d. qrs. 55 18 63 QUESTIONS. ANSWERS. s f. s. d. 24 yards at 7 4. 3 per yard, 8 17 6 27 at 9 10 0 13 5 6 44 at 12 4 2 27 4 6 at 8 3 1 22 14 103 72 at 19 11 0 71 14 0 20 at 3 6 2 3 10 10 84 at 4. 2 3 6 96 at 11 © 56 0 at £o. 1 17 6 0 118 2 6 144 at 1 4 2 0 = 174 0 0 3. When no two numbers multiplied together will exactly make the multiplier, you must multiply by any two whose product will come the nearest ; then multiply the upper line by what remained ; which added to the last product gives the answer. EXAMPLFS. d. Õ 17 9 price of 1 yard. Multiply by 5 £s. Produces 4 8 9 price of 5 yards. 1 15 6 price of 2 vards. ។ Answer, £41 14 3 price of 47 yards. ANSWERS. £. s. d. 23 ells of linen, at 0 3 6} per ell. 4 1 53 17 ells of dowlas, at 0 1 64 per ell. 1 6 2.1 39 cwt. of sugar, at 10 6 per cwt. 137 96 52 yds. of cloth, at 0 5 9 per yd. 14 19 0 19 lbs. of indigo, at 0 11 6 per ib. 10 18 6 29 yos. of cambric, at 0 13 7 per yd. 19 13 11 111 yds. broadcloth, at 1 2 6 per yd. 194 17 6 94 beaver hats, at 1 9 4 a piece. 137 17 4 Prod 6 6 01 0 0 6 4. 'To find the value of a hundred weigint, by having the price of one pound. If the price be farthings, multiply 2s. 4d. by the farthings in the price of one lb.--Or, if the price be pence, , multiply 9s. 4d. by the pence in the price of one lb. and in either case the product will be the answer. EXAMPLES. d. 9 farthings in the price of 1 lb. 6 o er WO the ast S. d. Examples of Weights, Measures, góc. 1. How much is 5 times 7cwt. 3 yrs. 15 lb. ? Cwt. qrs. lb. 7 3 15 5 5 Ans. Cwt. 39 1 19 cwt. gr. lb. oz 13 by 4. '3) 27 1 13 12 6 Product lb. 80 9 10 Ib. 164 0 26 8 (l. 1. yds. gr. naa 4. Multiply 14 3 2 by 11 hhd. g. qt. pt. 5. Multiply 21 15 2 1 by 12 le. m. fur.po. 6. Multiply 81 26 21 by 8 p. 7. Multiply 41 % 11 by 18 8. Multiply 20 5 3 6 by 14 S. 9. Multiply 1 15 48 24 by 5 cds. ft. 10 Multiply 3 87 by 8 ANSWERS 163 2 a r. p. d. S. cds. ft. yr. 1. w. di yr. m. W. CO i Dil 1. What is the weight of 7 hhds. of sugar, cach weighing 9 cwt. Sqrs. 12 lb. ? Ans. 69 curt. 6. What is the weight of 6 chests of tea, each weighing Sowt. qrs. 9.lb. ? Ins. 21cwt. 1gr. 261b. S. How much brandy in 9 casks, each containing 41 gals. Sota. 1:1.! Ans. 376gals. Iqts. ipt. 4. In's picces of cloth, each measuring 278 yards, how many vards: Ans. 971yds. Igr. 5. In ġ fields, each containing 14 acres, i rood, and 23 poles, how many acres ? Ans. 129a. 2grs. 25rods. 6. In 6 parcels of wood, each containing 5 cords and 96 feet, how many cords ? Ans. S4 cords. 7. A gentleman is possessed of 1 dozen of silver poons, each weighing 2 07.. 15 pwt. 11 grs. 2 dozen of tea-spoons, each weighing 10 pwt. 14 grs. and 2 silver tankards, each 21 oz. 15 pwt. Pray what is the weight of the whole ? Ans. 8lb. 10oz, 2pwt. 6grs. Divide inide COMPOUND DIVISION, TEACHES to find how often one number 18 contained in another of different denominations. 10. 8 DIVISION OF FEDERAL MONEY. PAny sum in Federal Money may be divided as a whole number; for, if dollars and cents be written down as a simple number, the whole will be cents; and if the sum consists of dollars only, annex two cyphers to the doilars, and the whole will be 'cents ; hence the following GENERAL RULE. Write down the given sum in cents, and divide as in whole numbers; the quotient will be the answer in cents. Note. If the cents in the given sum are less than 10, you must always place a cypher on their left, or in the ten's place of the cents, before you write them down. EXAMPLES. 1. Divide 35 dollars 68 cents, by 41. may annex a cypher to it, if you please, 288 and divide it again, and you will have 287 the mills, &c. 41 Rem. 1 2. Divide 21 aollars, 5 cents, by 14 figures to the right hand for cents, and 70 the rest will be dollars, &c. 70 er f 5 Ans. 68 cts. 5. Divide 97 dols. 43 cts. by 85. Ans. $1 14cts. Om. 6. Divide 243 dols. 54 cts. by 125. ins. 198cts. 8m.=61 98cts. 8m. 7. Divide 24 dols. 65 cts. by 248. Ans. Octs. 9m. 8. Divide 10 dols. or 1000 cts. by 25. Ans. 40cts. 9. Divide 125 dois. by 500. Ans. Qjcts. 10. Divide 1 dollar into 33 equal parts. Ans. 3cts. t PRACTICAL QUESTIONS. 1. Bought 25lb. of coffee for 5 dollars; what is that a pound? Ans. 20cts, 2. If 151 yards of Irish linen cost 49 dols. 78 cts. what is that per yard ? Ans. Sects. 3. If an cwt. of sugar cost 8 dols. 96 cts. what is that per pound ? Ans. Scts. 4. If 140 reams of paper cost 329 dols. what is that Ans. S2 35cts. 5. If a reckoning of 25 dolš. 41 cts. be paid equally among 14 persons, what do they pay a piece ? Ans. 81 814cts. 6. If a man's wages are 235 dols. 80 cts. a year, what is that a calendar month ? Ans. 519 65cts. 7. The salary of the President of the United States, is twenty-five thousand dollars a year ; what is that a day? Ans. $68 49cts. per ream ? 2. To divide the denominations of Sierling Money, Freighis, wiseasures, fc. RULE. Tegin with the highest denomination as in simple division ; and if any thing, remains, find how many of the next lawer denomination this remainder is equal to; which add to the pert denomination, then divile again, carrying the remainder, if any, as before ; and so on, till the whole is finished. PROOF-_'The same as in Simple Division. |