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The enemy,

An intelligent peasant, who guided while fresh corps continually unfolded the march of Blucher, conducted it so themselves, issuing from the forest on that his army might debouche from the the height behind us. woods near the village of Frischermont, however, still preserved means to rerather in the rear than on the flank of treat, till the village of Planchenoit, the French army, well judging that the which he had on his rear, and which appearance of the Prussians in that was defended by the guard, was, after quarter would be decisive. This man several bloody attacks, carried by had been dragged from his profession, storm. From that time the retreat and had served as a conscript; and, by became a rout, which soon spread a sort of retaliative justice, Buona- through the whole French army, parte suffered from the degree of mi- which, in its dreadful confusion, hurlitary skill which he had acquired du- rying away every thing that attemptring his compulsory service. The ed to stop it, soon assumed the apevent cannot be better told than in pearance of the flight of an army of the words of the Prince Marshal's dis- barbarians.” patch. When the heads of the Prus- Pursuing their career of success, sian columns arrived on the place of the Prussians soon encountered and action," it was half

an hour past seven, crossed the advance of the English and the issue of the battle was still army. The allies greeted each other uncertain. The whole of the fourth in that proud moment with the most corps, and a part of the second under friendly congratulations. The EngGeneral Pvich, had successively come lish gave their confederates three up. The French troops fought with cheers, and the Prussians caused their desperate fury ;-however, some un- military music to strike up

the anthem certainty was perceived in their move- of God save the King. By a singular ments, and it was observed that some coincidence, the Duke of Wellington pieces of cannon were retreating. At and the Prince Marshal met and exthis moment the first columns of the changed their congratulations near corps of General Ziethen arrived on the cabaret called La Belle Alliance, the points of attack, near the village a name which seemed to have been of Smouhen, on the enemy's right given in presage of the event. As flank, and instantly charged. This the British and Prussians were now moment decided the defeat of the on the same line of march, and the enemy. His right wing was broken cavalry of the former totally exhaustin three places; he abandoned his ed by the toils of the day, the duke positions. Our troops rushed forward readily relinquished to Blucher the at the pas de charge, and attacked charge of the pursuit, who swore he him on all sides, while at the same would not allow the fugitives a mo. time the whole English line advanced. ment's respite, and failed not to keep

“Circumstances were extremely fa. his oath. " The field marshal,” says vourable to the attack formed by the his official dispatch, “ assembled all Prussian army: The ground rose in the superior officers, and gave orders an amphitheatre, so that our artillery to send the last horse and the last man could freely open its fire from the in pursuit of the enemy. The van of summit of a great many heights which the army accelerated its march. The rose gradually above each other, and French being pursued without inter. in the intervals of which the troops mission, was absolutely disorganised. descended into the plain, formed into The causeway presented the appearbrigades, and in the greatest order, ance of an immense shipwreck: It was covered with an innumerable neral Duhesme, surrounded by some quantity of cannon, caissons, carriages, of the Black Brunswickers, whose baggage, arms, and wrecks of every fury for their duke's death was that kind. Those of the enemy who had night sated with revenge, begged attempted to repose for a time, and for his life.“ No," answered the had not expected to be so quickly hussar, to whom he petitioned, “ the pursued, were driven from more than duke died yesterday," and instantly nine bivouacs. In some villages they cut down the suppliant. When quarattempted to maintain themselves, but ter was refused to officers of disas soon as they heard the beating of tinction, who might have possessed our drums or the sound of the trum. the means of recompensing the favour pet, they either fled or threw them. shewn to them, it may be readily beselves into the houses, where they lieved that the common soldiers exwere cut down or made prisoners. It perienced no mercy. Indeed the very was moonlight, which greatly favoured fact of speaking French was sufficient the pursuit, for the whole march was to induce the Prussians, in the first but a continued chase, either in the fury of the pursuit, to put to death corn fields or the houses.

those who used the obnoxious lan“ At Genappe the enemy guage; and proceeding upon this getrenched himself with cannon and neral rule, some innocent individuals overturned carriages. At our ap- lost their lives by mistake. In fact, proach we suddenly heard in the town the minds of the Prussian soldiers a great noise and a motion of car: were on fire with their former wrongs riages. At the entrance we were ex- and their late defeat, and it must be posed to a brisk fire of musketry. We owned that they avenged both to the replied by some cannon-shot, followed uttermost. At Genappe, Buonaparte's by an hurrah, and an instant after the carriage, his cabinet, and his baggage, town was our's.” It will be remember fell into the hands of the victors. ed that this town of Genappe, with its Joined to one hundred and fifty pieces narrow street and the bridge over the of cannon which the English had taDyle, now encumbered with cannon ken, an equal number was captured and baggage, forms a defile of slow by the Prussians during the pursuit, and difficult passage, even to troops with the whole materiel and baggage conducted with every degree of order. To the unfortunate fugitives it It required all the glory, nay all proved an inextricable snare, and all the solid advantage of this immortal who did not escape at the first alarm day, to repair the bloody price at of the Prussians' entrance, were cut which victory had been purchased. to pieces without mercy. In the small Near one hundred officers were slain, ion and its offices, about forty grena. and more than five hundred wounded, diers were put to death. The spirit many of whom afterwards died. Ge. with which they had advanced to bat. nerals Cooke, Adams, almost every britle, and maintained the conflict while gade officer of reputation, were woundthey were assailants, was so complete ed, and many of them severely. The ly cowed by their present condition, very last fire of the enemy had been that most of them attempted no re- fatal to many officers of distinction : sistance, but turning their faces to the Lord Uxbridge then received the wall as if afraid to look on the instrue wound for which he was obliged to ment of death, were slaughtered like suffer amputation ; Sir Thomas Bradsheep with the lance and sabre. Ge- ford that of which he afterwards died. Sir Francis D’Oley and Co. peculiarly inveterate enemy, must ac, lonel Fitzgerald were bcth slain at count for vast numbers of those who the same period of the action. The were missing. But when it is consi. killed and wounded amounted to at dered, that of one hundred and fifty least fifteen thousand men, and if thousand men, a third part of the the Prussian loss is included, must number was never collected after this bave considerably exceeded twenty campaign of four days, it must be al, thousand, The utmost humanity and lowed, that, after all deductions of kindness were shewn to the wound- those slain in the actions of the 15th, ed by the citizens of Brussels, who, 16th, and 18th, the swords of the during the whole of this dreadful Prussians could not have bad edge, if battle, had been agonized by sinis. their revenge had found appetite, to ter reports of its being about to ter- devour the remainder. The truth is, minate in favour of the French. Some that many thousands disbanded after adherents Napoleon doubtless possess they reached France, threw away or ed within the walls of Brussels, but sold their arms and uniforms, and nethe hearts of the Belgians were gene- ver rejoined their standards. Stranrally averse to a renewal of his domi- gers find in almost every situation, nion. The battle of Waterloo made but especially as menials, men who a deep impression on their feelings in have seen this bloody field, and who favour of the Prince of Orange, their usually conclude their account of it future sovereign, who so gallantly sup. with their resolution never again to ported the honour of the Netherlands, embrace the trade of arms. His bravery, and the wound which he

had en

of the army.

Wonderful as these consequences received by a bal through his shoul- of a single engagement proved at the der, wbile fighting at the head of the time, the subsequent results, which national troops, served to endear him followed from the battle of Waterloo, to his new subjects.

were yet more astonishing. But be. It is impossible to calculate the loss fore proceeding to detail them, it is of the French army. Since the gene- proper to mention the sensation prorals of that nation, and particularly duced in Britain by the news of this Buonaparte, have acted upon the sys. important victory, which seemed the tem of making war (as one of them. very key-stone as it were which comselves expressed it) without looking pleted her triumphal arch. Even behind them, or calculating upon the those who had most deprecated the possibility of a reverse, no instance had hazard of war, were delighted as well hitherto occurred in which defeat was as surprised at its unexpected and 80 totally and irredeemably disastrous. glorious termination, and triumphed It is supposed that they left at least in the event which had falsified their twenty thousand men on the field of own prognostications. It seemed to battle. The prisoners did not exceed all as if the black storm, which had seven thousand, among whom were so suddenly obscured the politicai ho Count Lobau and General Cambrone. rizon, had condensed and discharged The utter disorder of the flight the itself in one loud and horrific peal of absence of all courage, and even pre- thunder, and that the clouds had then sence of mind on the part of the fugi- dispersed on the instant, and the sky tives,—the unusual circumstance that been restored to twice its usual sere the chase was followed by a fresh and nity and brilliancy.

CHAP. XV.

The Army.-Grant to the Duke of Wellington.-Motion respecting Corporal

Punishments in the Army. Thanks to the Duke of Wellington and the Army for the Victory of Waterloo. National Monument in Honour of that Victory.-Monuments to Generals Ponsonby and Picton.--Honours and Privileges conferred on the Troops.-Waterloo Subscription.- Vote of Thanks to the Duke of York.

The first care of the British parlia- the course of that momentous strugment, on the arrival of the tidings of gle, transcended, in his own personal the victory of Waterloo, was to testify exertions, even the great deeds of his the gratitude of the nation to the au- former campaigns. He had himself thors of that glorious atchievements received a letter from an officer of On the 23d of June, only five days high rapk, who was on the field of after the battle, the Chancellor of the battle, and one well qualified to form Exchequer, in the House of Commons, a correct judgment, who stated, that moved that a sum, not exceeding two the personal exertions of the Duke hundred thousand pounds, should be of Wellington were incredible, and granted, for the better enabling the threw all his preceding achievements trustees appointed in the former ses- completely into the shade. But these sion to carry into effect the purposes exertions had secured the success of for which they had been appointed, the day, of which every one but the by purchasing a suitable residence and great commander himself had at one estate for the Duke of Wellington and time despaired. At one period of the his heirs. The Chancellor was inter- battle, he took possession of a high rupted by repeated cheers, while he ridge, from which he declared he dwelt upon those incidents of the bat- would never move; nor did he move tle which illustrated the character of but in triumph. At another, when the Duke of Wellington." It might his position was strongly attacked, he appear surprising to the House, that threw himself into the centre of a as the forces of the Duke of Welling- square of infantry, which was furiouston and Prince Blucher were together ly charged by the enemy's cavalry, superior to the French in number be. but which, fortunately for his counfore the battle, that they should have try and the world, resisted the shock been inferior when the attack was with dauntless intrepidity. I men. made. This arose from the great ex. tion these things,' said the officer, tent of the allied line, which enabled because they are precisely those of the French to make a push at a par- which you will not find a word in his ową ticular point in superior force, and dispatches. Every person around him from the very considerable distance was either killed or wounded.' There which some corps of the allies had to was another characteristic trait of that march before they could reach the illustrious commander, which he could scene of action. He understood that not abstain from communicating in the illustrious commander who guided the House, He had received a letter

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from the Duke of Wellington, dated time, that the conduct of ministers, in from Binch, a town in advance of the the prosecution of this war, waving for place where the battle was fought; the moment all consideration of its and in a postscript he says I forgot necessity or policy, was such as exto mention, in my public dispatch, that torted his applause; and he had no 5000 prisoners have been already hesitation in saying, that every debrought in, and others are continually partment of government must have arriving.'

!!” This motion was most cor- exerted itself to the utmost to give dially agreed to. Mr Whitbread, on that complete efficiency to all the this occasion, delivered his sentiments component parts of the army, which for nearly the last time (his lamento enabled the genius of the Duke of ed death happening very soon af- Wellington, aided by such means, to terwards); and his speech is well accomplish the wonderful victory he worthy of commemoration, as indica- had achieved.” tive of that manly and candid spirit On the 23d of June the thanks of which has called forth the admiration the House were unanimously voted to even of his greatest political enemies. the Duke of Wellington, and to the He said, that “ he had not the slightest officers and men of the British army; intention of opposing the grant, as it to the officers and men of the allied was the only means now left for the forces, serving under the Duke; and nation to testify its gratitude, beyond to Prince Blucher and the Prussian that vote of thanks which they had army. Sir Francis Burdett, after stajust passed. It remained for the Duke ting his dissent from the opinion that of Wellington to do that, which he had been expressed by the mover of alone could do, to add to his own the resolutions, (Lord Castlereagh), great military fame; and he had in- added, that " whatever opinions might deed done more than was ever done, exist on the justice and expediency, he believed, by any single comman- or the injustice and inexpediency of der. It was undoubtedly gratifying the present war, there could be but to the House, and it must be gratify- one opinion as to the merit of the ing to the country, to hear those indi- English and their allies in the late vidual traits of heroism in that illustri- struggle—there could be but one opious chief, and especially the one which nion on the surpassing glory with the right honourable gentleman had which their efforts had on this occasion related, connected as it was with his been crowned. What he would wish entire confidence in the bravery and to propose was this, that the troops fidelity of his troops. He should have who had deserved so well of the counbeen sorry if the votes of that day had try, should receive a more substantial passed without his presence, to ex- reward than a vote of thanks, however press his most unfeigned approbation great the honour might be of a vote of them. With respect to the loss of thanks from that House. He wishthat had been sustained, and which ed to lay in his claim for an ameliorahad plunged so many illustrious fami- tion of the present military system, and lies in affliction, he could not advert hoped, when the Mutiny Bill should to that loss without dissenting from be brought in next year, gentlemen an expression used by the noble lord, would not think that the English soland lamenting the grievous fact, that dier, who had deserved so much of they had fallen in the prose cution of his country, was the only soldier in the a war into which this country had world for whom the degrading punishbeen led, without just or necessary ment of flogging was necessary.” Sir

He admitted, at the same Francis concluded, by expressing a

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