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Salvador 1894 2 peso, refer to this incident. The commission reported unfavorably, though the king and queen promised to consider the matter again when the Moorish war was over. Columbus was in despair and left for France. He tarried awhile, however, at the monastery of La Rabida, near Palos (U. S., 1893, 30c). The prior wrote to Isabella, who was persuaded to talk again with Columbus. The negotiations were again broken off, and again renewed, this, time with favorable results. Here we ought probably to put the U. S. 1893 $1 (Isabella pledging her jewels). The famous ships of this first voyage are pictured on U. S. 1893 3c, 4c, and

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while the landing is pictured on U. S. 1869 15c, 1893 2c, and Salvador 1892.

On his return to Spain, Columbus was received with triumphal honors. Salvador

1894 Io pesos, shows his reception by Ferdinand and Isabella, while U. S. 1893 6c shows the welcome accorded him at Barcelona, where the court then was, and the

15c and IOc shows him announcing his discovery and exhibiting natives. Salvador 1894 5 pesos may belong to this first Voyage.

On this first voyage Cuba and Haiti were discovered; but no stamps commemorate these events. Similarly, there are no stamps picturing the discovery, on his second voyage, of Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua, or the Virgin Islands. Perhaps enterprising financiers on these islands will some day awake to the need (?), and give us philatelists the chance to buy long series of beautiful “stickers.” Porto Rico has commemorated the discovery of that island, Nov. 19, 1493.

A few days after the last-named event, (Nov. 22nd), the great navigator came again to Hispaniola (Haiti). The former colony had been destroyed, called Isabella.

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1892”. Grenada, discovered August fifteenth, has given us a picture of the admiral's ship, “La Concepcion.” During the next year or two, Columbus fell into disfavor in Spain, and was recalled (U. S., 1893, 50c). Francisco Bobadilla, the new governor of Hispaniola, sent Columbus home in chains (U. S. 1893, $2). He was, however, restored to favor (U. S. 1893, 8c), in Dec. 1500, and on U. S. 1893, $3, he is shown describing his third voyage. The fourth voyage of Columbus, 1502-4, brought few discoveries of importance, except that of the coast of Honduras. The only philatelic record of this voyage is that of Dominican Republic 1902. The

I centavo stamp shows a caravel of 1502

and an ocean steamer of 1902. Dominican Republic, 1899-1900, stamps

show the sarcophagus and the mausoleum

Of statues of Columbus postage-due

of Columbus. we have pictures on the

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168 S C OTT'S MO N T H L Y J O U R N A L Illillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll

stamps of Canal Zone (and, of course, of 1903. Finally Dominican Republic, 1899Panama), and on Cuba 1899, Guatemala 1900 10 centavos, has a design entitled “La 1902, Peru 1907-8, and Salvador 1893 and Espanola guarcando los restos de Colon.”

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Cat. No. - g” Cat. Price Net Price 53 Indo-China 1907 50c carmine and black. . . . . . . . . $0.15 $0.10 *32 Jamaica 1901 1p red and black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 .08 *77 * * 1919.1%d green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 .07 *79 44 1920.2%p blue and dark blue. . . . . . . .15 .10 75 Labuan 1897 5c green and black. . . . . . . . . . . . .10 .08 78 & 4 1897 12c orange and black. . . . . . . . . .20 .15 79 44 1897 18c olive bistre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 .18 *63 Latvia 1919 1r green and red. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .08 .05 69 44 1920 1r slate green and brown. . . . . . .08 .05 #72 44 1920 3r dark brown and green . . . . . . .15 .10 £

*118 Liberia 1909 10c plum and black. . . . . . . . . . . .20 .12 *122 * * 1909 30c dark brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 .08 123 * * 1909 50c green and black. . . . . . . . . . . .15 .10 124 * * 1909 75c red brown and black. . . . . . . .25 .15 *128 44 - 1913 8c on 3c red and green . . . . . . . . .12 .08 *135 * * - 1917 3c dull violet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .07 .05 *107 Madagascar 25 .20 *44 Newfoundland 1887 %c rose red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $0.20 $0.12 *50 44 1890-95% c black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 .10 *57 4- 1896 1c green . . . . . . . . . •-- * * * * * * * * * * .75 .50 *63 Q4 1897 3c ultramarine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 .12 *66 * * 1897 6c red brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 .12

88 North Borneo 1898 18c green and black . . . . . . . . . . .12 .08

89 44 * * 1898 24c claret and blue . . . . . . . . . . . .15 .10 146 * * * * 1912 18c green and black. . . . . . . . . . .12 .08 *99 Persia 1894 10k red and gold . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 .08 *100 ** 1894 50k green and gold. . . . . . . . . . . .50 .30 *336 Peru 1902 5c on 10c blue green . . . . . . . . . . .15 .10 *339 * * 1902 1c on 10S dull violet . . . . . . . . .25 .15

129 Portugal 1895 25r green and violet. . . . . . . . . . . .35 .20

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169 Illlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll

ATTRACTIVE STAMPS–At Bargain Prices

S C OT T'S MO N T H L Y

J O U R N A L

Cat. No. Cat. Price Net Price *108 Saar 1922 75c blue green . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 .10 *109 “ . 1922 1fr. brown red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 .15 *110 44 1922 2fr. deep violet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 .32 *111 44 1922 3fr. orange and dark green . . . . .60 .50 *19 Saint Kitts, Nevis 1907-10 6p red, violet and black. . . . . . . .30 .25 *148 Samoa 1921 4p violet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 .12 *134 Serbia 1915 15p slate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 .35 144 Siam 1910 28S red brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 .10 *162 44 1915 2S on 2a violet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 .12 *35 Somali Coast 1902-03 2c yellow brown and green . . . . .08 .05 36 * * * * 1902-03 4c blue and carmine . . . . . . . . . . .15 .10 37 64 44 1902-03 5c blue green and green . . . . . . .15 .10 *43 44 44 1902-0340c orange and blue . . . . . . . . . . 1.50 1.00 *50 * @ 44 1902-03 2c yellow brown and black. . . . .10 .08 *28 Sudan 1907-11 4m olive brown and blue. . . . . .15 .10 *207 44 1903-12 5m black and rose red . . . . . . . .15 .10 208 44 - 1903-12 1 pi yellow brown and ultramarine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .08 .05 *84 Trinidad 1898 2p gray violet and yellow brown .15 .10 39 Tunis 1906 1 fr. red and dark brown. . . . . . .10 .08 40 44 1906 2fr. brown and olive green . . . . .20 .15 o United States Revenue Stamps At our BRANCH, 178 Fulton Street, New York City Cat. No. Cat. Price Net Price 3827 5c Playing Cards, red. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $0.75 $0.50 3834a 10c Foreign Exchange, ultramarine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.00 .50 3882 $2 Probate of Will, red. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.00 1.25 3905 3c blue and black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 .30 3906 4c “ " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 .50 3922 $1.90 blue and black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.50 2.25 3923 $2 " " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 .50 3925 $3 " " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.50 .90 3931 $50 " " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.00 15.00 3944 1c claret and black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.50 1.00 3949 15c brown and black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 .30 3950 30c orange and black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 .30 3951 40c brown and black. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 .50 *3975 6c green and black, violet paper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.50 .75 *3996alc green, surcharge inverted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.00 1.35 *4032a10c brown, imperf horizontally, pair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.50 .85 4057 $5 green and black, uncut. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.50 .85 4057 $5 green and black, cut. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 .30

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170

S C OT T'S MO N T H L Y

J O U R N A L

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Identifying Venezuelan Revenues Used for Postage

OUR QUESTION.— Which Venezuelan revenue stamps inscribed “ESCUELAS” or “INSTRUCCION” were available for postage and are, therefore, entitled to a place in postage stamp collections and catalogues?

THE ANSWER– Written for Scott's Monthly Journal by

K. G. FRITZSCHING

It seems that there exists still quite some confusion as to which revenue stamps issued by the Venezuelan Government were used for postage also and are, therefore, entitled to a place in postage stamp collections and catalogues. What I have so far found on this subject in catalogues and other philatelic literature, was, to say the least, not comprehensive, and in some cases even proved to be incorrect or misleading. With a view of throwing the light of authenticity on the darkness surrounding these stamps, I went to search among official data accessible to me, for their origin and purpose, their relation to the proper postage stamps, etc. As the results of my study I can give the following facts: By a decree of June 27, 1870, a tax on the circulation of values was established, the returns of which were to be employed integrally for the foundation and maintaining of elementary schools. For the purpose of collecting this tax a series of special revenue stamps was issued bearing the inscription “EscuBLAs” (Schools). They were placed in circulation on January 1, 1871. For more than two years these primarily revenue stamps must have been available for postage, too, as there were no postage stamps in Venezuela from April 27, 1870, to June 3, 1873. The postage stamps inscribed “CORREO DE LOS EE. UU. DE VENEz.A.” (United States of Venezuela Postage), which were issued in 1866 by virtue of the Postal Law of January 20, 1865, could not be used any more after April 27, 1870, on which day the victorious revolutionary forces entered Caracas, the capital, and their commander-in-chief, General Antonio Guzmán-Blanco, declared null and void all laws, decrees and ordinances proclaimed since June 28, 1868, among which was the Postal Law of May 20, 1869, that had expressly confirmed the

validity of the postage stamps created by the Postal Law of 1865.

Consequently, no stamps were available for postage in Venezuela from April 27, 1870, to January 1, 1871, when the first revenue stamps inscribed “ESCUELAs” were put into circulation. Although meant only for the collection of the documentary tax, these revenue stamps were soon being used by the public for postage, too, and the Government does not appear to have objected to it until, apparently upon the representations of some foreign postal authorities, it saw itself obliged on June 3, 1873, to again issue regular postage stamps. General Guzmán-Blanco, who in the meantime had been elected President, ordered the new issue to be identical with that of 1865, making only some changes in the colors and having all stamps surcharged with two lines in a very small type. This preventive measure was necessary in the interest of the Treasury, as large quantities of unused stamps of the first (1865) issue were in possession of the public from the time when they were sold privately at a considerable discount by post office clerks who had received them as part payment of their salaries.

There was a new Postal Law enacted on June 7, 1878, which explicitly allowed the revenue stamps of 1870 to do postal service. It stipulated that postage could be prepaid either by the revenue stamps mentioned or by the current postage stamps until the latter would be used up.

By virtue of a decree of March 6, 1879, postage stamps were merged (refundidas) in the revenue stamps. The latter, besides being issued in a larger size and with a somewhat different design, indicate the new currency (Centésimos and Venezolano.[s]) and bear a surcharge in diamond type reading “Decreto de 27 de Junio 1870.”

The availability of this unified type of stamps for both postage and revenue was, however, of short duration. Already on June 24, 1879, it was decreed that separate postage stamps were again to be issued. This measure no doubt was taken in connection with Venezuela's intention to join the Universal Postal Union, the Convention of which as adopted on June 1, 1878, stipulated that postage should be paid by

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