Practical Marine Engineering for Marine Engineers and Students, with Aids for Applicants for Marine Engineers' Licenses

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Marine engineering, 1917 - 982 σελίδες
 

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Περιεχόμενα

Tin
29
Testing of Metals
37
3 Test Pieces for Iron
38
5 Bending Quenching and Hammer Tests
41
CHAPTER II
43
2 Combustion
44
3 Impurities in Coal Clinker Formation
47
4 Weathering of Coal
48
5 Spontaneous Combustion
49
6 Corrosion
52
8 General Comparison Between Bituminous and Anthracite Coal
53
Liquid Fuel
54
2 Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Fuel
56
SECTION PAGE
57
Types of Boilers
63
Riveted Joints
85
Materials and Construction
104
Boiler Mountings and Fire Room Fittings
133
4 Dry Pipe or Internal Steam Pipe
139
CHAPTER IV
191
SECTION PAGE
201
Amounts of Air for Combustion
208
CHAPTER V
218
The Turbine for Ship Propulsion
231
Internal Combustion Engines Explosion
268
The Diesel Oil Engine Progressive Combustion
291
Producer Gas Installations
305
2 The Rotor
338
Other Turbines
346
Western River Boat Practice
359
Engine Fittings
369
Piping
423
CHAPTER VII
430
Air Pumps
438
Auxiliaries for Turbines
448
SECTION PAGE 5 Operating Gear
460
Feed Heaters
461
Filters
466
Evaporators
467
Direct Acting Pumps
470
Blowers or Fans
474
Separators
475
Ash Ejector and Ash Expeller
477
Pneumercator
479
1 Draft Indicator for Vessels
481
Time Firing Regulators
484
2 Indicator
487
13 Gong
488
Steain Traps
489
General Arrangement of Machinery
492
CHAPTER VIII
495
2 Double Ported Slide Valve
497
3 Piston Valve
498
4 Equilibrium Piston
502
5 Equilibrium Rings
505
6 Outside and Inside Valves
506
Motion Due to Simple Eccentric and Its Representation by Valve Diagrams
507
2 Oval Valve Diagram
510
3 Bilgram Valve Diagram
516
4 Zeuner Valve Diagram
518
BraemmeMarshall Gear
524
Joy Valve Gear
528
Walschaert Valve Gear
529
Crank Valve Gear
531
Details of Stephenson Link Valve Gear
534
1 Eccentric and Strap and Eccentric Rod
535
2 Link
537
3 Link Block and Valve Stem
539
Valve Setting
541
2 Setting the Valve
544
3 Valve Setting from the Indicator Card
546
CHAPTER IX
548
Refrigeration by Freezing Mixtures
549
Refrigeration by Vaporization and Expansion
550
Principal Features of Ammonia Refrigerating Apparatus
553
Carbonic Anhydride Refrigerating Machinery
559
Ethyl Chloride Machines
560
SECTION PAGE 74 Sulphur Dioxide Machine
562
Refrigeration by the Expansion of Compressed Air
563
Principal Features of Compressed Air Refrigerating Apparatus
564
Operation and Care of Refrigerating Machinery
566
CHAPTER X
570
The Dynamo
576
Wiring and the Distribution of Light and Power
582
Lamps
586
Operation and Care of Electrical Machinery
588
2 Faults
590
CHAPTER XI
593
1 Definitions
596
Boilers
626
2 Fireroom Routine
628
Engine Room Routine and Management
638
2 Routine Operation
642
3 Minor Emergencies and Troubles
646
Routine for Turbine Propelled VesselsPreparations for Getting Under Way
650
2 Securing Main Engines After Coming to Anchor
652
4 Additional Notes on Firing
654
5 Instructions for Burning Oil Fuel
655
6 Preparations for Getting Under Way in the Firerooms Watertube Boilers
656
7 Routine for Getting Under Way
657
8 Routine for Coming to Anchor
659
9 Care and Operation
661
10 Work in Dry Dock
663
SECTION PAGE 94 Emergencies and Casualties
664
Boiler Corrosion
676
Boiler Scale
688
Boiler Overhauling and Repairs
697
2 Leakage from the Joints of Boiler Mountings
702
13 Leakage About Shell Joints
703
4 Leakage at Internal Joints
704
5 Patches
705
6 Cracks and Holes
706
8 Tubes
707
9 Leakage About Stays and Braces
708
10 Bulging or Partial Collapse of Furnace or Combustion Chamber Plates
709
11 Split in Feed Pipe
710
Engine Overhauling Adjustment and Repairs
711
2 Pin Joints and Bearings
712
3 Crosshead Guides
714
4 Crosshead Marks
715
5 Lining Up
716
6 Valve Gear
722
9 Condenser
723
10 Air Pumps
724
12 Piping
725
Laying Up Marine Machinery
726
CHAPTER XIII
731
2 The Indicator Card and the Operation of the Valve Gear
734
3 Working Up Indicator Cards for Power
737
4 Combined Indicator Cards
745
Steam Engine Indicators 719
749
2 Reducing Motions
753
3 Taking an Indicator Card
756
Torsion Meters
758
1 Calibration of Shafting with Torsion Meter in Place
759
2 GaryCummings Torsion Meter
763
3 HopkinsonThring Torsion Meter
770
CHAPTER XIV
774
2 Heat
775
3 Steam
780
SECTION PAGE
786
1 General Principles
796
Development of the Steam Turbine
813
Velocity Diagrams and Work by Steam
821
The Lever Safety Valve and the Safety Valve Problem
829
Strength of Boilers
837
Gain by Feed Water Heating 814
844
I21 Engine Constant
850
Force Required to Move a Slide Valve
856
CHAPTER XV
869
7 Multiplication of Fractions
875
SECTION PAGE
880
Compound Numbers
886
Duodecimals
892
Evolution and Involution
899
Geometry and Mensuration
908
SECTION PAGE 25 Frustum of General Pyramid
926
27 Frustum of General Cone
927
29 Volumes of Irregular Shape
928
30 Volume Generated by Any Area Revolving About an Axis
929
2 To Bisect the Distance Between Two Points
930
5 To Construct a Triangle Having Given the Three Sides
931
9 To Construct a Square Equivalent to a Given Rectangle
932
13 To Construct an Ellipse
933
14 To Construct Any Regular Polygon
934
16 To Develop the Surface of a Cylinder Which is Intersected by Another Cylinder the Two Axes Being in the Same Plane
935
17 To Develop the Surface of a Cone
936
Physics
937
3 Heat Unit
938
Mechanics
939
4 Moment of a Force
940
8 Energy
942
9 Conservation of Energy
943
12 Propositions in Statics
944
13 Mechanical Powers
946
14 Examples in Mechanics
952
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Σελίδα 779 - It has been seen that a heat unit is the quantity of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree in temperature...
Σελίδα 893 - In the multiplication of whole numbers, place the multiplier under the multiplicand, and multiply each term of the multiplicand by each term of the multiplier, writing the right-hand figure of each product obtained under the term of the multiplier which produces it.
Σελίδα 927 - A sphere is a solid bounded by a curved surface, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.
Σελίδα 870 - The number below the line is called the denominator, and shows into how many parts the number or thing is divided. The number above the line is called the numerator, and shows how many parts are expressed by the fraction.
Σελίδα 172 - Where P = working pressure in pounds per square inch. D = outside diameter of furnace in inches. L — length of section in inches. T = thickness of plate in sixteenths of an inch. Example.
Σελίδα 894 - The ratio between two numbers is simply their numerical relationship expressed as the quotient of the first divided by the second. Thus the ratio of 6 to 3 is 2 ; of 1.2 to 3 is .4; of 4 to 5 is .8, etc.
Σελίδα 162 - Multiply one-sixth (1-6) of the lowest tensile strength found stamped on any plate in the cylindrical shell by the thickness — expressed in inches or parts of an inch — of the thinnest plate in the. same cylindrical shell, and divide by the radius or half diameter — also expressed in inches — and the...
Σελίδα 177 - ... of the greatest pitch of the stay, riveted to the outside of the plates, and stays having one nut inside of the plate, and one nut outside of the washer or doubling strip. For T take 72 percent of the combined thickness of the plate and washer or plate and doubling strip.
Σελίδα 175 - The diameter of a screw stay shall be taken at the bottom of the thread, provided this is the least diameter.

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