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28 S C OT T'S MO N T H L Y

J O U R N A L

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“‘In the belief that the editing houses were victims of a surprise, proceeding in all good faith, collectors sent them letters and more letters, denouncing to them the falsity of the stamp cataloged, but far from proceeding to eliminate it, in the succeeding editions it has appeared with an appreciable increase in prices, and in some catalogs with a series of errors, at very high prices.

“‘There are, then, interests in continuing until today to deceive the careless collector, causing to pass for a legitimate issue a stamp which has no official character, and which is only the work of some live philatelist.

“‘But we, who pursue a more noble purpose, watching over the good name of Paraguayan philately, comply with the duty imposed upon us by the post, declaring that said stamp is false.'

“It appears that in the surcharging of your 247 and 248, two errors of each were produced, which I enclose.”

The errors mentioned in the last paragraph are the 50 centavos and I peso stamps of the 1922 issue with double and inverted impressions of the large “C” on both stamps.

R£ According to the daily press that part of Rhodesia south of the Zambezi River, including Matabeleland and Mashonaland, and known as Southern Rhodesia, is about to pass from the control of the British South Africa Company, to be annexed by Great Britain and granted a government of its own. Southern Rhodesia was urged to join the Union of South Africa, but when the proposition was recently submitted to the voters they expressed a decided preference for an independent government.

USSIA: Messrs. Y. Souren Co. have

shown us imperforate pairs of the

four charity stamps of 1915-18, the 1, 3, 7 and Io kopeks on white paper.

ALVADOR: In this number we

chronicle the 6c carmine rose of 192I reduced to 5c by surcharging. There are two forms of the surcharge. The first has three small figures “5,” two of which are over the original “6” at each side of the picture. The second form has small upright rectangles over the “6s.” Without having definite information on the subject

our conclusion is that the figures “5” were not large and heavy enough to cover the original figures and it was decided that the rectangles would make a more effectual obliteration.

IMOR: Mr. A. Hatfield, Jr., has recently shown us a copy of the #4 avo olive brown of 1914 surcharged “9 Avos— TAXA-DE-GUERRA.” The surcharge is in black, and except for the numeral of value and the color, exactly like the 2a on #4a War Tax stamp of 1919. We do not find the 9a on 94a listed in any catalogue and would welcome information about it. Mr. Hatfield also has the 5a on 5oa light blue of 1915 (No. 173), with the surcharged value erased by bars and a new value, 3% avo, added. In addition to these there appear at the bottom of the stamp “P. P. No. 68–19—3—1920.” Can anyone tell us anything about this stamp?

URKESTAN : We think the following extract from a letter of Mr. F. Tschudy will interest our readers: “I have talked with a native of the country who assures me that Turkestan has never had a bona fide Post Office. Letters are usually handled by couriers, who get so much per letter to take them to the nearest post office which is considered reliable for delivery. This may be Turkish or Russian, whichever is the nearer. The courier then buys the necessary stamps and gets a written statement that the letters have actually been turned in at that office. Upon his return and delivery of the receipt he is paid his expenses.” This confirms our decision to delete from the catalogue the twenty surcharged Russian stamps now listed under the heading “Russian Turkestan.” We reported some time ago that we had seen the various surcharges arranged in a group of ten and printed on the I and 2 kopeks stamps. We do not think real postal issues are prepared in that form, though it may serve very well when making labels to sell to collectors. In recent months we have seen various issues that were attributed to Turkestan, some being termed “Soviet Turkestan.” but we shall not catalogue any of these things until we have convincing proof that: Turkestan has an established government and a postal service that carries letters as well as sells stamps.

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30 SCOTT’S MONTHLY JOURNAL lllllllllllIllllllllIlllIIIIIIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllIllllllllIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllIlllllIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllIIIIIIIIIIIlllllllllllIllllllllllllllllllIllllllllllIllllllllllllllll

HOW STAMP-ILLUSTRATING BILL
WAS HANDLED IN CONGRESS

To the Editor of Sc0tt’.r Monthly Journal

33 West 44th Street, New York City. Dear Sir:

As a member of the Lookout Committee of the A. P. S. 1‘ would like to take up a little of your valuable space to say a word about the stamp bill recently passed by the 67th Congress and signed by President Harding on March 4th, 1923. The following history of the bill as given the writer by Congressman Ackerman describes the various stages of the bill:

The 67th Congress with its four sessions, without a parallel in history, has adjourned sine die.

During its sessions there were 14,474 bills introduced in the House of Representatives and 4656 in the Senate, but only 550 of these bills become laws.

The Stamp Bill is known as Law No. 479. As there are 531 Senators and Representatives in Congress the number of bills enacted into law averages a little more than one an individual.

Senate Bill 2703 was introduced by Senator Frelinghuysen on November 21, 1921, and was passed by the Senate February I7, 1922. After having been passed by the Senate, Senate Bill 2703 was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary in the House of Representatives on February I8, 1922, over a year ago. Hearings were had upon the bill on March 9, 1922, and there the matter rested until February 6, 1923, when it was -reported with amendments allowing portions of the border of United States stamps to be illustrated, such illustrations to be at least four times as large as the portion of the original.

A few days after appearing on the House Calendar it was advanced to the Calendar for Unanimous Consent and on February I9, I923, was taken up and passed by the House.

On the next day it was reported to the Senate and the amendments were objected to and conferees appointed on the part of the Senate. Senators Dillingham and Cummings, Republicans, and Senator Shields, Democrat, comprised the conferees.

In the House on February 22, Mr. Volstead, the Chairman of the Committee on

the Judiciary, asked unanimous consent to take from the Speaker’s table the bill, Senate 2703, insisted on the House amendments and agreed to the conference asked for by the Senate. The Speaker appointed Mr. Volstead and Mr. Boies, Republicans, and Mr. Summers of Texas as conferees.

On February 23, the conferees having met, Senator Cummings presented the conference report to the Senate but did not ask for consideration of the report at that time. .

On February 24, Mr. Volstead presented the conference report in the House for printing under the rules and, on March I, Mr. Volstead called up the conference report on the said bill. The conference report was thereupon agreed to and the bill went over to the Senate, whereupon, the same day, Senator Cummings presented the conference report to the Senate and it was agreed to.

On Friday, March 2nd, a mcsage from the Senate announced that the Senate had agreed to the report of the Committee of Conferees on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses, and later in the day the Speaker pro tem signed the same. The bill then went to the Senate when Senator Sutherland reported that he had presented to the President enrolled bills, among them being Senate 2703.

The Record of March 4th, on page 5454, announced in a message by Mr. Latta. one of the President’s secretaries, that he had signed the bill, thus making it a law.

The Special Committee having the legislation in charge, consisting of President Heyerman, Emerson, Klemann and Hatfield, are under great obligation to Senator Frelinghuysen and Congressman Ackerman for the untiring work they did for the bill. \7Vithout their constant attention it surely would have failed of passage. Mr. Moran of the United States Treasury Deparment gave us invaluable assistance. At no time would the bill have had the slightest chance but for Mr. Moran's interest. I feel that collectors all over the country owe a debt of gratitude to these three

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To allow the printing and publishing of illustrations of foreign postage and revenue stamps from defaced plates.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That nothing in sections I61, 172 and 220 of the Act entitled “An Act to Codify, Revise, and Amend the Penal Laws of the United States,” approved March 4, 1909 (Thirty-fifth Statutes at Large, at pages III8, II2I and II.32), shall be construed to forbid or prevent the printing or publishing of illustrations in black and white of foreign postage or revenue stamps from plates so defaced as to indicate that the illustrations are not adapted or intended for use as stamps, or to prevent or forbid the making of necessary plates therefor for use in philatelic or historical articles, books, journals, or albums, or the circulars of legitimate publishers or dealers in such stamps, books, journals or albums; and nothing in said sections shall be construed to forbid or prevent similar illustrations, in black and white only, in philatelic or historical articles, books, journals, albums, or the circulars of legitimate publishers or dealers in such stamps, books, journals, albums, or circulars of such portion of the border of a stamp of the United States as may be necessary to show minor differences in the stamp so illustrated, but all such illustrations shall be at least four times as large as the portion of the original United States stamp so illustrated.

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32 S C OT T’S M O N T H L Y J O U R N A L

H O N D U R A S
All Unused.

We have taken over the entire remainders of these Seebeck issues. The quan, tities are not large but we are going to clear out at greatly reduced prices.

ALL ARE GUARANTEED ORIGINALS

Cat. ' * Price 896, 1878-89, 1, 2c, 3%, 1, 2, 2, 4r 1p complete, 8 varieties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ .25

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H 50, 1892, 1 c to 1p, complete, 11 varieties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

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