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DOS PESOS CORREOS DOS PESOS

CINCO PESOS 1894 CINCO AEOS

while the landing is pictured on U. S. REPUBLICA $2 SALVADOR

1869 150, 1893 2c, and Salvador 1892.

On his return to Spain, Columbus was received with triumphal honors. Salvador

1894 SALVADOR C + COLON-ANTE EL CONCEJO + 1 Salvador 1894 2 peso, refer to this inci

10 dent. The commission reported unfavorably, though the king and queen promised to consider the matter again when the Moorish war was over.

Columbus was in despair and left for France. He tarried awhile, ho er, at the monastery of La 1894 10 pesos, shows his reception by FerRabida, near Palos (U. S., 1893, 300).

dinand and Isabella, while U. S. 1893 6c The prior wrote to Isabella, who was per shows the welcome accorded him at Barsuaded to talk again with Columbus. The celona, where the court then was, and the negotiations were again broken off, and again renewed, this time with favorable

REPUBLICA<$5A SALVADOR results. Here we ought probably to put the U. S. 1893 $1 (Isabella pledging her jewels).

The famous ships of this first voyage are pictured on U. S. 1893 30, 40, and

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150 and ioc shows him announcing his discovery and exhibiting natives. Salvador 1894 5 pesos may belong to this first voyage.

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Argentine Republic 1892. The embarkation from Palos is shown on Salvador 1893 10 pesos.

The sighting of land, Oct. 12, 1492, is commemorated by U. S. 1893 IC, Honduras 1892 and Nicaragua 1892,

On this first voyage Cuba and Haiti were discovered; but no stamps commemorate these events. Similarly, there are no stamps picturing the discovery, on his second voyage, of Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua, or the Virgin Islands. Perhaps enterprising financiers on these islands will some day awake to the need (?), and give us philatelists the chance to buy long series of beautiful “stickers.” Porto Rico has commemorated the discovery of that island, Nov. 19, 1493.

A few days after the last-named event, (Nov. 22nd), the great navigator came again to Hispaniola (Haiti). The former colony had been destroyed, called Isabella.

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Salvador 1893, 2 pesos, preserves the memory of this event. So, likewise, Jamaica 1919-21, 3 pence, celebrates the discovery of that island, May 14, 1494.

Philatelists must here leave a gap in their Columbian chronicle. On July 31,

I centavo stamp shows a caravel of 1502 and an ocean steamer of 1902.

Dominican Republic, 1899-1900, stamps show the sarcophagus and the mausoleum

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CORREOS DE VENEZUELA

VEINTICINCOICENTIMOS 15"AUCUST-1898,

CUARCANDO LOS RESTOS DE COLON
1898

COM
JAMAICA

POSTAGE
JAMANCA DISCOVERED BY COLUMBUS 149

HUIS
uueneuria

THE LANDING OF COLUMBUS
BURGOSORBIRIERRE

SAP COFRCO DE COLON
1692
1892

REPUBUCA DE PANAMA
DESCUBRIMIENTO DE LA COSTA FIRME
1498. ESTE

CASTORAL COLONS

CORRESPONDENCIA A DEBE
ATTITUDE
on

is
SERIE CONMEMORATIVA

UN PESO

CORREOS DEL
SALVADOR

UT 11893

1893 SANCHEL 20 UN CENTAVO

INO
re-
ONUMENTO ACOLON

CHE

MONUMENTO DE COLON EN GENOVA
CORREOS

CORREOS
MPUS

UPUS

DIEZ CENTAVOS
CENTAVO

MO

WS

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1498, on his third voyage, he discovered Trinidad In 1898 the colony issued a commemorative stamp.

The next day the mainland of South America was sighted. Venezuela keeps its memory green, although the stamp was issued in 1892, and bears the dates "1492

OB/0.02 of Columbus. Of statues of Columbus we have pictures the postage-due

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1892”. Grenada, discovered August fifteenth, has given us a picture of the admiral's ship, “La Concepcion.”

During the next year or two, Columbus fell into disfavor in Spain, and was called (U. S., 1893, 50c). Francisco Bobadilla, the new governor of Hispaniola, sent Columbus home in chains (U. S. 1893, $2). He was, however, restored to favor (U. S. 1893, 8c), in Dec. 1500, and on U. S. 1893, $3, he is shown describing his third voyage.

The fourth voyage of Columbus, 1502-4, brought few discoveries of importance, except that of the coast of Honduras. The only philatelic record of this voyage is that of Dominican Republic 1902. The

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stamps of Canal Zone (and, of course, of Panama), and on Cuba 1899, Guatemala 1902, Peru 1907-8, and Salvador 1893 and

1903. Finally Dominican Republic, 18991900 10 centavos, has a design entitled “La Espanola guarcando los restos de Colon.”

ATTRACTIVE STAMPS-At Bargain Prices

Continued from August Journal

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United States Revenue Stamps

At our BRANCH,
178 Fulton Street, New York City

.50

66

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Cat. No.
3827 5c Playing Cards, red....
3834a 10c Foreign Exchange, ultramarine.
3882 $2 Probate of Will, red..
3905 3c blue and black
3906 4c
3922 $1.90 blue and black.
3923 $2
3925 $3
3931 $50
3944 1c claret and black..
3949 150 brown and black..
3950 30c orange and black.
3951 40c brown and black...
*3975 6c green and black, violet paper.
*3996alc green, surcharge inverted .....
*4032a10c brown, imperf horizontally, pair
4057 $5 green and black, uncut.
4057 $5 green and black, cut..

Cat. Price Net Price $0.75 $0.50 1.00

.50 2.00

1.25 .60

.30 .75 3.50 2.25 .75

.50 1.50

.90 . 20.00 15.00 1.50

1.00 .50

.30 .50 .85

.50 1.50

.75 2.00

1.35 1.50 1.50

.85 .60

.30

.30

.85

Identifying Venezuelan Revenues Used for Postage

OUR QUESTION

validity of the postage stamps created by Which Venezuelan revenue stamps inscribed

the Postal Law of 1865. "ESCUELAS" or "INSTRUCCION” were avail

Consequently, no stamps were available able for postage and are, therefore, entitled for postage in Venezuela from April 27, to a place in postage stanıp collections and

1870, to January 1, 1871, when the first catalogues?

revenue stamps inscribed “ESCUELAS” were THE ANSWER

put into circulation. Although meant only Written for Scott's Monthly Journal by

for the collection of the documentary tax, K. G. FRITZSCHING

these revenue stamps were soon being used

by the public for postage, too, and the IT seems that there

exists still quite some Government does not appear to have obconfusion as to which revenue stamps jected to it until, apparently upon the repissued by the Venezuelan Government were resentations of some foreign postal auused for postage also and are, therefore, thorities, it saw itself obliged on June 3, entitled to a place in postage stamp col 1873, to again issue regular postage stamps. lections and catalogues. What I have so General Guzmán-Blanco, who in the mean• far found on this subject in catalogues time had been elected President, ordered and other philatelic literature, was, to say the new issue to be identical with that of the least, not comprehensive, and in some

1865, making only some changes in the cases even proved to be incorrect or mis

colors and having all stamps surcharged leading. With a view of throwing the with two lines in a very small type. This light of authenticity on the darkness sur

preventive measure was necessary in the rounding these stamps, I went to search interest of the Treasury, as large quantities among official data accessible to me, for

of unused stamps of the first (1865) issue their origin and purpose, their relation to

were in possession of the public from the the proper postage stamps, etc. As the

time when they were sold privately at a results of my study I can give the follow

considerable discount by post office clerks ing facts:

who had received them as part payment By a decree of June 27, 1870, a tax on of their salaries. the circulation of values was established,

There was a new Postal Law enacted the returns of which were to be employed

on June 7, 1878, which explicitly allowed integrally for the foundation and maintain

the revenue stamps of 1870 to do postal ing of elementary schools. For the pur service. It stipulated that postage could pose of collecting this tax a series of

be prepaid either by the revenue stamps special revenue stamps was issued bearing

mentioned or by the current postage stamps the inscription "ESCUELAS" (Schools).

until the latter would be used up. They were placed in circulation on January I, 1871. For more than two years these

By virtue of a decree of March 6, 1879, primarily revenue stamps must have been postage stamps were merged (refundidas) available for postage, too, as there were

in the revenue stamps. The latter, besides no postage stamps in Venezuela from

being issued in a larger size and with a April 27, 1870, to June 3, 1873. The post

somewhat different design, indicate the new age stamps inscribed “CORREO DE LOS EE.

currency (Centésimos and Venezolano[s]) UU. DE VENEZA.” (United States of Vene

and bear a surcharge in diamond type zuela Postage), which were issued in 1866

reading "Decreto de 27 de Junio 1870." by virtue of the Postal Law of January The availability of this unified type of 20, 1865, could not be used any more after stamps for both postage and revenue was, April 27, 1870, on which day the victorious however, of short duration. Already on .revolutionary forces entered Caracas, the June 24, 1879, it was decreed that separate capital, and their commander - in-chief,

postage stamps were again to be issued. General Antonio Guzmán-Blanco, declared This measure no doubt was taken in connull and void all laws, decrees and ordin nection with Venezuela's intention to join ances proclaimed since June 28, 1868, the Universal Postal Union, the Convenamong which was the Postal Law of May tion of which as adopted on June 1, 1878, 20, 1869, that had expressly confirmed the stipulated that postage should be paid by

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