« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
ment; if that be one year or more froin the time the in terest commenced, adů it to the principal, and deduct the payment from the sum total. If there be after payments inade, compute the interest on the balance due to the next payment, and then deduct the payment as above; and in like manner from one payment to another, till all the payments are absorbed ; provided the time between one payment and another be one year or more. But if any payment be made before one year's interest hath accrued, then compute the interest on the principal sum due on the obligation for one year, add it to the principal, and compute the interest on the sum pail, from the time it was paid, up to the end of the year; and it to the sun paid, and deduct that sum from the principal and interest added as above. *
“ If any payments be made of a less sum than the interest arisen at the time of such payment, no interest is to be computed but only on the principal sum for any period.”
Kirby's Reports, page 49. A bond, or note, dated January 4th, 1797, was given for 1000 dollars, interest at 6 per cent. and there were payments endorsed upon it as follows, viz. S 1st payinent February 19, 1798.
200 2d payment June 29, 1799.
500 3d payment November 14, 1799
260 I demnand how much remains due on said note the 24th of December, 1800 ? 1000,00 dated January 4, 1797.
67,50 Interest to February 19, 1798=19) months.
*If a year does not extend beyond the time of final settlement; but if it does, then fiud the annount of the principal sum due on the obligation, up to the time of settlement, and likewise find the amount of the sum paid, from the time it was paid, up to the time of final settlement, and deduct this amount from the amount of the principal. But if there be several payments made within the said time, find the amount of the several payments, from the time they were paid, to the time of settlement, and deduct their amount from the amount of the principal.
867,50 balance due, Feb. 19, 1798.
438,345 balance due, June 29, 1799.
26,30 Interest for one year, 464,645 amount for one year. 269,750 amount of third payment for 7} months.* 194,895 balance due June 29, 1800.
5,687 Interest to December 24, 1800. 5 25
200,579 balance due on the Note, Dec. 24, 1800.
RULE II. Established by the Courts of Law in Massachusetts
computing interest on notes, &c. on which partial F ments have been endorsed.
" Compute the interest on the principal sum, from time when the interest commenced to the first time wl a payment was made, which exceeds either alone or Cunjunction with the preceding payment (if any) the terest at that time due: add that interest to the priz pal, and from the sum subtract the payment made att time, together with the preceding payment (if any). the remainder forms a new principal; on
which and subtract the payments as upon the first princi and proceed in this manner to the time of final seti ment."
S-cts. *260,00 third payment with its interest from the time 9,75 was paid, up to the end of the year, orofi
Nov. 14, 1799 to June 29, 1800, which is 269,75 amount.
Let the foregoing example be solved by this Rule. A note for 1000 dols. dated Jan, 4, 1797, at 6 per cent. 1st payment February 19, 1798.
8200 2d payment June 29, 1799.
500 3d payment November 14, 1799.
260 How much remains due on said note the 24th of December, 1800 ?
$ cts. Principal, January 4, 1797,
1000,00 Interest to Feb. 19, 1798, (13) mo.) 67,50
Amount, 1067,50 Paid February 19, 1798,
200,00 Remainder for a new principal, Interest to June 29, 1799, (16) mo.) 70,84
Amount, 938,54 Paid June 29, 1799,
500,00 Remains for a new principal,
438,34 Interest to November 14, 1799, (41 mo.)
Amount, 448,20 November 14, 1799, paid
260,00 Remains a new principal,
188,20 Interest to December 24, 1800, (134 mo.)
12,70 Balance due on said note, Dec. 24, 1800,
Scts. e The balance by Rule I. 200,579
By Rule II. 200,990
Difference, 0,411 Another Example in Rule II. A bond or note, dated February 1, 1800, was given for 500 dollars, interest at 6 per cent. and there were payments endorsed upon it as follows, viz. Scis. 1st payment May 1, 1800,
40,00 ad payment November 14, 1800,
$d payınent April 1, 1801. 4th payment May 1, 1801.
How much remains due on said note the 16th of tember, 1801 ?
$ ct Principal dated February 1, 1800,
500,0 Interest to May 1, 1800, (5 mo.)
Amount, 507,5 Paid May 1, 1800, a sum exceeding the interest, 40,0
New principal, May 1, 1800,
Amount, 495,5 Paid Nov. 4, 1800, a sum less than the interest then due,
8,00 Paid April 1, 1801, do. do.
12,00 Paid May 1, 1801, a sum greater, 30,00
New principal May 1, 1801,
445,55 Interest to Sept. 16, 1801, (4) mo.)
10,02 Balance due on the note, Sept. 16, 1801, 8455,57
The payments being applied according to t Rule, keep down the interest, and no part of the inter ever forms a part of the principal carrying interest.
COMPOUND INTEREST BY DECIMALS.
RULE. MULTIPLY the given principal continually by ti amount of one pound,
or one dollar, for one year, at th rate per cent. given, until the number of multiplication are equal to the given number of years, and the produ will be the amount required.
Or, In Table I. Appendix, find the amount of one do lar, or one pound, for the given number of years, whic multiply by the given principal, and it will give t! amount as before.
EXAMPLES. 1. What will 4001. amount to in 4 years, at 6 per cent. per annum, compound interest ?
(6504 10s. 9d. 2,75yrs. t Ans.
Whole amount=£504,98800 2. Required the amount of 425 dols. 75 cts. for 3 years,
per cent. compound interest. Ans. $507,7 cts. + 3. What is the compound interest of 555 dols. for 14 years, at 5 per cent. ? By Table I. Ans. 8543,86cts. +
4. What will 50 dollars amount to in 20 years, at 6 per cent, compound interest ? Ans. $160 35cts. 64m.
INVOLUTION Is the multiplying any number with itself, and that product by the former multiplier, and so on; and the several products which arise are called powers.
The number denoting the height of the power, is called the index, or exponent of that power.