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All of these plates are originally flat and for printing endwise coiled stamps on the receive their impressions from the transfer small presses or on the large rotary press roll in the same manner. It should be has its top and bottom bent around the noted here that the depth and the dimen forming cylinder. In this case, the width sions of the impressions are all exactly of the engraved impression is unaffected alike when the transfer work is finished. but the vertical dimension is increased from The differences in the general appearance five to seven tenths of a millimeter. of the rotary stamps and in their dimen These differences in dimensions give us sions when compared with ordinary stamps a sure means of determining the type of are due entirely to operations which take plate from which a stamp is printed. The place after the transferring is finished. dimensions vary slightly with the different

Each of these plates is of soft steel and denominations also, but usually not more is surfaced and polished, after which it is than 0.2 of a millimeter. It is the difference carefully measured and the guide lines are in the dimensions (using a flat plate stamp engraved. It must present a perfectly plane as a basis for the denomination) that tells surface to the transfer roll, and must

us the story. lie flat on the bed of the press. It is meas One who is familiar with fine machine ured and marked for the placement of the work would quickly appreciate the great first row of impressions, after which it is care that is necessary to prepare the soft placed in the first position directly under steel plate. the pressure jaws of the press, which bear The back and edges of each plate must on the mandrel of the roll. A slight foot be machined to conform to exact measurepressure by the operator on a pedal trans ments, allowance being made for the fers a "relief” of the impression on the shrinkage which is sure to take place while roll to the soft steel of the plate, as pre it is being hardened in the cyanide bath. viously described. A hand lever gives the The preparation of the curved plates for transfer roll a motion similar to that of a the rotary presses requires exceptional rolling pin, so that the lines may be pro skill and technique, since they must fit the gressively deepened in the plate to corre cylinders tightly and the edges must fit perspond to the full height of the projecting fectly before they are accepted for use. lines on the roll. A marker which is at

The curved plates are attached to the cyltached to the mandrel helps to locate the inder of the press by means of clamps in position of the corresponding impression the cylinder itself. These clamps engage in the next row. This operation is repeat in notches which are cut into the back of ed until the full number of impressions has the plate, and the machining of these been made. A plate number is then as notches so that they are properly placed signed. The plate then goes to the prov and of specified depth is an operation that ing-room, where it is inked, wiped and run must be carried out with the greatest care. through the proof press. The proof sheet Templets are used to prove the various is recorded and very carefully examined curvatures and measurements. for any imperfections.

All of this work must be done without If the plate is a normal 400-subject or a harming the engraving on the front of the booklet-plate, it is ready for the hardening plate. Any error in machining would mean process as soon as approved, and the back that the labor of transferring the impresof the plate is machined; but if it is in sions would be lost, since the plate itself tended for use on one of the rotary press would have to be discarded. It should be es, it must be further prepared so that it said here that the great care and skill with will fit the cylinder of the press.

which these plates are handled has pracAccordingly, the plate to be used for tically eliminated spoiled plates. printing sidewise coiled stamps has its As soon as the plates have been apsides bent around the cylindrical form and proved as having given perfect impressions its engraved surface is slightly stretched they are hardened. This

process is the horizontally. Each individual stamp, there same as that described for hardening the fore, is finally from five to six tenths of a original die. millimeter wider than before, although the Occasionally the heat causes the plates height is unaffected. The plate to be used to warp slightly. They are therefore care

see

fully inspected so that any discrepancies face. It turns the corner and comes under may be found and corrected. When this what looks like a roll of colored gunnyhas been done, they are ready for service. sack cloth. This roll is vibrating in a sort Flat Bed Presses

of circular motion and as the plate travels

under it the fabric distributes the ink into WE E shall now follow the processes of

every little line and crevice. This also printing and finishing the various

wipes off the superfluous ink, but does not types of stamps separately, for the opera

disturb that which has been forced into the ations are carried on in separate sections

engraved lines of the plate. Here clean of the Bureau.

fabric is seen to be slowly unwinding We shall first visit the large room where

from one large roll and colored or used the stamps are printed from the flat plates

fabric is wound up on the other. in sheets of 360 and 400 subjects for use

It is easy to believe that several times in booklets and post office panes respec

as much ink is lost on the wiper as actually tively.

goes on the sheets to make stamps but this Here we a long room and many

loss seems

to be necessary in order to presses. Most of the presses are work

insure a good product. ing on the 1 and 2 cent stamps although we can see some turning out the larger de

As the plate emerges from the wiper, an nominations.

operator gives it a thorough wiping with

his hands as it turns the second corner of Each press is arranged in the form of a square and requires three persons to

the press. This final polish is said to inoperate it. Four 400-subject or 360-sub

sure the uniform appearance of the sheet. ject plates are generally used with each At the third corner of the square, a sheet press. These travel around the perimeter of dampened paper is laid on the plate and of the square and an operator at each it passes under a pressure roll as it moves corner performs his or her alloted task. toward the last corner, where an operator Each plate turns the corner without chang now picks off a few dollars of prospective ing its relative position in the press; i.e., the top of the plate is always toward the This process is an endless one. The four same end of the room. As it approaches plates are always in motion around the holthe first corner of the press, the plate low square. Each press is said to produce passes under a roller which uniformly dis about 4000 large sheets of stamps per tributes a thin layer of ink over its sur working day.

(To be continued in April Issue.)

revenue.

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS PROTECTED STATES Our BRANCH, 178 Fulton Street, offers the following: 9 Fed. Malay States, 1900, 5c lilac and olive...

$ 1.00 $ .50 19 Johore, 1892-94, 2c lilac and yellow

.20 .10 20 Johore, 1892-94, 3c lilac and carmine rose

.20

.10 21 Johore, 1892-94, 4c lilac and black

.40 .20 22 Johore, 1892-94, 5c lilac and green

1.00 .50 23 Johore, 1892-94, 6c lilac and blue

1.25 .75 26 Johore, 1894, 3c on 4c lilac and black

.20 .12 30 Johore, 1896, 1c lilac and violet

.25 .15 31 Johore, 1896, 2c lilac and yellow

.25 .15 3 Negri Sembilan, 1891-92, 2c rose

.40 .20 6 Negri Sembilan, 1895-99, 2c lilac and brown

1.25 .65 10 Negri Sembilan, 1895-99, 10c lilac and orange

.75 12 Pahang, 1891-95, 2c rose

.20

.10 13 Pahang, 1891-95, 5c blue

.85 .45 14 Pahang, 1895-99, 3c lilac and rose

.20 .15 4 Perak, 1883, 2c brown

1.00 .60 20 Perak, 1889-90, lc on 2c rose

.25 .15 44 Perak, 1891, 5c blue

.50 .30 All unused.

.40

Full gum

Published Monthly by Scott Stamp & Coin Co., 33 West 44th St., New York City, N. Y. John N. LUFF, Editor Kent B. STILES, Associate Editor Hugh M. Clark, Manager

Vol. 4. No. 2

NEW YORK, APRIL, 1923

Issue No. 38

The issue number with which your subscription will expire is shown at left of address on envelope

UNI

rent

The Month

By John N. Luff NITED STATES: We regret to say ing was evident. We are pleased to say

that the Journal has been made a dis that our firm has never handled any of tributor of incorrect information. In the the stamps with the fraudulent surcharge. February number we chronicled (on the authority of two correspondents) the cur

ARMENIA:

We have seen the pic

ture issue of 1922, Nos. 258 to 273, United States $1 stamp with the

perforated 11. instead of imperforate. surcharge "Shanghai—$2–China,” hand

There are

so many unofficial issues and stamped in magenta. We were told that

varieties coming out of Europe that we stamps like this had recently been received

think it well to rest with this announceon packages of lace, sent from China to

ment until we have evidence that this perimporting houses here. It was well known

foration is official. that the Postal Agency in Shanghai was about to be closed, and it seemed quite CANAL ZONE: Everyone knows that possible that their stock of stamps might have been allowed to run short and that

1915 was printed in vermilion and black hand-stamping had been resorted to in an

in 1916. The same stamp, when surcharged

for use in the Canal Zone, is listed in careinergency Now it is stated that the supposed pro

mine only (No. 49). Mr. B. W. H. Poole visional is a fraud, made here in New

has recently shown us a large block of York. The story, so far as we have been

this stamp, some copies being in carmine, able to obtain the details, is that clerks in

others in vermilion, and still others showing both colors on the same stamp.

As the importing houses had been allowed to

Mr. Poole says: "How come?” take the Shanghai stamps from the pack

HINA: ages and had found a ready market for CH

When sending us the new them with local dealers. Postage on some provisional 2c on 3c green, the Metroof the packages lately received had been politan Stamp Co. also quotes from a letpaid with ordinary $1 stamps of the United ter of their correspondent in Shanghai as States, instead of those with the Shanghai follows: surcharge. There was little sale for the “The reason for this surcharge is that ordinary stamps, so someone who had a some time ago it was announced by the box of rubber type and an ink pad sup

Chinese Post Office that the inland rate of plied a surcharge. This private creation postage would be raised from a minimum was offered for sale as a last moment pro of 3 cents to 4 cents, thus putting the 3 visional and found ready buyers at high cent stamp out of demand. To use up the figures. The trick was so easy and the stock of this denomination they decided financial returns so gratifying that the to surcharge the stamps and use them as makers were not content to stop when 2 cents. There was a great outcry against they had used all the stamps that had the raise, so much so that the Postal Aucome from Shanghai. They bought can thorities cancelled the new order and also celled one dollar stamps in the local mar stopped the printing of the new surcharge ket and applied their surcharge to them. just after it had been commenced. The When it was noticed that stamps with the post office here has very few of these Shanghai harge bore the cancellations stamps and whether they will be good or of various United States cities the cheat not I cannot say.”

currence.

CONGO
ONGO: The three stamps of the new time a commemorative stamp will be is-

series which we chronicle in this num sued, the proceeds of the same to be used ber strike a high artistic note. The de to build a new postal administration buildsigns by Emile Vloors are distinctive and ing in the capital city.” unusual. In the perfection of the en Mr. B. N. Reyes kindly sends us a proof graving and printing the American Bank

of the design for the commemorative Note Co. even surpass their usual high

stamp, the central feature of which is a standard.

building which by its size and ornateness

promises to be very costly to construct. GE ERMANY: Postal matters in this

If the funds for it are to be derived excountry have reached such a condi

clusively from the sale of the special 2 tion that changes of design, denomination,

centavos stamps their number will necescolor or watermark are of almost daily oc

sarily be enormous. If they are all to be It has become almost impossible

licked it is to be hoped the stamps will to arrange the newly issued stamps in

not be the same size as the proof, which groups by designs or in the order of their

measures 37/2 by 3 inches. face values. It has happened that two stamps of the same denomination have been issued within a very short time. Col MEMEL: The three stamps, 5 centai

blue, 25 centai red and I litas brown, lectors object to the inclusion of two

which were surcharged to form the occustamps of the same value in a group even

pation stamps (see chronicle), had been though they are of different designs. The prepared for use as official stamps of Lithufirst stamps in the post-horn design were

ania. Before they had been put in issue bi-colored. These were followed by stamps the Lithuanian insurgents occupied Memel in single colors, some of which appeared

and the stamps were surcharged for use before all the bi-colored denominations had

there. The first lot of surcharges—with been put in issue. And now we hear that

small numerals and words with initial capithe stamps of 100 to 500 marks, which at

tals—was printed in the city of Memel. present are of the numerals design, are

About 100,000 stamps of each value were soon to be issued in the post-horn type. surcharged. And about one-third of the The 6 marks and 8 marks have been re

Iom on 5c blue did not have the word drawn, making two types of each. Type I "Memel” in the surcharge. The second of the 6 marks has the corner numerals

lot of surcharges—with large numerals and nearly upright, while in type II they lean

the words entirely in capital letters—was toward the right and are slightly thinner. printed in Kovno. This printing was in Type I of the 8 marks has the numerals

much larger quantities than that made in 272 mm. wide with thick strokes. In type

Memel. In our last number we expressed II they are 2 mm. wide and the strokes

the hope that the recent political changes are thinner. There have been no less than

would mean an end to the tiresome surfour 5 marks stamps in the recent issues

charged issues for Memel but they seem to but a fifth is apparently to come. One of

be going from bad to worse. The only the "Rhein-Ruhr Hilfe" stamps chronicled

comfort left us is the knowledge that no in this number is a 5 marks stamp, in the

one is compelled to collect all this junk. "Miners” type of the 1921 issue but with the design reversed, so that the workers

MONT

CONTENEGRO: Our publishers have face to the left instead of the right. No

found in eir stock some vertical doubt this stamp will soon be issued with pairs imperforate between of the 2 paras out the surcharge.

purple brown of 1910 (No. 75).

ARAGUAY: We have received the HONDURASI : We quote from a letter PAR

following letter from our valued cor“My correspondent in Honduras informs respondent, Mr. Everett A. Colson: me that a Government notice has recently "In the Monthly Journal for November, been issued, stating that a new series of 1922, page 193, you list a Paraguay charity postage stamps has been contracted for in stamp and a minor variety with medallions Germany, and it is expected they will make inverted. According to the South Ameritheir appearance in August. At the same can philatelic press, this stamp is without

NOTICE Mr. John N. Luff, having been invited to act as a member of the International Jury at the London Stamp Exhibition, will leave for that city about the time this number of the Journal is distributed. After the close of the exhibition he expects to make a tour on the Continent and will not return to New York until August.. During his absence all letters about the Journal and Catalogue should be addressed to the Scott Stamp & Coin Co. Personal correspondence must, necessarily, remain unanswered. Letters will not be forwarded, as his address will be uncertain.

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any postal value or philatelic significance Cross in the form which shall be agreed to whatever. The following translation of the with it. order of the Director General of Posts “Art. 6. The General Inspection of and Telegraphs authorizing their sale Posts and the Administrative Department seems to establish this clearly:

are authorized to regulate the execution of • Resolution No. 154.-Authorizing the this resolution. sale of labels given by the Commission “‘Art. 7. Note hereof shall be taken in "Pro Cruz Roja Paraguaya" of Buenos the Administrative sections of Posts and Aires :

Telegraphs.' * Asuncion, September 14, 1922. "The Centro Filatelico del Paraguay has “ 'In the desire to comply with the hu denounced this label as 'lacking in any manitarian purpose which has guided the

postal and, hence, philatelic value.' ApCommission “Por Cruz Roja Paraguaya” parently due care was taken to produce an of Buenos Aires, in giving to the Postal

error, which was distributed from Buenos and Telegraph Administration five thou

Aires, and Argentine collectors have been sand labels of $1.50, the proceeds of which

sending them to their Paraguayan colwill be destined for the Paraguayan Red

leagues at high prices, much to the disgust *Cross; considering that the printing of

of the later. these labels was proceeded to without of

“While on the subject of Paraguay, it ficial intervention, in view of which their

seems that there is another bogus stamp circulation cannot be authorized with

originating in Buenos Aires, which you franking value,

catalog as No. 226. Yvert formerly cata“'The Director General of Posts and

loged it but has dropped it, stating in the Telegraphs resolves :

current edition that it is without official 'Art. 1. The sale is authorized by the

status. The following is a translation of Treasury and in the distribution win

an article which appeared in Paraguay dows of five thousand labels of

Coleccionista for October, 1921, on this peso and fifty centavos m. c. 1., upon

stamp: which appear the attributes of the Red Cross and the national coat of arms, and

'About two years ago, more or less, which have been given by the Commission

there suddenly fell into the hands of some "Pro Cruz Roja Paraguaya" of Buenos

collectors here a surcharged stamp, comAires.

pletely unknown to The specimens "'Art. 2. Said labels shall bear the seal

came from Buenos Aires, where they were of the General Inspection of Posts, applied apparently fabricated, as a result of the

thirst for lucre of to them by groups of four in each sheet.

some unscrupulous "'Art. 3. The sale shall be voluntary

dealer. It was the 5 centavos on the I and without any limitation, up to the total centavo official of 1913, the surcharge of amount of five thousand labels.

which has never been authorized by our "'Art. 4. The labels referred to may

Administration of Posts. be applied to envelopes and packages on “ 'Months afterward we were disgusted the side bearing the franking labels. to see this stamp cataloged, not in one

“Art. 5. The total product of the sale catalog only, but in two or three, appearshall be delivered to the Paraguayan Red ing with rather high prices.

one

us.

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