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Hundreds of Millions:
6000 Tens of Millions.
6.00 Millions
000 volundreds of Thousands.

co voor Tens of Thousands.
000 voor A Thousands.

d.

d. s. 20 is 1 8 12 is 1 30 26 24 2 40 3 4 36 3 50 4 2 43 4 60 5. 0 60

5 70 5 10

6 80 6 8 84

7 90 7 6 96 8 100 8

108 9 110

9 2 120 10

120 10 0 132 11
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
9 8 7 6 5 4 3
9 8 7 6 5
9 8 7 6 5
9 8 7 6

make
9 8 7 4 farthings 1 penny, d

8 12 pence, 1 shilling, s
9 20 sbillings, 1 pound, c.l.

ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION TABLE.

Ora

| 2 | 3 41 51 67 71 8.1 9 | 10 11 | 12

5 | 6 | 7 8 | 9 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 1 3 1 5 61 71 81 91-10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 41 61 71 81 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 15 | 16 517 8 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 61 81 9 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 7 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 19 8 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 9 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 10 12 | 13 | 14 15 | 16 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22

MULTIPLICATION TABLE.

wheca

1 2 3 1: 4 5.1 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 4 6 8 1 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 3 6 9

| 12 15 18 ! 21 | 24 27 30 35 36 4 8 12 16 20 | 24 | 28 | 32 36 40 441 48 5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | 25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45 50 55 60 6 | 12 | 18 | 24 | 30 | 36 | 42 48 | 54 | 60

66| 72 14 | 21 | 28 35 | 42 | 49 56 63

70: 771 84 8 | 16

| 24 | 32 | 40 | 48 | 56 | 64 72 801 88| 96 9 | 18 27 | 36 | 45 | 54 | 63 | 72_81 901 99/108 10 20 30 40 | 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 11 | 22 | 33 | 44 | 55 | 66 | 77 | 88 | 99 | 110|121}152 12 | 24 | 56 | 48 | 60 | 72 | 84 | 96 | 108 | 12|132|144

To learn this. Table : Find your multiplier in the left hand column, and the multiplicand a-top, and in the common angle of meeting, or against your multiplier, along at the right hand, and under your multiplicand, you will find the product, or answer.

b. ,

16 ounces,

gr.

'2. Troy Teight. 24 grains (gr.) make 1 penny-weight, marked pwt. 20 penny-weights, 1 ounce, 12 ounces,

1 pound,

3. Avoirdupois Weight. 16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce,

1 pound,

lh. 28 pounds, 1 quarter of a hundred weight, 4 quarters,

1 hundred weight, @ut. 20 hundred weight,

1 ton,

T. By this weight are weighed all coarse and drossy goods, grocery wares, and all metals except gold and silver.

4. Apothecaries Weight. 20 grains (gr.) make 1 scruple, 3 scruples,

1 draing 8 drams,

1 ounce,
1 pound,

It Apothecaries use this weight in compounding their medicines.

12 ounces,

** .5. Cloth Aleasure.

4 nails (na.) make

S

4 quarters,

quarters, 5 quarters, 6 quarters,

1 quarter of a yard, qr.
1 yard,

yd.
I EN Flemish, E. FI.
1 Ell English, E. E.
1 Eli French, E.Fr.

8 quarts,

gt."

6. Dry Measure. 2 pints (pt.) make

1 quart,
1 peck,

k. 4 pecks,

1 bushel,

bu. This measure is applied to grain, beans, flax-seed, salt, oats, oysters, coni, &c.

7. Wine Measure.

pt.

4 gills (gi.) make

1 pint,
2 pints,
I quart,

at.
4 quarts,
1 gallon,

gal. 314 gallons, 1 barrel,

bla 42 gallons, 1 tierce,

tier. 63 gallons, 1 hogshead,

hhd.
2 hogsheads,
1 pipe,

P.
2 pipes,
1 tun,

T. All brandies, spirits, mead, vinegar, oil, &c. are mea sured by wine measure. Note.-231 solid inches, make a gallon.

m.

8. Long Measure. 3 barley corns (b.c.) make 1 inch, marked in. 12 inches,

1 foot,

ft. 3 feet,

1 yard,

yd. 51 yards,

1 rod, pole, or pereh, rd. 40 rods,

1 furlong,

fur. 8 furlongs,

1 mile, s miles,

1 league,

lea. 691 statute miles,

1 degree, on the earth. 360 degrees, the circumference of the earth.

The use of long neasure is to measure the distance of places, or any other thing, where length is considered, without regard to breadth.

N. B. In measuring the height of horses, 4 inches make 1 hand. In measuring depths, six feet make 1 fathorn, or French toise. Distances are measured by a chain, four reds long, containing one hundred links

9. Land, or Square Measure.
144 square
inches make

1 square

foot. 9 square feet,

1 square yard. 302 square yards, or ?

1 square

rod.
2724 square feet,
40 square rods,

1
square

rood.
4 square roods,

1 square acre. 640 square acres,

1 square

mile.

10. Solid or Cubic Measure. 1728 solid inches make

1 solid foot.
40 feet of round timber, or ?

1 ton or load.
50 feet of hewn timber,
128 solid feet or 8 feet long,

1cord of wood.
4 wide, and 4 high,
All solids, or things that have length, breadth and depth,
are measured by this measure. N. B. The wine gallon
contains 231 solid or cubic inches, and the beer gallon,
28%. A bushel contains 2150,42 solid inches.

h.

W. mo.

11. Time.

S. N.
60 seconds (S.) make 1 minute, marked
60 minutes,

1 hour,
24 hours,
1 day,

d.
7 days,

1 week, 4 weeks,

1 month, 18 months, 1 day and 6 hours, 1 Julian year, yr. Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November, February twenty-eight alone, all the rest have thirty-one.

N. B. In bissextile, or leap year, February hath 29 days.

12. Circular Motion. 60 seconds () make 1 minute, 60 minutes,

1 degree, 30 degrees,

1 sign, 12 signs, or 360 degrees, the whole great circle of the

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Zodiac.

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