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III. It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry who are able with judgment to give their consent', yet it is the duty of Christians to marry only in the Lord'. And, therefore, such as profess the true reformed religion should not marry with infidels, papists, or other idolaters : neither should such as are godly be unequally yoked, by marrying with such as are notorioully wicked in their life, or maintain damnable here. Gies.

IV. Marriage ought not to be within the degrees of confanguinity or affinity forbidden in the word"; nor can such incestuous marriages ever be made lawful by any law of man, or consent of parties, so as those persons may live

let none deal treacherously husband liveth ; but if her husagainst the wife of his youth. bind be dead, the is at liberty

d 1 Cor. 7. 2. 9. Neverthe- to he married to whom she will; less, to avoid fornication, let only in the Lord. every man have his own wise, & Gen, 34. 14. Exod. 34. and let every woman have her 16. 2 Cor. 6. 14. Be ye not own husband.But if they unequally yoked together with cannot contain, let i hem marry; unbelievers ; for what fellow for it is better to marry than to ship haih righteousness with burn.

uprighteousness ? and what III. e I Tim. 4. 3. Forbid- communion hath light with ding to marry. Gen. 24. 57, darkness? Compare i Kings 58. And they said, We will call 11.4. Neh. 13. 25 26, 27. the damsel, and enquire at IV. h Lev. 18 chap. 1 Cor. her mouth. “And they called 5. 1. It is reported commonRebecca, and said unto her, ly that there is fornication Wilt thou go with this man? among you, and such fornicaAnd she said, I will go.

tion as is not so much as named fi Cor. 7. 39. The wife is among the Gentiles, that one bouud by the law as long as her should have his father's wife.

swear vainly or rafhly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is finful, and to be abhorred". Yet as, in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the word of God under the New Testament, as well as under the Old, so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters ought to be taken?

III. Whosoever taketh an oath ought duly to consider the weightiness of fo folemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he is fully pursuaded is the truth. Neither may any man bind himself by oath to any thing but what is good and just, and what he believeth fo to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform".

d Jer. 5. 7. How shall I fi Kings 8. 36. If any pardon thee for this ? chy man trespass against his neighchildren have forsaken me, and bour, and an oath be laid upfworn by them that are no Gods : on him to cause him to swear, when I fed them to the full, and the oath conie before thine then they committed adultery, altar in this house. Ezra 10. and affenibled themselves by 5. 'Then arose Ezra, and troops in the har'ots' houses. made the chief priests, the Jam. 5.

I 2. But above all Levites, and all Ifrael to things, my brethren, swear swear, that they should do acnot, neither by heaven, nei- cording to this word; and ther by the earth, neither by they sware. any other oath : but let your Ill. g Jer. 4. 2 And thou yea,


and your nay, salt swear; The I.crd liveth, nay; left ye fall

in truth, in judgment, and in demnation. See the 3rd com- righteousness; and the mandment in Exod. 20, 7, tions shall bless themselves in

e Heb. 6. 16. For men him, and in him shall they verily lwear by the greater: glory. See allo Exod. 20. 7. and an oath for confirmation h Gen, 24 2, 3, 9.

And is co them an end of all strife. Abraham faid unto his eldest Ifa. 65. 16.

servant of his house, that ruled




Yet it is a sin to refuse an oath touching any thing that is good and just, being imposed by lawful authority'.

IV. An oath is to be taken in the plain and common sense of the words, without equivocation or mental reservation". It cannot oblige to fin; but in any thing not finful, being taken, it binds to performance, although to a man's own hurt': nor is it to be violated, although made to hereticks or infidels".



over all that he had, Put, I Neh. 5. 12. Then I called the
pray thee, thy hand under my priests, and cook an oath of
thigh :- And I will make thee them, that they should do ac-
swear by the Lord, the God cording to this purpose.
of heaven, and the God of IV. k Pfal. 24. 4. He that
the earth, that thou shalt hath clean hands, and a pure
not take a wife unto my son, heart; who haih not lift up
of the daughters of the Ca- his soul to vanity nor swora
naanites amongst whom I deceitfully. Jer. 4. 2. let. g.
dwell. And the servant put

| Pfal. 15. 4.

in whose eyes his hand under the thigh of a vile person is contemned; Abrananı his master, and but he honoureth then that fear sware to him concerning that the Lord: be that sweareth to

bis own hurt, and changeth i Numh. 5. 19, L.


I Sam, 25. 22, 32, 33, the priest hall charge her by 34. an oath, and say unto the wo m Ezek. 17. 16, 18, 19. man, If no man hath lien with As I live, faith the Lord God, thee, and if thou hast not surely in the place where gone afide to uncleanness with the king dwel'eth that made another instead of thy husband, him king, whose oath he de. be thou free from this bitter spised, and whose covenant he water that causeth the curse. brake, even with him in the -Then the priest shall charge midst of Babylon he shall die. the woman with an oath of Seeing he despised the oath, cursing, and the priest shall by breaking the covenant, say unto the woman, The Lord (when lo, he had given his make thee a curse, and an hand,) and hath done all these oath among thy people, when things, he shall not escape. the Lord duth make thy thigh Jon. 9. 18, 19. 2 Sam. 21. I to rot and thy belly to swell.

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V. A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness".

VI. It is not to be made to any creature, but to God alone": and that it may be accepted, it is to be made voluntarily, out of faith, and conscience of duty, in way of thankfulness for mercy received, or for obtaining of what we want; whereby we more strictly bind ourselves to necessary duties, or to other things, so far and so long as they may fitly conduce thereunto".

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V. n Isa. 19. 21. And the p Deut. 23. 21. 23. When Lord fhall be known to Egypt, thou shalt vow and the Egyptians fhall know to the Lord thy God, thou the Lord in that day, and halt not flack to pay it: for fhall do facrifice and oblation, the Lord thy God will surely yea, they shall vow a vow un. require it of thee; and it to the Lord, and perform it. would be fin in thee. That Eccl. 5. 4, 5, 6. When thou which is gone out of thy lips, vowest a vow unto God, defer thou shale keep and perform, not to pay it: for be bath no even a free-will-offering, acpleasure in fools; pay that cording as thou hast vowed which thou hast vowed. Better unto the Lord thy God, which is it that thou shouldest not thou hast promised with thy vow, than that thou shouldest mouth. Pfal. 50. 14. Offer

and not pay. Pfal. 66. unto God thanksgiving, and 13, 14. I will pay thee my vows, pay thy vows unto the Most which my lips have uttered, High. Gen. 28. 20, 21, 22. and niy mouth hath spoken And Jacob vowed a vow, faywhen I was in trouble. ' Pfal. ing, if God will be with me, 61. 8.

and will keep me in this way V!. o Pfal. 76. 11., Vow that I go, and will give me and pay unto the Lord your bread to eat, and raiment to God; let all that be round a put on; -- so that I come de bout him bring presents unto gain to my father's house in him that ought to be feared. Jer. 44, 25, 26.


VII. No man may vow to do any thing forbidden in the word of God, or what would hinder any duty therein commanded, or which is not in his own power, and for the performance whereof he hath no promise or ability from Godo. In which respects, popith monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superftitious and sinful snares, in which no Christian may entangle himself".

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peace : then shall the Lord he had kilied Paul. Mark 6. 26.
my God. And this stone which And the king was exceeding
I have set for a pillar, shall be sorry, yet for his oath's fake,
God's house; and of all that and for their fakes which låt
thou shalt give me, I will sure with him, he would not reject
ly give the tenth unto thee. her. See allo Num. 30. 5, 8
Compare with the above. 12, 13
Sam. 1. 11. & Pfal. 132. 2, 3, ri Cor. 7. 2, 9. Neverthe-

less, to avoid fornication, lec VII, q Acts 23. 12. And every man have his own wife, when it was day, certain of and le: every wom in hive her the Jews banded together, and own hufbind. But if they bound themselves under cannot contain, let them mara curse, saying, 'That they would ry: for it is better to marry neither eat nor drink, till they than to burn.

1 Cor. 7.23


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