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Arrived at the palace, he presented it evident they had been undertaken himself before the queen, pale, ha- in concert, yet there had been no pregard, and bearing all the signs of ex- cise correspondence, far less any fortreme fatigue and dejection. His

mal treaty, betwixt the adventurous first salutation was in the affecting brothers. Each seems to have restod words, “Madam, I have been unable on his own fortunes, well knowing that to find death.” On this score Mu- his claim to the other's assistance rat had nothing to reproach himself; would depend chiefly upon his success, for, contrary to the custom of his and unwilling, besides, to relinquish brother-in-law, he had been foremost the privilege of making peace, should in every action, and exposed his per- it be necessary, by disowning the kinson with such daring audacity, as in- dred enterprize of his brother-in-law. duced most of his attendants to be. Notwithstanding the splendid details lieve, that he really sought to end his which the Moniteur gave of Murat’s misfortunes by the death of a soldier. undertaking while it yet seemed to Death, however, so unwelcome to promise success, it is certain that Buomost, comes not always to relieve naparte endeavoured to propitiate those who seek him, even in his most Austria, by the offer of abandoning frequent haunts, and he was to meet Murat, and that Murat, could his of Murat under other features. Joa. fers have obtained a hearing after the chim was speedily convinced, that repulse of Occhiobello, was ready there was no hope of redeeming his once more to have deserted Napoleon, fortunes, and that his stay in Naples whose name he had so lately reassumight compromise the safety of his med. Involved in this maze of selfish wife and family. Horace says, that policy, Murat had now the mortificaheroes, in their exile, lay aside their tion to find himself contemned by Na. swelling language; Murat, formerly poleon, when he might, indeed, be a so splendid in his apparel, now cut off burthen, but could afford him no aid. his hair, and left Naples alone, dress. Had he arrived at Milan as a victor, and ed in a plain grey frock.

extended a friendly hand across the In this disguise he gained the little Alps, how different would have been isle of Ischia. From thence he ob- his reception! But Buonaparte retained the means of transporting him- fused to see him in his distress, or to self, with one or two of his most faith- permit him to come to Paris, satisfied, ful adherents, and particularly the that the sight of his misery would be Duke of Rocca Romana, to Cannes, a bitter contradiction to the fables

where he landed on the which the French journals had, for same beach which had some time, published of his success.

received Napoleon a few Fouché sent him a message, much weeks before. A courier announced like that which enjoined the dishohis arrival to Buonaparte, who, in- noured ambassadors of Solomon to stead of sending consolation to his tarry at Jericho till their beards grew. unhappy relative, is said to have asked It recommended to Murat to remain with bitter scorn, “ Whether Naples in seclusion till the recollection of his and France had made peace since disgrace was abated by newer obtheir war of 1814?” The answer jects of general interest. The unfor. seems to imply, that although the at- tunate Joachim took up his residence tempts of Joachim and Napoleon accordingly in a small country-house coincided in time, and in other cir- near Toulon, an inactive attendant cumstances, so punctually as to make upon the course of inportant events,

May 25.



which were now in rapid progress to

to be in the Austrian armies, a party & grand catastrophe.

of whose cavalry, anticipating the Britain, according to her engage- term when the city was to be surrenments with Austria, had lent the aid dered, were pushed forward to occu. of her trident* to shake the founda. py it by Marshal Bianchi. They tions of Murat's tottering throne. surrounded the palace, occupied the Commodore Campbell, of the Tre. military posts, and were welcomed mendous, with a ship of the line and by the inhabitants, as delivering them two frigates, had formed the blockade from the threatened murders and pilof Naples, and the Melpomene, a lage of the Lazzaroni, by whom the French frigate, which endeavoured burgher guard was well nigh overto elude his vigilance, was taken by powered at the time of their arrival. the Rivoli, after a brief action, the A military convention only naval engagement by which this had been already concluded May 20. war was distinguished. The British between General Bianchi commodore next entered the Bay of and Carascosa, who commanded the Naples, and, under the threat of a

remnant of Murat's army after his bombardment, demanded possession departure. The Neapolitan geneof the arsenal, vessels of war, and na- ral had first proposed terms in the val stores. Fortune reserved for him name of Joachim, but the Austrians a more complete surrender on the having refused to listen to any propo part of the enemy, than even that sition in which Murat was mentioned which he demanded. Caroline Buo- as a party, Carascosa was obliged to naparte, the late Queen of Naples, subscribe to an unconditional surrenin momentary apprehension of the der of all the strong-holds in the kingfury of the populace, who were with dom, excepting those of Gaeta, Pesdifficulty restrained from attacking cara, and Ancona, already placed out the citadel, in which she had taken of his command by the blockade of refuge, surrendered her person and the allies.

the allies. The following articles of property to the British commodore. agreement were arranged by General She embarked under the escort of Bianchi, whom Ferdinand created, a guard of marines, and could hear for his important services, Duke of from the deck of the vessel the Capua. 1. The most absolute amshouts of her late subjects, as they nesty for the past. 2. The assurance plundered the effects which remain of the sales of national property. ed in the palace. “ Death to the 3. The confirmation of the national French and their faction!” was the debt. 4. That every Neapolitan, cry of the mob of Naples, always one without distinction of rank, might of the most formidable in Europe ; hold any office in the state, civil or and as they threatened to inforce this military. 5. The old and newly credecree against the persons and pro• ated nobles both to retain their boperty of such nobles and citizens as

6. Each officer in the miliwere alleged to be Muratists, it was tary service, being a pative of either hourly to be apprehended that this Sicily, to retain his rank and appointsplendid capital would have been ments, on taking the oath of fidelity sácked and burned to the ground. to Ferdinand. The other fortresses The only prospect of succour seemed speedily surrendered, but that of


muros, magnoque emota tridenti Fundamenta quatit.- Encid, lib. 2..

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Gaeta, where Mural's children were cealed himself in a secret retreat, gilodged, held out for two months, and ving out that he had embarked for only surrendered on the 8th August.' Tunis. He endeavoured to negociate The Neapolitan army was placed by for himself an asylum in England, but the convention at the disposition of Lord Exmouth declined to receive him the victors, and thus the whole of on board of his feet, unless as an un.' this fine kingdom was restored to conditional prisoner. In the meanFerdinand, its lawful monarch. He while, the royalists of the Bouches de embarked at Palermo, on hearing Rhine were in active search of the exof these brilliant successes, and, on monarch, under the idea that he had the 17th June, made his public en- considerable treasures about his pertry into Naples, his ancient capi- son. He was driven from the retreat tal

, after an absence of nine years.' he had chosen, and compelled, after He was received by the lower classes wandering several days in the woods with the most ardent acclamations; and vineyards, to throw himself on and the grandees of the realm thought the doubtful faith of a farmer, whose it necessary to evince a share of the house he entered, compelled by weaenthusiasm, which, it was suspected, riness and hunger. The owner rethey did not in reality feel..

spected the hospitality due to so sinLord Exmouth having, in the mean- gular a suppliant, and procured him a while, arrived in the bay of Naples, place of asylum in a villa in the neighthe treaty between Caroline Buo- bourhood, then unoccupied. On the naparte and Commodore Campbell' 13th of August, a party of sixty royalunderwent some modification. That ists, headed by the son of General officer had proposed to transport Moçaud, upon some suspicion or in. her to Antibes, and to guarantee formation, surrounded the house by her possession of the crown-jewels' night, and made a strict search of Naples. In these two points he through it. The late King of Naples, was judged by the admiral to have armed with a poniard and two pair of exceeded his powers. Caroline was pistols, had but just time to throw obliged to surrender the property of himself among the vines, about thirty the crown of Sicily, retaining only yards from the house, where the roywhat she could claim as her own. She alists repeatedly passed within a few was transported with her family to yards of them.' He heard them talk Trieste, and from thence to Prague, of cutting him to pieces, and dithere to reside, under the name of viding his treasures, and could only the Countess Lipona, and the pro- bend up his mind to make the most tection of the Austrian government. desperate resistance, and when all But to complete this singular history, failed, to discharge his last pistol at it is proper that we here anticipate his own head, rather than fall alive the order of time, in order that Mu- into their hands. But his destiny was rat's catastrophe may follow the tale different. He remained uudiscovered, of his ambitious enterprise.

and shortly afterwards escaped in a Joachim Murat resided privately, small open boat to Corsica. and in discouragement, in the vicinity The state of this singular island, of Toulon, until the news of the battle divided, from feudal as well as politiof Waterloo, and the subsequent de cal quarrels, into a hundred factions, thronement of Buonaparie, rendered of which each is willing to protect it no longer a safe neighbourhood; any person whatsoever against the when he dismissed his train, and con- others, afforded Murat a temporary

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refuge, which was prolonged, not he would live as a private individual withstanding the attempts of the of distinction, subject, however, to French commandant of Bastia to see the laws of these states. On these cure his person, until he heard the conditions he was offered a passport final resolution of the allied powers to proceed to Trieste, for the purpose on his behalf. This had been solicit- of joining his wife and family. ed at Paris by one of his former aid- More mild and honourable condide-camps, an Anglo-Italian, named tions were surely never proposed to a Macirone, through whom Murat de- man in Murat's situation, and they sired permission to reside in Eng- were such as he would gladly have land. The request was most pru. accepted, when he transmitted from dently rejected on the part of Lord Toulon to the hands of Fouché his Castlereagh. The British laws, cus- resolution to submit his person to the toms, and particularly the habits of disposal of the allies. But upon his the people, render our island a most arriving at Corsica, he had unfortuimproper place of residence for per- nately found about four hundred of sons whom it is desirable to seclude his followers, chiefly officers discharfrom political intrigues, or from upre- ged from the Neapolitan army, or strained intercourse with the rest of who had fled upon the return of FerEurope. Murat, in the power of the dinand. A desperate man, surroundallies, must always have been regard- ed by desperadoes, he now assumed ed as a prisoner of state, although at once more the regal character, took large, and on his parole; and such a possession of the town of Ajaccio, and prisoner can be only kept with perfect proceeded to levy soldiers with the safety under a government, which pos- avowed purpose of an attempt to resesses strong powers of coercion, in cover Naples. For this purpose, he case the personal freedom permitted to purchased five small vessels, and a him should be found liable to abuse.

quantity of arms and ammunition. There was, however, due respect paid Macirone, the bearer of Prince Metto the misfortunes of a king, who had ternich's proposal, found Joachim at once been the ally of Britain and Ajaccio in mimic state, having sentiAustria. The agent of Murat was nels mounted, and his colours displaysupplied by Prince Metternich with a ed before the door of his house. His note of the conditions, upon com- reception of Prince Metternich’s arti

pliance with which the Em- cles plainly shows, that his offer to Sept. 1. peror of Austria was willing retire into England was with the se

to grant an asylum to King cret purpose of waiting a favourable Joachim. 1. That he should assume opportunity again to assert his suppothe name of a private person; and sed right to his kingdom. But Austhat which the queen had adopted. tria afforded no facilities of this kind : was proposed to him. II. That he There was there peither an opposition, might chuse his residence in any to whom he might appeal,- nor a distown, either in Bohemia, Moravia, or affected jacobinical faction, with whom Upper Austria ; or should he prefer a he might intrigue.-- nor the opportucountry residence in any of these pro- nity of maintaining a correspondence vinces, his wishes would not be oppo- with the malcontents of France and sed, III. King Joachim was to en- Italy. If Murat accepted the terms gage his word to the emperor, that he of the emperor, it could only be with would not quit the Austrian states the certainty that he would not be without his express consent, and that permitted to elude them in letter or

in spirit. Life, safety, opulence, all that Neapolitan army, which was comto be enjoyed in the society of his fa- posed of the flower of the nation. He mily, seemed tasteless to this victim then resumed his resolution, and, of ambition, who, having experienced heading the brave men who had fora that chance could raise to a throne merly fought under him, was come to the waiter of a pot-house, was unwil- maintain the honour of the army, and ling to admit that fortune could re- his own rights.” The nation was ex

sume the grandeur she had horted to Ay to arms ; the amaranth Sept. 25. conferred. While, by a let- was appointed as the national colour,

ter addressed to Macirone, and the Neapolitan ladies were invited he pretended to accept the conditions to adorn themselves therewith. The

proposed to him, by ano- proclamation would not have been Sept. 28. ther, dated only three days faithful to the style of the great origi

later, he refused them with nal, had it not exhibited a sufficient contempt. " I will not accept,” were portion of falsehood. The Neapolihis expressions, “the conditions which tans were thereby assured, that the you are charged to offer me. I per. allied powers would not again arm ceive nothing in them but an absolute themselves against King Joachim. The abdication, on the mere condition that emperor, formerly deceived with re. I shall be permitted to exist, but in spect to the real political state of eternal captivity, subjected to the ar- Naples, would now, it was averred, bitrary action of the laws under a des. become his ally, and it would be an potic government.” He expressed insult to the good faith of the British himself confident in the attachment cabinet to suppose it would hesitate to of his army.-" I am going to join repair the injury it had done, by taking them— They are all eager to see me up arms against the rightful sovereign again at their head-They, and every of Naples. All this eloquence, and class of my well-beloved subjects, have much more to the same purpose, was preserved to me their affections- doomed to reach no farther than the have not abdicated I have a right to deafened and thankless ears of a few recover my crown, if God gives me rude Calabrian fishers. A storm disthe force and means."

persed the five small vessels in their The truth was, that, forgetting alike passage from Corsica to the coast of the difference of times, circumstances, Naples, and when it subsided, Murat countries, and personal talents, Murat found the felucca in which he was emhad imagined to himself the possibility barked separated from the others, and of effectuating a second revolution in atthe entrance of the Gulfof St Euphe.

Naples, such as Buonaparte mia. The chance of any force he might Sept. 28. had so lately accomplished obtain by waiting to collect his flotilla,

in France. For this purpose, was not to be balanced with the risk he sailed, with his flotilla of five ves- of delay. Joachim, dressed in a rich sels, with the purpose of disembarking uniform, and attended by about thirty at Salerno. In imitation of bis grand officers, among whom was General prototype, he had prepared a procla- Franceschetti, disembarked mation, which might almost be regard- at Pizzo. On his entering Oct. 8. ed as a parody on those of Buona- the market-place of the little parte. “ He had determined,” he town, numbers came to gaze on him, said, “ to retire from public life, when but none to join him. He collected he learned that the insulting term horses, mounted his retinue, and prohostile banditti,' had been applied to ceeded towarıls Monteleone, the ca

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