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8694 Answer.

132 Ans. 3. Multiply 211 by 504.

Jins. 106554 4. Multiply 2464 by 84.

Ans 20533 5. Multiply 345 by 194.

Ans. 659 1 6. Multiply 6497 by 5!

Ans. SS4131 Questions to Exercise Multiplication and Division.

1. What will 94 tons of hay come to, at 14 dollars a ton ?

Ans. 81361 2. If it takes 320 rods to make a mile, and every rod contains 55 yards; how many yards are there in a mile?

Ans. 1760. 3. Sold a ship for 11516 dollars, and I owned of her; what was my part of the money? Ans. 88637.

4. In 27ð barrels of raisins, each 34 cwt. how many
bundred weight?

Ans. 966 cwt.
5. In 36 pieces of cloth, each piece containing 243
yards ; how many yards in the whole ? Ans. 873 yds.
6. What is the product of 161 multiplied by itself ?

Ans. 25921.
7. If a man spends 492 dollars a year, what is that per
calendar month?

Ans. 841. 8. A privateer of 65 men took a prize, which being equally divided among them, amounted to 1191. per man; what is the value of the prize

Ans. 17735. 9 What number multiplied by 9, will make 225 ?

Ans. 25. 10. The quotient of a certain number is 457, and the divisor 8; what is the dividend ?

Ans. 3656. 11. what cost 9 yds. of cloth, at 3s. per yard ?

Ans. 27s. 12. What cost 45 oxen, at8l. per head ? Ans. £360.

per

13. What cost 144 lb. of Indigo, at 2 dols. 50 cts. or 250 cents lb.

Ans. $360. 14. Write down four thousand six hundred and seyenteen, multiply it by twelve, divide the product by nine, and add 365 to the quotient, then from that sum subtract five thousand five hundred and twenty-one, and the remainder will be just 1000. Try it and see.

COMPOUND ADDITION, Is the adding of several numbers together, having aufferent denominations, but of the same generic kind, as pounds, shillings and pence, &c. Tons, hundreds, quar

tors, &c.

RULE.*

1. Place the numbens so that those of the same denomination may stand directly under each other.

2. Add the first column or denomination together, as in whole numbers; then divide the sum by as many of the same denomination as make one of the next greater; setting down the remainder under the column added, and carry the quotient to the next superior denomination, continuing the same to the last, which add, as in simple addition,

1. STERLING MONEY,

Is the money of account in Great-Britain, and is reckoned in Pounds, Shillings, Pence and Farthings. See the Pence Tables.

* The reason of this rule is evident: For, addition of this money, as 1 in the pence is equal to 4 in the farthings ; 1 in the shillings, to 12 in the pence; and 1 in the pounds, to 20 in the shillings ; therefore carrying as directed, is the arranging the money, arising from each column, properly in the scale of denominations, and this reasoning will hold good in the addition of compound numbers of any denomination whatever.

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EXAMPLES.
What is the sum total of 471. 13s. 47

15 6 6d.-191. 2s. 91.-141. 10s. 114d.

19 2 91 and 121. 9s. 11d. ?

Thus 14 10 111

12

9 13 Answer, f. 93 16 41

(3).
d.
£.

£. S.
17 13 11 84 17 5 3 30 11 4 2
13 10

2 75 13 4 3 15 10 1
10 17 S

50

17 8 2 1 0 1 1
8 8
20 10 10 1

3 9 S
3 3 4

16 5 0

4 6 3. 1

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d. 97.

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11. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. 421. 13s. 5d.-111. 105.-41. 17s. 8d,—131, Os. 70.-19s. 4d.-271 and 15l. 6s,

Ans. £. 115 703 12. Add 3041. 5s. and Oid.341. 19s. 7d271. 18s. 5d. -2471. Os. 113.-19s. 6d. 1gr. and 45l. together.

Ans. £ 640 3s. 534. 13. Find the sum total of 141, 19s. 6.111. 4s. 9d.251. 10s.-41. Os. 6d.-31. 5s. 8d.-19s. 6d. and Os. 6d.

Ans. £ 60 Os. 5d. 14. Find the amount of the following sums, viz. Forty pounds, nine shillings,

£

d. Sixty-four pounds and nine pence, Ninety-five pounds, nineteen shillings, Seventeen shillings and 4 d.

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Ans. fr. 2016.15

15. How much is the sum of
Thirty-seven shillings and six pence,
Thirty-nine shillings and.41d.
Forty-four shillings and nine pence,
Twenty-nine shillings and three pence,
Fifty-shillings,

Ans. £. 10 Os. 10d.

16. Bought a quantity of goods for 125l. 10s. paid for truckage forty-five shillings, for freight seventy-nine shillings and six pence, for duties thirty-five shillings and ten pence, and my expences were fifty-three shillings and wine pence ; what did the goods stand me in ?

Ans. £. 136 4s. 1d. 17. Six men took a prize, and having divided it equally amongst them, each man shared two hundred and forty pounds, thirteen shillings and seven pence'; how much money did the whole prize amount to?

Ans. £. 1444 1s, 6d.

2. TROY WEIGHT. 1b. Oz. pwt. gr.

lb. oz. put. gr.
16 11 19 23

8 11 19 21
4
4 16 21

6 10 16
8 8 19 14

7 8 17 21 6 9 14 17

4 6 S 23 4 7 10 7

9 7 14 17 0 7 11 12

7 9 13

10

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cwt.qr. lh.
2 3 27
1 1 17
4 2 26
6 1 13
3 3 15
6 2 16

3. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
lb.
oz. dr.

T. cwt. qr. lb. oz. dr. 24 - 13 14 91 17 2 24 13 14 17 12 11 19 9 0 17 10 12 26 12 15 14 13 2 04 9 11 16 8 7 47 11 3

19

14 5 2A 10 12 69 00 1 00 00 12 11 12 12 77 19 3 27 15 11

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