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land of Elba received orders to embark. Campbell was, approached the isle, That the imprudence of the treaty of the appearance of the national guard Fontainbleau might be complete, the on the batteries, instead of the hel. mimic emperor had been left in pos- metted grenadiers of the imperial session of a small flotilla that he might guard, at once apprised the British have another chance of becoming mas- resident of what had happened. When ter of a real one. The vessels were, he landed, he found the mother and a brig called the Inconstant, some ze- sister of Buonaparte in a well-painted becks and row-boats, in all seven trans- agony of apxiety about the fate of

ports, on board of which pine hun- their emperor, of whom they affected to Gap-dred soldiers were embarked. The to know nothing, except that he had

final resolution was kept so secret, that steered towards the coast of Barbary. even Bertrand was a stranger to it They appeared extremely desirous to

until an hour before its being carried detain Sir Niel Campbell on shore. Dejesta into execution. The officers were Resisting their entreaties, and repell

most of them engaged at a ball given ing the more pressing arguments of

by Pauline Borghese, the sister of the governor, who seemed somewhat King Buonaparte, and only left it to go on disposed to use force to prevent him

board the little squadron. The gene- from reimbarking, Sir Niel Campbell

tal officers who attended Buonaparte, regained his vessel, and set sail in puristersent were Bertrand, Drouet, and Cam- suit of the adventurer. But it was too

bronne, together with the director of late; they only attained a distant sight
the mines, Monsieur Porrs de Cette, of the flotilla, after Buonaparte and
who had contributed largely to the his forces had landed.
expence of the expedition. A procla- In their passage the adventurers
mation from General Lapi, calling made a narrow escape, as they fell in

governor of the island of Elba, with a royal French frigate. The solbrst announced to the inhabitants that diers on board of the Inconstant were their temporary emperor was recalled commanded to put off their caps and by Providence to a wider career of lie down upon the deck, while the glory.

captain of the brig exchanged some Sir Niel Campbell, appointed by questions of ordinary civility with the the British government to reside in captain of the frigate, to whom he the isle of Eiba at the court of Buo- chanced to be known. This done, Laparte, was absent on a short expe- each vessel followed her own course, dition to the coast of Italy, a circum- and Buonaparte, on the 1st of March, stance which doubtless had some share found himself once more on the coast determining the moment of the em- of France, off Frejus, in the gulf of St barkation; for although the British Juan. Here, in token of his resumed officer had neither the authority nor pretensions to the throne of France, the eficient means to prevent Buona- he caused his attendants and soldiers parte and his guards from going assume the tri-coloured cockade, whenever they thought fit, yet his ab and throw into the sea those which fence might be represented as a con- they had worn in Elba. This was avance on the part of England at the done with shouts of Vive l’Empereur; step which the ex-emperor of France and under these colours and auspices bad adopted, and no means of delu. they commenced their disembarka. slun were now to be omitted. When, tion. on its return, the English sloop of

It seemed essential to the success Partridge, in which Sir Niel of an enterprise, which rested entirely


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on popular opinion, that all its first at Grasse six field-pieces, which res steps should be prosperous; but this tarded their march, pressed forward was not the case: A party of twenty- to Cerenon, where they made a halt five men, disembarked as a forlorn on the evening of the 2d of March, hope to posscss themselves of Antibes, after a march of twenty leagues. The were arrested by General Corsin, marches of the two succeeding days the commandant of the place. The brought Napoleon into Dauphiné, Elbese officer, in an attempt to cs

called the cradle of the revolution, cape, precipitated himself into the and of all the provinces of France ditch of the fort, and broke his back. most partial to its tenets and its heSuch another example of fidelity to roes. Here the resort to Buonaparte the Bourbons as that of Corsin, would became more general, and the accla. have entirely ruined the expedition mations of welcome more decided. In of the Emperor of Elba, but he hasten-' the district of the Lower Alps, as the ed to seek out men with minds better Moniteur afterwards informed the prepared to receive him. The ge- public, the peasants thronged from neral disembarkment took place at every quarter, and testified their joy Cannes, about five in the afternoon, with an energy which left no doubt and the adventurers instantly com- of its sincerity. Still, however, those menced their march, with a band of who hailed the march with accla. scarce a thousand men, into the heart mations, were persons of the lowest of a kingdom, from which their ranks. All who had anything to haleader had been so lately expelled zard stood alɔof and waited the event. with execration, and where his rival Buonaparte was fast approaching a enjoyed in undisturbed peace a here- point where he must come into colliditary throne. The people of the sion with a considerable body of country looked on them with doubt, troops ; for the government, long and ful and wondering eyes, fearful alike late in taking the alarm, had at length to hail them as friends, or to resist received intelligence, or rather had them as invaders; for if, on the one listened to that which facts forced hand, appearances seemed to declare upon them, and were adopting mea. the attempt desperate, on the other, sures to defeat his enterprise, and dithe very fact of its being adventured, recting forces against the invader. in despite of these appearances, shew- Among all the wonderful circum. ed that Buonaparte had some secret stances attending this singular revogrounds for confidence. In their first lution, the stupid insensibility of the marches they were avoided by all who royal ministers to the imminent danhad property or reputation to risk. ger in which they were involved, is No proprietors appeared, no clergy, by far the most remarkable. Repeatno public functionaries. Some of the ed intimations of the conspiracy (a lower order of peasants assembled and conspiracy embracing so wide a circle shouted Vive l'Empereur, won by the could hardly be kept secret) had been daring and romantic circumstances of offered to the government. Yet while the undertaking; but there was no- the opposite faction were so well inthing which seemed to give the en. formed, that a public journal(Le Naine terprize the solidity of well-grounded Jaune) actually alluded enigmatically hope. From Cannes they marched to Buonaparte's landing at Cannes * to Grasse without halting, and leaving on the very day when it took place,

It was thus expressed, “ Our correspondent writes to-day with a pen made of cane (plume de Canne,) to-morrow he will write with a goose-quill.”

repeated informations dispatched to plishing it with safety. There was a the Abbé Montesquieu by the Mar- strong garrison at Grenoble, which quis de Bouthillier, prefect of the de- Buonaparte now approached. All partment of Var, had no force to com- seemed to turn upon the manner in pel the attention of the minister in which these troops should conduct whose cabinet the dispatches were themselves. found unopened. In the mean while, The commandant of Grenoble was large bodies of troops had received General Marchand, a loyal and brave orders from Soult, the minister at man. The Mareschal-de-camp Des war, to move towards Grenoble. In Villiers, who commanded in the neighthe defence which this officer after bouring town of Chamberri, had juste wards published, he allows that this ly the same character. His force had circumstance, joined with the subse- been augmented on the 7th of March quent defection of those troops, which by the junction of the seventh regiseemed, as it were, thrown into Buo- ment of the line, under their colonel, naparte's way on purpose that they La Bedoyere. This man had scarce ata might join him, must necessarily ex- tained the age of twenty-nine ; he cite doubts on the purity of his in- was distinguished for personal grace tentions. But he alleges that the and military accomplishment. His cause of these movements was a re- birth was noble; and the romantic quest from Talleyrand, then repre- misfortunes of some of his ancestors sentative of France at the Congress, had already furnished a subject for a that an army of 30,000 or40,000 men fictitious narrative, * to which his own shouid be formed in the south, be- story might make a melancholy sequel. tween Lyons and Chamberri, in order Married to a lady of the family of Dathat the kingdom's state of military mas, distinguished for: nobility alike preparation might authorise the high and loyalty, La Bedoyere had availed language he had begun to hold to the himself of their interest to obtain the other powers. If this excuse was command which he now held in the more than a mere pretext, Soult un. army, and his wife's relations had be. intentionally served Buonaparte as ef- come guarantees to the king for the fectually as if he had been in the se- loyalty of their relative. With all cret of the conspiracy; for the num. these motives for maintaining his alber, the appvintments, and, above all, legiance, La Bedoyere had engaged the spirit, both of soldiers and officers, frankly and deeply in the conspiracy, , were such as exactly suited his pur. seduced by the military talents of poses. l'he same day brought to Pa- Buonaparte, and the distinctions which ris an account of these military dis- he had formerly received from him. positions, with the astounding intelli- He entered into the treason with all the gence that Buonaparte had landed at boiling audacity of his character, and Cannes. All, therefore, rested on the came prepared to be the first in the path temper of these troops. It zealous in of apostacy. He had secretly brought the royal cause, they were ten times with his regiment, when it' marched more than sufficient to crush Buona- from Chamberri, one of those eagles, parte's project in the bud ; if they which, like that of Marius worshipproved disloyal, they might afford him ped by Catiline, had been reverently almost the certain means of accom- preserved to be, on some fitting occa

See a romance by Arnaud de Baculier, entitled “Le Epoux Malhereux, ou L'His. toire de Monsieur et Mademoiselle La Bedoyere," printed at the Hague in 1778.

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sion, the type and banner of revolt and berri, had reached Grenoble on the civil war. * He was also provided morning of the 7th, with his brigade with national cockades, which were of four battalions, and was disposing concealed within the hollow of the his troops for the defence of the drums. Buonaparte had held repeat place, when two battalions of the 7th ed communications with this officer regiment, commanded by La Beby means of Cambrone, and all was doyere, left the town without orders, prepared for the part he was to play and took the road for Gap, where on this important occasion.

Napoleon was quartered. No sooner The first meeting betwixt Buona- were they beyond the gates, than parte and the soldiers of Louis took they displayed the eagle, mounted place near the village of Mure, where the tri-coloured cockades, fired their the outposts of the garrison of Gre- pieces in the air, and shouted, Vive noble were posted. The adventurer l'Empereur ! Des Villiers pursued and advanced towards them, accompanied overtook them, compelling such stragonly by an aid-de-camp, and two or glers as he met to return to the town. three officers; the soldiers kept their At the head of the regiment he found ranks, but seemed irresolute.' " He Colonel La Bedoyere, leading it on that would slay his emperor,” said with his sword drawn. He urged him Napoleon, advancing and opening his to return, in the name of his family, bosom, " let him now act his plea- king, country, and honour. The insure.” The appeal was irresistible- fatuated young man only replied by the soldiers threw down their arms, asserting his determination to join the crowded around the general who had emperor; and Des Villiers, after haled them so often to victory, and ving discharged his duty to the utshouted, with one voice, Vive l'Empe- termost, was compelled to return areur! This scene was doubtless so lone to Grenoble. General Marchprepared as to ensure the probability and attempted in vain to find support of its passing with safety to Buona- among the remaining soldiery, for the parte's person; but, allowing all pos- wavering were determined, and the sible precautions to have been taken timid confirmed, by the decided step by the disaffected officers in seducing of La Bedoyere. Buonaparte was al. men of kindred feelings, so many ready in the suburbs; the gate of chances might have deranged their Bonne was forced open to make way calculations, that Napoleon must not for him, the keys having been secured be denied the credit of having gone by the commandant;-he entered the through this trying scene with ventu- place amid the shouts of the soldiers rous courage and decision. The sole and the rabble; the garrison destined diers instantly united their ranks with to oppose him became his own troops, those of Elba, and continued to ad. and General Marchand his prisoner. vance towards Grenoble, whence fresh Ashamed, however, totreat him harshreinforcements had already sallied to ly, and sensible of the advantage his join them.

cause would derive from a shew of Des Villiers, commandant of Cham- clemency, he dismissed Gen. March

The classical reader cannot have forgotten the passage in Cicero's Oration against Catiline, in which this eagle is mentioned,“ Sciam a quo aquilum illam argenteam, quam tibi, ac tuis omnibus perniciosam esse confido et funestam futuram ; cui domi tuz sacrarium scelerum tuorum constitutum fuit, sciam esse præmissam ? Tu ut illa diutius carere possis, quam venerari, ad cædem proficiscens, solebas ? a cujus altaribus sæpe istan dexteram impiam ad necem civium transtulisti ?



and with a compliment to his fidelity. each enrolled a corps of royal volunThe magistrates urged the hero of teers, which were speedily filled up. the day to take up his abode in the The ancient noblesse hastened to ofhouse of the mayor, but he conceived fer their services to augment the he owed that distinction to an inn household troops; and the temporary called the Three Dolphins, the mas- enthusiasm in favour of the Bourbons ter of which, Labarre, had served for- rose so high, that a female exclaimed merly in his corps of guards. In this on the staircase of the Tuilleries, as place the members of the conspiracy the king shewed himself to the assemhad held many private meetings; and, bled multitude, “If Louis has not men in the month of January preceding, it enough to fight for him, let him sumwas said Bertrand had been his guest, mon to arms the widows and childless disguised as a waggoner, upon a secret mothers whom the usurper has ren. expedition from the Isle of Elba. dered miserable.” An appeal, drawn Grenoble, thus fallen, placed him at up by Benjamin Constant, was the head of a small army of nearly markable for the eloquence which it three thousand men of all arms, with breathed, as well as for the subsequent a considerable train of artillery, and conduct of the author. It placed in corresponding magazines of ammuni. the most striking light the contrast tion, which, in the opinion of many, between the lawful government of a had been deposited in that town in constitutional monarch, and the usurporder that they might augment his re- ation of an Attila, or Genghis, who

governed only by the sword of his All, meanwhile, was bustle and Mamelukes. It reminded France of confusion at Paris. The first news of the general detestation with which Buonaparte's arrival on the coast of Buonaparte had been expelled, and Provence, reached Paris the day be- proclaimed them to be the scorn of fore he occupied Grenoble, and like a Europe, should they again stretch distant peal of thunder in a serene day, their hands voluntarily to the shackles rather excited surprise and curiosity which they had burst and hurled from than apprehension. But when it was them. All Frenchmen were sumknown that he had traversed the coun- moned to arms, more especially those try with his handful of men without to whom liberty was dear; for in the semblance of opposition, mens’ minds triumph of Buonaparte it must find its became agitated with the apprehen- grave forever.-" With Louis,” said sion of some strange and combined the address, “ was peace and happitreason. That the Bourbons might ness ;-with Buonaparte, war, misery, pot be wanting to their own cause, and desolation." Monsieur, with the Duke of Orleans, It was resolved to form a camp at set instantly out for Lyons, to make Melun for the protection of the capibead against the invader in the south, tal. Meanwhile, Buonaparte was deand the Duke D'Angouleme, who clared an outlaw by the royal proclawas at Bourdeaux, had instructions to mation; addresses poured in to the king repair to Nismes. Meanwhile, the from every quarter; the diplomatic spirit of the better orders of the le- body of ambassadors and envoys of fogislative bodies, and of the national reign powers hastened to assure him guards, seemed to be roused, and to of the amity and friendly disposition express itself decidedly in favour of of their sovereigns; and the most aniLouis XVIII. The Count de Vio. mating proclamations called on the menil, a royalist, and the Count de people and army to rally around the Latour-Maubourg, a constitutionalist, sovereign. Distrust, however, speedi

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