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French people, stating that Napoleon national guards at the Mint, at the had resigned, and that his son had Palace Royale, and elsewhere. In been proclaimed ; calling on the na- short, every thing intimated that either tion for exertions, sacrifices, and una- the imperialists must be conciliated, or nimity, and promising, if not an ac- a grand convulsion expected. It was tually new constitution, as had been said, that Napoleon agreed with diffiusual on such occasions, yet such a culty to leave the Chambers a day to complete revision and repair of that decide upon acknowledging his son, which was now three weeks old, as with the determination, that if this, should make it in every respect as which he affirmed to be the condition good as new.
of his resignation, were still evaded, he This address had little effect. It would march to the Chambers at the was soon evident, that the soldiers head of his guards, and settle the and federates partook of Labedoyere's matter by military force. On the sentiments concerning the abdication other hand, thirty thousand of the naof Napoleon, and the slight and eva- tional guards were under arms at their sive manner in which the succession posts, and strong patroles, assisted by of his son had been treated. The fede. the gens d'armes, dispersed all groupes rates assembled in arms, having green which assembled in the streets, and bouglis for a mark of distinction. The arrested those who seemed disposed soldiers compelled the passengers in to excite tumult. Each party prepathe streels to cry Vide l'Empereur. A red their strength for the struggle of party of the rabble of the suburbs en- the ensuing day. tered the court of the palace of Bour- A very warm debate took bon-Elysée with the same shouts. place next day in the Cham- June 24. They menaced and insulted a strong ber of Deputies, on the quesdetachment of the national guard, tion of acknowledging Napoleon II. (about five hundred men) stationed It was urged, on the one hand, that on the Place Beauveau, rather in ap-. the same circumstances of external pearance to blockade the palace of danger which had led the Chamber Buonaparte than to guard it. Napo- to accept, if not to solicit, the abdicaJeon bad a detachment from the re- tion of the father, concurred, with his liques of his Old Guard, so devotedly foreign residence and his non-age, to attached to his person, under arms oppose the succession of the son. The within the garden and the courts. But other party declared, that leaving the neither party came to acts of absolute throne vacant at this moment was, in violence. Buonaparte appeared to fact, soliciting the foreign powers to the federates, to acknowledge their fill it; and some members declared zeal, and there was a distribution of with vehemence, that the delay was provisions and liquor. Two bands of an artifice of the Bourbon, or Orleans ihese ruffians, one marching by the party. Manuel, who was considered Rue des Augustine, the other by the as the organ of Fouché in the ChamRue des Saints-peres, attempted to ber of Representatives, contrived to storm the hotel of Fouché, who was get rid of this debate in a singularly justly regarded as the most formida- ingenious manner. He made a long ble, though unavowed, enemy to the speech, the bearing of which was, that dynasty of Napoleon. They were sur- there was no occasion for formally acprized by the gens d'armes, and some knowledging Napoleon II., since, by made prisoners. The federates at- the constitution, his reign was already teinpted also to seize the posts of the begun, and he was actually in possession of the throne in which it was have displayed. Both you and I have proposed to place him. Amid shouts been calumniated. Men very unfit of Vive Napoleon II., the assembly to appreciate our labours have seen in passed to the order of the day, upon the marks of attachment which you the proposal to proclaim the new so. have given me a zeal, of which I was vereign, because he was, in fact, Em- the sole object. Let your future sucperor of the French by virtue of the cesses tell them, that it was the counconstitution, and they, at the same try, above all things, which you served time, declared, that the appointment in obeying me; and that, if I had any of a provisional government was only share in your affection, I owed it to to procure the nation, a necessary my ardent love for France, our comguarantee, in its present circumstances mon mother. Soldiers ! some efforts of unparalleled difficulty, for its liberty more, and the coalition is dissolved. and repose. This declaration con- Napoleon will recognize you by the cerning the right of Napoleon II., blows which you are going to strike. made, as it were, incidentally, and by Save the honour the independence reference, was sufficient, it would of the French! Be the same men seem, to satisfy, or to silence at least, which I have known you for these the partizans of the imperial dynasty. last twenty years, and you will be inBut when it was proposed to swear vincible.” allegiance to the new sovereign, a ge. There were expressions in these neral cry of “ No oaths, no oaths,” proclamations calculated to offend the seemed to intimate, that the members Chamber of Representatives, and behad been already too prodigal of these sides, the presence of Buonaparte in ill-redeemed pledges, and were dis. Paris, although dethroned and withgusted at the thoughts of commencing out power, was still dangerous to the a new course of perjury.
public tranquillity. Soldiers, the stragThe provisional government, having gling relicks of the defeat of Waterthus ostensibly complied with the con- loo, were daily gathering under the dition on which Napoleon resigned, walls of the capital, maddened with were entitled to exact from him the their late defeat, and calling for new farther measures which were neces- battles. Nothing but their disorgansary to render his abdication effectual. ized and broken condition prevented He consented, therefore, to issue a him from becoming again the general proclamation to the army, stating the of a small, but devoted army. To refact which they were so averse to be move him from this temptation, the lieve from any other authority. It provisional government required him was in these words : “Soldiers ! while to retire to the palace of Malmaison, obeying the necessity which removes near Saint Germains, so long the fame from the French army, I carry vourite abode of the discarded Josewith me the happy certainty that it phine. Napoleon had not been in its will justify, by the eminent services walls a single day, before, surrounded which the country expects from it, by Fouché's police, he found that he, the praises which our enemies them- who, in less than a month before, had selves have not been able to refuse it. disposed of the fate of myriads, was Soldiers ! I shall follow your steps no longer the free master of his own though absent. I know all the corps; actions. He was watched, and conand not one of them will obtain a single trolled, though without the use of acadvantage over the enemy, but I shall tual force, and now, for the first time, give it credit for the courage it may felt what it was to lose that free
agency, of which his despotism had for he had the means of instantly setting
France for America, as was designed An application was made to the by the government, it was supposed he Duke of Wellington to grant a safe would not have possessed above fifconduct for the passage of Napoleon teen thousand Louis d'ors of personal Buonaparte to America. It was re- property. He had been liberal to his fused, as a point on which the British family, and particularly to his sisters, general had no instructions from his who lavished great sums, which they government. The French ministers drained from his privy-purse. But next proposed to Buonaparte, that he the Great Nation do not appear to should leave the vicinity of Paris, and have thought upon the probable pego to the sea-port from which he was cuniary distresses of him who so lately to embark. He refused, on the ground had been termed the Fate and Destiny that he did not wish to go there until of France. So far from it, that Count
Mollien, minister of the treasury, was after several plans, and much hesitathreatened with impeachment, on an tion on the part of Napoleon, drove allegation that he had placed some him to the determination of surrensmall part of the public funds at the dering to the British squadron in Aix disposal of the person who lately com- Roads. manded all the resources of the em- General Beker's accounts of his pire. The minister denied the charge, mission, as he gave them in the mibut candidly and generously express- nisterial circles of Paris, afforded no ed his regret that he had not the means clue to discover by what invisible thread to alleviate the pecuniary difficulties he had led this terrible creature so of his old master. Those who now go- quietly to an ignominious end; but it verned were only anxious to accomplish was surmised, that the personal fears Napoleon's removal from Malmaison of the ex-emperor (which we have aland from France, and we transcribe an ready seen are more than becomingly account of their proceedings from an strong) were operated upon. What eminent literary Journal, which we be the general told was, that he had nelieve, in this case, to have had sources, ver passed a period of more anxiety, of intelligence not generally accessi- and that there was no success more ble.*
difficult than that which he had at. “They," that is the provisional go- tained. vernment, placed near (i. e. over) “ He said that Napoleon had treat. him General Beker,t a member of ed him, from the first moment, not the Chamber of Deputies. This gen- merely with civility, but even with fatleman's duties and powers were of a miliarity. On the day before the jourvery mysterious nature ; he was to ac- ney began, while walking together in company Buonaparte every where, yet the garden of Malmaison, the genehe had no public character of any ral made some observation concerning kind; he was to guide his movements, Maria Louisa, and the conduct of the yet lie had no personal acquaintance court of Austria towards him. Nawith, or influence over him; and he poleon laughed, gave him a little playwas to guard his person without ha- ful slap on the cheek, and said ? Alving any force assigned to him for lez, mon ami, tu ne connais pas ces that purpose.
gens-là.! " There can be but little doubt « Before Buonaparte's departure, that Fouché was now playing, if not he sent for one of his early friends the king's game, at least against Buo- he wished to take leave of him. Buo. Daparte; and General Beker's orders naparte said, I would not go withwere to see the ex-emperor soon and out seeing you; we shall never meet safely embarked, in a small equadron again.' The other, unable to speak, which the provisional government had burst into tears. Buonaparte put assigned for his conveyance to Ame. his hand on his friend's shoulders rica. However General Beker con- with an air of affection, and said trived it, or whatever were his secret « Mon cher, ne vous attendrissez pas; means of persuasion, he performed dans les grandes crises comme celle-ci, his mission with great success, and
et non pas
* Quarterly Review, Vol. XIV. No. 27. p. 81.
† By birth, we believe, a Swiss—by political principle, a Constitutionalist. General Beker had openly blamed the war in Spain, and refused to bear arms in that cause, after which he had been in disgrace with Napoleon, and lived in retirement.
$ Go, my friend ! you are not acquainted with this kind of folks.
qu-il nous faut.'* In a long conver- revolving various experiments of essation which ensued, this person re- cape, from which he repeatedly shrunk presents Buonaparte as calm, some- when the moment of execution arriwhat melancholy, but not . abattu.' t ved. His train, including the friends Buonaparte allowed that he had com- and officers who still adhered to his mitted, in the late transactions, two fallen fortunes, might amount in all to great faults
the first was, that he had about forty persons. He left Paris on left the army; the other was, the get- the 29th of June, and arrived at Rocheting into a discussion with the Cham- fort on the second of the succeeding bers, and, above all, with a deputa. month. From the time he left Mal. tion of the Chambers- the large body maison, his history is that of an indivimight have been divided or dissolved; dual unconnected with public events, but the committee was armed with and we therefore postpone it for the more power than the whole; was not present. liable to disunion, and not subject to While the star of Buonaparte was
off and delayed. According. thus waning, that of his rival again ly,' said he, when I spoke to them appeared on the eastern horizon. A of the wants of the country, men, cane proclamation, dated from Cambrai, apnon, and money, they answered me with prized the French, that Louis XVIII., the rights of men and the social con. following the track of the victorious tract, and all was lost!'
allies, was again within his lawful do“ On the road to Rochefort, where minions, and demanded their allegi. he was to embark, and while he re- We transcribe at length this mained there, Buonaparte received se important document, and will then veral deputations from the army, ur- offer some reflections on its conging him to put himself at their head, tents. swearing to die in his cause. see,' said he to Beker, that the pro- " THE KING TO THE FRENCH Peon visional government mistakes the wishes of the people with regard to me.' “ The gates of my kingdom at last On these occasions, he would some- open before me.
I hasten to bring times wake up, as it were, into life and back my misled subjects; to mitigate spirit, and express a resolution to re- the calamities which I had wished to turn to the army, and conquer or die prevent; to place myself a second time ai its head; but these gleams of cou- between the allied and the French arrage were very short. Indeed, those mies, in the hope that the feelings of who approached him, described him as consideration of which I may be the much exhausted, both in mind and bo. object may tend to their preservation. dy;-weak, undecided, and pusillani. This is the only way in which I have nous, very attentive to his own little wished to take part in the war. I have comforis, fond of the table; and not permitted any Prince of my fami. though, in general, somewhat lethar- ly to appear in foreign ranks, and have pic, and inclined to apoplectic seizure, restrained the courage of those of my exceedingly alive to all that concern- servants who had been able to range ed his personal safety."
themselves around me. In this irresolute state of mind, he • Returned to the soil of my councontinued for some days at Rochefort, try, I take pleasure in speaking con
Do not give way to your feelings, my friend-in a crisis so difficult we must use resolution, not sensibility.