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norance. Dr. Fortin's Sermons, course of eight sermons preached vol. vii, charge 1; Mrs. H. annually at the University of Ox. Moore's Hints to a Young Princess, ford, set on foot by the Rev. John vol. i, p. 64; Cooke's Miss. Ser. Bampton, canon of Salisbury. Acon Matt. vi, 3; Dr. Stennett's Ser.cording to the directions in his on Acts xxvi, 24, 25.
will, they are to be preached upon LECTURES RELIGIOUS, either of the following subjects: are discourses or sermons deliver to confirm and establish the ed by ministers on any subject in Christian faith, and to confute all theology. Beside lectures on the heretics and schismatics ; upon sabbath day, many think proper the divine authority of the holy to preach on week-days; some scriptures; upon the authority of the times at five in the morning, be- writings of the primitive fathers, fore people go to work, and at as to the faith and practice of the seven in the evening, after they primitive church; upon the divinity have done. In London there is of our Lord and Saviour Jesus preaching almost every sorenoon Christ; upon the divinity of the and evening in the week, at some Holy Ghost; upon the articles of place or other. It may be ob- the Christian faith, as comprehendjected, however, against week-day od in the Apostles' and Nicene preaching, that it has a tendency creeds. For the support of this lecto take people from their business, ture, he bequeathed his lands and and that the number of places estates to the chancellor, masters, open on a sabbath day supersedes and scholars of the University of the necessity of it. But in answer Oxford for ever, upon trust that to this, may it not be observed, 1. the vice-chancellor for the time That people stand in need at all being take and receive all the rents times of religious instruction, ex- and profits thereof; and, after hortation, and comfort ?-2. That all taxes, reparations, and necesthere is a probability of convert-sary deductions made, to pay all ing sinners then as well as at other the remainder to the endowment times?-3. That ministers are com- of these divinity lecture sermons. manded to be instant in season and He also directs in his will, that out of season ?-And, 4. It gives no person shall be qualified to ministers an opportunity of hearing preach these lectures unless he one another, which is of great have taken the degree of master of utility. After all, it must be re-arts, at least, in one of the two marked, that he who can hear the Universities of Oxford or Camtruth on a sabbath day does not bridge, and that the same person act consistently to neglect his fami- shall never preach the same serly or business to be always present mons twice. A number of exat week-day lectures; nor is hecellent sermons preached at this altogether wise who has an oppor- lecture are now before the public. tunity of receiving instruction, LECTURES BOYLE'S. See yet altogether neglects it.
LECTURES BAMPTON, a LECTURE MERCHANTS,
a lecture set up in the year 1672 in prayer, and the other in a suitby the Presbyterians and Indepen- able exhortation to the people. dents, to shew their agreement When the heat of the war was among themselves, as well as to over, it became a casuistical lecsupport the doctrines of the re- ture, and was carried on till the formation against the prevailing restoration of Charles II. These errors of
popery, socinianism, and sermons were afterwards publishinfidelity. The principal minis- ed in several volumes quarto, unters for learning and popularity der the title of the Morning Exerwere chosen as lecturers, such as cises. The authors were the most Dr. Bates, Dr. Manton, Dr. eminent preachers of the day: Mr., Owen, Mr. Baxter, Mr. Collins, afterwards archbishop Tillotson, Jenkins, Mead, and afterwards was one of them. It appears
that Mr. Alsop, Howe, Cole, and these lectures were held every others. It was encouraged and morning for one month only ; and, supported by some of the princi- from the preface to the volume, pal merchants and tradesmen of dated 1689, the time was afterthe city. Some misunderstanding wards contracted to a fortnight. taking place, the Presbyterians re- Most of these were delivered at moved to Saiter's-hall, and the In- Cripplegate church, some at St. dependents remained at Finner's Giles's, and a volume against pohall, and each party filled up their pery in Southwark. Mr. Neal numbers out of their respective observes, that this lecture was afdenominations. This lecture is terwards revived in a different kept up to the present day, and is, form, and continued in his day. we believe, now held at Broad. It was kept up long afterwards at street Meeting every Tuesday several places in the summer, a murning.
week at each place ; but latterly LECTURES MORNING, the time was exchanged for the certain casuistical lectures, whichevening. were preached by some of the most LECTURES MOYER'S. See able divines in London). The occa- | Moyer's LECTURES. sion of these lectures seems to be LECTURE WARBURTO. this :during the troublesome NIAN, a lecture founded by bishtimes of Charles I, most of the ci- op Warburton to prove the truth of tizens having some near relation or revealed religion in general, and friend in the army of the earlof Es-the Christian in particular, from sex, so many bills were sent up to the the completion of the prophecies in pulpit every lord's Day for their the Old and New Testaments which preservation, that the minister had relate to the Christian church, esneither time to read them, nor to pecially to the apostacy of papal recommend their cases to God in Rome. To this foundation we prayer; it was, therefore, agreed owe the admirable discourses of by some London divines to sepa- Hurd, lialifax, Bagot, and inany räte an hour for this purpose eve-others. ry morning, one half to be spent LECTURES, in the church of
England, are an order of preach the Legalist; a character diame-
consent of rectors of in the Romish church, containing churches, &c., though with the the lessons that were to be read in leave and approbation of the bi- divine service: from hence the shop ; such as that of Lady Moy word was applied to the histories of er's, at St. Paul's. But the lec- the lives of saints, because chapters turer is not entitled to the pulpit were read out of them at matins ; without the consent of the rector but as the golden legend, compiled or vicar, who is possessed of the by James de Varase, about the freehold of the church.
year 1290, contained in it several LEGALIST, strictly speaking, ridiculous and romantic stories, is one who acts according, to or the word is now used by Protestconsistent with the law; but in ants to signify any incredible or general the term is made use of to inauthentic narrative. Hence, as denote one who expects salvation Dr. Jortin observes, we have false by his own works. We may far- legends concerning the miracles of ther consider a Legalist as one Christ, of his apostles, and of anwho has no proper conviction of cient Christians; and the writers of the evil of sin; who, although he these fables had, in all probability, pretends to abide by the law, yet as good natural abilities as the has not a just idea of its spiritu- disciples of Christ, and some of ality and demands. He is igno- them wanted neither learning nor rant of the grand scheme of sal- craft; and yet they betray them. vation by free grace : proud of hisselves by faults against chronoloown fancied righteousness, he sub-gy, against history, against manmits not to the righteousness of ners and customs, against moraGod; he derogates from the ho-lity, and against probability. A nour of Christ, by mixing his own liar of this kind can never pass works with his; and, in fact, de- | undiscovered ; but an honest renies the necessity of the work of later of truth and matter of fact the Spirit, by supposing that he is saft: he wants no artifice, and has ability in himself to perform tears no examination. all those duties which God has re LEGIONTHEBEAN, a name quired. Such is the character of given, in the time of Dioclesian,
to a whole legion of Christians, to his Ægyptiaca, in defence of consisting of more than six thou- this miracle; as also, what is alsand men, who were said to have leged against it by Dan Lauroque, suffered martyrdom by the order in a discourse upon that subof Maximian. Though this story ject, subjoined to the Adversaria hath never wanted patrons, yet it Sacra of Matt. Lauroque, his is disbelieved by many. Dr. Jor- father. The controversy between tio, in his usual facetious way, Sir Peter King and Mr. Moyle says, that it stands upon the au- upon this subject is also worthy thority of one Eucherius, bishop of attention. of Lyons, and a writer of the fifth LENT, a solemn time of fastcentury, who had it from Theo-ing in the Christian church, obserdorus, another bishop, who had ved as a time of humiliation before the honour and felicity to find the Easter. The Romish church, and reliques of these martyrs by reve some of the Protestant communion, lation, and perhaps by the smell maintain, that it was always a of the bones!
fast of forty days, and, as such, LEGION THUNDERING, of apostolical institution. Others a name given to those Christians think that it was of ecclesiastiwho served in the Roman army of cal institution, and that it was Marcus Antoninus, in the second variously observed in different century. The occasion of it was churches, and grew by degrees this :—when that emperor was at from a fast of forty hours to war with the Marcomanni, his a fast of forty days. . This is army was enclosed by the enemy, the sentiment of Morton, bishop and reduced to the most deplora- Taylor, Du Moulin, Daille, and ble condition by the thirst under others. Anciently, the manner of which they languished in a parch- observing Lent among those who ed desert. Just at this time they were piously disposed, was to abwere remarkably relieved by stain from food till evening: their a sudden and unexpected rain. only refreshment was a supper, and This event was attributed to the it was indifferent whether it was Christians, who were supposed to flesh or any other food, provided have effected this by their pray- it was used with sobriety and moers; and the name of the thunder- deration.
Lent was thought the ing legion was given to them, on proper time for exercising more account of the thunder and light- abundantly every species of chaning that destroyed the enemy, ríty: thus what they spared of their while the shower revived the faint- own bodies by abridging them of ing Romans. Whether this was a meal, was usually given to the really miraculous or not, has poor: they employed their vacant been disputed among learned men. hours in visiting the sick and They who wish to see what has those that were in prison ; in enbeen said on both sides, may con- tertaining strangers, and recon. sult Witsius Dissertat. de Legune ciling differences. The Imperial Fulminatrice, which is subjoined laws forbad all prosecution of men
in criminal actions that might || nicles, which are for the most bring them to corporal punishment part the same with the books of and torture during the whole sea. Samuel and kings ; and other par
This was a time of more ticular chapters in other books, than ordinary strictness and devo- either because they contain the tion, and therefore, in many of names of persons, places, or other the great churches, they had reli- matters less profitable to ordinary gious assemblies for prayer and readers. The course of the first preaching every day. All public lessons for Sundays is regulated af. games and stage-plays were prohi- ter a different manner: from Adbited at this season, and also the vent to Septuagesima Sunday, celebration of all festivals, birth- some particular chapters of Isaialı days, and marriages. The Chris- are appointed to be read, because tians of the Greek church observe that book contains the clearest four Lents; the first commenceson prophecies concerning Christ. the fifteenth of November; the Upon Septuagesima Sunday, Gesecond is the same with our Lent; nesis is begun; because that book, the third begins the week after which treats of the fall of man, Whitsuntide, and continues till the and the severe judgment of God festival of St. Peter and St. Paul; indicted on the world for sin, best and the fourth commences on the suits with a time of repentance first of August, and lasts no lon- and mortification. After Genesis ger than till the fifteenth. These follow chapters out of the books Lents are observed with great of the Old Testament, as they lie strictness and austerity, but on Sa- in order; only on festival Sunturdays and Sundays they indulge days, such as Easter, Whitsunday, themselves in drinking wine and&c., the particular history relatusing oil, which are prohibited on ing to that day is appointed to be other days.
read ; and on the saints' days the LESSONS, among ecclesiasti-church appoints lessons out of cal writers, are portions of the holy the moral books, such as Proscriptures read in churches at the verbs, Ecclesiastes, &c., as contime of divine service. In the an- taining excellent instructions for cient church, reading the scrip- the conduct of life. As to the tures was one part of the service second lessons, the church obof the catechumen, at which all serves the same course both on persons were allowed to be pre- Sundays and week-days; reading sent, in order to obtain instruc- the Gospel and Acts of the Apostion. The church of England, in tles in the morning, and the Episthe choice of lessons, proceeds as tles in the evening, in the order follows:--for all the first lessons on they stand in the New Testament; ordinary days, she directs to be excepting on saints' days and holy gin at the beginning of the year days, when such lessons are apwith Genesis, and so continue till pointed as either explain the mysthe books of the Old Testament tery, relate the history, or apply are read over, only omitting Chro- the example to us.