16. How many are 2 and 8? 3 and 8? 4 and 8? 5 and 8? 6 and 8? 7 and 8? 8 and 8? and 8? 39 and 8? 49 and 8! 59 and 8? 17. How many are 2 and 9 ? 3 and 9? 4 and 9? 5 and 9? 6 and 9? 7 and 9? 8 and 9? 9 and 9 ? 69 and 9? 79 and 9 ? 89 and 9? 3 IV.-1. A farmer bought a barrel of flour for five dollars and a hundred weight of sugar for eight dollars. How much did he give for both ? How many are 5 and 8? 2. A merchant received from one man eight dollars, from another seven, from another four, from another three, and from another five; how much did he receive in the whole ? How many are 8 and 7 and 4 and 3 and 5 ? 3. Five boys were playing at marbles. James had "eight, John had six, William had seven, George had four, and Charles had five. How many had they all ? How many are 8 and 6 and 7 and 4 and 5 ? 4. Lucy received from her mother, two pins at one time, nine at another, six at another, six at another, five at another, eight at another, and seven at another. How many did she receive in the whole? How many are 2 and 9 and 6 and 6 and 5 and 8 and 7? 5. A labourer received nine dollars for the first week, eight dollars for the second week, two dollars for the third, nine dollars for the fourth, five dollars for the fifth, and seven dollars for the sixth. What were his wages for the whole six weeks? How many are 9 and 8 and 2 and 9 and 5 and 7 ? 6. Sarah gave her teacher four plums, Mary gave her two, Jane gave her five, Eliza gave her seven, and Susan gave her three. How many did the teacher receive? How many are 4 and 2 and 5 and 7 7. Some boys were eating plums. The first ate eleven, the second nine, the third nine, the fourth seven, the fifth eight, the sixth eight, the seventh seven, and the eighth four. How many did they all eat? How many are 11 and 9 and 9 and 7 and 8 and 8 and and 4? 8. Maria received from her father three apples, from her mother four, from her brother four, from her sister five, and from her uncle four. How many apples had she? How many are 3 and 4 and 4 and 5 and 4 ? 9. A grocer sold oil for four dollars, molasses for four dollars, flour for four dollars, and tea for six dollars. How much did he receive for the whole? How many are 4 and 4 and 4 and 6? 10. In a certain school, seven study arithmetic, five study Latin, four study Greek, nine learn to read, and nine learn to write. How many scholars are there? How many are 7 and 5 and 4 and 9 and 9? 11. Clara has nine white pins, six black ones, seven without heads, and she finds three. How many has she in all? How many are 9 and 6 and 7 and 3? 12. Peter has six pears in his right hand, six in his left, eight in his pocket, three in his hat, and nine in his trunk. How many has he in all? How many are 6 and 6 and 8 and 3 and 9 ? 13. A gentleman paid his grocer, at one time nine dollars, at another five, at another five, at another two, at another eight, and at another one. How much did he pay in all ? How many are 9 and 5 and 5 and 2 and 8 and 1 ? 14. In an orchard there are eleven apple trees, three pear trees, nine peach trees, eight plum trees, one apricot tree, one nectarine tree and six cherry trees, How many trees are there in the orchard? How many are 11 and 3 and 9 and 8 and 1 and 1 15. Thomas bought a spelling book for eight cents, a writing book for nine cents, an inkstand for nine cents, and a quill for three cents. How much did he give for the whole? How many are 8 and 9 and 9 and 3 ? 16. A gentleman bought for his family the following quantities of meat, viz., seven pounds on the first day, eight pounds on the second, three pounds on the third, and two pounds on the fourth. How much did he buy for the whole four days ? How many are 7 and 8 and 3 and 2 ? 17. I paid seven cents for an orange, three cents for an apple, four cents for some raisins, and three cents for some figs. How much did I pay for the whole? How many are 7 and 3 and 4 and 3? 18. How many are 6 and 2 and 7 and 2 and 6 and 3? V.-1. A boy has one cent, and he spends one cent. How many has he left? 1 from 1 leaves how many ? 2. Two apples were on the table, and Mary took one of them. How many did she leave? 1 from 2 leaves how many ? 3. Three pigeons were in a dove-cote, and one of them flew away. How many remained ? 1 from 3 leaves how many ? 4. John had four rabbits, and one of them died. How many had he then? 1 from 4 leaves how many ? 5. I had five peaches, and ate one of them. How many had I left? 1 from 5 leaves how many ? 6. Joseph found six pins, but one of them had no head. How many had heads ?. 1 from 6 leaves how many ? 7. Seven boys were skating, and one fell down. How many did not fall ? 1 from 7 leaves how many ? 8. Eliza had eight nuts, one of which was a walnut, and the rest chestnuts. How many chestnuts had she? 1 from 8 leaves how many ? 9. A woman had nine apples in a basket, and gave one of them to a poor boy. How many had she left? 1 from 9 leaves how many ? 10. Ten boys were reciting, and one of them was sent to his seat. How many continued their lesson ? 1 from 10 leaves how many ? 11. A gentleman had two cents in his purse, and he gave two cents to a beggar. How many had he left? 2 from 2 leave how many? 12. Thomas, James and William went out to walk, but James and William soon returned home. How many continued their walk? 2 from 3 leave how many ? 13. James had four marbles, and lost two of them. How many had he left? 2 from 4 leave how many? 14. George brought five apples from home, and gave two of them away. How many had he left? 2 from 5 leave how many ? 15. Six girls were sewing, and two of them laid their work aside. How many continued at work? 2 from 6 leave how many ? 16. Jane received seven cents from her mother, and spent two of them. How many had she left? 2 from 7 leave how many ? 17. Nathan bought eight apples, and two of them How many were sweet? 2 from 8 leave how many ? 18. A man bought nine barrels of flour, and after. wards sold two of them. How many had he left ? 2 from 9 leave how many ? 19. Edward picked ten flowers, and gave his sister two of them. How many had he left? 2 from 10 leave how many ? 20. There were eleven pears on a tree, but the wind blew two of them off. How many remained on the tree? 2 from 11 leave how many ? were sour. Taking one number from another, as we have just been doing, is called SUBTRACTION. The number that is left is called the Difference or Remainder. 21. Repeat the Subtraction table. 1 from 1 leaves 0,2 from 2 leave 0 3 from 3 leave 0 1 from 2 leaves 1 2 from 3 leave 1 3 from 4 leave 1 1 from 3 leaves 2 2 from 4 leave 2 3 from 5 leave 2 1 from 4 leaves 3 2 from 5 leave 3 3 from 6 leave 3 1 from 5 leaves 4 2 from 6 leave 4 3 from 7 leave 4 1 from 6 leaves 52 from 7 leave 5 3 from 8 leave 5 1 from 7 leaves 6 2 from 8 leave 6 3 from 9 leave 6 1 from 8 leaves 7 | 2 from 9 leave 7 3 from 10 leave 7 1 from 9 leaves 8 2 from 10 leave 8 3 from 11 leave 8 1 from 10 leaves 92 from 11 leave 9 3 from 12 leave 9 4 from 4 leave 0 5 from 5 leave () 4 from 5 leave 5 from 6 leave 1 4 from 6 leave 2 5 from 7 leave 2 4 from 7 leave 3 5 from 8 leave 3 4 from 8 leave 4 5 from 9 leave 4 4 from 9 leave 5 5 from 10 leave 5 4 from 10 leave 6 5 from 11 leave 6 4 from 11 leave 7 5 from 12 leave 7 4 from 12 leave 8 5 from 13 leave 8 4 from 13 leave 9 | 5 from 14 leave 9 6 from 6 leave 0 6 from 7 leave 1 6 from 8 leave 2 6 from 9 leave 3 6 from 10 leave 4 6 from 11 leave 5 6 from 12 leave 6 6 from 13 leave 7 6 from 14 leave 8 6 from 15 leave 9 7 from 7 leave 0 7 from 8 leave 1 7 from 9 leave 2 7 from 10 leave 3 7 from 11 leave 4 7 from 12 leave 5 7 from 13 leave 6 7 from 14 leave 7 7 from 15 leave 8 7 from 16 leave 9 8 from 8 leave o 9 from 9 leave 0 VI.-1. Three boys were sliding on the ice, and three of them fell down. How many did not fall? 3 from 3 leave how many? What is the difference between 3 and 3? |