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THE LIFE AND CHARACTER

• OF THE LATE RET. GEORGE WHITEFIELD, A. M.

OF PEMBROKE COLLEGE, OXFORD, a chaplain to the right hon, the countess Dovrager of Huntingdon.

FAITHFTLLY SELECTED FROM HIS | ORIGINAL PAPERS, JOURN:ILS, AND LETTERS,

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ILLUSTRATED BY A FARIETT OF
INTERESTING ANECDOTES,

From the best authorities,
ORIGINALLY COMPILED BY THE LATE
REV. JOHN GILLIES, D. D.
Minister of the College Church of Glasgow.

FOURTH EDITION, katized and corrected with large additions and improvenients

BY AARON C. SEYMOUR,

Xuthor of " Letters to Young Persons."

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I ate the man whose heart is warm,
Whose hands are pare, whose doctrine and whose life,
Coincident, exhibit lucid proof,

That be is honest in the sacred causer-Cowper.
we masa gad man, and full of the Holy Ghost, and of faith: and much people w
Wideo the Lord-Acts xi. 24.

that winneth souls is wise-Prov. xii. 30. And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament, and they that a may to righteousness, as the stars for ever and ever-Dan. xi. 3.

Edwin sc.

Garge Mhittfield MA

PHILADELPHIA.

PUTED AND PUBLISHED BY SIMON PROBASCO, NO. 350, SORTA SECON

STREET, NORTHERN L'BERTIES.

1820,

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REV. GEORGE WHITEFIELD, A. M.

OF PEMBROKE COLLEGE, OXFORD,
And chaplain to the right hon. the countess Dowager of Huntingdon,

FAITHFULLY SELECTED FROM HIS
ORIGINAL PAPERS, JOURNALS, AND LETTERS;

ILLUSTRATED BY A VARIETY OF

INTERESTING ANECDOTES,

From the best authorities,

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ORIGINALLY COMPILED BY THE LATE
REV. JOHN GILLIES, D. D.
Minister of the College Church of Glasgow.

FOURTH EDITION,
Revised and corrected with large additions and improvements

BY AARON C. SEYMOUR,

Author of Letters to Young Persons."

Iv Terate the man whose heart is warm,
Whose hands are pure, whose doctrine and whose life,
Coincident, exhibit lucid proof,

That he is honest in the sacred cause.-Cowper.
He was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost, and of faith: and much people was
added unto the Lord Acts xi. 24.
He that winneth souls is wise-Prov. xii. 30.

And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament, and they that
turn many to righteousness, as the stars for ever and ever-Dan. xii. 3.

PHILADELPHIA:
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY SIMON PROBASCO, no. 350, NORTH SECON"

STREET, NORTHERN LTBERTIES,

1820.

PREFACE

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TE live in an eventful period. Melancholy and sh flietive are the calamities which have visited Dirige. The reign of sin has been bloody and despe, nd it still continues very awful and tremendous. Reword of war is depopulating the European world; ni tarmos of wrath are shaking terribly the nations.At wong the many painful events which shock the his of humanity, we have one most pleasing circumare to contemplate. Amidst the journals of bloodshed al utional distractions, with which the civil historian i napelled to present his readers, the annalist of the durch of God has the happier task assigned him, of sealing the grand victories obtained by the captain of uluto, through the instrumentality of those spiritual beres, he sends forth from time to time; whose lives el talents are devoted to the interests of their divine Hester, whose they are, and whom they serve, in calling ser, saving souls, and fighting the good fight of faith.

High and honourable is the office of God's minister. Titre is no office which a mortal can possibly sustain of qual dignity and importance; as it is an office deris. 3 is authority from the appointment of God hiinsell, wat promoting in its effects, the glory of the Saviour in de salvation of his people.

To impart the knowledge of this salvation to others, o the highest ambition that can actuate the human breast; 19 ambition that filled the souls of prophets and apos. ke; an ambition which peculiarly animated the strong Letions of the great St. Paul, and gave an ardour, an energy to all his ministrations. Delightful and exalted employment! To proclaim the name of Jesus to sinners vandering in the wildest error, and beclouded with the grossest blindness-to proclaim him a light shining upon a benighted world; a light dispelling the mist of ignohance, and opening the brightness of truth-to publish

WOR 20JUN 34

PREFACE.

We live in an eventful period. Melancholy and deeply afflictive are the calamities which have visited Europe. The reign of sin has been bloody and desperate, and it still continues very awful and tremendous. The sword of war is depopulating the European world; and storms of wrath are shaking terribly the nations.But among the many painful events which shock the feelings of humanity, we have one most pleasing circumstance to contemplate. Amidst the journals of bloodshed and national distractions, with which the civil historian is compelled to present his readers, the annalist of the church of God has the happier task assigned him, of recording the grand victories obtained by the captain of salvation, through the instrumentality of those spiritual heroes, he sends forth from time to time; whose lives and talents are devoted to the interests of their divine Master, whose they are, and whom they serve, in calling sinners, saving souls, and fighting the good fight of faith.

High and honourable is the office of God's minister. There is no office which a mortal can possibly sustain of equal dignity and importance; as it is an office deriving its authority from the appointment of God himself, and promoting, in its effects, the glory of the Saviour in the salvation of his people.

To impart the knowledge of this salvation to others, is the highest ambition that can actuate the human breast; an ambition that filled the souls of prophets and apos. tles; an ambition which peculiarly animated the strong affections of the great St. Paul, and gave an ardour, an energy to all his ministrations. Delightful and exalted employment! To proclaim the name of Jesus to sinners wandering in the wildest error, and beclouded with the grossest blindness-to proclaim him a light shining upon a benighted world; a light dispelling the mist of ignorance, and opening the brightness of truth-to publish

WOR 20JUN 34

talis or opposition discou

kialties or opposition discourage him. His zeal dot be confined within the British islands. His

desire for the salvation of immortal souls, Conhad bin to the distant shores of America, where he wildfar and wide, proclaiming the glad tidings of Jotka through faith in a crucified Redeemer. His fisus in both Þemispheres were immense; his courage unted and his zeal unquenchable. He may, without

labor and wide, proclaiming the glas

the glad tidings of redemption to people held captive in the strongest bonds of satan; and to be made the hottered instrument of turning them to God; a God not oi flexibly stern justice, but of tender mercy in his Son... What office so important! What oftice so honourable What office so delightful as this!

In every age the great Head of the church has been pleased to raise up a train of faithful witnesses, who have born an uniform and honourable testimony to the divine origin of christianity, whose special office it has been to warn the wicked, and proclaim the glad tidings of salvation by free grace to perishing sinners. During the last sixty or seventy years, a very important revival took place in the church of England. To use the words of one of her sons: “ At that time a minister of the church of England, who ventured to maintain her articles and homilies in doctrine, and who supported them in fact by a holy practice, was a kind of prodigy, and met with nothing but censure, persecution, and hard names from all ranks and sorts of men. Our pulpits resounded with morality, deduced from the principles of nature, and the fitness of things, with no relation to Christ or the Holy Ghost; all which the heathen philosophers have insisted on, and with perhaps more than modern ingenuity, and in consequence of this, our streets have resounded with immorality."* In this unhappy time, that honoured ambassador of the Lord Jusus Christ, the Rev, GEORGE WHITEFIELD, with several other excellent men,t were raised up, and made instruments in the hand of God, of restoring the doctrines of the reformation, and spreading them widely amongst the population of these countries.

Perhaps no man since the days of St. Paul, not even Touther himself, was ever personally blessed to the call and conversion of so many souls from darkness to light, and from the power of satan unto God, as Mr. Whitefield. Few, if any, since the apostles, have been more extensively useful, or laboured more abundantly. He had such an ardent zeal for God, and inflamed desire for the salvation of sinners, that no labours could weary him,

• Middleton's Evangelica Biographia, vol. 4.
1 The Rev. J, and C. Wesley, Hervey, Morgan, Ingham.

Nazioa, be justly pronounced one of the greater
15, 0s well as one of the best of men, not only of his
a, bat any other age. He was long " a buroing and
daing light” in the church, and blest with eminent
silks. He determined to know nothing but Jesus
hit and him erueifed; he was not ashamed of that
sel ke bad prored to be the power of God unto sal-

He preached the doctrine of the church of En-
und erording to the conscientious subscription he had
and's the thirty-nine articles of his ordination. He

hem in their literal and grammatical sense, the en commonly called calvinistic; which however some tied uriters now affect to disclaim as heretical, and sikiate any interpretation but the compilers. lor many thousands, in the obscure villages of Eusaid, would probably have lived and died strangers to a pesary truths of the gospel, and their saving effi127, kad not Mr. Whitefield, despising inglorious ease, Bal equally careless of hunan ceusure or applause, venare without the camp, and endured, for the sake of Lirst and souls, the toils of evangelizing these British kuchen! I den the last trampet shall rend the skies, then those 58 jow keep so close within the lines of cold indifferse, lamely beholding the Son of God crucified afresh, sal heelothed with shame, while those who dare to be Aigular in contending for the faith, and glory in reproach di their highest praise, shall enter the chureh above, as taquerors returning from the field of battle, with the falls of their enemies, and unite all their powers in ascroing to the Captain of their salvation, the undivided

f of their victory, and its inseparable duration of

happiness.

Mr. Whitefield was faithful and indefatigable in the

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