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Salvador 1894 2 peso, refer to this incident. The commission reported unfavorably, though the king and queen promised to consider the matter again when the Moorish war was over. Columbus was in despair and left for France. He tarried awhile, however, at the monastery of La Rabida, near Palos (U. S., 1893, 30c). The prior wrote to Isabella, who was persuaded to talk again with Columbus. The negotiations were again broken off, and again renewed, this, time with favorable results. Here we ought probably to put the U. S. 1893 $1 (Isabella pledging her jewels). The famous ships of this first voyage are pictured on U. S. 1893 3c, 4c, and

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while the landing is pictured on U. S. 1869 15c, 1893 2c, and Salvador 1892.

On his return to Spain, Columbus was received with triumphal honors. Salvador

1894 Io pesos, shows his reception by Ferdinand and Isabella, while U. S. 1893 6c shows the welcome accorded him at Barcelona, where the court then was, and the

15c and IOc shows him announcing his discovery and exhibiting natives. Salvador 1894 5 pesos may belong to this first Voyage.

On this first voyage Cuba and Haiti were discovered; but no stamps commemorate these events. Similarly, there are no stamps picturing the discovery, on his second voyage, of Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua, or the Virgin Islands. Perhaps enterprising financiers on these islands will some day awake to the need (?), and give us philatelists the chance to buy long series of beautiful “stickers.” Porto Rico has commemorated the discovery of that island, Nov. 19, 1493.

A few days after the last-named event, (Nov. 22nd), the great navigator came again to Hispaniola (Haiti). The former colony had been destroyed, called Isabella.

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SCOTT’S MONTHLY JOURNAL

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stamps of Canal Zone (and, of course, of 1903. Panama), and on Cuba I899, Guatemala

Finally Dominican Republic, I899Iooo 10 centavos, has a design entitled “La

1902, Peru I907-8, and Salvador 1893 and Espanola guarcando los restos de Colon.”

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ATTRACTIVE STAMPS—At Bargain Prices

Continued from August Journal

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*Indicates Unused

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1907 50c car iine and black . . . . . . . ..$0.l5

1901 lp red and black . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .12

1919 1%d green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .10

1920 272p blue and dark blue . . . . . .. .15

1897 5c green and black . . . . . . . . . . .. .10

1897 12c orange and black . . . . . . . .. .20

1897 18c olive bistre . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .25

1919 1r green and red . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .08

1920 1r slate green and brown . . . . .. .08

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1887
1890-95 ‘zc black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .15

1896 lc green . . . . . . . ..., . . . . . . . . . .. .75

1897 3c ultramarine . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .20

1897 6c red brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .20

1898 18c green and black . . . . . . . . .. .12

1898 24c claret and blue . . . . . . . . . .. .15

1912 18c green and black . . . . . . . . .. .12

1894 10k red and gold . . . . . . . . . . .. .12

1894 50k green and gold . . . . . . . . . .. .50

1902 Sc on 10c blue green . . . . . . . . .. .15

1902 lc on 10S dull violet . . . . . . .. .25

1895 25r green and violet . . . . . . . . . .. .35

Cat. Price Net Price

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*35 Somali Coast 1902-03 2c yellow brown and green.... .08 36 “ “ 1902-03 4c blue and carmine . . . . . . . . .. .15 37 “ “ 1902-03 5c blue green and green . . . . .. .15 *43 “ “ 1902-03 40c orange and blue . . . . . . . . .. 1.50 "50 “ “ 1902-03 2e yellow brown and black.... .10 *28 Sudan 1907-11 4m olive brown and blue..... .15 *207 “ 1903-12 5m black and rose red . . . . . .. .15

208 “ ' 1903-12 lpi yellow brown and ultramarine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .08 *84 Trinidad 1898 2p gray violet and yellow brown .15 39 Tunis 1906 lfr. red and dark brown . . . . .. .10 40 “ 1906 Zfr. brown and olive green.... .20

I United States Revenue Stamps At our BRANCH, 178 Fulton Street, New York City Cat. No. Cat. Price Net Price 3827 5c Playing Cards, red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..$0.75

3834a 10c Foreign Exchange, ultramarine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1.00

3882 $2 Probate of VVill, red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.00

3905 3c blue and black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .60

3906 4c “ “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .75

3922 $1.90 blue and black.‘ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 3.50

3923 $2 “ “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .75

3925 $3 “ “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1.50

3931 $50 “ “ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20.00

3944 1c claret and black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1.50

3949 15c brown and black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .50

3950 30c orange and black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .50

3951 40e brown and black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .85

*3975 6c green and black, violet paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1.50

*3996a1c green, surcharge inverted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2.00

*4032al0c brown, imperf horizontally, pair . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1.50

4057 $5 green and black-, uncut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1.50

4057 $5 green and black, cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .60

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SCOTT’S MONTHLY JOURNAL

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Identifying Venezuelan Revenues Used for Postage

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and other philatelic literature, was, to say the least, not comprehensive, and in some cases even proved to be incorrect or misleading. With a view of throwing the light of authenticity on the darkness surrounding these stamps, I went to search among official data accessible to me, for their origin and purpose, their relation to the proper postage stamps, etc. As the results of my study I can give the following facts:

By a decree of June 27, I870, a tax on the circulation of values was established, the returns of which were to be employed integrally for the foundation and maintaining of elementary schools. For the purpose of collecting this tax a series of special revenue stamps was issued bearing the inscription “EscuELAs” (Schools). They were placed in circulation on January 1, 1871. For more than two years these primarily revenue stamps must have been available for postage, too, as there were no postage stamps in Venezuela from April 27, 1870, to June 3, 1873. The postage stamps inscribed “C0RR1~:o DE LOS 1-112. UU. pr. VENEZA." (United States of Venezuela Postage), which were issued in I866 by virtue of the Postal Law of January 20, 1865, could not be used any more after April 27, 1870, on which day the victorious

.revolutionary forces entered Caracas, the

capital, and their commander-in-chief, General Antonio Guzman-Blanco, declared null and void all laws, decrees and ordinances proclaimed since June 28, 1868, among which was the Postal Law of May 20, I869, that had expressly confirmed the

validity of the postage stamps created by the Postal Law of I865.

Consequently, no stamps were available for postage in Venezuela from April 27, 1870, to January ‘1, 1871, when the first revenue stamps inscribed “EscUE1.As” were put into circulation. Although meant only for the collection of the documentary tax, these revenue stamps were soon being used by the public for postage, too, and the Government does not appear to have objected to it until, apparently upon the representations of some foreign postal authorities, it saw itself obliged 011 June 3, 1873, to again issue regular postage stamps. General Guzman-Blanco, who in the meantime had been elected President, ordered the new issue to be identical with that of 1865, making only some changes in the colors and having all stamps surcharged with two lines in a very small type. This preventive measure was necessary in the interest of the Treasury, as large quantities of unused stamps of the first (I865) issue were in possession of the public from the time when they were sold privately at a considerable discount by post ofiice clerks who had received them as part payment of their salaries.

There was a new Postal Law enacted on June 7, 1878, which explicitly allowed the revenue stamps of 1870 to do postal service. It stipulated that postage could be prepaid either by the revenue stamps mentioned or by the current postage stamps until the latter would be used up.

By virtue of a decree of March 6, 1879, postage stamps were merged (refundidas) in the revenue stamps. The latter, besides being issued in a larger size and with a somewhat different design, indicate the new currency (Centésimos and Venez0lano[s]) and bear a surcharge in diamond type reading “Decreto de 27'de Junio 1870."

The availability of this unified type of stamps for both postage and revenue was, however, of short duration. Already on June 24, 1879, it was decreed that separate postage stamps were again to be issued. This measure no doubt was taken in connection with Venezuela’s intention to join the Universal Postal Union, the Convention of which as adopted on June 1, I878, stipulated that postage should be paid by

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