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In company of ex-Deputy André Tardieu, quondam French High Commissioner to the U. S., went U. S. Financier Bernard M. Baruch to sunny Vendée to take a "peek" at the "Tiger," ex-Premier Georges Clemenceau, in his lair. Said "Barney":

"France is the home of the leading citizen of the world and its greatest democrat, for M. Clemenceau is not only the father of victory, as the world will ever know him, but he is the last surviving full successor to the immortals who liberated the French people in the time of revolution.

"I went to Vendée to do him the reverence which a humble co-worker in the Great War must always feel for the High Commander on the battle front.

"I went in reverence and returned with even greater respect for the character, patriotism, intelligence and indomitable soul of this great man.

"As befits the world's most eminent democrat, M. Clemenceau lives simply. We lunched and dined in the kitchen. He is at peace with man


"France is the home of the leading

citizen of the world"

kind. His soul and heart know no rancor.. He is attending to his garden, as all great statesmen of France do when their public service is ended.

"He is at work on a book of philosophy, and if he puts into it one-tenth of what he really knows of the impulses of human affairs, it will be a notable book.

"In his 'Backwater Vendée,' in that peaceful garden, Clemenceau, with tolerant sympathy, surveys the world. He wishes the best of luck to those who are carrying on after him. It has been, indeed, a privilege again to see him.

"I looked at the memorial group which the villagers of St. Heminy have erected in honor of their eminent neighbor in his lifetime. It is a fitting tribute to his achievements. But some day, perhaps, only Les Invalides will surpass the monuments in Paris which a grateful Nation will erect to Georges Clemenceau."


Le Sénateur Henri de Jouvenel wrote in the journal he co-edits (Le Matin) to complain of Britain. Said he: "It is necessary to say frankly to our English friends, that if M. Herriot cannot arrive at an understanding with them no French statesman ever will."

"Pertinax," prominent Parisian political writer in L'Echo de Paris, fulminated mightily against American bankers. He thought their attitude at the Premiers' Conference showed "the narrowness of their views and their ignorance and lack of intelligence in dealing with European affairs, together with their muddle-headedness."

The notorious Communist Mayor of Douarnenez in Finistère is dead. He was known throughout France for his bolshecratic manner of meting out Justice. At his funeral, Bolsheviki paraded, waved red flags. Priests, called in by the family to officiate at the burial, declined to countenance the carrying of the flags: bitter, bad words from the Communists; hard, harsh tones from the Priests. A compromise was finally reached. The Communists retired to the end of the procession with their flags, while the Priests and non-Communists marched ahead.


National Wealth

The Bankers Trust Co., Manhattan, has estimated that the total national wealth of Germany today is about $55,000,000,000. Dr. Karl Helfferich, famed German financier who was recently killed in a railway accident (TIME, Apr. 28), placed the national wealth of preWar Germany at $73,780,000,000. Sir Josiah Stamp, British statistician, declared in 1919 that Dr. Helfferich had overlooked several items and he computed the pre-War Teutonic wealth at $80,500,000,000. Shortly before his death, however, Dr. Helfferich made an estimate of Germany's post-War wealth He thought that his Fatherland was worth only $47,600,000,000 and reduced the figure by $11,900,000,000 on account of "diminished productivity," making the total $35,700,000,000.

The Bankers Trust said in support of its $55,000,000,000 estimate:

"This figure was arrived at by making allowance for territorial losses imposed by the Versailles Treaty, the fact being kept in mind that, while some of this territory was agricultural and not highly productive, yet the loss of Al sace-Lorraine carried with it very large resources of iron ore and potash and

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ndustrial works of considerable magitude, while the occupation of the Saar Basin had deprived Germany of extensive coal deposits.

"The fact also was taken into consideration that in losing part of Silesia Germany lost many industrial plants and large iron and zinc deposits, and 122% of all German coal lying within 500 yards of the surface. Allowance was made also for the depreciation in buildings and structures and the decreased productivity of agricultural ands."


A desperate effort was made in the Reichstag to draw a statement from the Government relative to its attitude to the Premiers' Conference in London. Monarchists, irate because of the delay in inviting the nation's representatives to the Conference, insisted that Germany demand an equal voice with the other Powers in the London déliberations.

To all this empty noise Chancellor Marx turned a deaf ear and remained mute. It was learned, however, that either he or his henchman, Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann, would go to London if invited by the Powers assembled there. An attempt by the Parties of the Right to move a resolution of no confidence in the Government was defeated by 172 to 62 votes.

No doubt was evinced in responsible quarters that official Germany was well pleased with the proceedings of the Conference since American bankers showed their hands (see INTERNATIONAL).


Referring to the American Owen D. Young, who helped form the Experts' Report under the presidency of the American Charles G. Dawes, the Neue Berliner Zeitung said that in his capacity as agent of reparations he would wield more power than ever did Wilhelm Hohenzollern in the youth of his glory. Under the heading "His Majesty, Owen I," the paper referred to him as "the secret Emperor of Germany."

Ex-Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm was fined 20 golden marks. He promised to attend an initiation meeting of the Millers' Guild, but failed to put in an appearance, so the millers fined him.

For illicitly manufacturing British Pfunden and American Dollaren, a number of Russians were arrested in Berlin. For some time numerous people have been swindled by this gang.



A large motor-car snorted into the Over village of Albano, near Rome. the hood fluttered a small red flag, bearing the emblem of the Soviet.

A group of local Fascisti, sipping their vino pastoso at a local osteria, espied the odious emblem of sedition. With loud and patriotic cries, they rushed upon the vehicle, tore up the flag, abused the passengers.

Then came disillusion. Corpo di Bacco! It was no mere Communista they had assaulted. The snorting car belonged to the Soviet Ambassador to Italy. Instead of being commended for patriottismo, they had caused a "regrettable incident."


Keep Out!

Austrian Racialists plan a monster Pan-German celebration at Salzburg. The vast majority of the Racialists are Monarchists and are very much in sympathy with the German Nationalists (Monarchists).

Now no Monarchical demonstration is complete among these Teutons unless there is present the great General Erich von Ludendorff, more famed as a "beer brawler" (TIME, Nov. 19) than as Quartermaster General of the Imperial German Army. So the Austrian racialists invited him to Salzburg.

When Foreign Minister Dr. Alfred Grünberger heard of this, he waxed wrathful and declared, by all the gods, that General Ludendorff should not come to Salzburg. He further intimated to the Pan-Germans that their celebration would be permitted only on condition that German Nationalist organizations and German Racialists withdrew. For, in fact, Pan Germanism now means the fusion of Austria and Germany.



King Alexander declined to follow ex-Premier Nikola Pashitch's advice to call new elections. He sent for M. Yovanovitch, President of the Narodna Skupshtina (National Assembly) and asked him to form a Cabinet.

M. Yovanovitch said he would try and went his way trying to coax a

coalition Government into existence.

No one was hopeful, no one gave him any encouragement, all was gloom; but M. Yovanovitch went on trying.



In its issue of July 28, TIME stated that "according to a despatch from Prague," Jan Garrigue Masaryk, son of Thomas Garrigue Masaryk, President of the Czecho-Slovakian Republic, had won the hand of Mrs. Robert Leatherbee, daughter of Charles R. Crane, onetime President of the Crane Valve Co., onetime U. S. Minister to China.

Last week, TIME received from Mrs. Leatherbee a categorical denial of the engagement.


New Cabinet

The Greek Government crisis was weathered.

Out walked Premier Papanastasiou (TIME, July 28) and in trotted Premier Sofoulis, ex-Governor of Macedonia, followed by five staunch supporters:

Premier and Marine: S. Sofoulis. Finance: M. Tsouderos, ex-Foreign Minister under Venizelos.

Foreign Affairs: Georges Roussos, ex-Foreign Minister and one-time Minister to the U. S.

War: General Katehakis.

Interior: General Peter Mavromiethaelis. Agriculture: M. Mylonas, also in the Venizelos Cabinet.


Still Dry

Premier Abraham Berge introduced an anti-prohibition bill into the Storting (Parliament). The Odelsting (Lower House) defeated it; the Lagting (Upper House) defeated it; Premier Berge and his Cabinet resigned.


Regal Authoress

Clare Sheridan, sculptress-author, announced that Queen Marie of Rumania has written a book called The Voice on the Mountain.

Mrs. Sheridan, who has read the book, finds it a display of sentimentality, abounding in super-adjectives, containing many plagiarisms, "the outpourings of a gushing school girl." She regrets that Marie did not write of some lovely Rumanian legend, that her Rus

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sian blood did not endow her with "some talent, mysticism and taste,” that the English blood did not "add a sense of humor to her complex composition." Finally she is left pondering what on earth the book is about. Says Mrs. Sheridan: "A strange young woman named Glava rides a carrot-colored horse whose tail sweeps the ground.... She does much climbing of mountains, dresses in white robes, carries a spear, has her hair in two long braids. The horse is a 'grand creature'; so is Glava, and her nurse talks in an Irish dialect." It sounds a thoroughly bad book, yet she counsels people to read it.

Queen Marie wrote before the War when she was Crown Princess. The Lily of Life was a juvenile story for her children. Then came the War and she continued to write for a Rumanian newspaper, the articles being afterwards collected and republished in book form under the title War Impressions. Her style in this book was ornate, feminine and extremely sentimental.


But, in real life, Queen Marie is both womanly Queen and a queenly woman. Nearing the age of 50, she is no longer beautiful, but attractive. Philippe Millet, distinguished French. journalist, once remarked of her: "As she enters a room she seems at the first glance to dominate all those present. She receives their homage as a soverign should and has the air of reigning, even when she says 'good day.' The chair on which she sits, perfectly erect, immediately becomes a throne."

Queen Marie is the daughter of the Duke of Edinburgh, second son of Queen Victoria, uncle of George V, and of Grand Duchess Marie, daughter of Tsar Alexander III of Russia. She is, therefore, first cousin to King George, by birth a Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, by Royal Proclamation a Windsor,* by marriage a Hohenzollern, having married into the Catholic branch of that family when she became the bride of Crown Prince Ferdinand of Rumania.

Before the War, the strict Court discipline of genial German King Carol repressed her democratic sympathies and her natural abilities as states woman and business-woman. With the coming of War, she shed her frivolous exterior, became a nurse and truly endeared herself to Rumanians who to this day call her "our Angel Queen” as they had called her "Angel without wings" when she married Ferdinand. She once said: "We hope that during our reign Rumania may grow in greatness and happiness. To consecrate all

King George changed the name of the British reigning House from Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to Windsor on July 17, 1917.

my efforts to the alleviation of misery and pain is the mission to which, as with all other great-hearted women of the past, I will devote myself."

On the day she came to the throne she said: "I think that few Queens have had the privilege to get so near their people. I have really gone amongst them, there where very few go." When in the agonies of War she was forced to leave the grave of her baby son and become a refugee with the other members of the Royal Family, she turned to her people, particularly to the soldiers who adored her, and so carried out her promise.

But there is another side to her character. She has not earned the title of "Diplomat of the Balkans" for nothing. It is erroneously assumed that she earned the title for her work in marrying her son and daughters into Balkan royal families. She herself says, however, that "my daughters married off themselves." No doubt at all that she married off her son, Carol, to Princess Marie of Yugo-Slavia. But she is real power, abroad and at home, so much so that King Ferdinand has been described as a cipher, which is partly true. She is credited with forcing Rumania into the War on the winning side, she often concludes much State business over the heads of her husband's Ministers which make her most unpopular with them. She holds sway in a Court which is probably matched for it simplicity. She is democratic almost to extremes, always vivacious and entertaining, and despite her years, always fascinating and brilliant, as many a staid business man and clever diplomat has known to his cost. In short, she is the model of “a regular, regular, regular, regular Royal Queen."


Off to London


Ministers of the Crown, Senators, Deputies and hosts of uncategoried dignitaries assembled at Cairo Railway Station to bid au revoir, bon voyage and bonne chance to Premier Zaghlul of Egypt, who was leaving for London to have a word with Premier MacDonald about the Sudan (TIME, Feb. 11 et seq).*

Outside the station thousands of people voiced their farewells in true Moslem fashion. Bands played, replayed

*Premier Zaghlul wants the British to get out of the Sudan. As Egypt pays one-fifth of the costs of the British occupation, she has much on her side of the argument. Under British rule, however, the Sudan has been developed to a pitch undreamed-of in recent Egyptian history, and, having made this desert a prosperous land, the British intend to stay. A compromise is expected in London.

and played again a special hymn dedicated to the Premier. A small group of people carrying a coffin were seen to lay it down and dash to the station to catch a fleeting glimpse of the departing Premier; the enthusiasm was great.



More doleful news from Persia. It appeared that the mob that murdered the U. S. Vice Consul, Maj. Robert Imbrie (TIME, July 28), was not satisfied. When Mrs. Imbrie passed through the streets of Teheran, capital of Persia, a youth, in full view of the police, spat at her, tore her mourning veil, threw stones; the police did nothing.

Premier Reza Khan had assured the Diplomatic Corps, insistent that Major Imbrie had been murdered owing to the lack of energy displayed by the police, that all foreigners would be protected. He also expressed his horror at defaming articles, purporting to show that the Vice Consul was the victim of a British plot to embroil Persia with the U. S.

Although the Persian Government expressed its horror at the crime, said it would bring the guilty to Justice, offered Mrs. Imbrie financial indemnity, the U. S. Government in a stern note to Persia was reported to have demanded:

1) Payment of expense in connection with sending a warship for Major Imbrie's body.

2) Furnishing of a guard of honor by the Persian Government for so long as the body shall remain on Persian soil.

3) Punishment of guilty parties, including those officials who failed to prevent the outrage taking place although allegedly capable of so doing.


Tokyo Klan

A combined committee of the Tokyo "Klan" (Iron-Hearted Brethren, Black Dragons and the Death Penalty Club) were "aroused" when they heard that the Daito Electric Co. (Tokyo) was planning to float a loan in the U. S.

Despite explanations that the loan was to meet pressing obligations and was not to show especial love for the U. S., the "Klan" cabled Fukazawa, President of the Electric Co., who was in the U. S., to cancel all bond subscriptions or make up his

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mind never to return to the land of the Cherry Blossom and the Death Penalty Club.


The oldest tradition of the East is hospitality, the next oldest courtesy. Ignoring all ill-mannered Cisand Trans-Pacific bickerings over the immigration dispute, the Imperial household of Japan restored the balance of Nippo-American amenities by presenting the American colony of Toyko, rent free, with a valuable tract of land, as a site for an American School.

In addition to this generous act of the Imperial family, three Japanese associations, organized after the earthquake, engaged to contribute $50,000 in cash and materials for the construction of the school and a foreign community centre. A committee of Americans and British accepted the courteous offer.


Certain interests in the U. S. objected (through the U. S. Embassy at Tokyo) to the new Japanese 100% levy on foreign "luxury" imports (TIME, July 28). The Japanese Government suavely informed the U. S. Embassy that exception would be made for goods in transit before July 5, if application were made before the forthcoming promulgation (official announcement) of the new law. This answer met the only legitimate objection to the measure, but it is certain that U. S. trade in the Orient, very largely in luxuries" such as flivvers, will be hard hit by the measure.

Persona Non Grata

Diplomatic etiquette demands that, prior to naming an Ambassador to a foreign government, that government must be confidentially advised on the choice in order to find out whether he is acceptable, or persona grata, as the proper expression is.

The U. S. Government desires to appoint Jacob Gould Schurman, onetime President of Cornell University and present U. S. Minister to China, as Ambassador to the Island Empire of the East. The Government of Japan failed to find Dr. Schurman persona grata, while Washington declined to withdraw his name.

Discretion veils the reason for Japanese hostility to the proposed successor to the popular Cyrus E. Woods (TIME, June 16), but it might be stated that Dr. Schurman has been actively identi

fied with the traditional U. S. Far Eastern Policy of the "Open Door" in China, as laid down by U. S. Secretary of State John Hay a quarter of a century ago and amplified by Secretary Hughes at the Washington Conference in 1921 into an assertion of Chinese integrity and an organized attempt to create a strong central government in China. This policy runs counter to the

Paul Thompson

JACOB GOULD SCHURMAN Discretion veils the reason

hopes of Japanese business and to the ambitions of Japanese imperialists, who have preferred a weak China divided into political spheres of influence and wholesale economic concessions.

LATIN AMERICA Brazilian Siege

Wendell Phillips, son of the first mayor of Boston, said in a memorable speech: "Revolutions are not made; they come." The trouble with Brazil's revolution (TIME, July 14, et seq.) was that it would not go.

Federal troops hurled shells and bombs into the rebel stronghold in the city of São Paulo. Thousands of people were killed, great damage to property was inflicted, but the rebels budged not, neither could bullets make them budge.

U. S. officials and citizens stayed in the city, apparently happy and contented. Special provisions were made

for their safety and not one casualty was reported.

The rebels, whenever they could slip a rumor through the Federal censorship, claimed a victory. The Federals, in well-prepared communiqués, maintained their traditional policy of claiming victories and progress. But despite the fierce fighting of the week, the status quo remained as it was: the rebels in São Paulo, the Federals outside.

The Italian Government, "moved by humanitarian sentiments," offered the good offices of the Italian Ambassador, General Badoglio, as mediator to end hostilities between rebels and Federals. The Italian Government's offer was believed to have been refused.


"An Honest Scheme"

In October Nicaragua will elect a new President, so President Bartolo Martinez, apparently in fear of the Imperialist U. S., decided to play safe. He instructed Señor Urtocho, Minister of Foreign Affairs, to telegraph U. S. Secretary of State Charles E. Hughes:

"Under the President's instructions, I beg to say the following to Your Excellency: Prominent Conservatives and Liberals earnestly desiring international concord agree on ticket Carlos Solozano, Conservative, for President for the next Constitutional term and Juan Bautista Sacasa, Liberal, for Vice President, and ask me to receive and forward their wishes to know whether the State Department would look with favor on the alliance for the organization of National Government. This being an honest scheme I respectfully apply to Your Excellency with a request for an early answer. tinguished consideration."


The U. S. State Department had the U. S. Chargé d'Affaires at Managua reply:

"In reply I am instructed by my Government to state that it has no preference whatever regarding candidates for the high office of President of Nicaragua. My Government supports no candidate and is hostile to no candidate; it desires only that free and fair elections may be held in order that the will of the people may be expressed without hindrance at the polls. My Government feels that the transference of the center of political activity of Nicaragua to Washington would be detrimental to that Government's interests and this Government therefore cannot express its views regarding any ticket."

Chinese Junk*


Mrs. Miln Plays Yankee Doodle on a Lute of Jade

The Story. Tom Drew was the son of rich but honest parents who told him about the stork and sent him to Harvard to complete his education. Later he served the U. S. in France. But at the age of 28, when the story opens, he manages to combine the cultured urbanity of Little Rollo with the moral steadfastness of Pollyanna. When a Chinese dowager was about to present him to one of her husband's concubines, "his soul blushed-good sterling thing of New York that it was-to think what his mother would feel could she know of it." But this is getting ahead of Mrs. Miln.

Drew senior does not want his son to marry Nettie, daughter of William Walker, his enemy. So, lighting a long black cigar, he says to Tom: "Go to China and look it over. Draw on me." That was just a clever stratagem, but Tom goes. On the boat he thinks about Yo Ki, a Chinese boy whom he befriended at Harvard. He hopes he will not meet Yo-it would be embarrassing to be seen on the street with a Chink-but feels that the chances are slight. The reader, aware that the arm of coincidence could thrice encircle China's Wall, is not so sure.

In Shantung, Tom meets various members of the American colony who entertain him when he is not indulging in butterfly-hunting, his hobby. One day he chases a cherrywinged insect who leads him into an old walled garden. There is a Chinese girl in the garden who calls him by name. Who can she be? She is. Yo Ling, sister of Yo Ki, and she has recognized him from his photograph, for Tom has been a household hero to the Yos since his kindness to the boy, who has since died. He is introduced to the whole family -grandma, mother, young sister, father and concubine. It is here that the soul-blushing takes place. The Yos pay Tom homage and vow eternal friendship.

Then a gold mine is injected into the story. Father Yo controls it, but he is being outwitted for its possession by Osur, wily Jap. Osur has taken up with Yo Ling's little sister. He is going to say to Mr. Yo: "Your gold mine, or-your daughter," and then cheat him out of both. Meanwhile Tom is getting fond of Yo

IN A SHANTUNG GARDEN-Louise Jordan Miln-Stokes ($2.00).

Ling, but no one can claim it comes as a surprise. One day they pay a visit to the tomb of Confucius and Tom hears a bomb ticking underneath it. He digs it out and, holding


Her story ends at sea

it in his bosom, races several miles looking for a place to put it down. This clever race is perhaps the climax of the book. Tom follows it up by helping to undo the machinations of the villain Jap. He is now thoroughly in love with Yo Ling, but knowing that a Chinese lullaby would breed family discord, he bids her a sad but manly farewell, and is last seen on a home-going liner. Thus, as the story ends, we are at


Significance. It must not be supposed from the above account that anything happens in this book. The plot is merely a preposterous papiermâché skeleton in the black cupboard of China's mystery. Mrs. Miln uses it as an excuse to let some light into the cupboard. She describes at great length the flora, fauna, customs and history of the Yellow Continent, and if these things fail to impress, it is not because she does not know about them. The only really objectionable thing in the book is Mrs. Miln's lofty American patriotism. In every chapter, almost on every page, the Eagle emits a scream. The volume is replete with the blatant and fortunately rare sort of National feeling that has made so many Americans ludicrous abroad. Yet behind all this, one senses the thing that is responsible for the book, though not for its absurdities-the glamour and the mys

Regular, Royal Queen-The front cover is in error in referring you to Page 12. See Page 9, under Ru


tery of China, that strange Empire, whose people go about the grave business of life with a ceremonial as delicate as that of a fashionable tea, and about the trivial business of death with a proud and rigorous grandeur befitting heroes. In much, Mrs. Miln is successful.

The Author. Mrs. George Crichton Miln (Louise Jordan Miln) has been a life-long admirer of China. Writing about it is her favorite amusement. Among her books are Mr. Wu, The Feast of the Lanterns, The Green Goddess.


New Books

The following estimates of books much in the public eye were made after careful consideration of the trend of critical opinion:

THE LAND THAT TIME FORGOTEdgar Rice Burroughs-A. C. McClurg ($2.00). The author of the famed Tarzan tales of jungledom creates himself a new jungle in a "forgotten" island of the South Seas. The interest. of his new book is that its jungle is a few million years backward in evolution. It contains a magnificent collection of carnivorous reptiles, saber-toothed tigers and examples of man in all stages of evolutionenough to make a museum curator green with envy if he did not already see red because of the liberties taken with science. On top of all it is a thriller, and salted with love by the introduction of several demure jungle maidens, chosen from the highest type of evolution on the island.

THE ISLE OF THORNS-Sheila KayeSmith-Dutton ($2.00). Disappointment always follows the revival of a well-known author's early works. Such is the case here, for only in snatches do we glimpse the vivid characterization, the excellent narrative ability so clearly shown in Joanna Godden and The End of the House of Alard. It is a bitter struggle for Raphael, widower, father, country clerk, when he finds himself in the throes of an utterly unreasonable love for an utterly unreason. able young lady, turned gypsy, from London. It is likewise a struggle for the reader.

THE RICHEST MAN-Edward Shanks -Knopf ($2.00). Off on a holiday to Italy, suffering from shell-shock, a professor meets a soldier of fortune. Together, they discover a super-man"the richest man in the world." "He

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