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53. 5 tens and 9 tens are how many tens ? 54. 50 and 90 are how many ?

55. What is the difference between 14 tens and 5 tens ? 14 tens and 9 tens ?

56. What is the difference between 140 and 50 ? 140 and 90?

57. 7 tens and 6 tens are how many tens? 58. 70 and 60 are how many ?

59. What is the difference between 6 tens and 13 tens ? 7 tens and 13 tens ?

60. What is the difference between 60 and 130 ? 70 and 130 ?

61. How many are 40 and 80 ?

X.--1. James had three apples and four pears, and John had four apples and two pears. How many apples, and how many pears had both ?

2. How many apples, and how many pears, are 3 apples and 4 apples, and 4 pears and 2 pears?

3. How many tens, and how many units, are 3 tens and 4 tens, and 4 units and 2 units?

4. How many are 30 and 40 and 4 and 2? How many are 34 and 42 ?

5. Laura had four walnuts and one chestnut, and Ann had three walnuts and two chestnuts. How many walnuts, and how many chestnuts had both ?

6. How many tens, and how many units, are 4 tens and 1 unit, and 3 tens and 2 units? How many are 41 and 32 ?

7. George had saved 41 cents, and a gentleman gave him 32 more. How many had he then?

8. Catherine had six pins and three needles, and Celia had two pins and four needles. How many pins and how needles had they both ?

9. How many tens, and how many units, are 6 tens and 3 units, and 2 tens and 4 units? How many are 63 and 24 ?

10. Mary has learned 63 pages in her spelling book, and she has 24 more to learn. How many pages are there in the book ?

11. A woman had eight pins and seven needles, and she gave her daughter six pins and three needles. How many of each had she left?

12. 8 tens and 7 units, less 6 tens and 3 units, are how many

? 87 less 63 are how many ? 13. A grocer had three bags of coffee and four bags of sugar, and he bought five bags of coffee and two bags of sugar. How many bags of each did he then have ?

14. How many tens, and how many units, are there in 3 tens and 4 units, and 5 tens and 2 units ? 34 and 52 are how many ?

15. A gentleman bought eight yards of broadcloth and six yards of cassimere, and he used three yards of broadcloth and four yards of cassimere. How many yards of each had he left? 16. 8 tens and 6 units, less 3 tens and 4 units, are

? 86 less 34 are how many ? 17. Martha had five quills and three pencils, and Charlotte had two quills and five pencils. How many quills, and how many pencils, had they both ?

18. How many tens, and how many units, are there in 5 tens and 3 units, and 2 tens and 5 units ? 53 and 25 are how many ?

19. A man had seven dimes and eight cents, and he spent five dimes and three cents. How much had he left ?

20. 7 tens and 8 units, less 5 tens and 3 units, are how many ? 78 less 53 are how many ?

how many

21. William had nine marbles and five bullets, and Benjamin had six marbles and no bullets. How many marbles, and how many bullets, had they both ?

22. 9 tens and 5 units, and 6 tens and 0 units, are how many tens, and how many units ? 95 and 60 are how many ?

23. There were fifteen apple trees, and five pear trees, in an orchard. Nine of the apple trees, and five pear trees, bore no fruit. How many of each bore fruit?

24. 15 tens and 5 units, less 9 tens and 5 units, are how many ? 155 less 95 are how many ?

XI.-1. If one apple costs two cents, how much will two apples cost ? 2 and 2 are how many ? 2 times 2 are how many ?

2. If an orange costs two cents, how much will three oranges cost ? 2 and 2 and 2 are how many ? 3 times 2 are how many ?

3. Louisa receives two cents a week. How much will she receive in four weeks? 2 and 2 and 2 and 2 are how many ? 4 times 2 are how many ?

4. How many eyes have five boys ? 5 times 2 are how many ?

5. How many hands have six girls ? 6 times 2 are how many ?

6. If one quill costs two cents, how much will seven quills cost ? 7 times 2 are how

many

? 7. A boy receives two cents for carrying a parcel. How much will he receive for eight parcels ? 8 times 2 are how many ?

8. When apples are two dollars a barrel, how much will nine barrels cost ? 9 times 2 are how many ?

9. Charles put two rings on each of his fingers and thumbs. How many had he on both hands? 10 times 2 are how many ?

1 are

Repeating a number as we have now been doing, is called MULTIPLICATION. The answer is called the product.

10. Repeat the multiplication table. 2 times 1 are 213 times 1 are 31 4 times

4 2 times 2 are 4 3 times 2 are 6 4 times 2 are 8 2 times 3 are 63 times 3 are 9 4 times 3 are 12 2 times 4 are 83 times 4 are 12 4 times 4 are 16 2 times 5 are 10 3 times 5 are 15 4 times 5 are 20 2 times 6 are 12 3 times 6 are 18 4 times 6 are 24 2 times 7 are 14 3 times 7 are 21 4 times 7 are 28 2 times 8 are 16 3 times 8 are 24 4 times 8 are 32 2 times 9 are 18 3 times 9 are 27 4 times 9 are 36 2 times 10 are 2013 times 10 are 30l 4 times 10 are 40

1 are

5 times 1 are 56 times 1 are 67 times

7 5 times 2 are 106 times 2 are 12 7 times 2 are 14 5 times 3 are 15 6 times 3 are 18 7 times 3 are 21 5 times 4 are 20 6 times 4 are 24 7 times 4 are 28 5 times 5 are 25 6 times 5 are 30 7 times 5 are 35 5 times 6 are 30 6 times 6 are 36 7 times 6 are 42 5 times 7 are 35 6 times 7 are 42 7 times 7 are 49 5 times 8 are 40 6 times 8 are 48 7 times 8 are 56 5 times 9 are 45 6 times 9 are 54 7 times 9 are 63 5 times 10 are 5016 times 10 are 601 7 times 10 are 70

8 times 1 are 8 9 times 1 are 9 10 times 1 are 10 8 times 2 are 16 9 times 2 are 18 10 times 2 are 20 8 times 3 are 24 9 times 3 are 27 10 times 3 are 30 8 times 4 are 32 9 times 4 are 36 10 times 4 are 40 8 times 5 are 40 9 times 5 are 45 10 times 5 are 50 8 times 6 are 48 9 times 6 are 54 10 times 6 are 60 8 times 7 are 56 9 times 7 are 63110 times 7 are 70 8 times 8 are 64 9 times 8 are 72 10 times 8 are 80 8 times 9 are 72 9 times 9 are 81 10 times 9 are 90 B times 10 are 8019 times 10 are 90/10 times 10 are 100

X11.-1. A miller sold nine barrels of flour at five dollars a barrel. How much did he receive for the whole? 9 times 5 are how many ? 5 times 9 are how many ?

2. If an orange costs four cents, how much will eight oranges cost ? 4 times 8 are how many? 8 times 4 are how many ?

3. Thomas, James and William, have each nine marbles. How many have they together? 3 times 9 are how many ? 9 times 3 are how many ?

4. When cider is two dollars a barrel, how much will nine barrels cost? 9 times 2 are how many ? 2 times 9 are how many ?

5. Harry has cight marbles in each hand; how many has he in both ? 2 times 8 are how many ? 8 times 2 are how many ?

6. How many hands have six men? 6 times 2 are how many? 2 times 6 are how many ?

7. How many feet have seven horses ? 7 times 4 are how many ? 4 times 7 are how

many

? 8. Mary has three cents a week; how much will she receive in eight weeks? 8 times 3 are how many? 3 times 8 are how many ?

9. There were four classes in a certain school, and six boys in each class. How many were there in the school ? 4 times 6 are how many? 6 times 4 are how

many?

10. If a family eat three pounds of meat a day, how much will they eat a week? 7 times 3 are how many? 3 times 7 are how many ?

11. How many legs have four tables? 4 times 4 are how many ?

12. If an apple costs two cents, how much will three apples cost ? five apples? seven apples? four

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