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REMARKS OF
ERNEST R. ACKERMAN

On the bill (S. 2703) to allow the printing and publishing of foreign postage and revenue stamps from defaced plates and also of portions of the border of stamps of the United States when same are enlarged to four times the size of the original stamp.

It can

Editor's Note: Just as we go to press we are informed that the bill referred to has passed and is now a law.

Full particulars will be given in the April issue of the Monthly Journal.

March 3, 1923 This law will prove a boon to humanity. Anything that tends to make more interesting a clean, instructive, fascinating hobby, or assist in facilitating the extension of such a popular pastime as stamp collecting, is conferring a blessing on a group estimated by some to be as large as a million persons in this country.

While this act amends the penal code in the direction indicated, yet it is a moot question at the present time whether the laws now existing were intended to cover the illustrations which would make clearer to the mind's eye spaces in a stamp album or to visualize from the description in the text of catalogues. These crude black and defaced illustrations which have been used ever since stamp collecting started, some three-quarters of a century ago, are merely pathfinders for the correct places where the genuine specimen should be placed and in no sense can they be considered as a substitute for the original article. If there is anything that the true collector abhors, it is a counterfeit or a repaired or imperfect specimen.

Besides bringing to the cotiers of the United States Treasury a sum exceeding $100,000 per

of net revenue, through the sales of stamps at the Philatelic Agency of Post Office Department, and in addition thereto defraying all the expense of making the new dies and plates, the Government secures

at all times the collateral interest by having this million pair of eyes throughout the country actively engaged in looking out for anything that rogues migint do in

their efforts to foist upon the public counterfeit stamps or securities. be readily seen that the educational effect of encouraging this clean, upbuilding, instructive hobby has a worth far greater than is perceptible at first.

All classes and ages, from the lowliest and youngest to the most influential and the oldest, and also both sexes, become devotees of this fascinating pursuit which has no deleterious effects and which, if pursued along proper lines, is not only a source of pleasure but may become a means of substantial profit, in the event that the hobby for any reason is abandoned. Governments could not do better than to assist in such meritorious pursuit as this one and it is hoped that this action of Congress will be a forerunner of more consideration on behalf of public officials in the future than has been manifested in the past for the ubiquitous stamp collector.

An article in Ewen's Weekly Stamp News recently published, gives the number of collectors on the globe at 2,930,000 and the number of collectors annually buying one or more catalogues at 250,000.

Another authority gives the number of collectors in the respective countries as follows: Germany

.440,000 Austria-Hungary

110,000 Great Britain

.363,000
Russia, Scandinavia, Spain,
Portugal, Italy, Balkan States. 60,000
France, Belgium, Netherlands,
Switzerland, Luxemburg ....300,000
U. S. and Canada

1,000,000 Mexico, Central & S. America 10,000 Africa and Australia

10,000 Asia

20.000

annum

Total for the globe....2,323,000 These figures are believed to be substantially accurate. In any event, they indicate the growing popularity of phi

lately which has far outstripped that of numismatics which, for centuries, has been looked upon as well worthy of high consideration not only by all civilized governments but by the most distinguished savants and literatii. Our own Government at the Smithsonian Institution maintains a curator and publishes a list of the stamps of the United States issued up to 1920 and by reason of this legislation the pages of the catalogues may, in the future, be embellished with illustrations thus increasing its usefulness to the average collector.

The long line of literature which has been issued touching upon philately in

later years has been added to by the issuance of a “Who's Who" wherein may be found the names of celebrities from the rulers of the greatest nations, princes of royal blood, statesmen, admirals, actors, foresters, singers and philosophers in all parts of the Globe. A11 these classes have recognized the intellectual value of this hobby. Its farreaching educational value is accompanied by a charm of persistence which grips the enthusiast by a devotion that

can be totally eliminated. The collectors of the country are grateful to Congress for having enacted this legislation.

never

Of Topical Interest

M

By Kent B. Stiles 1922 In Review

the philatelic offerings of 161 stamp-issuing ORE than 2,000 varieties of post

republics, empires, kingdoms, states, depenage stamps issued during the year

dencies, colonies and other governmental 1922 have thus far been officially

and political units. listed by Mr. John N. Luff in his monthly

Eleven of these have each issued more "Chronicle of New Issues” in Scott's

than 35 varieties as chronicled by Mr. Luff. Journal, not including those set down in Austria heads the list, with 74 different. the current March number.

Memel takes second place, with 70. Russia

ranks third with 62. The other eight are This indicates that 1922 is destined to rank second among the philatelic years.

Germany with 61, Italy with 60, Armenia The record is held by 1920, when 2,806

with 49, Danzig with 44, Ireland with 42, varieties appeared, according to Mr. Luff's

Indo-China with 40, and Far Eastern Rereckoning. Second place is held at pres

public and Hungary tied with 36 each. ent by the year 1921, when 2,207 varieties

Egypt, Siberia, Turkey and Guatemala fall

just short of the 35-variety-mark. One were issued.

stamp each has been chronicled for AfIn comparing the 2,025 different stamps

ghanistan, Bermuda, Costa Rica, China, thus far chronicled for 1922 with the 2,207

Dominica, French Soudan, Gibraltar, Honvarieties of 1921 it should be kept in mind

duras, Netherlands. New Caledonia, Niger that the 1922 figure includes only the

Territory, North Borneo, Samoa, Spain, January and February listings in the 1923

Togo and Venezuela. Journals for those two months. In other

The average number of varieties for the words, there are ten 1923 Journals to come,

161 governments is a fraction more than including the current March number.

1272. In the final ten Journals of 1922 more For the United States, with the Philipthan 475 varieties for 1921 were chronicled.

pines' two stamps not included, 18 varieties If only half that number are chronicled

have been listed. These include several for 1922 in the Journals from March to

of the new series which appeared late in December, 1923, inclusive, this will mean

1922. This compares with 26 varieties in that the 1921 figure—2,207 varieties—will

1920 and 12 varieties in 1921. be exceeded and that 1922 then must be

Of the 2,025 varieties thus far chronicled ranked second to 1920 in the number of

for 1922, 832 varieties, or more than 41 different stamps chronicled.

per cent, are surcharged stamps. This Thus far there have been chronicled for compares with about 72 per cent in the 1922 (still not including those set down in record year of 1920 and about 50 per cent the current March number of the Journal) in 1921. These declines—22 per cent the

new

1920

1921

1922
832
19

3
97

51

297
234
208
176
168
138
37
35
35

109

42 204 140 208 117 27 20 53

149
57
41

7
56
7

year before last and 9 per cent last year will be subject to change as other new may be interpreted as being indicative of varieties for 1922 are chronicled by Mr. approaching normalcy in international con Luff during the coming months, the curditions. The nations of the world certainly rent March number of the Journal inclulacked stability during 1920, with sive. The comparisons here presented are nations endeavoring to adjust themselves offered solely to indicate the philatelic to the scheme of affairs, and that accounted trend of the times. for the appearance of more surcharged postage stamps than had ever before ap

Scandinavian Airposts peared within any twelve months' time.

W

ATCH for new airmail adhesives in The year 1922 witnessed fewer than half

Norway, Denmark and Sweden. By as many surcharges as appeared during an agreement which became effective on 1920.

Jan. I air traffic was established between Based on Mr. Luff's listings in Scott's Sweden and Denmark taking in leading current standard American catalogue and

cities in both countries, and hydro-airplane on his chroniclings which have since ap service touching various cities. peared in Scott's Journal up to and in In Washington the official announcement cluding the February, 1923, issue, it is was made recently that a similar agreepossible to work out the following com ment would be made public shortly by the parative table:

Swedish Royal Board of Trade showing

that airposts were being established beSurcharges

.2,033 1,051 Occupation

tween Sweden and Norway, both airplanes Plebiscite

and hydro-airplanes to be employed. Official

Sweden issued airplane stamps in 1918 Commemorative Postage dues.

and 1920, the latter year's offerings rankCharity Parcel post

ing among the most valuable of adhesives Newspaper

of this class. The foregoing developments Airplane

in Scandinavia foreshadow airpost labels Special delivery.

21 11 Of the 832 surcharged stamps chronicled

for Norway and Denmark. for 1922, the creating of new values by

Transjordania overprinting was responsible for 396, or nearly one-half. The other surcharges

N “the land beyond the Jordan”-that IN

portion of Palestine called Transjorwere provided to convert ordinary stamps

dania, sometimes known as Kerak-a prointo occupation, official, postage due, char

visional series of stamps has appeared, we ity, airplane and other types of adhesives. Studying the foregoing table it is pos

read in Stamp Collecting, a British con

temporary. sible to discover other tendencies toward

These adhesives are the current ones of normalcy. Note the small number of occu

Palestine--the I. E. F. stamps-overprinted, pation stamps, 19 in 1922, as compared

in violet, in Arabic, and in two lines: with more than five times that number

HEKOMET SHARK EL ARABI during the previous year and nearly 300

Translated, this surcharge means “Arab in 1920. Observe the absence of plebiscite

Government of the East,” according to issues as compared with 1920. There was a sharp drop in commemora

Stamp Collecting, which adds that Trans

jordania "is under the provisional governtive in 1922, which may be attributed in

ment of the Emir Abdullah (brother of part to the circumstance that the years

the Emir Feisal, King of Iraq), assisted 1920 and 1921 marked the centenaries of

by British advisers; it has been excluded historical events in a number of the Central

by Proclamation (September ist, 1922) and South American countries.

from the application of the Palestine Order On the other hand the development of in Council, 1922." the airplane as an agency for mail-carrying is indicated in the figures of the table

A Kaybess Alibi a jump of about 60 per cent in 1922 as

THE writer of Of Topical Interest” compared with 1920.

has managed to make a few enemies It should be kept in mind, of course, who pen a wicked line of sarcasm when that the foregoing figures and percentages emergency arises. We unintentionally

created that emergency by announcing in the January Journal that in return for a November issue, missing from our files and exhausted in Scott's stock room, we would give 100 varieties of stamps which would include at least a few which would prove worth while.

The January Journal went into the mails and very shortly thereafter we began to receive November Journals from all parts of the land. Approximately one hundred copies arrived.

Examine the result from our personal viewpoint, please. One hundred times one hundred is ten thousand. This meant that we were obligated to mail out 10,000 stamps from among our personally-owned duplicates.

The November Journals were sent us in good faith and it was up to us to follow the Golden Rule.

· Unfortunately we didn't have any 10,000 duplicates except mostly comparatively

ones which had been cluttering albums and desk drawers. We had expected to get only five or six November Journals at the most and were prepared to give complete satisfaction in return for

“Rubleized Marks” A

S the mark goes down, in Germany,

the postal rates there go up, and high value stamps are resulting, so that the situation should soon be as philatelically pitiful as it is in Soviet Russia.

Germany recently jumped the domestic and foreign postal taxes 100 per cent. The obvious outcome was the appearance of 1,000 and 2,000 mark values, in gray and blue respectively, with announcement that 5,000 and 10,000 mark denominations might be expected soon, these perhaps to be followed by stamps with even higher values. All this is leading to a rearrangement of the designs of the “lower higher" values, which will appear in the posthorn type instead of the oblong numeral type as at present.

A draft recently received by a New York banking institution contained German revenue stamps to the value of 280,000 marks. Had there been in existence 10,000-mark revenue stamps, only 28 stamps would have been necessary on the draft.

As it was, lower values had to be used and the stamps utilized took up space II feet 8 inches in length, so that the draft was really attached to the stamps and not the stamps to the draft. The stamps were revenues and of course are not of philatelic interest in this country, but the incident is indicative of the confusing stamp situation in Germany as a result of the depreciation of the mark.

The same conditions are reflected by recent stamps emanating from Danzig, where denominations as high as 500 and 1,000 marks have appeared.

And in Hungary, 500 and 1,000 kr. denominations have been issued.

Poland seems to be lagging a bit behind, having ascended thus far to 200 marks only. Philatelists will not long countenance such conservatism !

common

that many.

By the time we got around to the twentieth lot our resources were getting low. We bought some mixed lots and kept on sending them out trusting that we might get by with it.

Satire, sarcasm and vituperation! Irony, scorn and contempt! TNT and pyrotechnics! The Federal postal authorities would never have allowed a few of those missives to reach us had they known the contents. Would that they had.

To those readers who thus protested, we returned their Journals and to each went a meek and lowly letter of explanation and apology, and it is our hope that our eloquence therein was so persuasive that we have won their friendliness toward us.

To those other readers who were tempted to protest but who did not do so, may we now ask contritely that they not think too harshly of us in view of the foregoing explanation of what we were up against.

To all who sent us November Journals, our thanks in most sincere measure. If any persons were not satisfied with the stamps they received, they may have their Journals back, as long as the supply lasts, by returning the stamps.

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PORTUGAL AND COLONIES

Continued from February Journal.

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CAPE VERDE

*Indicates unused Cat. No.

Cat. Pr. Net Pr. *13a 1881-85 40r yellow buff

(imperf.) $.25 $.10 *39 1898 15r brown .20

violet. .08 .04 45

100r dark blue
on blue

.15 .07 *58 1902 400r on 25r violet

2.50 1.00 60

65r on 10r red
violet

1.25 .60 62 65r on

100r

brown, buff.. 1.25 .60 *70

400r on 300r dark

blue on salmon 1.25 .55 *71

400r on
brown

1.25 .55 74 50r blue

.12 .05 *76 1903 15r gray green .10

.04 *77

25r carmine .12 .05 78 50r brown

.15 .08 84 1905 50r on 65r slate blue

.45 .20 *87 1911 10r light green

.12

.05 15r gray green. .12 .05 *89

20r gray violet .20 .08 91

50r brown .25 .10 92

75r red lilac... .18 .08 *103 1912 20r carmine. .08 .04 105

50r dark blue.. .10 .04 *106

75r bistre brn.. .15 .07 *107

100r brown on
light green...

.20 .09 *108

200r dark green

on salmon.... .35 .15 *109 300r blue

on azure

.60 .25 *110

400r black and
blue

.75 .35 *111

500r olive green

& violet brown 1.00 .40 *112

140 on 12a blue
green

.20 *113

1/2c on la red. .20 .08 116

5c on 8a dark
blue

.12 .05 *120

140 on 27/2r blue
green

.10 .04 *121

12c on 5r red.. .10 .04 123 21/20 on 25r blue

.10 .04

*88

Cat. No.

Cat. Pr. Net Pr. 124 1912 5c on 50r dark blue

.12 .05 *125

72c

on 75r

violet brown. .18 .08 125

71c

on 75r

violet brown. .18 .08 *126

10c on 100r bis

tre brown.... .25 *127

15c on

150r bistre

.40 .18 132

5c on 8a dark
blue

.12 .08 *134

10c on 16a bis

tre brown.... .25 .10 *137

130r on 80r yel-
low green..

.50 .20 *138

130r

on 200r

blue on blue. 20.00 8.00 *164 1915 130r on 100r brown

.25 .10 *165

115r on 5r orange :20 .08 *169

130r on 80r yel-
low green....

.25 .10 FUNCHAL *18 1896 25r sea green....$.25 $.10 *20

.18 .08 *21 80r purple

.20 .09 *22

100r dark blue on
blue

.15 .07 *23

150r light brown on
buff

.35 .15 *24 200r red violet

on pale lilac....... .40 .18 *25

300r blue on rose...60 .25 500r black on blue. .85

.40 *27 1898 65r slate blue.....15 .07 *28

115r orange brown
on pink

.20 .08 *29

130r gray brown on
buff

.25 .10
180r slate on pink-
ish

.30 .12 *32 1899 25r carmine rose. .06 .03 *33 1905 50r ultramarine... .12 .05 *34

75r brown on yel-
low

.25 .10 INHAMBANE *38 1911 50r brown. .$.12 $.05 *47 1914 50r on 65r dull blue 2.00 .90

140 12a blue
green

.20 .09

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75r rose

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