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Foreign News-[Continued]

e tune of La Carmagnole, anthem of Le Revolution.

Premier Herriot, who with Presient Doumergue and the whole rench Government, was present, eugized the slain man, recalled his rilliant and famed oratory, his reer, said: "Maternal France reeives him lovingly in her Pantheon ecause he represented several of the ighest qualities of her genius; beause it was in being so profoundly French that he showed himself so videly human."

The Marseillaise sounded the conclusion of the spectacular ceremony; and he procession dispersed as Communists sang the Internationale in an adjoining street and Royalists held a morning ceremony at the grave of Marius Plateau, Royalist slain by Germaine Berthou, the girl anarchist.


Locum Tenens

The King and Queen went to Denmark for a visit to their relatives of the Danish Royal Family. The Crown Prince was in England. It came to pass, therefore, that the next in line to exercise the kingly functions was Gustav Adolf, 18-year-old son of the Crown Prince, hereditary Prince of Sweden.

So far, the royal locum tenens has had only to preside at a Cabinet Council and attend to a stream of social matters.


Vote of Confidence

All week long, in the Chamber of Deputies, the internal policy of Premier Benito Mussolini's Government was debated. Each day the walls of the building echoed storms of applause or bursts of indignation.

Ex-Premiers Giovanni Giolitti and Vittorio Orlando definitely ranged themselves on the side of the Opposition-that hopelessly torn group whose disgruntled Socialist members (150 of them) have refused to attend the session, as protest against Fascismo. Ex-Premier Salandra voted for the Government. Many notable speeches were made:


Giolitti. Ex-Premier Giolitti (Liberal) confined himself almost entirely to attacking the Government's restriction of the freedom of the press. According to him, it was unprecedented, unwarranted, a blot. Ending his short, well-balanced speech, he turned to the Premier, said: "For the sake of Italy's prestige do not treat people as if they



He sub-substituted for a king
(See Sweden)

were unworthy of that liberty they have hitherto enjoyed."

Boeri. Liberal Deputy Boeri, dutifully following his leader, Giolitti, attacked the Government not only upon its press policy but upon the numerous dissolutions of provincial and municipal councils. His speech, delivered with great force, was frequently punctuated by loud cries from the ministerial bench. Once Benito Mussolini arose and shouted: "No, no, no!" when Boeri accused him of muzzling only the Opposition papers. "Remember, Deputy Mussolini," was Deputy Boeri's final warning, "that last June you said to the Senate that the majesty of the law must be strengthened and protected. Today it is the whole of Italy that shouts this invocation to you."

Soleri. The speech of Deputy Soleri, another faithful member of Giolitti's band, was received in solemn silence by the Chamber; not even his Liberal supporters would back him in his attack upon the Government which touched, or seemed to touch, upon every phase of domestic policy. Speaking of the restricted freedom of the press, he made bold to tell Benito that "if suppression of liberty is necessary and I do not deny that it may be necessary-it is the best proof of the utter failure of your home policy."

Demarsico. The pent-up energies of the Fascist deputies were released in noisy bombardments when Fascist Deputy Demarsico arose to defend his chief, Benito. One by one he took the arguments of Signor Soleri and

metaphorically broke them over his thighs. At each snap of the hapless Soleri indictments, the cries of the Fascisti grew more and more delirious. Came the time for paying tribute to the martyrs of Fascismo. Demarsico turned to Soleri, shouted: "They died smilingly, our 3,000 martyrs, to construct something permanent. Make no illusions for yourselves; they have indeed created something permanent; and their sacrifice will not have been made in vain." Fascist lungs sent up a shout of wild applause that caused Fascist mouths to open their widest.

Delcroix. But the greatest speech of any was yet to come and with it the greatest surprise and the greatest enthusiasm.

All eyes were turned to a spot where a sightless and handless man stood up to address the Chamber. He was Carlo Delcroix, Italy's living symbol of the War and all the horrors and glories it represented. This man, whose power over the Italian people can be compared to that of Mussolini and d'Annunzio, was nominated a Fascist Deputy as a compliment and a tribute. That was before he bared his fangs and showed that his bite was more powerful than his bark. When, earlier in the year, he bitterly attacked Fascismo, his Fascist comrades were not so sure that they had done a good thing for the Party by giving him a seat. And, as he stood upon the floor of the Chamber last week, the Opposition was more hopeful than the Government supporters.

"I speak as a Deputy, as a citizen, as a Fascist," he opened, clearly indicating that he did not speak for the mutilated section of the ex-combatants. The Opposition was astounded. "After ten years of war, Italy wants peace. It does not want the fall of one man to make place for other men nor the defeat of one Party to make way for another Party.

"The Opposition is wrong when it believes that its aims are the aims of the whole Nation. We see the mistakes which the Government has made, but we also realize the greatness of its achievements."

Here the hero paused. Men on either side wiped the sweat from his brow and pressed a glass of ice-cold water against his lips, while the Deputies cheered with all the fiery warmth of their Latin blood.

The hero turned toward the Opposition benches, continued:

"Every great movement has found and brought to power a great man You now have this great man. it not be said that Italy had at



Foreign News-[Continued]

found a great leader and that envy struck him down.

"The Government has done its duty in the face of immense difficulties; and any one who is not driven by personal ambitions must admit it; and we have every reason to believe that the Government will also fulfill the Nation's desire for peace."

Another paroxysm of applause shook the massive structure of the Chamber. Turning to ex-Premier Giolitti, Delcroix proceeded:

"When you spoke the other night, I was filled with admiration at your returning to the active struggle of political life despite your 80 years. But I did not understand your words, which seemed indistinct and far away to me.

"Perhaps they were drowned by the roar of the river of blood which separates your generation from mine. For you, the fall of Mussolini would represent a mere change of government. For us, it would represent the end of a dream, the dying out of a hope, the defeat of youth and the destruction of the very reason for our existence."

Then, pointing to Benito with a handless arm, he said:

"Let him be free and tranquil. Let him run his course. If he wins, let

him have the glory; if he loses, his will be the sadness. But do not allow anybody to say that the Nation had found a leader and that the pettiness and envy of men made him fall."

Finally, the peroration: "The Opposition promises every absolution to us who are not of the Fascisti and whom they consider accomplices of Fascismo's tyranny.

"But what about tomorrow? Tomorrow, if we were to give them the keys of our citadel, they would stone us. It would be their just vengeance and our merited fall.

"Let us, therefore, gather our forces and set out toward our victory. The last battle is always the most bloody; but the last victory is always the most beautiful. Onward, then, to victory; and may our country assist us and God be with us!"

As Deputy Delcroix sat down the Deputies stood up and never has the Chamber witnessed such enthusiasm. Members of the Royal Family in the royal box mixed their voices with the Deputies' to produce a storm of cheers and hand-clapping and viva's that would have discredited the best storms that the elements occasionally provide.

Then, tears streaming down their faces, men rushed to the Deputy, kissed him, congratulated him, wept some more. After they had resumed their seats, a unanimous motion was

passed to have Delcroix's speech printed and posted in every municipality in Italy; and, while the motion was being passed, the unseeing, handless man was led to the Government bench, was embraced, kissed by Benito and each of his Ministers.

Mussolini. Next day, said Benito: "We are going forward to normal conditions; but it is not absolutely perfect nor yet are we moving very fast. Perfection never existed in Italy; and there is almost no belligerent country where any appreciable degree of perfection or normalization has yet been attained.

"So long as there are men, nobody can pacify them all. The best we can hope to do is to find a middle course of social compromise. What I am determined to attain is that the Fascist Party shall disturb public order less than any other. But absolute peace never existed in Italy, at least."

The Chamber believed him, voted confidence in him by 337 to 17.

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off for the Residency, official bor of His Excellency Field Mars a Viscount Allenby, British High Co missioner for Egypt and the Sudar

Meanwhile, the students had teg from the scene of their crime, pa sued ineffectually by two Englishme mounted on motor cycles. An unes. ploded Mills bomb was later fou on the spot where the car stopped-a spot where two years pr viously two Englishmen were su larly murdered. Several suspect were later arrested.

Half an hour later, all Cairo echo with the news of the attempted a sassination. Premier Saad Zaght Pasha hurried to the Residency an expressed his deepest regrets a profoundest horror. King Fuad d patched his Grand Chamberlain to offer his sympathy and regrets. 0. all sides, obviously sincere horror a the crime was evinced.

In London. An ominous silea prevailed in London. Closeted in N 10 Downing Street, Premier Baldw and his Cabinet conferred beha closed doors. On the street, bedrag gled urchins sold newspapers to the tune of "extra." An editorial writer of the London Times wrote: "T Egyptian Government must be taug that the practice of pandering to es tremist influence for the sake political advantage, which they har hitherto pursued, can no longer be tolerated. This is no case for a le surely exchange of diplomatic notes and replies. It is a case for imme diate and for energetic action. Apolo gies and honorary satisfaction w of course, be demanded and will, t course, be forthcoming; but some thing more is required in our inter ests and in the interests of Egypt.

"They have deliberately and systematically created the frame of mine of which violence and murder are the natural result. Very likely most C them did not desire the end; but they desired the means from which t end inevitably follows. They did not preach murder, but they preached the premises of which murder is the consequence. In Parliament, in the press and in the public speeches, ther inculcated hatred of England. They taught that her claims were unjust that she was the oppressor of Egys and that all forms of resistance to her would be right and praiseworthy were they but possible."

In Cairo, King Fuad received Li Allenby in audience, later issued a proclamation:

"The odious crime perpetrate upon the faithful Sirdar of my Arm has profoundly affected me as we as all the members of my Gover I deeply regret that such


Foreign Affairs-[Continued]

hap should have befallen a high cial of my Army, a man celebrated his chivalrous character, high rage and great qualities, who has dered such signal services to the my.

I communicate my very deepest grets to all the officers and men of y Army. May the Almighty grant s immediate recovery and the best alth."

Premier Zaghlul reiterated King uad's feelings of horror at the peretration of a crime that he branded 5 inimical to the best interests of Egyptian independence.

In the air, lying between the ResiLency at Cairo and Downing Street, - stream of dots and dashes spelt nigmatical words which were deoded rapidly by experts. Lord Allenby, rigid, hard, unflinching disiplinarian, was making demands and recommendations; the Cabinet was considering them. Then

came a

telegram: "Sir Lee Stack died tonight at midnight." Next morning a code message sped to Egypt; it was a British ultimatum.

The Funeral. The same afternoon, the body of Sir Lee Stack was laid to rest with impressive ceremony.

Tremendous crowds lined the streets as troops advanced along them to the doleful strains of the Dead March, their rifles reversed, their legs doing a slow, rhythmic, painful imitation of the goosestep. The * sombre field-grey gun-carriage, betdecked with floral tributes, came next, bearing its coffin shrouded in a Union Jack. Behind came the mourners-Lady Stack, Lord Allenby, Lady Allenby, Captain Campbell, Premier Zaghlul, onetime Premier Herbert H. Asquith (on a visit to Egypt), all the members of the Egyptian Cabinet, all the diplomatic representatives. Overhead a squadron of airplanes mournfully circled. At several points, guns belched forth Ta major-general's salute.

After the funeral ceremony, Lord Allenby, attired in a lounge suit, left the Residency in an automobile, sper which was followed by a troop of cavalry. His square-set jaw announced to those who saw him that he meant business; and those who had served with him in Palestine knew that when Lord Allenby means business something happens.

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His deep voice boomed forth

High Commission which then read a 24-hour British ultimatum. The deep voice of Allenby boomed forth:

"His Majesty's Government considers this murder, which holds up Egypt as at present governed to the contempt of civilized peoples, is the natural outcome of a campaign of hostility to British rights and British subjects in Egypt and the Sudan, founded upon a heedless ingratitude for benefits conferred by Great Britain, not discouraged by your Excellency's Government and fomented by organizations in close contact with that Government.

"Your Excellency was warned by his Majesty's Government, a little more than a month ago, of the consequences of failing to stop this campaign, more particularly as it concerned the Sudan. It has not been stopped. The Egyptian Government has now allowed the Governor General of the Sudan to be murdered and has proved it is incapable or unwilling to protect foreign lives.

"His Majesty's Government, therefore, requires that the Egyptian Goveinment shall:

"Firstly: Present an ample apology for the crime;

"Secondly: Prosecute an inquiry into the authorship of the crime with the utmost energy and without respect of persons and bring the criminals, whoever they are and whatever their age, to condign punishment;

"Thirdly: Henceforth, forbid and vigorously suppress all popular political demonstrations;

"Fourthly: Pay forthwith to his Majesty's Government a fine of £500,000.

"Fifthly: Order within 24 hours the withdrawal from the Sudan of all Egyptian officers and purely Egyptian units of the Egyptian Army, with such resulting changes as shall hereafter be specified.

"Sixthly: Notify the competent department that the Sudan Government will increase the area to be irrigated at Gezira* from the 300,000 feddanst to an unlimited figure, as the need may arise.

"Seventhly: Withdraw all opposition, in respects hereafter specified, to the wishes of His Majesty's Government concerning protection of foreign interests in Egypt,

"Failing immediate compliance with the demands, His Majesty's Government will at once take appropriate action to safeguard their interests in Egypt and the Sudan."

Egypt's Reply. The Egyptian Government after a night of heated agitation in Parliament delivered to the British Residency a reply to the ultimatum:

1) The required official apology would be made;

2) The criminals would be punished;

3) All demonstrations contrary to public order would be suppressed; and, if necessary, extra powers for this purpose would be asked from Parliament;

4) The fine of £500,000 would be paid;



5) Attention was called to the fact that the new arrangement for the Egyptian Army in the Sudan was a violation of the status quo which the British Government had formerly supported and was also a violation of Egypt's Constitution, under which King Fuad alone can dismiss officers. 6) The Gezira irrigation demands of the British Government were called premature.

7) The British Government was reminded that the situation in Egypt

The Gezira irrigation area in the Sudan is a cause of hot dissension among the Egyp tian Nationalists who assert that the waters of the Nile diverted for irrigation purposes will result in depriving Lower Egypt, a rich agricultural district, of a vital supply of water. Engineers have stated, however, that extension of the irrigation area would in no way interfere with the Nile water supply of Lower Egypt.

A feddan is approximately an acre.


Foreign Affairs—[Continued]

for foreigners is regulated by law and diplomatic agreement and cannot be modified without the intervention of Parliament.

Allenby's Note. It took Lord Allenby exactly one hour and a half to read the note of the Egyptian Government, draft a reply and have it delivered to the Egyptian Foreign office. The note read:

"Sir, with reference to Your Excellency's communication of today's date, I have the honor to inform you that in view of the Egyptian Government's refusal to comply with those requirements of His Majesty's Government, number five and six of my communication of yesterday, instructions are being sent to the Sudan Government:

"Firstly, to effect the withdrawal from the Sudan of all Egyptian officers and purely Egyptian units of the Egyptian army with the specified changes resulting therefrom;

"Secondly, that they are at liberty to increase the area to be irrigated at Gezira from 300,000 feddans to an unlimited figure as the needs may arise.

"Your Excellency will learn in due course the action His Majesty's Government is taking in view of your Excellency's refusal to comply with requirement seven regarding protection of foreign interests in Egypt.

"I note that the Egyptian Government accepts, among other requireHis Majments, requirement four. esty's Government expects that the payment of the sum of £500,000 will be made to me before noon tomor


"I avail myself of the opportunity to renew to Your Excellency the assurance of my high consideration.

(Signed) "ALLENBY"

Results. Fifteen minutes before noon the following day, the Egyptian Government handed to Lord Allenby the "fine" of £500,000 (about $2,300,000), which is to be used for educational and charitable purposes in the Sudan. The payment was accompanied by a protest against the British demand for the evacuation of the Sudan and for the withdrawal of all opposition to the British Government concerning protection of foreign interests.

Premier Zaghlul Pasha then resigned with his Cabinet. King Fuad requested Ziwar Pasha, President of the Senate, to form a new Government. The appointment of Ziwar Pasha, a moderate and popular man,

was expected to relieve the tense Egyptian situation.

Meanwhile, battleships and troops were rushed from Malta and Gibraltar by the British Government. And, for not accepting in toto his demands, Lord Allenby informed the Egyptian Government that orders had been given to British troops to occupy the Alexandria customs. The Egyptian Army began to leave the Sudan.

At Geneva, home of the League of Nations, Secretary General Sir Eric Drummond told why Egypt could not submit her case to arbitration: "Under the circumstances, Egypt cannot appeal to the League. Egypt is not a member and has not applied for admission. The Covenant provides that third power can appeal to the League in behalf of a non-member if the peace of the world is threatened. The handling of Egypt's foreign affairs remains a domestic affair between Great Britain and Egypt. I do not think any outside power would attempt to submit the question to the League."


Opportunism? In a famous speech at the Guildhall, Theodore Roosevelt once told Britain that as far as Egypt was concerned she must "govern or get out." Earlier, on the occasion of his visit to Egypt and the Sudan in 1910, he had doubted that, in any part of the world, there was "a more striking instance than there was there [in the Sudan] of genuine progress achieved by the substitution of civilization for savagery.”

In the drastic ultimatum to Egypt, Britain made it evident that she intends to govern and stay in Egypt and prevent the Sudan from retrofrom gressing into the savagery which Lord Kitchener rescued it in 1898. The terms savor, some opinion This has claimed, of opportunism. may be true, but Britain had evidently reached the end of her patience. The murder of the Sirdar unfortunately precipitated a situation that was found, in any event, to be the inevitable corollary of organized propaganda against Britain in Egypt and the Sudan, which, despite warnings from Britain, has never been discouraged by the Egyptian Govern


But the strong action was something more. It was an assertion of British supremacy in the East-a reminder to agitators within the Empire that their aims, no matter how just, cannot be achieved by means of inflammatory propaganda and assassinations.



With dramatic suddenness wh. was a surprise to his colleagues, Ignaz Seipel, Roman Catholic pre... for more than two years Chance. of Austria, resigned. He said t while he was convinced that the L. jority Parties of the National Asse bly with t were in agreement League of Nations' reconstruct program, he felt that they did support his measures for carrying on the program. He also referred to h decreased capacity for work since à was wounded last summer (Tix June 9), said that, all things taken : consideration, he felt he must resig Rude He recommended that Dr. Ramek of Salzburg be his successor Next Seipt ex-Chancellor



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The Way of the World. It is a far

from 14th Street to Congreve. t just a little below that tawdry oroughfare, buried in the back of eenwich Village, is the tiny Cherry ne Playhouse where Congreve has me back to life. The gentleman der discussion is an English dramist of the 17th Century. He was nsidered the Bernard Shaw of his me. His plays are witty, caustic useries of a decadent society. The ay of the World is often thought s best.

The plot is an involved attempt to arry a servant to a wealthy old roman. Various subplots and small trigues are woven in, solely conerned with love or its prevalent imiation. The cast was rather careessly thrown together with no notable erformance offered.

Students of the stage professed hemselves interested. Considerable aughter arose from the benches. Yet the casual theatre-goer found the wit too long drawn out, the story preposterous and the atmosphere difficult to absorb. He realized that the play was not produced for him. His more inquiring neighbor, on the other hand, quite liked it.

Parasites. Francine Larrimore beTongs in this play about as much as she belongs in the Chinese army. Miss Larrimore is a vivid young woman with a drawl. She is the kind that ought to go suddenly into an Apache dance with the District Attorney and stab her way back to the underworld. Against a Bar Harbor background she jars perceptibly. Still that was the way the whole play went. It was a cheap conception by Cosmo Hamilton, probably having originally a sound satirical value. The latter was played out of it by a poor cast and burlesqued by a bad director.

The girl can't pay her bridge debts and takes money from a tall, taciturn bank director. He thinks he is buying her, but she fools him in the end and marries him.

New Brooms. Frank Craven, that small man with the worried smile, has given himself cause to be worried in reality. He has become a producer. He started as an actor, progressed to playwriting and now becomes his own employer. Under the stress of the occasion, he has deserted his own cast. It was the opinion of those his first guests that the stage had lost a solid asset in Frank Craven the actor and gained only a minor asset in Craven the producer This conclusion was derived by comparing Nete Brooms with the manager's

greatest success, The First Year. The latter will be recalled as a genial and amazingly human comedy of married life. It lacked a plot and was replete with homely wit. New Brooms boasts a plot, little penetration and less laughter.

These observations should not be taken to indicate that New Brooms is

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sour, that was all, and taken to tramping because tramps' wages don't buy whisky. She liked him because he talked like an actor and she thought he must be educated. She couldn't read a word. But did that matter to him? No. She was clean and fine and REAL.

Lest the impression be derived that the play is wholly minus, let it be said that Helen MacKellar gives an excellent performance. And it will all make a rousing cinema.


Blind Alleys. It was with some regret that the critics crowded upon this play with displeased adjectives. For it was brought forward by the Disabled Veterans of the War and deserved the good fortune that has so signally deserted its sponsors. The critics therefore apologized and said it was terrible entertainment.

The story dealt with an Army chaplain whose traditional opinion of the church is burnt by war. He comes home, obtains a divorce, marries an Ambulance girl. The cast was inexpert.

Best Plays

These are the plays which, in the light of metropolitan criticism, seem most important:


WHAT PRICE GLORY?-A battle song with some blood, no heroes and a blast of bitter irony. Deservedly the most popular play of the season.

CONSCIENCE-A mongrel mixture of good and bad playwriting made persuasive by Lillian Foster's performance of the girl who went wrong when her husband went to jail.

SILENCE-A back-switch melodrama of murder with very little literature but no end of excitement.

DESIRE UNDER THE ELMS-Eugene O'Neill's drab dissertation on home life in the backwoods of New England. A young wife, old husband, young lover and a murdered child.

S. S. GLENCAIRN-A group title for O'Neill's sea plays, Bound East for Cardiff, In the Zone, The Moon of the Caribbees and The Long Voyage Home.

WHITE CARGO-One of the oldest settlers still telling its fervid tale of white men and brown women in the wastes of Africa.


GROUNDS FOR DIVORCE-Ina Claire dipping in and out of the divorce court with several husbands, to one of whom she boomerangs.

THE GUARDSMAN-Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontaine prove that a man can't fool his wife no matter how good an actor he may be.

MINICK-A lower-middle-class house with the fourth wall removed to show

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