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feet long and a passage through to Lime Street, erected on the site, 1863-1864, from the designs of Edward N. Clifton. Hoole, the translator of Tasso, was a clerk in the East India House. So, for thirty-three years, was Charles Lamb, the author of Elia. He retired on a pension of £441 a year, and after his death the “Trustees of India House Clerks' Fund” gave his sister Mary Lamb an annuity of £120. “My printed works," said Lamb, “were my recreations—my true works may be found on the shelves in Leadenhall Street, filling some hundred folios.” James Mill, the historian of British India (d. 1836), entered the India House as a clerk in 1819, and was afterwards made chief of the Department of Indian Correspondence. His son, John Stuart Mill, became a clerk in the India House in 1823, and rose through the intermediate grades till he was appointed in 1856 to the post formerly held by his father, a position he retained till the Company was dissolved.
East Minster, The Cistercian Abbey of St. Mary Graces, New Abbey or East Minster, eastward of East Smithfield, beyond Tower Hill, was founded by Edward III. in 1349, at the time of the first great pestilence. There is a view of the Abbey in the Middlesex Arch. Soc. Trans., vol. i. p. 26.
East Smithfield, the name formerly given to the open space east of the Tower, now confined to the street from the Mint to the entrance to the London Docks. In the 13th century, when this was an open area, a fair of fifteen days' duration was held here, commencing on the Eve of Pentecost. Edmund Spenser, author of the Faerie Queen, is said to have been born in East Smithfield.
Eastcheap, so called to distinguish it from Westcheap, now Cheapside, was divided into Little Eastcheap in Billingsgate Ward, and Great Eastcheap in Candlewick Ward; Gracechurch Street was the boundary line between them. Eastcheap, west of Gracechurch Street, with the church of St. Michael, Crooked Lane, was swallowed up in the new London Bridge improvements. The name survives in the street between Gracechurch Street and Little Tower Street, formerly Little Eastcheap, and in the church of St. Clement, Eastcheap, in Clement's Lane.
Then I hyed me into Est-Chepe,
Lydgate's London Lickpenny. This "song" of Lydgate's was turned into more genial prose by old Stow.
In Eascheape the cooks cried hot ribs of beef roasted, pies well baked, and other victuals : there was clattering of pewter pots, harp, pipe, and sawtry, yea by cock, nay by cock, for greater oaths were spared, —which seeing it was in Billingsgate ward is noticeable.
This Eastcheap is now a flesh-market of butchers, there dwelling on both sides of the street ; it had sometime also cooks mixed amongst the butchers and such
other as sold victuals ready dressed of all sorts. For of old time when friends did meet and were disposed to be merry, they went not to dine and sup in taverns, but to the cooks, where they called for meat what they liked, which they always found ready dressed, at a reasonable rate.--Stow, p. 81.
It took its name Eastcheap from a market anciently there kept for the serving the East part of the city, which market was afterwards removed to Leadenhall Street, and now is kept in Leadenhall. --Strype, B. ii. p. 190.
Carlo Buffone. Well, an e'er I meet him in the city, I'll have him jointed, I'II pawn him in Eastcheap among the butchers else. --Ben Jonson, Every Man out of His Humour, Act ii. Sc. 1.
The south side of Eastcheap has been swept away by the extension of the Underground Metropolitan Railway, the street greatly widened and vastly improved at the eastern or Little Tower Street end. [See Boar's Head Tavern.]
On the south side, No. 51, was Butchers' Hall, rebuilt 1829, (which see), and at the north angle, No. 48 Gracechurch Street, is the National Provident Institution, a good building designed, 1861, by Professor Robert Kerr.
Eaton Square, between Grosvenor Place and Belgrave Street. Designed and carried out by the Messrs. Cubitt, commenced in 1827, on what was known as the Five Fields, Chelsea. It was so called from Eaton Hall in Cheshire, the seat of the Marquis of Westminster, the ground landlord. The rent and taxes of the house No. 71, occupied as a temporary official residence by the Speaker of the House of Commons, before the Speaker's house at Westminster was finished, amounted in one year to £964. At No. 92 Admiral Sir Edward Codrington, the hero of Navarino, died April 27, 1851, aged eightyone. Lord Chancellor Truro died, November 11, 1855, at No. 83. Colonel Sibthorp died here in 1856; and Mr. George Peabody, the munificent founder of the Peabody Trust, November 4, 1869. It was at his house, No. 75, that Mr. Ralph Bernal contrived to exhibit to advantage his large and valuable collection of majolica, porcelain, and other works of ornamental art. Here he died in 1853. Jacob Omnium (M. J. Higgins) was also an inhabitant of this square. The eastern end of the square is occupied by the Church of St. Peter (which see).
Eaton Street, PIMLICO, was the continuation southwards of Grosvenor Place. It was swept away in the improvements of the Grosvenor Estate in 1868. The line of the east side of Upper Eaton Street is exactly preserved in the east side of Grosvenor Gardens, of Lower Eaton Street in the new extension of Grosvenor Place. Mrs. Abington, the actress, was living at No. 19 in the year 1807. In an unpublished letter addressed to Mrs. Jordan, she speaks of her happiness in her two rooms at No. 19. Pinkerton was living in Lower Eaton Street in 1802. In 1807 George Frederick Cooke was living at No. 27 Upper Eaton Street. Thomas Campbell, on his marriage, 1803, at No. 25 Upper Eaton Street. He left for Sydenham in
i Correspondence, vol. ii. p. 225.
November 1804. In a volume of his poems which he gave to his wife's sister, Mary Sinclair, he wrote a parody of Cowper's lines to Mrs. Unwin, beginning with
Go simple book of ballads, go
To Mary Ebgate Lane, now OLD SWAN LANE, a narrow lane leading to the Thames, a little to the west of London Bridge. The Ebgate was also called the Oystergate. The name seems to point to the early existence of a tidal gate here.
The next is Ebgate, a water-gate so called of old time, as appeareth by divers records of tenements near unto the same adjoining. It standeth near unto the church of St. Laurence Pountney, but is within the parish of St. Martin Ordegare. In place of this gate is now a narrow passage to the Thames, and is called Ebgate Lane, but more commonly the Old Swan.-Stow, p. 16.
Ebury Street and Ebury Square, Pimlico, were so called from Ebury or Eybery Farm, "towards Chelsea.”] This was a farm of 430 acres, meadow and pasture, let on lease by Queen Elizabeth to a person of the name of Whashe, who paid £21 per annum, and by whom “the same was let to divers persons, who, for their private commodity, did inclose the same, and had made pastures of arable land; thereby not only annoying Her Majesty in her walks and passages, but to the hinderance of her game, and great injury to the common, which at Lammas was wont to be laid open.' Eybery Farm stood on the site of what is now Ebury Square, and was originally of the nature of Lammas land, or land subject to lay open as common, after Lammastide, for the benefit of the inhabitants of the parish. The Neat at Chelsea was of the same description, and the owners of Piccadilly Hall and Leicester House paid Lammas money to the poor of St. Martin's long after their houses were erected, as late indeed as the reign of Charles II. (See Davies Street.] Ebury Square was partially swept away in the improvements of 1868, and St. Michael's Schools, opened July 1870 (in place of the Pimlico Literary Institution, designed, 1830, by J. P. Gandy-Deering), erected on the site ; also a block of improved industrial dwellings, and a handsome drinking fountain in honour of the Marquis of Westminster, by his widow.
Eccleston Street, PIMLICO, derives its name from Eccleston in Cheshire, where the Duke of Westminster, the ground landlord of Pimlico, has a large property. The first house which Sir F. Chantrey, sculptor, occupied, on the west side of this street, was pulled down for the Metropolitan Railway.
1 The manor of Eia, from which Eybury takes and convent of Westminster. It was among the its name, is entered in Domesday, among the lands exchanged with Henry VIII. (28 Henry lands of Geoffrey de Mandeville. Soon after VIII., 1536). wards Geoffrey gave the manor to the Abbot 2 Strype, B. vi. p. 8o.
Eden Street, HAMPSTEAD ROAD, the first turning on the left from the Euston Road, was built about 1800, and was so called from its covering the site of the Adam and Eve Tea-Gardens, the successors of the notorious Tottenham Court Gymnasium. The tavern at the corner of the Euston Road is still the Adam and Eve.
Edgware Road, a road leading from Tyburn (Cumberland Gate -Marble Arch) to Edgware. Part of it runs on the old Watling Street, the Roman road from London to Verulam.
One messuage lying and being in Padyngton in the county of Middlesex ; viz. between the highway called Watling Street, beyond the E. side of the pond called Padyngton Pond. One other croft in Padyngton aforesaid, lying between the land late of Henry Prowdfoot, late of London, mason, and the ponds there called Padyngton Ponds, on the S. side, and land late of John Colyns on the N. side, and abutting upon the King's highway called Watling Street on the E. side. — Inquis. Mort. 2 Edw. VI. (1548-1549); Gentleman's Magazine, June•1852, p. 579.
General Paoli died, February 5, 1807, “at his house near the Edgeware Road,” aged eighty-two. Here too died, 1836, Barry O'Meara, whose name is connected with Napoleon I. and St. Helena. Boswell relates how Goldsmith took lodgings in the Edgware Road in order to there write “at full leisure” his Animated Nature; but the lodgings were in "a farmer's house near the six mile stone "--at the Hyde, Hendon, and therefore outside the London circuit.
Edmund (St.) The King and Martyr, LOMBARD STREET, a church in Langbourne Ward, destroyed in the Great Fire, and rebuilt, 1670, by Sir C. Wren. It is dedicated to St. Edmund, King of the East Angles, who was murdered by the Danes, A.D. 870. It serves as well for the parish of St. Nicholas Acon, and the right of presentation belongs to the Archbishop of Canterbury for St. Edmund, and to the Crown for St. Nicholas.
Commission from Pope Alexander (III. ?] to the Bishop of Winchester. The Canons of St. Paul's have complained, that, whereas they formerly had the church of St. Edmund in London and received a yearly pension therefrom, Jocelin, son of the priest who last ministered there, returning from Denmark, where he asserted that he had received priest's orders, had unjustly taken possession of the church. The bishop is to hear both parties, and if the facts are as stated, he is to eject Jocelyn, and to prevent him from ministering as a priest unless he can prove that he has been duly ordained. Dated at the Lateran, 2 Ides of March.- Report in the MSS. of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, by Maxwell Lyte (Appendix to the Ninth Report of the Hist. MSS. Comm., p. 49).
The church, 59 feet by 40, and 37 feet 9 inches high, with a square tower and well-proportioned spire at the south end, 123 feet to the vane, and a projecting clock-face, has the peculiarity of standing north and south, with the altar at the north end. The interior has undergone many alterations (the pews removed for open seats) in 1864 and again in 1880 by William Butterfield, architect. There is a monument by John Bacon, R.A., to Jeremiah Milles, Dean of Exeter, and President of the Society of Antiquaries, who was rector of the united parishes, and was buried here in 1784. The register records that
Joseph Addison, of Bilton, in the county of Warwick, Esqr., was married unto Charlott, Countess-Dowager of Warwick and Holland, of the parish of Kensington, in the county of Middlesex, on the ninth day of August, Anno Domini, 1716. There were formerly two paintings over the altar by Etty, representing Moses and Aaron.
Edward Street, PORTLAND CHAPEL, so called from Edward Harley, Earl of Oxford. Dr. Johnson's friend, Baretti, the author of the Italian and Spanish Dictionaries, lived at “10 Edward Street, Portland Chapel,” and died here, May 6, 1789, Malone says in indigent circumstances, his principal support being a pension of £80 a year. Writing in 1828 J. R. Smith says, “Edward Street was taken down some time since to make way for Langham Place; the site of Baretti's house is now occupied by Marks's Carriage Repository," 1 now St. George's Hall.
Edwardes Square, KENSINGTON, named after the family name of Lord Kensington. One side of the square is occupied by the backs of the houses of Earl's Terrace. Leigh Hunt says that it is a Kensington tradition that Coleridge once occupied lodgings in this square.
The story is that the Frenchman built it at the time of the threatened invasion from France; and that he adapted the large square and the cheap little houses to the promenading tastes and poorly-furnished pockets of the ensigns and lieutenants of Napoleon's army; who, according to his speculation, would certainly have been on the look-out for some such place, and here would have found it.-Leigh Hunt's Old Court Suburb, chap. xi.
Edwards Street, PORTMAN SQUARE. Sir Thomas Picton lived in No. 21, and hither his body was brought from the field of Waterloo, previous to interment in the Bayswater Burying-ground. He had long occupied this house. Sir Hudson Lowe was living at No. 26 in 1838. No. 17 was the Marylebone Literary and Scientific Institution, in which, in 1838, Carlyle delivered a course of lectures on European Culture; it was afterwards the Quebec Institute, and is now the Steinway Hall. Edwards Street has since 1868 formed a portion of Wigmore Street. J. Sigismund Tanner, for forty years chief engineer of the Mint, died in this street in 1773. The slang name for a sixpence is derived from him.
Egremont House, PICCADILLY. [See Cambridge House.]
Egyptian Hall, PICCADILLY, a building erected in 1812 from the designs of P. F. Robinson, in imitation of Egyptian architecture, and covered with hieroglyphics, for Mr. William Bullock of Liverpool, as a receptacle for a museum that went by his name, and cost over £30,000. It was dispersed by auction in 1819. The hall was bought by George Lackington and let for miscellaneous exhibitions. Here, in 1816, was exhibited the military carriage of Napoleon, taken after the battle of Waterloo (and now in the Tussaud exhibition). The large room, 60 feet long and 40 feet high, was designed by J. B. Papworth, architect, and another one in the Italian style, which later became the theatre
Smith's Nollekens and his Times, vol. i. p. 177.