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9. LAND OR SQUARE MEASURE. A. roods. rods.

A. 29 1 10

29 2 17 24 1 25

17 1 36

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QUESTIONS,
Shewing the use of Compound Addition and Subtraction.

NEW-YORK, MARCH 22, 1814.
1.

Bought of George Grocer, 12 C. 2 grs. of Sugar, at 52s. per ewt.

£.52 10 0 28 lbs. of Rice, at 3d. per lb.

0

7 0 s loaves of Sugar, wt. 35lb. at 1s. 1d. per Ib. 1 17 11 S C. 2 qrs. 141b. of Raisins, at S6s. per cwt. 6 10 6

1

441 5 5

ter

2. What sum added to 171. 113. 87d. will make 100L?

Ans. 821. 8s. 3d. Sk. 3. Borrowed 50l. 10$. paid again at one time 171. 115. 6d, and at another time, 91. 4s. 8d. at another time 71. 9s. 6d. and at another time 19s. 6.d. how much remaina unpaid?

Ans. £ 15 4s. 91d. 4. Borrowed 1001. and paid in part as follows, viz. at one time 211. 118, 6d. at another time 191. 17s. 41d. at another time 10 dollars at 6s, each, and at another time two English guineas at 28s. cach and two pistareens, at 141d. each ; how much remains due, or unpaid ?

Ans. 52 12s. 83d. 5. A, B, and C, drew their prize money as follows, viz. A had 751. 155. 4d. B had three times as much as A, lacking 15s.6d. and C, had just as much as A and B both; pray how much lad C?

Ans. £302 5s. 10d. 6. I lent Peter Trusty 1000 dols. and afterwards lent kim 26 dols. 45 cts. more. He has paid me at one time 361 dols. 40 cts, and at another time 116 dols, 09 cts, becirles a note which he gave me upon James Paywell, for 145 dols. 90 cts. ; how stands the balance between us ?

Ans. The balance is $105 Co cts. due to me. 7. Paid A B in full for E F's bill on me, for 105l. 105. viz. I gave him Richard Drawer's note for 15l. 14s. 9d. Peter Johnson's do. for 301. Os 6d. an order on Robert Dealer for 391. 11s. the rest I make up in cash. I want to know what sum will make up ke deficiency?

915. 8,20 Ss. Id.

0 0

8. A merchant hac six debtors, who together, owerl him 29171, 10s. 61. A, B, C, D, and E, owed him 16751. 134. 911. of it; what was F's debt? Ans. [1241 16s. 9il.

9. A merchant bought 17C. 2qrs. 141b. of sugar, of which he sells 9C. 3qrs. 25lb. how much of it remains unsold ?

Ans. 70. 2grs. 17lb. 10. From a fashionable piece of cloth which contained 52yds. 2na, a taylor was ordered to take three suits, each byds. 2qrs. how much remains of the piece?

Ans. Syds. 2grs. ena. 11. The war between England and America comenced April 19, 1775, and a general peace took place January 20th, 1783 ; how long did the war continue ?

Ans. 7 yrs. 9mo. 1d.

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COMPOUND MULTIPLICATION. COMPOUND Multiplication is when the Multiplicand consists of several denominations, &c. 1. To Multiply Federal Money:

RULE. Multiply as in whole numbers, and place the separatrix as many figures from the right hand in the product, as it is in the multiplicand, or given sum.

EXAMPLES.

$ cts.

S d.com, 1. Multiply 35 09 by 25. 2. Multiply 49 0 0 5 by 97. 25

97

17545 7018

34S0S5 441045

Prod. 8877, 25

S. Multiply 1 dol. 4 cts, by 4. Multiply 41 cts. 5 mills by 5. Multiply 9 dollars by 6. Multiply 9 cents by 7. Multiply 9 mills by

$4753, 4 8 5

$ cts. 305 Ans. $17, 20 150 Ans. 62, 25 50 sins. 450, 00 50 Ans. 50 Ans.

4, 50 0, 45

mills;

8. There were forty-one men concerned in the pay. ment of a sum of money, and each paid 3 dollars and 9 how much was paid in all ?

Ans. $123 36cts, Omills. 9. The number of inhabitants in the United States is five millions; now suppose each should pay the trifling sum of 5 cents a year, for the term of 12 years, towards a continental tax; how many dollars would be raised thereby :

Ans. three millions Dollars,

2. To Multiply the Denominations of Sterling Money,

Weights, Measures, &c.

RULE. Write down the Multiplicand, and place the quantity underneath the least denomination, for the Multiplier, and in multiplying by it, observe the same rules for carrying from one denomination to another, as in Compound Addition.

INTRODUCTORY EXAMPLES.

£s. s. d.q. Multiply 1 11 6 2 by 5. How much is 3 times 11 9 5

3

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* When accounts ar: kept in pounds, shillings and pence, this kind of multiplication is a concise and elegant method of finding the value of goods at so much per yard, lb. &c. the general rule being to multiply the given price by the quantity.

31 16 &

8

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Practical Questions. What cost nine yards of cloth at 5s. Ed. per yard ?

£0 5 6 price of one yard. Multiply by

9 yards.
Ans. £2 9 6 price of nine yards.
QUESTIONS.

ANSWERS. fs. S. d.

fo. s. d. 4 gallons of wine,

at 0
8 ve on
per gallon. 1

14 4 5 C. Malaga Raisins, at 1 2 3 per cwt.

5

11 3 7 reams of paper, at 0 17 93 per ream,

6

4 61 & yds. of broadcloth, at 1:7 9,1

per

vård. 11 24 9 lb. of cinnamon, at 0 11

5 11 tons of hay, at % 1 10 per ton.

25 02 12 bushels of apples, at O 1 9

per bush. 1 10. 12 bushels of wheat, at 0 9 10 per

bush. 5

18 0 2. When the multiplier, that is, the quantity, is a composite number, and greater than 12, take any two such numbers as when multiplied together, will exactly produce the given quantity, and multiply first by one of those figures, and that product by the other , and the last product will be the answer.

4) per

ib.

2 21

1

EXAMPLES.

What cost 28 yards of cloth, at 6s 10d. per yard ?

£ s. d.
7 6 10 price of one yard.

Multiply by
Produces
Multipy by

2 7 10 price of 7 yards.

Answer, 492

price of 28 yards.

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