclipse of 1925 is that it will be visible in an unusually populous portion of this continent. One or two eclipses occur annually*; but many take place in outof-the-way places; and one spot is not thrown twice in the shadow of a complete eclipse oftener than once in every few hundred years. The January eclipse will stretch over a region where none such has been seen in the memory of living man. Its narrow band of shadow will start at a point somewhat west of Duluth and stretch eastward, going out to sea across the southern shores of Connecticut.
The southern boundary of the eclipse will include Duluth (Minn.), Menominee and Frankfort (Mich.), London (Ont.), Dunkirk (N. Y.), Wilkes Barre (Pa.) and the northern part of Manhattan (so accurate can the prediction be made). Within the northern limit of the shadow will lie Manistique (Mich.), Toronto (Ont.), Auburn and Hudson (N. Y.), New Bedford (Mass.); while Syracuse (N. Y.),` Springfield (Mass.) and Providence (R. I.) will be a mile or two outside of the totality band of the eclipse.
The duration of the total eclipse will be about two minutes, during which observatories will photograph the sun's corona and the moon. The hour of the phenomenon will be between 9 a. m. and 9:30 a. m., Eastern Standard Time.
lb., while gold is worth 300 times that
The difference between mercury and gold, atomicly speaking, is that an atom of gold consists of a nucleus and 79 electrons grouped around it, whereas an atom of mercury consists of a nucleus surrounded by 80 electrons. Take an atom of mercury; if you could, knock off the 80th electron and you would have an atom of gold.
According to the present chemical conception, all elements are made up in this way of electrons. On the number of electrons depends the properties of each element. In other words, all the elements are a sort of series, growing more complicated as the number of electrons, and hence the complexity of the atom, increases. Remove one electron at a time-if you could-and you would successively change an elementary substance from one element to another. In the case of the more complex elements-of the radium type, for example-there is a natural tendency to break down into simpler elements, which is accompanied by an efflux of energy and is, in general, accompanied by a decrease in specific gravity. Already some 14 elements have been observed and sometimes aided in decomposing into the simpler elements.
Here is a new temptation to solve the old problem of alchemy-how to make gold. Here is the 80th electron of a mercury atom revolving around its nucleus, much like a planet around the sun, waiting to be knocked off and leave the precious old Midas-metal in the chemist's palm.
Now they are attempting it. But it is not as easy as it sounds. The 80th electron cannot be displaced with a pair of tweezers or a baseball bat. For this atom, which is too small to be seen, is also too substantial to be easily dissected.
Some months ago, Prof. Adolf Miethe of the Charlottenburg Technical College, Berlin, was experimenting to determine the effect of violet electric rays upon mercury vapor. Using a quartz lamp, a current of about 170 volts and a low amperage and about half an ounce of mercury vapor, he was surprised to find, after about 200 hours of operation, that the mechanism was out of order. He opened the lamp and found that the inside was coated with a thin, black film. Scraping off some of the film, he analysed it and discovered it to be gold. The experiment was repeated several times with identical results - so, at least, Prof. Miethe announced to the world last July. He coupled the announcement with the statement that it would cost about $2,000,000 to manufacture a pound of gold by his method.
Only a short time ago, a Japanese scientist announced that he, too, had produced gold by another process, the details of which have not been made public. Now Prof. Miethe's experiment is to be repeated in this country. The announcement was made by Dr. E. E. Free, Editor of The Scientific
Prof. H. H. Sheldon of New York University. An exact replica of Prof. Miethe's apparatus has been brought to this country. The experiment is to be repeated and variations of method tested with a view to bringing down cost so as to make the process commercially practical.
Scientists are highly skeptical of the possibility of producing gold by Prof. Metals have been Miethe's method. broken down before; but it has always been done by a high concentration of energy. The use of 170 volts and a low amperage is what makes the proposal seem almost fantastic. It is now proposed to give the process a thorough test.
Even if the method were found to work, the possibility of cheap manmade gold is probably remote. But could it be cheaply produced, it would work a revolution. In industry and in the Arts, the gold would be used for many purposes which its cost now prohibits.
In finance, the greatest changes of all would take place. Gold, the valued metal, becoming plentiful, would become cheap. The dollar, whose value lies in the fact that it represents a definite amount of gold, would also depreciate that is, the dollar and all other currencies would become cheap as compared with everything else. Prices would soar. Much the same thing would happen that has happened in Central Europe-debts payable in gold would be practically wiped out; and there would be no possibility of getting "back to the gold standard." Eventually, some other standard of money value, silver or platinum perhaps, would have to be developed.
The banns have been published of John Daniel II and Jenny Lind, spinster. Mr. Daniel is a native of French Gabon and Miss Lind was born in Kevu. The marriage is to take place in London, where Miss Lind was taken by her guardian, Professor T. Alexander Barnes, as soon as Mr. Daniel, who is now on the high seas, returns from his visit to the U. S. with his chaperon Miss Alice Cunningham.
It is said that Miss Lind is the first female gorilla ever captured alive and brought back to civilization. Mr. Daniel is the only human-reared gorilla now living, John Daniel I having died some time ago from homesickness while absent from Miss Cunningham. Scientific society is looking forward with interest to its first opportunity to attend a gorilla wedding.
Roald Amundsen, adventurer in the white wastes of the Earth's poles, knows the vicissitudes of life. Once he immortalized himself by sweeping to the
which the world revolves. More re ly, only a few months ago (TIME!. 17), he went into bankruptcy, his One stance expended in the Arctic. his few assets was the schooner A which he had left near Alaska to across the pole in the Arctic ice; while he went adventuring towar pole by airplane. The failure o airplane venture was one of the c of his bankruptcy.
Last week, came the news by v less from the Maud, relayed via C tiania, that she had met with misad.ture, had failed to get into the d F across the pole, was returning. thermore, she had sprung a small and was almost out of fuel oil, so t she will be compelled to use her s to complete her return. Another at Amundsen.
The day after this news, howev the doughty Captain announced that ihad raised $100,000 for an attemp fly to the pole. Three Durmer-W planes are already being prepared the attempt. The start is to be in from Spitzbergen. He plans to sper. about 24 hours examining the pole.
Napoleon, at the Pyramids, thrust one hand over his diaphragm, thickened his neck, beetled his brows, said: "Men. from the summits of these Pyramids 4 centuries look down upon you."
A lanky, long-necked clergyman emerges from the Deanery of St. Paul's Cathedral, London, shuts behind him the learning of 40 centuries, gazes wearily down a hill black with automotive traffic, whispers: "Woe, woe is this perverse generation.”
Down Ludgate Hill he marches, into Fleet Street, haunt of journalists. A Gentleman with a Duster spies him and makes these notes: "Tall-rigid-lean
gray face-heavy-lidded eyes-of an almost Asian deadness-upper lip projects-stonelike-impassive-like a figure from the pages of Dostoievskylike a poor Russian nobleman."
The clergyman crosses over to Chancery Lane, is nearly hit by an omnibus. Says he: "A generation which travels 60 miles an hour must be five times as civilized as one which travels only twelve."
Coming out at the roar of ugly Holborn, he ruminates: Catholicism sat like a sister of mercy by the death-bed of its mother, the ancient Culture Protestantism was the nurse of a lusty child, modern civilization." Passing a huge Dissenters' "chapel," he says: is becoming impossible for those whe mix at all with their fellow men to
believe that the grace of God is distributed denominationally.”
His long legs stride into a mews. Before him bulks the British Museum. Says he: "There is no escape from pantheism, and from a creed which, if not pessimistic, is without hope for the future and without consolation in the present, unless we abandon the doctrine of equivalence between God and the world, and return to the theory of a creation by a God who is, in His own being independent of the world and above it."
Running into Bernard Shaw, the clergyman learns that he is "our churchman, our most extraordinary writer and in some very vital respects, our most extraordinary man."
In the museum, the clergyman remarks: "It is not certain that there has been much change in our intellectual and moral attainments since pithecanthropus dropped the first half of his name."
Having business in Westminster, the clergyman takes a taxi. The lions of Trafalgar Square jolt by: "Like other ideals, patriotism varies from a noble devotion to a moral lunacy." Looms the House of Parliament: "The corruption of democracies proceeds directly from the fact that one class imposes the taxes and another class pays them. . . . Democracy is likely to perish through national bankruptcy. . . . Democracy means a victory of sentiment over reason." Glints Buckingham Palace: "When Christ said 'Blessed are the meek for they shall inherit the Earth,' He was thinking of the British Empire." At last the Abbey: "The Church burned Bruno and imprisoned Galileo. The Church has lived by its monopolies and conquered by its intol erance."
"The worst enemies of Christianity are Christians. A religion will never be destroyed by worldliness, sensuality or malicious wickedness. The world, the flesh and the devil are the natural enemics of the Church, which thrives on the struggle against them. But when traditional orthodoxy provokes the moral indignation of the enlightened conscience, and when it enrages our sense of truth and honesty by demanding our assent to scientific errors which were exploded centuries ago, then indeed the Church is in danger, and its well-disciplined battalions will not save it from disaster."
Finally he sees the Roman Catholic Cathedral. His blood boils:
"The Nation which formulated its determination to manage its oren affairs, both sacred and secular, is no more likely to submit to an Italian priest than to a German Kaiser." "The Roman Church is the last survivor of political autocracies." "One might say brutally: there is only one thing against Catholicism—it is an imposture; and there is only one thing in its favor-it works."
So thinks William Ralph Inge, the Very Reverend the Dean of St. Paul's, star logothete of Anglo-Saxon ecclesiastics. What he thinks of the U. S.
is no worse than the rest-but he has
Next spring he will be here, to lec-
From the West and the East and lands beyond the sea, lofty ideas traveled to Buffalo; became, for a space, articulate; lent zest to resolutions; departed.
There was the voice of Dr. William P. Merrill, peace-maker, of Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick, the passionately indignant, of Prof. James T. Shotwell, economico-encyclopaedic, of Kirby Page, phrase-maker, of Justice John H. Clarke, venerable apostle, of Stephen Wise, the organtoned, of an hysterical Mexican, of distinguished editors and ex-editors. Their theme (was Peace. Their meeting-ground was enclosed with ample sign: American Council of the World Alliance for - International Friendship Through the Churches.
Dr. Fosdick, having declared in Manhattan that many a divine would go to Leavenworth sooner than aid a war, (TIME, Nov. 17) cried out in Buffalo: "Look at the Pacific!" Begging the world not to forget the late War; "the 10,000,000 soldiers who died in it, the 13,000,000 civilians who perished because of it, the 5,000,000 widows who survive it, the 9,000,000 orphans bereft through it, the 10,000,000 refugees who fled destitute before it," the passionate Baptist orator asseverated that "at any moment some wild-eyed militarist across the Pacific . . . or some hysterical session of the Senate here may drop a spark into that powder barrel" which would disastrously involve "our sons, our daughters, our business, our security."
Professor Shotwell aided Dr. Fosdick in expounding the Geneva protocol of the League of Nations which "scarce one in 10,000 Americans has even read."
Dr. Merrill, President and Keynoter, pointed to the June, 1925, Disarmament Conference at Geneva, pleading: "The U. S. should be there."
Justice Clarke, dean of proleaguers, prophesied that Christianity could not survive another war.
A young Mexican, one Herbert M. Sein, pitched his voice high, shrilly shrieked, vaticinated: "the revolt of fighters and workers-the great refusal to fight-will make the war stage collapse." To place flags in churches is barbarous, to pray for victory a sin, said he. Realizing that such talk defeats its purpose, the Alliance officials quieted the youth, sent him home.
Next meeting, next year: Detroit.
The Outlook, soberest of t views, craved the indulgen readers for any tardiness with they might receive Vol 133, 3 dated Nov. 12, explaining that had been withheld from the until Nov. 5 that the editors "interpret the verdict of the ver the Presidential campaign." WS11 reached its readers, its opening were these:
"America is American. "That is the illuminating t of the election."
Newspaper readers were last introduced to a new type of el the rabidly Democratic Nere World:
"In view of the comment on the cies and on the character of Se Lodge which has appeared on this in the course of the last few y The World refrains from co now. It would be impossible to praise without hypocrisy or dist without offense."
When The London Times state i fact, a fact it is, with very few cx tions. Should The Times ever pr irresponsible, it would, after years utmost solicitude, utterly disconcert t digestion of a vast Commonwe Likewise the editor of The Times position is well nigh that of a sta official. His most private stateme his most guarded whisper, will, if ove heard, be received with attention, c dence, close scrutiny. Editors of I Times are therefore tight-lipped g tlemen, seldom heard from outside th own columns. But after they relinqui their duties.
Last week, a book called Throw Thirty Years appeared in Englan written by Henry Wickham Steed, one time editor of The Times. Foreiz correspondents of U. S. journal speedily buried their noses in its page seeking some illuminative reminiscerc that would justify a cable hom Speedily the correspondents found jewel.
Telling of the Versailles Peace Com ference whilom Editor Steed declare "Clemenceau flatly accused Llod George of repeated inaccuracies in his statements. Lloyd George rose and seized Clemenceau by the collar, de manding an apology.
"Woodrow Wilson separated the two statesmen. Then Clemenceau offered Lloyd George satisfaction either with swords or pistols-as soon as Lloyd George had resided in France long enough to acquire a domicile there."
The U. S. correspondents hastened to Lloyd George. Said he: "A stupid invention."
They hastened to M. Clemenceau.
he first time
A wonderful new book
that parents and children will hail with delight
OTHER, read us a story!"
"Daddy, tell us some more out the princess in the castle!" The little ones crowd eagerly about e parental knee and eyes open de in anticipation of the marvelous le to come. What shall it be? other and father are hard pressed keep up with the insatiable deand for stories. Every day comes e insistent cry for "more!"
How books form character Now, every intelligent parent knows at the child's thirst for stories is a tal factor in its development. This is e beginning of the little one's educaon; its mind is in the most plastic and Isceptible stage. The imagination is benning to sprout its wings; character is rming and ideals are becoming imanted.
So the books that are read to children while away an idle hour are really of emendous importance and should be lected with the most scrupulous care. What should my children read?"
selection of books for children presents, applied themselves to its solution. First it was necessary to select from all the books written for children the really worth while ones. For among children's books there are many great masterpieces of literature, no less than among books for grown-ups-books that charm and delight and at the same time exert the most wholesome and helpful influence. These are the books that every child should know; they offer one of the deepest enjoyments of childhood. It is a pity for any child to miss them.
The new plan
But the work of the editors did not stop with the selection of the best books. Their biggest achievement was yet to come--something entirely new-an idea that for the first time was to put the child's reading upon the proper educational basis.
In a nutshell, this new idea was to lay out a course of reading for children-a program for each day of the year, that would cover, step by step, the best in child literature.
There are appropriate selections for Christmas eve, Thanksgiving, Hallowe'en, the Fourth of July. Nature studies and stories of the out-of-doors have their place in the spring and summer. Delightful fairy tales are intermingled with informative selections on a wide variety of subjects.
Limited number of copies FREE
This new outline of reading for children has just been published in the volume pictured above, entitled "The Children's Reading Hour.' Here is the complete daily program for the full year.
The publishers of "The Children's Reading Hour" feel that this new plan of reading will prove so helpful to parents that they have arranged to distribute a limited number of You copies free, for introductory purposes. are only asked to send 25 cents, in currency or stamps, to help defray the expense of handling and mailing.
These free copies are reserved for adults, as "The Children's Reading Hour" is a costly book, richly bound in cloth and containing nearly 200 pages; it is obviously impossible to send it to children. Moreover, as the free copies are necessarily limited, you should mail the coupon at once. There is absolutely no cost or obligation beyond the small mailing charge of 25 cents. NELSON DOUBLEDAY, Inc.
Nelson Doubleday, Inc..
Dept. W-7211 Garden City, N. Y. Gentlemen: Please send me one of the FREE copies of the new book entitled "The Children's Reading Hour," which contains the complete new outline of reading for children, covering every day for the full year and embracing the best of the world's literature for children. I enclose 25 cents (currency or stamps) to help pay handling and postage. This is to be the only cost to me.
Dept. W-7211 Garden City, New York