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R.S., 4136. July 5, 1884.
The Commissioner of Navigation may issue a register or enrollment for any vessel built in a foreign country, whenever such vessel shall be wrecked in the United States, and shall be purchased and repaired by a citizen of the United States, if it shall be proved to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that the repairs put upon such vessel are equal to three-fourths of the cost of the vessel when so repaired.
A vessel registered pursuant to law, which by sale has become the property of a foreigner, shall be entitled to a new register upon afterwards becoming American property, unless it has been enlarged or undergone change in build outside of the United States.
March 3, 1897.
4. Whaling vessels.
All vessels which may clear with registers for the purpose of engaging in the whale fishery shall be deemed to have lawful and sufficient papers for such voyages, securing the privileges and rights of registered vessels, and the privileges and exemptions of vessels enrolled and licensed for the fisheries.
R. S., 4316.
5. Enrolled and licensed vessels.
Vessels of twenty tons and upward, enrolled in pursuance of this Title [R. S., 4311-4390), and having a license in force, or vessels of less than twenty tons, which, although not enrolled, have a license in force, as required by this Title, and no others, shall be deemed vessels of the United States entitled to the privileges of vessels employed in the coasting-trade or fisheries.
Any steamboat employed or intended to be employed only in a river or bay of the United States, owned wholly or in part by an alien resident within the United States, may be enrolled and licensed, as if the same belonged to a citizen of the United States, subject to all the provisions of this Title [R. S., 4311-4390), except that, in such case, no oath shall be required that the boat belongs to a citizen of the United States.
Such resident alien, owner of any steamboat, upon application for enrollment or license, shall give bond to the collector of the district, for the use of the United States, in the penalty of one thousand dollars, with sufficient surety, conditioned that the boat shall not be employed in other waters than the rivers and bays of the United States,
Any vessel of the United States, navigating the waters on the northern, Dortheastern, and northwestern frontiers, otherwise than by sea, shall be enrolled and licensed in such form as other vessels; such enrollment and license shall authorize any such vessel to be employed either in the coasting or foreign trade on such frontiers, and no certificate of registry shall be required for vessels so employed. Such vessel shall be, in every other respect, liable to the regulations and penalties relating to registered and licensed vessels.
R. S., 4317.
6. Licensed vessels under twenty tons.
Before any vessel, of the burden of five tons, and less R. S.. 4331. than twenty tons, shall be licensed, the same measurement shall be made of such vessel, and the same provisions observed relative thereto, as are to be observed in case of measuring vessels to be registered or enrolled; but in all cases, where such vessel or any other licensed vessel shall have been once measured, it shall not be necessary to measure such vessel anew, for the purpose of obtaining another enrollment or license, unless such vessel shall have undergone some alteration as to her burden, subsequent to the time of her former license.
June 19, 1886.
7. Undocumented vessels.
The act [R. S., 4311-4385) to which this is a supplement Apr. 18, 1874. shall not be so construed as to extend the provisions of the said act to canal boats or boats employed on the internal waters or canals of any State; and all such boats, excepting only such as are provided with sails or propelling machinery of their own adapted to lake or coastwise navigation, and excepting such as are employed in trade with the Canadas, shall be exempt from the provisions of the said act, and from the payment of all customs and other fees under any act of Congress.
The provisions of title fifty [R. S., 4311-4390) of the June 30, 1879. Revised Statutes of the United States shall not be so construed as to require the payment of any fee or charge for the enrolling or licensing of vessels, built in the United States and owned by citizens thereof, not propelled by sail or by internal motive power of their own, and not in any case carrying passengers, whether navigating the internal waters of a State or the navigable waters of the United States, and not engaged in trade with contiguous foreign territory, nor shall this or any existing law be construed to require the enrolling, registering or licensing of any flat boat, barge or like craft for the carriage of freight, not propelled by sail or by internal motive power of its own, on the rivers or lakes of the United States.
Nothing in this Title [R. S., 4311-4390) shall be construed to extend to any boat or lighter not being masted, or if masted and not decked, employed in the harbor of any town or city.
R. S., 4385.
The Secretary of the Treasury may cause yachts used R. S., 4214. and employed exclusively as pleasure vessels or designed Mar. 3, 1883. as models of naval architecture, if built and owned in compliance with the provisions of sections forty.one hun. Jan. 16, 1895. dred and thirty-three to forty-one hundred and thirty-five, Sec. 4. to be licensed on terms which will authorize them to proceed from port to port of the United States, and by sea to foreign ports, without entering or clearing at the custom house, such license shall be in such form as the Secretary
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of the Treasury may prescribe. Such vessels, so enrolled and licensed, shall not be allowed to transport merchandise or carry passengers for pay. Such vessels shall have their name and port placed on some conspicuous portion of their hulls. Such vessels shall, in all respects, except as above, be subject to the laws of the United States, and shall be liable to seizure and forfeiture for any violation of the pro
visions of this title [R. S., 4131-4305). Jan. 16, 1895.. No licensed yacht shall engage in any trade, nor in any Sec. 4. way violate the revenue laws of the United States; and
every such yacht shall comply with the laws in all respects. Any master or owner violating the provisions of the pre. ceding section shall be liable to the penalty of two hundred dollars, in addition to any other penalty imposed by law. The Secretary of the Treasury shall have power to remit or mitigate any such penalty if in his opinion it was incurred
without negligence or intention of fraud. R. S., 4217. For the identification of yachts and their owners, a com
mission to sail for pleasure in any designated yacht belonging to any regularly organized and incorporated yacht club, stating the exemptions and privileges enjoyed under it, may be issued by the Secretary of the Treasury, and shall be a token of credit to any United States official, and to the authorities of any foreign power, for privileges en.
joyed under it. R. S., 4215. All such licensed yachts shall use a signal of the form,
size, and colors prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy; and the owners thereof shall at all times permit the naval architects in the employ of the United States to examine
and copy the models of such yachts. R. S., 4216.
Yachts, belonging to a regularly organized yacht club of any foreign nation which shall extend like privileges to the yachts of the United States, shall have the privilege of entering or leaving any port of the United States without
entering or clearing at the custom-house thereof or paying Feb. 5, 1897. tonnage tax: Provided, That the privileges of this section
shall not extend to any yacht built outside of the United States and owned, chartered, or used by a citizen of the United States, unless such ownership or charter was acquired prior to the passage of this Act. (See also Tonnage Tax,
Paragraph, 155.] R.S., 4218. Every yacht visting a foreign country under the proyi.
sions of the four preceding sections shall, on her return to the United States, make due entry at the custom-house of the port at which, on such return, she shall arrive.
9. Official number. R.S., 4177. The Commissioner of Navigation shall have power, under July 5, 1884. such regulations as he shall prescribe, to establish and pro
vide a system of numbering vessels so registered, enrolled, and licensed; and each vessel so numbered shall have her
number deeply carved or otherwise permanently marked June 19, 1886. on her main beam; and if at any time she shall cease to be
so marked, such vessel shall be liable to a fine of thirty
dollars on every arrival in a port of the United States if she have not her proper official number legally carved or permanently marked.
10. Name of vessel.
The name of every documented vessel of the United R. S., 4178. States shall be marked upon each bow and upon the stern, Feb. 21, 1891.
1897 and the home port shall also be marked upon the stern. These names shall be painted or gilded, or consist of cut or carved or cast roman letters in light color on a dark ground, or in a dark color on a light ground, secured in place, and to be distinctly visible. The smallest letters used shall not be less in size than four inches. If any such vessel shall be found without these names being so marked the owner or owners shall be liable to a penalty of ten dollars for each name omitted. The word “port,” as used in section forty- June 26, 1884. one hundred and seventy-eight shall be construed to mean either the port where the vessel is registered or enrolled, or the place in the same district where the vessel was built or where one or more of the owners reside.
Every steam vessel of the United States, in addition to R. S., 4495. having her name painted on her stern, shall have the same conspicuously placed in distinct, plain letters, of not less Fob. 21, 1801. than six inches in length on each outer side of the pilothouse, if it has such, and in case the vessel has side wheels, also on the outer side of each wheel-house; and if any such steamboat be found without having her name placed as required, she shall be subject to the same penalty as provided by law in the case of a vessel of the United States found without having her name, and the name of the port to which she belongs, painted on her stern.
11. Change of name.
No master, owner, or agent of any vessel of the United R. S., 4179. States shall in any way change the name of such vessel, or by any device, advertisement, or contrivance deceive or attempt to deceive the public, or any officer or agent of the United States, or of any State, or any corporation or agent thereof, or any person or persons, as to the true name or character of such vessel, on pain of the forfeiture of such vessel.
The Commissioner of Navigation shall, under the direc- July 5, 1884. tion of the Secretary of the Treasury, be empowered to Sec. 5. change the names of vessels of the United States, under such restrictions as may have been or shall be prescribed by act of Congress.
The Secretary of the Treasury be, and hereby is, author. Mar. 2, 1881. ized to permit the owner or owners of any vessel duly enrolled and found seaworthy and free from debt to change the name of the same, when, in his opinion, there shall be sufficient cause for so doing. The Secretary of the Treasury shall establish such rules and regulations and procure such evidence as to the age, condition, where built, and pecuniary liability of the vessel as he may deem necessary
to prevent injury to public or private interests; and when permission is granted by the Secretary, he shall cause the order for the change of name to be published at least in four issues in some daily or weekly paper at the place of register; and the cost of procuring evidence and advertising the change of name to be paid by the person or persons desiring such change of name.
Feb. 21, 1891.
The draught of every registered vessel shall be marked upon the stem and stern post, in English feet or decimeters, in either Arabic or Roman numerals. The bottom of each numeral shall indicate the draught to that line.